Freewriting

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Free writing é uma técnica de prewriting que propõe uma escrita contínua por um período determinado sem nenhuma preocupação com ortografia, gramática ou assunto. Essa técnica produz textos rudimentares, geralmente inutilizáveis, mas auxilia escritores a superarem os bloqueios gerados pela apatia ou auto-crítica. Ela é usada principalmente por escritores de prosa e professores de escrita.[1] [2] Alguns escritores aplicam essa técnica para reunir seus primeiro pensamentos e ideias sobre um assunto, geralmente como uma preliminar da escrita formal. Free writing é diferente da escrita automática.

Diferente do brainstorm, que simplesmente lista as idéias, no freewriting se escreve sentenças para formar um parágrafo sobre qualquer coisa que vier à mente.

História[editar | editar código-fonte]

Dorothea Brande foi uma pioneira como promotora do freewriting. No seu livro Becoming a Writer (1934), ela aconselha os leitores a sentarem e escreverem por 30 minutos toda manhã, o mais rápido que puderem.

Peter Elbow desenvolveu o freewriting no seu livro Writing Without Teachers (1975), e foi popularizado por Julia Cameron através do seu livro The Artist's Way (1992).

Natalie Goldberg começa a desenvolver o freewriting encorajada por cursos livres e programas de escrita criativa. Essa prática literária encoraja o escritor a tomar consciência dos seus pensamentos através da prática da própria escrita, que pode acabar como um fim em si, ao invés de ser um meio de produzir um trecho mais elaborado.

Técnica[editar | editar código-fonte]

The technique involves continuous writing, usually for a predetermined period of time (often five to fifteen minutes). The writer writes without regard to spelling, grammar, etc., and makes no corrections. If the writer reaches a point where they can't think of anything to write, they write that they can't think of anything, until they find another line of thought. The writer freely strays off topic, letting thoughts lead where they may. At times, a writer may also do a focused freewrite, letting a chosen topic structure their thoughts. Expanding from this topic, the thoughts may stray to make connections and create more abstract views on the topic. This technique helps a writer explore a particular subject before putting ideas into a more basic context.

Freewriting is often done on a daily basis as a part of the writer's daily routine. Also, students in many writing courses are assigned to do such daily writing exercises.

Definition[editar | editar código-fonte]

Free writing is based on a presumption that, while everybody has something to say and the ability to say it, the mental wellspring may be blocked by apathy, self-criticism, resentment, anxiety about deadlines, fear of failure or censure, or other forms of resistance. The accepted rules of free-writing enable a writer to build up enough momentum to blast past blocks into uninhibited flow, the concept outlined by writing teachers such as Louise Dunlap, Peter Elbow, and Natalie Goldberg.[3]

Free-writing is all about loosening and limbering the thought process, not about a product or a performance for a student or a writer.[4] [5]

Use in education[editar | editar código-fonte]

Often free-writing workshops focus on self-expression, and are sometimes even used in teaching to elementary school children. There is no common consensus on the acceptance of this technique.[6]

Rules[editar | editar código-fonte]

Here are the essential rules that are often formulated for the beginners or students, often a paraphrase of Natalie Goldberg's "Rules for Free Writing," [7] [8] often referred as Natalie Goldberg's first four rules of writing:[9] [10]

  • Give yourself a time limit. Write for one or ten or twenty minutes, and then stop.
  • Keep your hand moving until the time is up. Do not pause to stare into space or to read what you've written. Write quickly but not in a hurry.
  • Pay no attention to grammar, spelling, punctuation, neatness, or style. Nobody else needs to read what you produce here. The correctness and quality of what you write do not matter; the act of writing does.
  • If you get off the topic or run out of ideas, keep writing anyway. If necessary, write nonsense or whatever comes into your head, or simply scribble: anything to keep the hand moving.
  • If you feel bored or uncomfortable as you're writing, ask yourself what's bothering you and write about that.
  • When the time is up, look over what you've written, and mark passages that contain ideas or phrases that might be worth keeping or elaborating on in a subsequent free-writing session.

See also[editar | editar código-fonte]

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Additional reading[editar | editar código-fonte]

References[editar | editar código-fonte]

  1. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/GRAMMAR/composition/brainstorm_freewrite.htm
  2. http://theconsciouslife.com/liberate-your-mind-with-free-writing.htm
  3. Cole, A.L.. (2001). "The Thesis Journey: Travelling with Charley". Brock Education 13 (1): 1–13.
  4. Robinson, L.. (1967). "Guided writing and free writing".
  5. Ross, J.. (1967). "Guided Writing and Free Writing: A Textbook in Composition for English as a Second Language". TESOL Quarterly 1 (2): 58–60. TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 2. DOI:10.2307/3585756.
  6. Klingman, A.. (1985). "Free Writing: Evaluation of a Preventive Program with Elementary School Children.". Journal of School Psychology 23 (2): 167–75. DOI:10.1016/0022-4405(85)90007-X.
  7. Goldberg, N.. (1986). "Writing down the Bones: Freeing the Writer Within.".
  8. Goldberg, N.. Wild Mind: Living the Writer's Life. [S.l.]: Bantam Dell Pub Group, 1990.
  9. Miller, M.M.. "The Spice of Writing: Extracurricular Projects for Technical Writers". IPCC 92 Santa Fe. Crossing Frontiers. Conference Record: 384–390. DOI:10.1109/IPCC.1992.673061. 
  10. Upitis, R.; Smithrim, K.. (1998). "Teacher development and elementary arts education" (– Scholar search). B. Roberts. [ligação inativa]

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