Arnold Bax

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Sir Arnold Edward Trevor Bax, KCVO (8 de novembro de 18833 de outubro de 1953), foi um compositor e poeta inglês. Seu estilo musical mistura elementos do Romantismo e Impressionismo, sempre com uma forte influência celta. Sua pontuação orquestral é notada pela sua complexidade e colorido instrumental. As poesias e histórias, que escrevia sob o pseudônimo de Dermot O'Byrne, refletem a sua profunda afinidade com o poeta irlandês William Butler Yeats e são em grande medida redigidas na tradição da Literatura Revivalista irlandesa.

Vida[editar | editar código-fonte]

Os primeiros anos[editar | editar código-fonte]

Arnold Bax nasceu em Pendennis Road, Streatham, Londres, de uma família de classe média de ascendência holandesa. Cresceu em Ivy Bank, uma mansão de Haverstock Hill, Hampstead assistiu em Heath Mount School [1].

Obras[editar | editar código-fonte]

Ballets[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Tamara (1911, orch. 2000)
  • From Dusk till Dawn (1917)
  • The Truth about the Russian Dancers (1920)

Orquestral[editar | editar código-fonte]

Sinfonias[editar | editar código-fonte]

Poemas músicados[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Cathaleen-ni-Hoolihan (1905)
  • Into The Twilight (1908)
  • In The Faery Hills (1909)
  • Rosc-catha (1910)
  • Christmas Eve (1912, revised c.1921)
  • Nympholept (1912, orch. 1915, revised 1935)
  • The Garden of Fand (1913, orch. 1916)
  • Spring Fire (1913)
  • In Memoriam (1916)
  • November Woods (1917)
  • Tintagel (1917, orch. 1919)
  • Summer Music (1917, orch. 1921, revised 1932)
  • The Happy Forest (1922)
  • The Tale the Pine Trees Knew (1931)
  • Northern Ballad No. 1 (1927)
  • Northern Ballad No. 2 (1934)
  • Prelude for a Solemn Occasion (Northern Ballad No. 3) (1927, orch. 1933)
  • A Legend (1944)

Outra obra orquestral[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Variations for Orchestra (Improvisations) (1904)
  • A Song of War & Victory (1905)
  • On the Sea Shore (1908, orch. 1984)
  • Festival Overture (1911, revised 1918)
  • Dance of Wild Irravel (1912)
  • Four Orchestral Pieces (1912-13)
  • Three Pieces for Small Orchestra (1913, revised 1928)
  • Symphonic Scherzo (1917, revised 1933)
  • Russian Suite (1919)
  • Mediterranean (1922)
  • Cortège (1925)
  • Romantic Overture (1926)
  • Overture, Elegy and Rondo (1927)
  • Three Pieces (1928)
  • Overture to a Picaresque Comedy (1930)
  • Sinfonietta (1932)
  • Saga Fragment (1932)
  • Rogue's Comedy Overture (1936)
  • Overture to Adventure (1936)
  • London Pageant (1937)
  • Paean (1938)
  • Salute to Sydney (Fanfare) (1943)
  • Work in Progress (Overture) (1943)
  • Victory March (1945)
  • The Golden Eagle (Incidental Music) (1945)
  • Two Royal Wedding Fanfares (1947)
  • Coronation March (1952)

Concertante[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Symphonic Variations, for piano and orchestra (1918)
  • Phantasy for Viola and Orchestra (1920)
  • Winter Legends, for piano and orchestra (1930)
  • Cello Concerto (1932)
  • Violin Concerto (1938)
  • Piano Concertino (1939)
  • Morning Song, for piano and orchestra (1946)
  • Concertante for Three Solo Instruments and Orchestra (1949)
  • Concertante for Orchestra with Piano (Left Hand) (1949)
  • Variations on the name Gabriel Fauré for Harp & String Orchestra (1949)

Câmara[editar | editar código-fonte]

1[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Valse, for harp (1931)
  • Rhapsodic Ballad, for cello (1939)

2[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Violin
    • Violin Sonata No. 1 (1910)
    • Legend, for violin and piano, in one movement (1915)
    • Violin Sonata No. 2 (1915, revised 1922)
    • Ballad, for violin and piano (1916)
    • Violin Sonata No. 3 (1927)
    • Ballad, for violin and piano (1929)
    • Violin Sonata in F (1928)
  • Viola
    • Concert Piece for Viola and Piano (1904)
    • Viola Sonata (1922)
    • Legend, for viola and piano (1929)
  • Cello
    • Folk-Tale, for cello & piano (1918)
    • Cello Sonata (1923)
    • Cello Sonatina (1933)
    • Legend-Sonata, for cello & piano (1943)
  • Four Pieces for Flute and Piano (1912, revised 1915 & 1945)
  • Clarinet Sonata (1934)
  • Fantasy Sonata, for viola & harp (1927)
  • Sonata for Flute and Harp (1928)

3[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Trio in One Movement for Piano, Violin, and Viola (1906)
  • Elegiac Trio, for flute, viola, and harp (1916)
  • Piano Trio in Bb (1946)

4[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • String Quartet No. 1 in G major (1918)
  • Piano Quartet, in one movement (1922)
  • String Quartet No. 2 (1925)
  • String Quartet No. 3 in F (1936)

5[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Quintet in G (1908)
  • Piano Quintet in G minor (1915)
  • Quintet for Harp and Strings, in one movement (1919)
  • Oboe Quintet (1922)
  • String Quintet, in one movement (1933)
  • Quintet for harp and strings from the Sibley Music Library Digital Score Collection

6[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • In Memoriam, sextet for cor anglais, harp & string quartet (1916)
  • Nonet (1930)
  • Octet (1934)
  • Threnody and Scherzo, octet in two movements (1936)
  • Concerto for Flute, Oboe, Harp and String Quartet (1936)

Piano[editar | editar código-fonte]

Piano solo[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Clavierstücke (Juvenilia) (1897-8)
  • Piano Sonata, Op. 1 (1898)
  • Piano Sonata in D minor (1900)
  • Marcia Trionfale (1900)
  • White Peace (Arranged by Ronald Stevenson 1907)
  • Concert Valse in Eb (1910)
  • Piano Sonata No. 1 (1910, revised 1917-20)
  • Piano Sonata in F# minor (1910, revised, 1911, 1919 & 1921)
  • Two Russian Tone-Pictures (1912)
  • Nympholept (1912)
  • Scherzo for Piano (1913)
  • Toccata for Piano (1913)
  • From the Mountains of Home (Arranged by Peter warlock) (1913)
  • The Happy Forest (1914)
  • In the Night (1914)
  • Apple-Blossom-Time (1915)
  • In a Vodka Shop (1915)
  • The Maiden with the Daffodil (1915) )
  • A Mountain Mood (1915)
  • The Princess’s Rose Garden (1915)
  • Sleepy-Head (1915)
  • Winter Waters (1915)
  • Dream in Exile (1916)
  • Nereid (1916)
  • On a May Evening (1918)
  • A Romance (1918)
  • The Slave Girl (1919)
  • What the Minstrel Told Us (1919)
  • Whirligig (1919)
  • Piano Sonata No. 2 (1919, revised 1920)
  • Burlesque (1920)
  • Ceremonial Dance (1920)
  • A Country-Tune (1920)
  • A Hill Tune (1920)
  • Lullaby (1920)
  • Mediterranean (1920)
  • Serpent Dance (1920)
  • Water Music (1920)
  • Piano Sonata in E flat (1921)
  • Piano Sonata No. 3 (1926)
  • Pæan (c.1928)
  • Piano Sonata No. 4 (1932)
  • A Legend (1935)
  • Piano Sonata in B flat Salzburg (1937)
  • O Dame get up and bake your pies (1945)
  • Suite on the Name Gabriel Fauré (1945)
  • Four Pieces for Piano (1947)
  • Two Lyrical Pieces for Piano (1948)

Dois pianos[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Fantasia for Two Pianos (1900)
  • Festival Overture (Arrangement of orchestral work 1911)
  • Moy Mell (1916)
  • Mediterranean (Arranged for three hands by H. Rich 1920)
  • Hardanger (1927)
  • The Poisoned Fountain (1928)
  • The Devil that tempted St Anthony (1928)
  • Sonata for Two Pianos (1929)
  • Red Autumn (1931)

Música para Filme[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Malta, G. C. (1942)
  • Oliver Twist (film) (1948)

Vocal[editar | editar código-fonte]

Coral[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Fatherland (Runeberg, tr. C. Bax) [tenor solo] (1907, revised 1934)
  • A Christmas Carol (Anon.) [arranged for SATB by Hubert Dawkes] (1909)
  • Enchanted Summer (Shelley) [two soprano solos] (1910)
  • Variations sur ‘Cadet Rousselle’ (French trad.) [arranged by Max Saunders] (1918)
  • Of a rose I sing a song (Anon.) [SATB, harp, cello, double bass] (1920)
  • Now is the Time of Christymas (Anon.) [TB, flute, piano] (1921)
  • Mater, ora Filium (Anon.) [SSAATTBB] (1921)
  • This Worldes Joie (Anon.) [SATB] (1922)
  • The Boar’s Head (Anon.) [TTBB] (1923)
  • I sing of a maiden that is makeless (Anon.) [SAATB] (1923)
  • To the Name above every Name (Crashaw) [soprano solo] (1924)
  • St Patrick’s Breastplate (Anon.) [SATB] (1924)
  • Walsinghame (Raleigh) [tenor, obbligato soparano) (1926)
  • Lord, Thou hast told us (Washbourne) [hymn for SATB] (1930)
  • The Morning Watch (Vaughan) [SATB] (1935)
  • 5 Fantasies on Polish Christmas Carols (trans. Śliwiński) [unison trebles] (1942)
  • 5 Greek Folksongs (trans. Michel-Dmitri Calvocoressi) [SATB] (1942)
  • To Russia (Masefield) [baritone solo] (1944)
  • Gloria [SATB] (1945)
  • Nunc Dimittis [SATB] (1945)
  • Te Deum [SATB] (1945)
  • Epithalamium (Spenser) [SATB in unison] (1947)
  • Magnificat [SATB] (1948)
  • Happy Birthday to you (Hill) [arr. SATB] (1951)
  • What is it like to be young and fair? (C. Bax) [SSAAT] (1953)

Canções com orquestra[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • 2 Nocturnes [soprano] (1911)
  • 3 Songs [high voice] (1914)
  • Song of the Dagger (Strettell and Sylva) [bass] (1914)
  • The Bard of the Dimbovitza (Strettel and Sylva) [mezzo-soprano] (1914, revised 1946)
  • Glamour (O’Byrne) [high voice] (1921, orchestrated by Rodney Newton 1987)
  • A Lyke-Wake (Anon.) [high voice] (1908, orchestrated 1934)
  • Wild Almond (Trench) [high voice] (1924, orchestrated 1934)
  • Eternity (Herrick) [high voice] (1934)
  • O Dear! What can the matter be? (trad. arr. Bax)

Canções com câmara ensemble[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Aspiration (Dehmel) [arranged for high voice w/violin, cello, & piano] (1909)
  • My eyes for beauty pine (Bridges) [high voice with string quartet] (c.1921)
  • O Mistress mine (Shakespeare) [high voice with string quartet] (c.1921)

Canções com piano[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • The Grand Match (O'Neill) (1903)
  • To My Homeland (Gwynn) (1904)
  • A Celtic Song Cycle (Macleod) (1904)
    • Eilidh my Fawn
    • Closing Doors
    • The Dark Eyes to Mine
    • A Celtic Lullaby
    • At the Last
  • When We Are Lost (Arnold Bax) (1905)
  • From the Uplands to the Sea (Morris) (1905)
  • Leaves, Shadows and Dreams (Macleod) (1905)
  • In the Silence of the Woods (Macleod) (1905)
  • Green Branches (Macleod) (1905)
  • The Fairies (Allingham) (1905)
  • Golden Guendolen (Morris) (1905)
  • The Song in the Twilight (Freda Bax) (1905)
  • Mircath: Viking-Battle-Song (Macleod) (1905)
  • A Hushing Song (Macleod) (1906)
  • I Fear Thy Kisses Gentle Maiden (Shelley) (1906)
  • Ballad: The Twa Corbies [recitation with piano] ('Border Minstrelsy') (1906)
  • Magnificat (St. Luke 1.46-55) (1906)
  • The Blessed Damozel (Rossetti) (1906)
  • 5 Traditional Songs of France (1920)

Referências[editar | editar código-fonte]

Bibliografia[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Corder, Frederick, A History of The Royal Academy of Music from 1822 to 1922 (London: Fredrick Corder, 1922).
  • Dermot O’Byrne, Poems by Arnold Bax, collected, selected and edited by Lewis Foreman, together with two previously unpublished songs by Bax to his own words, Lewis Foreman (ed.), (London: Thames Publishing, 1979).
  • De Barra, Séamas, ‘Arnold Bax, The Fleischmanns and Cork,’ The Journal of Music in Ireland 5/1 (January–February 2005): 24–30.
  • De Barra, Séamas, ‘Into the Twilight: Arnold Bax and Ireland,’ The Journal of Music in Ireland 4/3 (March–April 2004): 25–29.
  • Elnaes, Thomas, ‘An Anglo-Irish Composer: New Perspectives on the Creative Achievements of Sir Arnold Bax,’ Master's Dissertation, University of Dublin, Trinity College, 2006.
  • Fleischmann, Tilly, ‘Some reminiscences of Arnold Bax’ (http://www.musicweb-international.com/bax/tilly.htm, 12 May 2005).
  • Fry, Helen, "Music and Men, the Life and Loves of Harriet Cohen" (http://www.musicandmen.com) Published September 2008 by The History Press
  • Foreman, Lewis, Bax, A composer and his times (1st edn, Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1983; 2nd edn, Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing, 1987; 3rd edn, Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2007).
  • Foreman, Lewis (ed.), Farewell, My Youth and other writings by Arnold Bax (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1992; now Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.).
  • Foreman, Lewis and Susan Foreman, London–A Musical Gazetteer (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2005).
  • Parlett, Graham, A Catalogue Of The Works Of Sir Arnold Bax (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999).
  • Scott-Sutherland, Colin, Arnold Bax (London: J. M. Dent & Sons, 1973).
  • Scott-Sutherland, Colin (ed.), Ideala – Love Letters and Poems of Arnold Bax (Petersfield, Hampshire: Fand Music Press, 2001).
  • White, Harry, The Keeper’s Recital: Music and Cultural History in Ireland, 1770–1970 (Cork: Cork University Press, 1998).
  • British Broadcasting Radio 3, ‘Arnold Bax,’ Composer of the Week, 29 July 2003.

Ligações externas[editar | editar código-fonte]

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