Lista de aves fósseis

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Para uma lista de aves subfósseis do final do Quaternário, veja Lista de Aves Subfósseis. Para aves que se extinguiram desde o ano de 1500 d.C., veja Lista de Aves Extintas.


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Réplica do Archaeopteryx, a mais famosa ave fóssil.


Lista taxonômica das aves fósseis[editar | editar código-fonte]

"Proto-birds"[editar | editar código-fonte]

Reconstrução do Epidendrosaurus ninchengensis. Scansoriopterygidae pode ser o parente mais próximo do Archaeopteryx.
Epidendrosaurus em cima de um Gingko.

Basal Aves[editar | editar código-fonte]

Omnivoropterygiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Basal Pygostylia[editar | editar código-fonte]

Enantiornithes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Reconstrução do Iberomesornis romerali.

Enantiornithiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Basal Ornithurae[1] [editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Formas basais e não-resolvidas
    • Gansus (Cretáceo Inferior) - basal
    • Archaeorhynchus (Cretáceo Inferior) - basal?
    • Apsaravis (Cretáceo Superior) - ambiortid?
    • Limenavis (Cretáceo Superior) - neornithine (paleognath)?
    • "cf. Parahesperornis" (Cretáceo Superior de Tsagaan Kushu, Mongólia) - hesperornithiform?
    • Ornithurae gen. et sp. indet. RBCM.EH2005.003.0001 (Cretáceo Superior)
    • Ornithurae gen. et sp. indet. TMP 98.68.145 (Dinosur Park Late Cretaceous of Iddesleigh, Canada) - hesperornithiform?
    • Carinatae gen. et sp. indet. NHMM/RD 271 (Cretáceo Superior) - ichthyornithine?
  • Ambiortidae

Yanornithiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Hesperornithes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Ichthyornithes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Neornithes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Formas basais e não-resolvidas

  • Gallornis (Cretáceo Inferior? - Superior) - phoenicopteriforme, anseriforme ou galliforme
  • Ceramornis (Cretáceo Superior) - charadriiforme?
  • "Cimolopteryx" (Cretáceo Superior) - charadriiforme?
  • Palintropus (Cretáceo Superior) - quercymegapodiid or charadriform
  • "Presbyornithidae" gen. et sp. indet. (Barun Goyot Late Cretaceous of Udan Sayr, Mongolia) - anseriform (presbyornithid)?
  • Teviornis (Cretáceo Superior) - presbyornithid?
  • Torotix (Cretáceo Superior) - pelecaniforme, charadriiforme, procellariiforme ou phoenicopteriforme
  • †Neornithes incerta sedis "Kurochkin 1995" (Cretáceo Superior da Mongólia) - phalacrocoracid?
  • †Neornithes incerta sedis AMNH FR 25272 (Cretáceo Superior de Converse County, USA) - phalacrocoracid?
  • †Neornithes incerta sedis PVPH 237 (Cretáceo Superior de Sierra de Portezuelo, Argentina) - galliform?
  • †Neornithes incerta sedis UCMP 117598 (Hell Creek Late Cretaceous of Bug Creek West, USA)
  • †Neornithes incerta sedis UCMP 117599 (Cretáceo Superior de Bug Creek West, USA) - anseriform?
  • Lonchodytes (Cretáceo Superior/?Paleoceno Inferior) - gaviiform/pelecaniform? procellariiform?
  • "Lonchodytes" pterygius (Cretáceo Superior/?Paleoceno Inferior) - charadriiforme?
  • Novacaesareala (Cretáceo Superior/Paleoceno Inferior) - related to Torotix?
  • "Palaeotringa" vetus (Cretáceo Superior de Wyoming - Hornerstown Late Cretaceous/?Early Palaeocene of New Jersey, USA) - gruiform? anseriform (presbyornithid)?
  • Volgavis (Paleoceno Inferior de Volgograd, Rússia) - charadriiform? phalacrocoraciform?
  • Eopuffinus (Paleoceno Superior de Zhylga, Cazaquistão) - procellariiform (procellariid)?
  • Tshulia (Paleoceno Superior de Zhylga, Cazaquistão)
  • Eupterornis (Paleoceno de Cernay, França) - charadriiforme (larid?)? gaviiform?
  • Gradiornis (Paleoceno de Walbeck, Alemanha) - cariamid?
  • "Messelornis" russelli (Paleoceno de Cernay, França) - messelornithid?
  • Walbeckornis (Paleoceno de Walbeck, Alemanha) - charadriiforme? messelornithid?
  • Argilliornis (Eoceno Inferior da Inglaterra) - procellariiforme (pelagornithid?)
  • Argillipes (Eoceno Inferior da Inglaterra) - galliforme?
  • Coturnipes (Eoceno Inferior da Inglaterra, e Virgínia, USA?) - galliforme, falconiforme?
  • Fluviatitavis (Eoceno Inferior de Silveirinha, Portugal) - charadriiforme?
  • Neanis (Eoceno Inferior) - primobucconid, piciforme?
  • Neptuniavis (Eoceno Inferior da Inglaterra) - pelagornithid or procellariid
  • Onychopteryx (Eoceno Inferior da Argentina) - falconid? A nomen dubium
  • Paleophasianus (Eoceno Inferior de Bighorn County, USA) - galliforme (tetraonine or cracid) or gruiforme (aramid)?
  • Paracathartes (Eoceno Inferior de WC USA) - lithornithiform?
  • Parvigyps (Eoceno Inferior da Inglaterra) - falconiforme?
  • Pediorallus (Eoceno Inferior da Inglaterra) - lithornithiforme ou galliforme?
  • Percolinus (Eoceno Inferior da Inglaterra) - galliforme?
  • "Precursor" (Eoceno Inferior) - several species? psittaciforme (pseudasturid or psittacid) + charadriiforme (glareolid)?
  • Procuculus (Early Eocene of Bognor Regis, England) - parvicuculid? primobucconid? close to Primapus?
  • Pulchrapollia (Early Eocene) - includes "Primobucco" olsoni - psittaciform (pseudasturid or psittacid)?
  • Vastanavis (Early Eocene of Vastan, India) - gruiform (otidid)?
  • †Neornithes incerta sedis USNM 496384 (Nanjemoy Early Eocene of Virginia, USA) - parvicuculid? aegithalornithid?
  • †"Green River Palaeognath" USNM 336103 (Green River Early/middle Eocene)
  • Palaeopsittacus (Early - middle Eocene of NW Europe) - caprimulgiform (podargid?) or quercypsittid?
  • Eocathartes (middle Eocene of Germany) - cathartid?
  • Eociconia (middle Eocene of China) - ciconiiform (ciconiid)?
  • Geiseloceros (middle Eocene of Germany) - coraciiform?
  • Hassiavis (middle Eocene of Messel, Germany) - archaeotrogonid, piciform?
  • Protocypselomorphus (middle Eocene of Messel, Germany) - caprimulgiform, apodiform or ancestral to both
  • Pumiliornis (middle Eocene of Messel, Germany)
  • Eobalearica (Ferghana Late? Eocene of Ferghana, Uzbekistan) - gruiform (gruid)?
  • Ludiortyx (Late Eocene) - rallid, quercymegapodid? Includes "Tringa" hoffmanni, "Palaeortyx" blanchardi, "P." hoffmanni
  • Minggangia (Late Eocene of China) - rallid, threskiornithid?
  • Petropluvialis (Late Eocene of England) - may be same as Palaeopapia; anseriform?
  • "Phasianus" alfhildae (Washakie B Late Eocene of Haystack Butte, USA) - gruiform, ciconiiform, phoenicopteriform?
  • Talantatos (Late Eocene of Paris Bain, France) - gruiform (cariamid, idiornithid?)? Might include Elaphrocnemus and Filholornis
  • Telecrex (Irdin Manha Late Eocene of Chimney Butte, Mongolia) - meleagrid or gruiform (rallid?)
  • †Neornithes incerta sedis AMNH FR 2941 (Irdin Manha Late Eocene of Chimney Butte, China) - falconiform (accipitrid)? gruiform (Eogrus)?
  • "Falco" falconellus (or falconella; Eocene of Wyoming, USA) - falconiform (falconid)?
  • "Colymboides" anglicus (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene of Hordwell, England) - gaviiform? previously included in Palaeopapia eous
  • Filholornis (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene of France) - musophagid, cracid, carimid, idiornithid? Possibly belongs in Talantatos
  • Geranopsis (Hordwell Late Eocene - Early Oligocene of England) - gruiform (gruid?) or anseriform (anseranatid?)?
  • Elaphrocnemus (Quercy Phosphorites Late Eocene ?-middle Oligocene of Quercy, France) - idiornithid? Possibly belongs in Talantatos
  • Agnopterus (Late Eocene - Late Oligocene of Europe) - phoenicopteriform or anseriform, includes "Cygnopterus" lambrechti
  • Plesiocathartes (Late Eocene -? Early Miocene of SW Europe) - cathartid, leptosomid?
  • Botauroides (Eocene of Wyoming, USA)- coliiform?
  • Aminornis (Deseado Early Oligocene of Rio Deseado, Argentina) - gruiform (aramid)?
  • Ciconiopsis (Deseado Early Oligocene of Patagonia, Argentina) - ciconiid?
  • Climacarthrus (Deseado Early Oligocene of Argentina) - accipitrid? A nomen dubium
  • Cruschedula (Deseado Early Oligocene of Golfo San Jorge, Argentina) - accipitrid? A nomen dubium
  • Dolicopterus (Early Oligocene of Ronzon, France) - charadriiform (charadriid)? Not Dolichopterus as sometimes claimed
  • Loncornis (Deseado Early Oligocene of Rio Deseado, Argentina) - gruiform (aramid)?
  • Loxornis - anatid? (Deseado Early Oligocene of Argentina)
  • Manu (Early Oligocene) - procellariiform (diomedeid)?
  • Palaeocrex (Early Oligocene of Trigonias Quarry, USA) - rallid?
  • Palaeopapia (Hampstead Early Oligocene of Isle of Wight, England) - anseriform?
  • Paracygnopterus (Early Oligocene of Belgium and England) - anatid?
  • "Pararallus" hassenkampi (Sieblos Dysodil Early Oligocene of Sieblos, Germany)
  • Riacama (Deseado Early Oligocene of Argentina) - gruiform?
  • Smiliornis (Deseado Early Oligocene of Argentina) - gruiform?
  • Teracus (Early Oligocene of France)
  • Teleornis (Deseado Early Oligocene of Argentina) - anatid?
  • Pseudolarus (Deseado Early Oligocene - Miocene of Argentina) - gruiform?
  • †Neornithes incerta sedis BMNH PAL 4989 (Hampstead Early Oligocene of Isle of Wight, England) - formerly "Ptenornis" and included in Headonornis; anseriform?
  • "Anas" creccoides (Early-mid Oligocene of Belgium) - anseriform?
  • "Charadrius" sheppardianus (Florissant middle Oligocene of Florissant, USA) - charadriiform (charadriid?)
  • Limicorallus (Indricotherium middle Oligocene of Chelkar-Teniz, Kazakhstan) - anatid?
  • Megagallinula (Indricotherium middle Oligocene of Chelkar-Teniz, Kazakhstan)
  • "Palaeorallus" alienus (middle Oligocene of Tatal-Gol, Mongolia) - galliform?
  • "Vanellus" selysii (middle Oligocene of Rupelmonde, Belgium) - charadriiform (charadriid)?
  • Anserpica (Late Oligocene of France) - gruiform (gruid?) or anseriform (anseranatid?)?
  • Gnotornis (Brule Late Oligocene of Shannon County, USA) - gruiform (aramid)?
  • Tiliornis (Late? Oligocene of Argentina) - phoenicopteriform? A nomen dubium
  • †Neornithes incerta sedis QM F40203 (Late Oligocene of Riversleigh, Australia) - gruiform (rallid)?
  • Gaviella (Oligocene? of Wyoming, USA) - gaviiform? plotopterid?
  • "Anas" skalicensis (Early Miocene of "Skalitz", Czechia) - anseriform?
  • Chenornis (Early Miocene) - Anseriformes (Anatidae) or Pelecaniformes (Phalacrocoracidae)?
  • "Propelargus" olseni (Hawthorne Early Miocene of Tallahassee, USA) - ciconiiform?
  • †Neornithes incerta sedis MNHN SA 1259-1263 (Early/Middle Miocene of Sansan, France) - passeriform?
  • Anisolornis (Santa Cruz Middle Miocene of Karaihen, Argentina) - gruiform, galliform, tinamiform?
  • "Ardea" perplexa (Middle Miocene of Sansan, France) - ardeid? strigiform?
  • "Cygnus herrenthalsi" (Middle Miocene of Belgium)
  • "Anas" risgoviensis (Late Miocene of Bavaria, Germany) - anseriform?
  • "Ardea" aureliensis (Late Miocene of France) - ardeid?
  • Eoneornis (Miocene of Argentina)- anatid? A nomen dubium
  • Eutelornis (Miocene of Argentina) - anatid?
  • Protibis (Miocene of Argentina) - ciconiiform (threskiornithid)?
  • "Limnatornis" paludicola (Miocene of France) - coliid? phoeniculid?
  • "Picus" gaudryi (Miocene of France) - piciform?
  • "Ardea" lignitum (Late Pliocene of Germany) - ardeid? strigid (genus Bubo)?
  • "Gavia" portisi (Late Pliocene of Orciano Pisano, Italy) - gaviiform? A nomen dubium
  • Bathoceleus (Pliocene of New Providence, Bahamas) - picid?
  • "Homalopus" - piciform? Preoccupied by a subgenus of Cryptocephalus leaf beetles described in 1835.
  • Juncitarsus - phoenicopteriform?
  • Kashinia - phoenicopteriform?
  • "Liptornis" - pelecaniform (pelecanid)? A nomen dubium
  • Pseudocrypturus - lithornithiform?
  • Archaeotrogonidae - basal Cypselomorphae?
    • Archaeotrogonidae gen. et sp. indet. (Early Eocene)
    • Archaeotrogon (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene)
  • Cladornithidae - pelecaniform?
    • Cladornis (Deseado Early Oligocene of Patagonia, Argentina)
  • Eleutherornithidae
  • Eocypselidae - apodiform (hemiprocnid?)? caprimulgiform? basal Cypselomorphae?
    • Eocypselus (Late Paleocene ?- Early Eocene of NC Europe)
  • Eremopezidae - ratites?
  • Foratidae - cuculiform?
    • Foro (Early Eocene)
  • Fluvioviridavidae
  • Gracilitarsidae - close to Sylphornithidae?
  • Halcyornithidae - psittaciform (pseudasturid?), coraciiform?
    • Halcyornis (London Clay Early Eocene of England)
  • Laornithidae - charadriiform? gruiform?
  • Messelasturidae - accipitrid? basal to Strigiformes?
    • Tynskya (Early Eocene of N America and England)
    • Messelastur (middle Eocene of Messel, Germany)
  • Palaeospizidae - passeriform? coraciiform?
    • Palaeospiza (Late Eocene of Florissant Fossil Beds, USA)
  • Parvicuculidae - cypselomorph, cuculiform, primobucconid?
  • Remiornithidae (Paleocene of France) - palaeognath?
  • Sylphornithidae - cuculiform? coraciiform? close to Gracilitarsidae?
  • Tytthostonygidae - procellariiform, pelecaniform?
  • Zygodactylidae - near passerine, includes Primoscenidae
  • "Graculavidae" - a paraphyletic form taxon, the "transitional shorebirds"
    • Graculavus (Late Cretaceous -? Early Palaeocene) - charadriiform?
    • Palaeotringa (Late Cretaceous/Early Palaeocene) - charadriiform?
    • Telmatornis (Late Cretaceous?) - charadriiform? gruiform? podicipediform?
    • Zhylgaia (Early Paleocene) - presbyornithid?
    • Scaniornis (Early/Middle Paleocene) - phoenicopteriform?
    • Dakotornis (Paleocene of North Dakota, USA)
    • Placement unresolved
      • "Graculavidae" gen. et sp. indet. (Gloucester County, USA)

Struthioniformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Lithornithiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Lithornithidae
    • Promusophaga (Eoceno Inferior)
    • Lithornis (Paleoceno - Eoceno Inferior)

Tinamiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Tinamidae
    • Querandiornis (Ensenada Early/Middle Pleistocene of Argentina)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Tinamidae gen. et sp. indet. MACN-SC Fleagle Collection (Early - Middle Miocene of S Argentina) - at least 2 species
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Eudromia sp. (Late Miocene of La Pampa Province, Argentina)
      • Eudromia olsoni (Late Pliocene of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina)
      • Nothura parvula (Late Pliocene of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina) - formerly Cayeornis
      • Eudromia intermedia (Pliocene of Argentina) - formerly Tinamisornis
      • Nothura paludosa (Pleistocene of Argentina)

Anseriformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Basal and unresolved forms
    • Vegavis (Late Cretaceous) - closer to Presbyornithidae and Anatidae than to Anseranatidae
    • Anatalavis (Late Cretaceous/Early Paleocene - Early Eocene) - anseranatid or basal. Includes "Telmatornis" rex.
    • Romainvillia (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene) - Anseranatidae or Anatidae
    • Proherodius (Early Eocene) - presbyornithid?
    • Paranyroca (Early Miocene) - Anatidae or own family?
  • Anhimidae - Screamers
    • Chaunoides
  • Dromornithidae - The Australian mihirungs or "demon ducks". The youngest genus (Genyornis) was encountered by humans.
  • Anseranatidae
    • Anseranatidae gen. et sp. nov (Late Oligocene)
  • Presbyornithidae
    • Presbyornis (Paleocene - Early Oligocene)
    • Headonornis - only BMNH PAL 30325 belongs to this bird, may belong to Presbyornis.
    • Telmabates
  • Anatidae
    • Eonessa (Eocene)
    • Cygnavus (Early Oligocene - Early Miocene)
    • Cygnopterus (middle Oligocene - Early Miocene) - sometimes included in Cygnavus
    • Guguschia (Oligocene)
    • Mionetta (Late Oligocene - Early Miocene) - includes "Anas" blanchardi, "A." consobrina, "A." natator
    • Dunstanetta (Early/Middle Miocene)
    • Manuherikia (Early/Middle Miocene)
    • Matanas (Early/Middle Miocene)
    • Miotadorna (Early/Middle Miocene)
    • Megalodytes (Middle Miocene)
    • Sinanas (Middle Miocene)
    • Anserobranta (Late Miocene) - includes "Anas" robusta, validity doubtful
    • Dendrochen (Late Miocene) - includes "Anas" integra
    • Presbychen (Late Miocene)
    • Afrocygnus (Late Miocene - Early Pliocene)
    • Balcanas (Early Pliocene) - may belong in 'Tadorna
    • Wasonaka (Middle Pliocene)
    • Paracygnus (Late Pliocene)
    • Anabernicula (Late Pliocene? - Late Pleistocene)
    • Eremochen (Pliocene)
    • Tirarinetta (Pliocene)
    • Brantadorna (Middle Pleistocene)
    • Nannonetta (Late Pleistocene of Peru)
    • Aldabranas (Late Pleistocene)
    • Placement unresolved
      • "Anas" luederitzensis (Kalahari Early Miocene of Lüderitzbucht, Namibia)
      • "Oxura" doksana (Early Miocene)
      • Anatidae gen. et sp. indet. MNZ S42797 (Early/Middle Miocene)
      • "Aythya" chauvirae (Middle Miocene) - 2 species
      • "cf. Megalodytes" (Middle Miocene)
      • Anatidae gen. et sp. indet. (Middle Miocene) - several species
      • "Anas" meyerii (Middle Miocene)
      • "Anas" velox (Middle - Late? Miocene) - may include "A." meyerii
      • "Anas" albae (Late Miocene of Polgárdi, Hungary) - formerly in Mergus
      • "Anas" isarensis (Late Miocene of Aumeister, Germany)
      • Anatidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene)
      • "Anas" eppelsheimensis (Early Pliocene of Eppelsheim, Germany)
      • "Chenopis" nanus (Pleistocene) - at least 2 taxa, may be living species
    • Extant and recently extinct genera present in the fossil record
      • Somateria (middle Oligocene? - Recent)
      • Bucephala (Middle Miocene - Recent)
      • Clangula (Middle Miocene - Recent)
      • Cygnus (Late Miocene - Recent)
      • Histrionicus (Middle Miocene - Recent) - includes Ocyplonessa
      • Mergus (Middle Miocene - Recent)
      • Anas (Late Miocene - Recent)
      • Anser (Late Miocene - Recent) - includes Heterochen
      • Aythya (Late Miocene - Recent)
      • Branta (Late Miocene - Recent)
      • Oxyura (Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene - Recent)
      • Chendytes (Early Pleistocene - Holocene)
      • Lophodytes (Late Pleistocene - Recent)
      • Neochen (Late Pleistocene - Recent)

Galliformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Placement unresolved
    • Austinornis (Late Cretaceous) - tentatively placed here; formerly Graculavus/Ichthyornis/Pedioecetes lentus
    • Procrax (middle Eocene? - Early Oligocene) - cracid? gallinuloidid?
    • Palaeortyx (middle Eocene -? Early Pliocene) - phasianid or odontophorid
    • Palaeonossax (Late Oligocene) - cracid?
    • Taoperdix (Late Oligocene) - gallinuloidid? Includes "Tetrao" pessieti
    • Archaealectrornis (Oligocene) - phasianid?
    • †Galliformes gen. et sp. indet. MCZ 342506 (Oligocene) - formerly in Gallinuloides; phasianid?
    • Archaeophasianus (Oligocene? - Late Miocene) - tetraonid or phasianid
    • Palaealectoris (Early Miocene) - tetraonid?
    • Linquornis (middle Miocene)
    • Palaeoalectoris (middle Miocene)
    • Shandongornis (middle Miocene)
    • "Cyrtonyx" tedfordi (Late Miocene)
  • Gallinuloididae
    • Gallinuloides (Early/middle Eocene)
    • Paraortygoides (London Clay Early Eocene of Walton-on-the-Naze, England - middle Eocene of Messel, Germany)
  • Paraortygidae
    • Pirortyx
    • Paraortyx
  • Quercymegapodiidae
    • Quercymegapodius (middle Eocene - Early Oligocene)
    • Taubacrex (Late Oligocene/Early Miocene of Brazil)
    • Ameripodius (Late Oligocene - Early Miocene of Brazil and France)
  • Megapodidae - Megapodes
    • Ngawupodius
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Leipoa gallinacea - formerly Chosornis, Palaeopelargus, Progura
  • Cracidae
    • Boreortalis (Early Miocene) - may be same as Ortalis
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Phasianidae - Pheasants, quails, partridges, grouse and turkeys
    • Amitabha (Bridger middle Eocene of Forbidden City, USA)
    • Schaubortyx (middle Eocene - Early Oligocene)
    • Rhegminornis (Early Miocene of Bell, USA)
    • Proagriocharis (Kimball Late Miocene/Early Pliocene of Lime Creek, USA)
    • Chauvireria (Late Pliocene of Varshets, Bulgaria)
    • Palaeocryptonyx (Late Pliocene of SW Europe) - including "Francolinus" minor, "F." subfrancolinus
    • Miogallus
    • Miophasianus
    • Palaeoperdix
    • Pliogallus
    • Plioperdix
    • Placement unresolved
      • "Tympanuchus" stirtoni (Early Miocene of South Dakota)
      • Tetraoninae gen. et sp. indet. (Sajóvölgyi Middle Miocene of Mátraszõlõs, Hungary)
      • Meleagridae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene of Westmoreland County, USA)
      • "Tympanuchus" lulli (Pleistocene? of New Jersey)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Odontophoridae
    • Nanortyx (Cypress Hills Early Oligocene of North Calf Creek, Canada)
    • Miortyx (Rosebud Early Miocene of Flint Hill, USA)
    • Neortyx (Early Pleistocene of Reddick, USA)
    • Placement unresolved
      • †Odontophoridae gen. et sp. indet. KUVP 9393 (White River Early/middle Oligocene of Logan County, USA)
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Cyrtonyx cooki (Late Miocene? of Upper Sheep Creek, USA)
      • Callipepla? shotwelli (Middle Pliocene of McKay Reservoir, USA) - formerly Lophortyx
      • Colinus hibbardi (Rexroad Late Pliocene of Rexroad, USA)
      • Colinus sp. (Late Pliocene of Benson, USA)
      • Colinus suilium (Early Pleistocene of SE USA)
      • Dendrortyx? sp. (Late Pleistocene of San Josecito Cavern, Mexico)

Charadriiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Basal and unresolved taxa
    • †Charadriiformes gen. et sp. indet. (Late Cretaceous) - burhinid? basal?
    • "Morsoravis" (Late Paleocene/Early Eocene) - a nomen nudum?
    • Jiliniornis (middle Eocene) - charadriid?
    • Boutersemia (Early Oligocene) - glareolid?
    • Turnipax (Early Oligocene) - turnicid?
    • Elorius (Early Miocene)
    • "Larus" desnoyersii (Early Miocene of SE France) - larid? stercorarid?
    • "Larus" pristinus (John Day Early Miocene of Willow Creek, USA) - larid?
    • †Charadriiformes gen. et spp. indet. (Early/Middle Miocene) - several species, 1 probably larid
    • †Charadriiformes gen. et sp. indet. (Middle Miocene)
    • "Totanus" teruelensis (Late Miocene of Los Mansuetos, Spain) - scolopacid? larid?
    • "Actitis" balcanica (Late Pliocene of Varshets, Bulgaria) - scolopacid? charadriid?
  • Scolopacidae - Waders and snipes
    • Paractitis (Early Oligocene)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Scolopacidae gen. et sp. indet. (Middle - Late Miocene)
      • Scolopacidae gen. et sp. indet. (Early Pliocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Limosa (Late Eocene? - Recent)
      • Tringa (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene? - Recent) - includes Totanus
      • Gallinago (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene - Recent)
      • Scolopax (Early/Middle Pliocene? - Recent)
      • Phalaropus (Middle Pliocene - Recent)
      • Actitis (Late Pliocene - Recent)
      • Numenius (Late Pleistocene - Recent) - includes Palnumenius
  • Jacanidae
    • Nupharanassa (Early Oligocene)
    • Janipes
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Jacana farrandi
  • Laridae
    • †Laridae gen. et sp. indet. (Early Oligocene)
    • Laricola (Late Oligocene/Early Miocene) - larid? Formerly "Larus" elegans and "L." totanoides
    • Gaviota (Middle/Late Miocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Larus (Middle Miocene - Recent)
  • Alcidae
    • Hydrotherikornis (Late Eocene of Oregon, USA)
    • Petralca (Early ?- Late Oligocene of Austria)
    • Miocepphus (Middle Miocene of CE USA)
    • Alcodes (Late Miocene of Orange County, USA)
    • Praemancalla (Late Miocene - Early Pliocene of Orange County, USA)
    • Mancalla (Late Miocene - Early Pleistocene of W North America)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Stercorariidae
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Stercorarius sp. (Middle Miocene)
      • Stercorarius shufeldti (Fossil Lake Middle Pleistocene of WC USA)
      • Prehistoric subspecies of extant species
  • Glareolidae
    • Paractiornis (Agate Fossil Beds Early Miocene of Sioux County, USA)
    • Mioglareola (Early Miocene of Czechia) - formerly "Larus" dolnicensis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Glareola neogena
  • Burhinidae
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Burhinus lucorum (Early Miocene)
      • Burhinus aquilonaris
      • Burhinus sp. (Cuba, West Indies)
      • Burhinus sp. (Late Pleistocene of Las Higueruelas, Spain)
      • Prehistoric subspecies of extant species
  • Charadriidae
    • Limicolavis (John Day Early Miocene of Malheur County, USA)
    • Viator (Late Pleistocene of Talara, Peru) - may be synonym of Vanellus (or Belanopteryx if valid)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Vanellus (Middle/Late Pleistocene - Recent) - includes Belanopteryx
    • Additional prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Oreopholus orcesi
  • Recurvirostridae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
    • Additional prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Recurvirostra sanctaeneboulae

Gastornithiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Gastornithidae
    • Gastornis (Late Paleocene - middle Eocene) - includes Diatryma
    • Gasthornithidae gen. et sp. indet. (Paleocene) - possibly Gastornis
    • Gasthornithidae gen. et sp. indet. YPM PU 13258 (Early Eocene) - possibly juvenile Gastornis giganteus
    • "Diatryma" cotei (middle-Late Eocene)
    • Zhongyuanus

Gruiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Placement unresolved
    • Propelargus (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene) - cariamid or idiornithid
    • Rupelrallus (Early Oligocene) - rallid? parvigruid?
    • Badistornis (middle Oligocene) - aramid?
    • Probalearica (Late Oligocene? - Middle Pliocene) - gruid? A nomen dubium?
    • †"Gruiformes" gen. et sp. indet. MNZ S42623 (Early/Middle Miocene) - Aptornithidae?
    • Aramornis (Middle Miocene) - gruid? aramid?
    • Euryonotus (Pleistocene) - rallid?
    • Occitaniavis - cariamid or idiornithid, includes Geranopsis elatus
  • Parvigruidae
    • Parvigrus (Early Oligocene of Pichovet, France)
  • Songziidae - possibly a nomen nudum
  • Rallidae - Rails
    • Eocrex (Early Eocene)
    • Palaeorallus (Early Eocene)
    • Parvirallus (Early - middle Eocene)
    • Aletornis (middle Eocene) - includes Protogrus
    • Fulicaletornis (middle Eocene)
    • Latipons (middle Eocene)
    • Ibidopsis (Late Eocene)
    • Quercyrallus (Late Eocene -? Late Oligocene)
    • Belgirallus (Early Oligocene)
    • Rallicrex (Middle/Late Oligocene)
    • Palaeoaramides (Late Oligocene/Early Miocene - Late Miocene)
    • Paraortygometra (Late Oligocene/?Early Miocene -? Middle Miocene)
    • Pararallus (Late Oligocene? - Late Miocene) - possibly belongs into Palaeoaramides
    • Miofulica (Middle Miocene)
    • Youngornis (Middle Miocene)
    • Miorallus (Middle - Late Miocene)
    • Creccoides (Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Oligocene)
      • Rallidae gen. et spp. indet. (Early/Middle Miocene) - several species
      • Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Middle Miocene)
      • Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene)
      • Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. UMMP V55013/-14; UMMP V55012/V45750/V45746 (Late Pliocene)
      • Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. UMMP V29080 (Late Pliocene)
      • Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Bermuda, West Atlantic)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Gallinula (Late Oligocene - Recent)
      • Rallus (Middle Miocene - Recent) - includes Epirallus
      • Porzana (Middle? Miocene - Recent)
      • Fulica (Early Pliocene - Recent)
    • Additional prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Coturnicops avita (Glenns Ferry Late Pliocene of Hagerman, USA)
      • Laterallus insignis (Rexroad Late Pliocene of Rexroad, USA)
      • Laterallus sp. (Late Pliocene of Macasphalt Shell Pit, USA)
  • Eogruidae
    • Eogrus (Irdin Manha Middle/Late Eocene - Tung Gur Late Miocene/Early Pliocene of Mongolia)
    • Sonogrus (Ergilin Dzo Late Eocene/Early Oligocene of Khor Dzan, Mongolia)
  • Ergilornithidae - may belong in Eogruidae
    • Ergilornis (Early/middle Oligocene of Ergil-Obo, Mongolia)
    • Proergilornis (Early/middle Oligocene of Ergil-Obo, Mongolia)
    • Amphipelargus
    • Urmiornis - may belong into Amphipelargus
  • Gruidae
    • Palaeogrus (middle Eocene of Germany and Italy - Middle Miocene of France)
    • Camusia (Late Miocene of Menorca, Mediterranean)
    • Pliogrus (Early Pliocene of Eppelsheim, Germany)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Gruidae gen. et sp. indet. - formerly Grus conferta (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene of Contra Costa County, USA)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Balearica (Early Miocene - Recent) - includes Basityto and Grus excelsa/Ornithocnemis excelsus
      • Grus (Middle/Late Miocene - Recent)
  • Messelornithidae - Messel-birds
    • Itardiornis
    • Messelornis
  • Salmilidae
    • Salmila
  • Ameghinornithidae
    • Strigogyps - probably includes Aenigmavis and Ameghinornis
  • Geranoididae
    • Eogeranoides (Willwood Early Eocene of Foster Gulch, USA)
    • Geranoides (Willwood Early Eocene of South Elk Creek, USA)
    • Palaeophasianus (Willwood Early Eocene of Bighorn County, USA)
    • Paragrus (Early Eocene of WC USA)
    • Geranodornis (Bridger middle Eocene of Church Buttes, USA)
  • Bathornithidae
    • Eutreptornis (Uinta Late Eocene of Ouray Agency, USA)
    • Neocathartes (Late Eocene)
    • Palaeogyps (Early Oligocene of WC North America)
    • Bathornithidae gen. nov. (Early - middle Oligocene of C USA) - formerly Bathornis celeripes and B. cursor
    • Paracrax (Early/middle Oligocene of Gerry's Ranch, USA - Brule Late Oligocene of South Dakota, USA) - includes Oligocorax/Phalacrocorax mediterraneus
    • Bathornis (Early Oligocene - Early Miocene of C USA)

Phoenicopteriformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Placement unresolved
    • Phoeniconotius (Etadunna Late Oligocene/Early Miocene of Lake Pitikanta, Australia)
  • Palaelodidae
    • Adelalopus (Borgloon Early Oligocene of Hoogbutsel, Belgium)
    • Palaelodus (middle Oligocene -? Middle Pleistocene)
    • Megapaloelodus (Late Oligocene - Early Pliocene)
  • Phoenicopteridae
    • Elornis (Middle? Eocene - Early Oligocene) - includes Actiornis
    • Placement unresolved
      • Phoenicopteridae gen. et sp. indet. (Middle? - Late Miocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Podicipediformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Podicipedidae
    • Miobaptus (Early Miocene)
    • Thiornis (Late Miocene -? Early Pliocene)
    • Pliolymbus (Late Pliocene - Early? Pleistocene)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Podicipedidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Pliocene) - formerly included in Podiceps parvus
      • Podicipedidae gen. et sp. indet. UMMP 49592, 52261, 51848, 52276, KUVP 4484 (Late Pliocene)
      • Podicipedidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Ciconiiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Placement unresolved
    • Proplegadis (London Clay Early Eocene of England) - Threskiornithidae?
    • "Teratornis" olsoni - Teratornithidae?
  • Ardeidae
    • Calcardea (Paleocene)
    • Proardea (Late Eocene ?- Late Oligocene)
    • Xenerodiops (Early Oligocene)
    • Zeltornis (Early Miocene)
    • Ardeagradis
    • Proardeola - possibly same as Proardea
    • Placement unresolved
      • "Anas" basaltica (Late Oligocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Scopidae
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Scopus xenopus
  • Threskiornithidae
    • †Threskiornithidae gen. et sp. indet. NMMP-KU 1301 (Pondaung middle Eocene of Paukkaung, Myanmar) - Threskiornithidae?
    • Rhynchaeites (middle Eocene of Messel, Germany) - including Plumumida
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
    • Additional prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Platalea tiangangensis (Xiacaowan Middle Miocene of Sihong, China)
      • Plegadis paganus (Late Oligocene/Early Miocene of France) - formerly Eudocimus, including Milnea
      • Plegadis gracilis (Late Pliocene of WC USA)
      • Plegadis pharangites (Late Pliocene of WC USA)
      • Theristicus wetmorei (Late Pleistocene of Peru)
      • Eudocimus leiseyi (Early Pleistocene of Florida)
      • Eudocimus peruvianus (Late Pleistocene of Peru; may be living species)
      • Eudocimus sp. (Middle Pliocene of Florida)
  • Teratornithidae - Teratorns
  • Cathartidae
    • Diatropornis (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene -? middle Oligocene)
    • Phasmagyps (Early Oligocene)
    • Brasilogyps (Late Oligocene - Early Miocene)
    • Hadrogyps (Middle Miocene)
    • Pliogyps (Late Miocene - Late Pliocene)
    • Perugyps (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene)
    • Dryornis (Early - Late? Pliocene) - may belong to modern genus Vultur
    • Aizenogyps (Late Pliocene)
    • Breagyps (Late Pleistocene)
    • Geronogyps (Late Pleistocene)
    • Wingegyps (Late Pleistocene)
    • Parasarcoramphus
    • Placement unresolved
      • Cathartidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Oligocene of Mongolia)
      • Cathartidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene of Lee Creek Mine, USA)
      • Cathartidae gen. et sp. indet. (Middle Pliocene of Argentina)
      • Cathartidae gen. et sp. indet. (Cuba)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Sarcoramphus (Middle Pliocene ?- Recent)
      • Gymnogyps (Early Pleistocene - Recent)
      • Vultur (Pliocene - Recent) - distinctiveness disputed
  • Balaenicipitidae - Shoebills
    • Goliathia (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene of Egypt)
    • Paludavis (Late Miocene of Tunisia and Pakistan)
  • Ciconiidae
    • Palaeoephippiorhynchus (Early Oligocene of Fayyum, Egypt)
    • Grallavis (Early Miocene of Saint-Gérand-le-Puy, France, and Djebel Zelten, Libya) - may be same as Prociconia
    • Prociconia (Late Pleistocene of Brazil) - may belong to modern genus Jabiru or Ciconia
    • Pelargosteon (Early Pleistocene)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. - formerly Aquilavus/Cygnus bilinicus (Early Miocene)
      • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene)
      • cf. Leptoptilos gen. et sp. indet. - formerly L. siwalicensis (Late Miocene? - Late Pliocene)
      • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Pleistocene) - Ciconia or Mycteria?
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Pelecaniformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Basal and unresolved forms
    • "Sula" ronzoni (Early Oligocene of Ronzon, France) - formerly Mergus and Prophalacrocorax
  • Prophaethontidae
    • Lithoptila (Late Paleocene - Early Eocene of Ouled Abdoun Basin, Morocco)
    • Prophaethon (Late Paleocene ?- Early Eocene)
  • Phaethontidae
    • Phaethusavis (Early Eocene of Ouled Abdoun Basin, Morocco)
    • Heliadornis (Miocene of North America and Europe)
  • Fregatidae
  • Sulidae
    • Masillastega (middle Eocene)
    • Eostega (Middle/Late Eocene)
    • Empheresula (Late Oligocene - Middle Miocene)
    • Microsula (Late Oligocene - Middle Miocene)
    • Sarmatosula (Middle Miocene)
    • Miosula (Late Miocene)
    • Palaeosula (?Early Pliocene)
    • Rhamphastosula (Early Pliocene)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Sulidae gen. et sp. indet. (Thalberg Late Oligocene of Germany)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Morus (Early Miocene - Recent)
      • Sula (Middle Pliocene - Recent)
  • Phalacrocoracidae - Cormorants and shags
    • Nectornis (Late Oligocene?/Early Miocene of C Europe - Middle Miocene of Bes-Konak, Turkey) - includes Oligocorax miocaenus
    • "Valenticarbo" (Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene) - a nomen dubium
    • Placement unresolved
      • "Oligocorax" sp. (Late Oligocene of Enspel, Germany)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Phalacrocorax (Oligocene ?- Recent) - may be several genera. Includes Australocorax, Miocorax, Pliocarbo
  • Plotopteridae
    • Copepteryx
    • Hokkaidornis
    • Phocavis
    • Plotopterum
    • Tonsala
  • Protoplotidae
    • Protoplotus (Paleocene? - middle Eocene of Sumatra)
  • Anhingidae
    • Meganhinga (Early Miocene)
    • Macranhinga (Middle/Late Miocene -? Early Pliocene)
    • †Anhingidae gen. et sp. indet. (Middle/Late Miocene)
    • Giganhinga (Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Procellariiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Placement unresolved
    • Primodroma (Early Eocene)
  • Diomedeoididae
    • Rupelornis (Early Oligocene of Belgium)
    • Diomedeoides (Early Oligocene ?-Early Miocene of C Europe and Iran) - includes Frigidafons, may be synonym of Rupelornis
  • Diomedeidae
    • Murunkus (middle Eocene)
    • Plotornis (Early - Middle Miocene) - includes "Puffinus" arvernensis
    • Placement unresolved
      • Diomedeidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Oligocene of South Carolina)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Hydrobatidae
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Oceanodroma hubbsi (Capistrano Middle/Late Miocene of Orange County, USA)
      • Oceanodroma sp.
      • Pelagodroma sp. 1
      • Pelagodroma sp. 2
  • Procellariidae
    • Argyrodyptes (San Julián Late Eocene/Early Oligocene of Chubut, Argentina)
    • Pterodromoides
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Pelecanoididae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Gaviiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Gaviidae
    • Colymboides (Late Eocene - Early Miocene) - includes Hydrornis
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Gavia (Early Miocene - Recent)

Sphenisciformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Pteroclidiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Columbiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Columbidae
    • Gerandia (Early Miocene)
    • Placement unresolved
      • †Columbidae gen. et sp. indet. (Early/Middle Miocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Psittaciformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Unresolved and basal fossil parrots:

  • Mopsitta (Early Eocene) - psittacid?
  • Psittacopes (Early/middle Eocene)
  • Serudaptus - pseudasturid or psittacid?
  • Pseudasturidae (= Halcyornithidae?)
    • Pseudasturidae FU 125 gen. et sp. indet. (Early Eocene)
    • Pseudasturides - formerly Pseudastur
  • Quercypsittidae
  • Cacatuidae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Psittacidae
    • Archaeopsittacus (Late Oligocene/Early Miocene)
    • Xenopsitta (Early Miocene)
    • †Psittacidae gen. et spp. indet. (Early/Middle Miocene) - several species
    • Bavaripsitta (Middle Miocene)
    • †Psittacidae gen. et sp. indet. (Middle Miocene) - erroneously placed in Pararallus dispar, includes "Psittacus" lartetianus
    • Extant and recently extinct genera present in the fossil record

Opisthocomiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Opisthocomidae
    • Hoazinoides (Mioceno Superior)
    • Hoatzi - may be same as Foro

Cuculiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Placement unresolved
    • Cuculiformes gen. et sp. indet. (Early Eocene)
  • Musophagidae
    • Veflintornis (Middle Miocene) - formerly Apopempsis
    • Placement unresolved
      • Musophagidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Oligocene - Middle Miocene of WC Europe)
      • "Apopempsis" africanus (Early Miocene) - formerly Musophaga, might belong in Veflintornis
      • Musophagidae gen. et sp. indet. (Egypt)
  • Cuculidae
    • Eocuculus (Late Eocene)
    • Dynamopterus (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene)
    • Neococcyx (Early Oligocene)
    • Cursoricoccyx (Early Miocene)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Cuculidae gen. et sp. indet. (Early Pliocene)

Falconiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Unresolved and basal forms
  • Horusornithidae
  • Pandionidae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Pandion (Early Oligocene - Recent)
  • Sagittariidae
    • Pelargopappus (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene - Late Oligocene/Early Miocene of France) - formerly Amphiserpentarius/Amynoptilon/Pelargopsis
  • Accipitridae
    • Milvoides (Late Eocene)
    • Aquilavus (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene - Early Miocene)
    • Palaeocircus (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene)
    • Palaeastur (Early Miocene)
    • Pengana (Early Miocene)
    • Promilio (Early Miocene)
    • Proictinia (Early - Late Miocene/Early Pliocene)
    • Neophrontops (Early/middle Miocene - Late Pleistocene) - formerly in Neophron
    • Mioaegypius (middle Miocene)
    • Apatosagittarius (Late Miocene)
    • Palaeoborus (Miocene)
    • Qiluornis (Miocene)
    • Thegornis (Miocene)
    • Garganoaetus (Early Pliocene)
    • Amplibuteo (Late Pliocene of Peru - Late Pleistocene) - may belong to extant genus Harpyhaliaetus (or Buteogallus)
    • Neogyps
    • Palaeohierax - includes "Aquila" gervaisii
    • Wetmoregyps - formerly Morphnus daggetti
    • Placement unresolved
      • Accipitridae gen. et sp. indet. AMNH FR 7434 (Early Eocene)
      • Accipitridae gen. et sp. indet. (Early Oligocene)
      • Accipitridae gen. et sp. indet. (Early/Middle Miocene)
      • Accipitridae gen. et sp. indet. (Early/Middle Pliocene) - Parabuteo?
      • Accipitridae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Pliocene/Early Pleistocene) - Buteo?
      • Accipitridae gen. et sp. indet. (Egypt)
      • "Aquila" danana (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene) - formerly also Geranoaetus or Buteo
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Haliaeetus (Early Oligocene - Recent)
      • Buteo (middle Oligocene - Recent)
      • Aquila (Middle? Miocene - Recent)
      • Buteogallus (Middle Miocene - Recent) - might include Harpyhaliaetus
      • "Hieraaetus" (Middle Miocene - Recent) - doubtfully distinct from Aquila
      • Milvus (Early Pleistocene - Recent)
      • Gyps (Middle Pleistocene - Recent)
    • Additional prehistoric species of extant genera
  • Falconidae
    • Parvulivenator (Early Eocene)
    • Stintonornis (Early Eocene)
    • Badiostes (Early Miocene)
    • Pediohierax (Middle Miocene) - formerly Falco ramenta
    • Placement unresolved
      • Falconidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene)
      • "Sushkinia" pliocaena (Early Pliocene) - belongs into Falco?
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Falco (Late Miocene? - Recent)
      • Milvago (Late Pleistocene - Recent)
      • Caracara (Late Pleistocene - Recent) - formerly Polyborus

Caprimulgiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Apparently paraphyletic.

  • Placement unresolved
    • Paraprefica (Early Eocene?) - Steatornithidae or Nyctibiidae
  • Steatornithidae
    • Prefica
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Steatornis sp.
  • Podargidae
    • Masillapodargus
    • Quercypodargus
  • Nyctibiidae
    • Euronyctibius
  • Caprimulgidae
    • Ventivorus

Aegotheliformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Aegothelidae
    • Quipollornis (Early/Middle Miocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Apodiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Basal and unresolved forms
    • Primapus (Early Eocene) - aegialornithid or apodid
    • Parargornis (middle Eocene) - jungornithid, trochilid, basal as Argornis?
    • Argornis (Late Eocene) - basal to Jungornithidae and Trochilidae
    • Cypselavus (Late Eocene - Early Oligocene) - aegialornithid or hemiprocnid
  • Aegialornithidae
  • Jungornithidae
    • Jungornis (Early Oligocene of N Caucasus, Russia)
    • Palescyvus
    • Laputavis
  • Trochilidae
    • Eurotrochilus (Early Oligocene of Frauenweiler, Germany)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Trochilidae sp. et gen. indet. (Bahamas, West Indies)
      • Trochilidae sp. et gen. indet. (Brazil)
  • Apodidae
    • Scaniacypselus (Early - middle Eocene)
    • Procypseloides (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene - Early Miocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Coliiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Chascacocolius (Paleoceno Superior? - Eoceno Médio) - basal? sandcoleid?
    • Eocolius (Mioceno Inferior) - sandcoleid or coliid
    • Selmes (Eoceno Médio? - Oligoceno Superior) - coliid?, possibly synonym of Primocolius
    • Limnatornis (Mioceno Inferior) - coliid? (Urocolius?) Includes "Picus" consobrinus
    • "Picus" archiaci (Mioceno Inferior) - Limnatornis? coliid? (Urocolius?)
    • Necrornis (Mioceno Médio) - coliid? (Colius?)
    • †Coliiformes gen. et sp. indet. (Mioceno Superior) - coliid? (Colius, Urocolius?)
    • Eobucco - sandcoleid?
    • Uintornis - sandcoleid?
  • Sandcoleidae
    • Sandcoleus (Paleoceno)
    • Anneavis
    • Eoglaucidium
  • Coliidae
    • Primocolius (Eoceno Superior/Oligoceno)
    • Oligocolius (Oligoceno Inferior)
    • Masillacolius (Eoceno Médio)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Strigiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Berruornis (Late Paleocene) - basal? Sophornithidae?
    • †Strigiformes gen. et ap. indet. (Late Paleocene)
    • Palaeoglaux (middle - Late Eocene) - own family Palaeoglaucidae or Strigidae?
    • Palaeobyas (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene) - Tytonidae? Sophiornithidae?
    • Palaeotyto (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene) - Tytonidae?
    • †Strigiformes gen. et spp. indet. (Early Oligocene)
  • Ogygoptyngidae
    • Ogygoptynx (Middle/Late Paleocene)
  • Protostrigidae
    • Eostrix (Early - middle Eocene)
    • Minerva (middle - Late Eocene) - formerly Protostrix, includes "Aquila" ferox, "Aquila" lydekkeri, and "Bubo" leptosteus
    • Oligostrix (middle Oligocene)
  • Sophiornithidae
    • Sophiornis
  • Strigidae - Typical owls
    • Mioglaux (Late Oligocene? - Early Miocene) - includes "Bubo" poirreiri
    • Intutula (Early/Middle -? Late Miocene) - includes "Strix/Ninox" brevis
    • Alasio (Middle Miocene) - includes "Strix" collongensis
    • Placement unresolved
      • "Otus" wintershofensis (Early/Middle Miocene) - may be close to extant genus Ninox
      • "Strix" edwardsi (Late Miocene)
      • "Asio" pygmaeus (Early Pliocene)
      • Strigidae gen. et sp. indet. UMMP V31030 (Late Pliocene) - Strix/Bubo?
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Strix (Early Miocene - Recent)
      • Bubo (Late Miocene? - Recent)
      • Asio (Late Pliocene - Recent)
      • Athene (Late Pliocene - Recent)
      • Glaucidium (Late Pliocene - Recent)
      • Surnia (Late Pliocene - Recent)
      • Pulsatrix (Late Pleistocene - Recent)
  • Tytonidae - Barn Owls
    • Necrobyas (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene - Early Miocene)
    • Prosybris (Early Oligocene? - Early Miocene)
    • Nocturnavis
    • Selenornis
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Tyto (Late Miocene - Recent)

Coraciiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Basal and unresolved forms
    • Quasisyndactylus (middle Eocene) - alcediniform, basal?
    • Cryptornis (Late Eocene) - bucerotid? geranopterid?
    • † Coraciiformes gen. et spp. indet. PQ 1216, QU 15640 (Late Eocene) - 2 species
  • Geranopteridae
    • Geranopterus (Late Eocene - Early Miocene) - includes "Nupharanassa" bohemica
  • Eocoraciidae
    • Eocoracias (middle Eocene)
  • Primobucconidae - coraciiform?
    • Primobucco (Early - middle Eocene)
  • Todidae - Todies
    • Palaeotodus
  • Motmotidae - Motmots
    • Protornis (Oligocene)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Momotidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene)
  • Messelirrisoridae
  • Bucerotidae - Hornbills
    • Euroceros (Late Miocene of Hadzhidimovo, Bulgaria)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Trogoniformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Trogonidae
    • Septentrogon (Fur Late Paleocene/Early Eocene of Ejerslev, Denmark)
    • Primotrogon (middle Eocene of Messel, Germany? - Early Oligocene of France)
    • Paratrogon (Early Miocene of France)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Trogonidae gen. et sp. indet. 1 (NW Europe)
      • Trogonidae gen. et sp. indet. 2 (NW Europe)

Piciformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Placement unresolved
    • †Piciformes gen. et sp. indet. IRScNB Av 65 (Early Oligocene)
    • Rupelramphastoides (Early Oligocene) - ramphastid?
    • †Piciformes gen. et sp. indet. SMF Av 429 (Late Oligocene)
    • Capitonides (Early - Middle Miocene) - ramphastid? "capitonid" (Lybiidae, Megalaimidae)? own family Capitonididae?
    • †Pici gen. et sp. indet. (Middle Miocene) - "capitonid" (Lybiidae, Megalaimidae?)
  • Miopiconidae
    • Miopico
  • Lybiidae
    • †Lybiidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene) - extant genus Pogoniulus?
  • Picidae
    • Palaeopicus (Late Oligocene)
    • Palaeonerpes (Early Pliocene)
    • Pliopicus (Early Pliocene)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Picidae gen. et sp. indet. (Middle Miocene)
      • Picidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene)
      • cf. Colaptes DMNH 1262 (Early Pliocene of Ainsworth, USA)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record

Passeriformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Placement unresolved
    • †Passeriformes gen. et spp. indet. (Early Eocene) - several species, oscine?
    • Wieslochia (Early Oligocene)
    • †Passeriformes gen. et spp. indet. (Late Oligocene) - several suboscine and oscine species
    • Certhiops (Early Miocene of Germany) - basal Certhioidea
    • †Passeriformes gen. et sp. indet. (Early/Middle Miocene) - suboscine?
    • †Passeriformes gen. et spp. indet. (Early/Middle Miocene) - several species, oscine?
    • †Passeriformes gen. et spp. indet. (Middle Miocene) - several species, basal?
    • †Passeriformes gen. et spp. indet. (Middle Miocene) - several species, oscine?
    • "Palaeostruthus" eurius (Pliocene)
  • Eurylaimidae
    • Placement unresolved
      • Eurylaimidae gen. et sp. indet. (Early Miocene)
  • Palaeoscinidae
    • Paleoscinis (Late Miocene)
  • Furnariidae
    • Pseudoseisuropsis (Late Pleistocene of Uruguyay)
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Pseudoseisura cursor (Ensenada Early/Middle Pleistocene of Anchorena, Argentina)
      • Cinclodes major (Middle Pleistocene of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina)
  • Menuridae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Menura (Early Miocene - Recent)
  • Meliphagidae
    • Placement unresolved
      • Meliphagidae gen. et spp. indet. (Middle/Late Miocene - Pliocene of Riversleigh, Australia) - at least 7 spp., some may be from extant genera
  • Orthonychidae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Orthonyx (Middle/Late Miocene - Recent)
  • Oriolidae - Orioles and Figbird
    • Longimornis (Early Miocene of Riversleigh, Australia)
  • Artamidae
    • Placement unresolved
      • Artamidae gen. et sp. indet. (Early/Middle Miocene) - cracticine
  • Corvidae
    • Miocorvus (Middle Miocene)
    • Miopica (Middle Miocene)
    • Miocitta (Late Miocene)
    • Protocitta (Early Pleistocene)
    • Henocitta (Middle Pleistocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
    • Placement unresolved
      • Corvidae gen. et sp. indet. (Early Pliocene)
      • Corvidae gen. et sp. indet. (Early/Middle Pleistocene) - probably belongs into extant genus
  • Laniidae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Lanius (Early Miocene - Recent)
  • Regulidae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Megaluridae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Acrocephalidae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Motacillidae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Fringillidae
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Loxia (Late Pliocene - Recent)
    • Additional prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Coccothraustes simeonovi (Late Pliocene of Varshets, Bulgaria)
      • Coccothraustes balcanicus
  • Icteridae
    • Pandanaris (Pleistocene)
    • Pyelorhamphus (Pleistocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
  • Cardinalidae
    • Placement unresolved
      • ?Passerina sp. (Early Pliocene of Yepómera, Mexico)
  • Emberizidae
    • Pampaemberiza (Middle Pleistocene of Necochea, Argentina)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Ammodramus (Late Miocene - Recent) - includes Palaeostruthus
    • Additional prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Pipilo angelensis (Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea, USA)

Aves incertae sedis[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Aberratiodontus (Cretáceo Inferior) - enantiornithine? (own family?) Same as Yanornis?
  • Dalingheornis (Cretáceo Inferior) - enantiornithine?
  • Holbotia (Cretáceo Inferior de Andaikhudag, Mongólia) - basal pygostylian?
  • Hongshanornis (Cretáceo Inferior da China) - pygostylian? ornithurine?
  • "Jibeinia" (Cretáceo Inferior) - euenantiornithine? A nomen dubium
  • Nanantius (Cretáceo Inferior) - enantiornithine?
  • Otogornis (Cretáceo Inferior de Yike Zhaomeng, China) - basal pygostylian? enantiornithine (cathayornithid)?
  • Paraprotopteryx (Cretáceo Inferior de Fengning, China) - enantiornithine?
  • Protopteryx (Cretáceo Inferior da China) - enantiornithine?
  • Wyleyia (Cretáceo Inferior) - basal enantiornithine? neornithine (paleognath)?
  • Zhongornis (Cretáceo Inferior) - basal avian or juvenile confuciusornithid?
  • †Aves gen. et sp. indet. Sahat Sakhan Dinosaur Research Centre collection, unnumbered (Sao Khua Early Cretaceous of Khok Kong, Thailand) - ornithurine?
  • † Maniraptora gen. et sp. indet. IVPP V11309 (Yixian Early Cretaceous of Jianshangou, China) - basal pygostylian? therizinosaur (close to Beipiaosaurus?)?
  • †Aves? gen. et sp. indet. NMC 50852 (Early/Late Cretaceous of Kem Kem region, Morocco) - avian? dromaeosaurid (close to Rahonavis)?
  • Alamitornis (Los Alamitos Formation Late Cretaceous of Los Alamitos, Argentina) - pygostylian (related to Patagopteryx)?
  • Apatornis (Cretáceo Superior) - neornithine (anseriform)?
  • "Cerebavis" (Cretáceo Superior) - enantiornithine? A nomen dubium
  • "Elopteryx" (Cretáceo Superior) - pygostylian? non-avian dinosaur? A nomen dubium
  • †Euornithes gen. et sp. indet. (Cretáceo Superior de Kyzyl Kum, Uzbekistan)
  • Gargantuavis (Cretáceo Superior) - pygostylian? (enantiornithine?) basal ornithurine?
  • Hulsanpes (Cretáceo Superior) - basal avian? non-avian dinosaur?
  • Iaceornis (Cretáceo Superior de Gove County, USA) - neornithine or basal ornithurine
  • †Ornithurae gen. et sp. indet. IGM 100/1309 (Nemegt Late Cretaceous of Tsagaan Kushu, Mongolia) - presbyornithid?
  • †Ornithurae gen. et sp. indet. IGM 100/1310 (Nemegt Late Cretaceous of Tsagaan Kushu, Mongolia) - basal?
  • Horezmavis (Bissekty Late Cretaceous of Kyzyl Kum, Uzbekistan) - enantiornithine (gobipterygiform?), basal ornithurine or gruiform
  • "Ichthyornis" minusculus (Bissekty Late Cretaceous of Kyzyl Kum, Uzbekistan) - enantiornithine?
  • †cf. Nanantius (Cretáceo Superior de Kyzyl Kum, Uzbequistão) - enantiornithine?
  • Neogaeornis (Cretáceo Superior) - baptornithid or neornithine (gaviiform, procellariiform?)
  • Patagopteryx (Cretáceo Superior) - pygostylian? (enantiornithine?)
  • Piksi (Cretáceo Superior de Montana) - ornithothoracine (perhaps distinct lineage), basal ornithurine or neornithine?
  • Platanavis (Bissekty Late Cretaceous of Kyzyl Kum, Uzbekistan)
  • Potamornis (Cretáceo Superior) - hesperornithid? baptornithid? enaliornithid?
  • Vorona (Cretáceo Superior) - enantiornithine? basal ornithuromorph?
  • †UCMP 143274 (Cretáceo Superior de Niobrara County, USA) - psittaciform? non-avian?
  • Polarornis (Cretáceo Superior ou Eoceno) - gaviiform or pygostylian, may be synonym of Neogaeornis
  • Yandangornis (Cretáceo Superior) - basal avian? non-avian dinosaur?
  • Guildavis (Cretáceo de Wallace County, USA) - neornithine or basal ornithurine
  • Qinornis (Paleoceno Inferior/Médio de Luonan, China) - neornithine?
  • "Cathayornis" aberransis
  • "Cathayornis" caudatus
  • Gobipipus
  • "Ichthyornis" maltshevskyi
  • Chaoyangidae
    • Chaoyangia (Cretáceo Inferior de Liaoning, China)
  • Zhyraornithidae

Liaoningornithiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Liaoningornithidae

Eurolimnornithiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]

Palaeocursornithiformes[editar | editar código-fonte]


Notas[editar | editar código-fonte]

  1. Fide Gauther & de Queiroz (2001)

Referências[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Chiappe, Luis M. (2001): The rise of birds. In: Briggs, Derek E.G. & Crowther, P.R. (eds.): Palaeobiology II: A Synthesis: 102-106. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Chiappe, Luis M. (2002): Basal bird phylogeny: problems and solutions. In: Chiappe, L.M. and Witmer, L.M. (eds.): Mesozoic Birds: Above the Heads of Dinosaurs: 448-472. University of California Press, Berkeley, USA.
  • Clarke, Julia A.; Zhou, Zhonghe & Zhang, Fucheng (2006): Insight into the evolution of avian flight from a new clade of Early Cretaceous ornithurines from China and the morphology of Yixianornis grabaui. Journal of Anatomy 208 (3):287-308. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7580.2006.00534.x PDF fulltext Electronic Appendix
  • Gauthier, Jacques A. & de Queiroz, Kevin (2001): Feathered dinosaurs, flying dinosaurs, crown dinosaurs, and the name "Aves". In: Gauthier, Jacques & Gall, L.F. (eds.): New Perspectives on the Origin and Early Evolution of Birds: Proceedings of the International Symposium in Honor of John H. Ostrom: 7-41. Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
  • Mortimer, Michael (2004): The Theropod Database: Phylogeny of taxa. Retrieved 2008-AUG-14.
  • Olson, Storrs L. (1985): The fossil record of birds. In: Farner, D.S.; King, J.R. & Parkes, Kenneth C. (eds.): Avian Biology 8: 79-238. Academic Press, New York.
  • Sereno, Paul Callistus (2005): TaxonSearch: Stem Archosauria. Version 1.0, November 7, 2005. Retrieved 2007-APR-30.

Ligações externas[editar | editar código-fonte]

O Commons possui uma categoria contendo imagens e outros ficheiros sobre Lista de aves fósseis