Idade legal para consumo de bebidas alcoólicas
A idade legal para consumo de bebidas feitas a base de álcool é a idade mínima legalmente estabelecida para que um individuo possa comprar ou consumir bebidas alcoólicas. Esta idade varia grandemente de país para país, podendo sequer existir em determinados países. Por vezes, a idade legal depende do local onde o consumo é efectuado ou se a pessoa está acompanhada por um adulto, entre outras condições.
África[editar | editar código-fonte]
|País /região||De jure||Notas|
|Burundi||181||Sem limite se acompanhado pelos pais.|
|Camarões||181||211||18 dentro de estabelecimentos, 21 fora deles.|
|Egito||18 (cerveja), 21 (vinho/bebidas brancas)1 2|
|Guiné Equatorial||Sem limite1|
|Gabão||181||Ilegal para muçulmanos|
|Gâmbia||181||Ilegal para muçulmanos|
|República do Congo||181|
|África do Sul||181|
|Sudão||161||Ilegal para muçulmanos|
América[editar | editar código-fonte]
|País / região||De jure||Notas|
|Argentina||Sem limite||181 5|
|Canadá||186||Alberta, Manitoba, e Quebec, mas consumo por menores com 16-17 anos é permitido em Manitoba sob supervisão parental7 e sob supervisão parental numa residência ou residência temporária em Alberta8 secção 87.3.|
|196||Em Ontário, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Northwest Territories, Yukon, e Nunavut, a idade legal para consumo é 19. Consumo por menores sob supervisão parental é permitida, com algumas restrições, na sua propriedade nas províncias de New Brunswick9 e Ontário10 e em casa nas províncias dePrince Edward Island, British Columbia11 e Saskatchewan.12 Na British Columbia, apenas crianças dos pais supervisores, não outros menores tais como convidados, são autorizadas a beber. Consumo de álcool em casa de outra pessoa está sujeito a outras leis11 .|
|Chile||181||A idade mínima é 18 para compra e consumo de álcool. Vender álcool a um menor pode ser sujeito a multa. É necessário providenciar identificação quando requisitado. Residentes do Chile maiores de 18 anos devem trazer consigo a todo o momento a sua Célula de identidad.|
|Trinidad e Tobago||181|
| Estados Unidos
(50 states and integral territories)
The National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984 states that revenue will be withheld from states that allow the purchase of alcohol by anyone under the age of 21. Prior to the effective date of that Act, the drinking age varied from state to state. Some states do not allow those under the legal drinking age to be present in liquor stores or in bars (usually, the difference between a bar and a restaurant is that food is served only in the latter). Contrary to popular belief, since the act went into law, few states prohibit minors and young adults from consuming alcohol in private settings. As of January 1, 2010, 15 states and the District of Columbia ban underage consumption outright, 17 states do not specifically ban underage consumption, and the remaining 18 states have family member and/or location exceptions to their underage consumption laws.
Federal law explicitly provides for religious, medical, employment and private club possession exceptions; as of 2005, 31 states have family member and/or location exceptions to their underage possession laws. However, non-alcoholic beer in many (but not all) states, such as Idaho, Texas, and Maryland, is considered legal for minors (those under the age of 21).16
|Ilhas Virgens Americanas||1818|
Ásia[editar | editar código-fonte]
|País /região||De jure||Notas|
|Brunei||illegal1||Embora seja ilegal comprar álcool em Brunei, é legal a importação de álcool para Brunei uma vez a cada 120 horas, fornecendo o álcool para ser consumido pela pessoa que comprou, e sendo assim, a única pessoa que pode consumí-lo.|
|China||Sem limite1||181||Introduzida em janeiro de 2006.22|
|Índia||18–25 (varies between states).1||O consumo de álcool é proibido nos estados de Manipur, Mizoram e Gujarat.23|
|Irã||Ilegal||Iran has a ban on all alcohol, but religious minorities may purchase small amounts from shops owned by the same religious minority.24|
|Iraque||181||Forbidden to Muslims|
|Cazaquistão||2126||Sources given by Askar Perneyev. Alcohol sales are forbidden after 11.00 p.m.|
|Macau||Sem limite1||Sem limite1 28|
|Malásia||Sem limite1||181||In areas with more than 50% of Muslim population, sale of alcohol is restricted to selected places. It is illegal to sell alcohol to Muslims and to persons under 18, but there are no restrictions on drinking age.|
|Maldivas||181||Sale of alcohol is limited to tourist resorts. It is illegal to sell alcohol to Muslims.|
|Coreia do Norte||18[carece de fontes]||Bebidas alcoólicas são servidas aos Sábados.[carece de fontes]|
|Paquistão||21||Ilegal for Muslims1|
|Arábia Saudita||illegal||Proibido pela sharia. Os prevaricadores são geralmente punidos com chicotadas.|
|Coreia do Sul||191||If a person is 20 years old according to Korean age reckoning, that person may drink alcohol.|
|Tajiquistão||211||Vedado à maioria muçulmana.|
|Tailândia||181||clubbing age is 20|
|Emirados Árabes Unidos||21||Expatriate, non-Muslim residents may request a liquor permit to purchase alcoholic beverages; it is illegal for such holders to provide drinks to others.37|
Europa[editar | editar código-fonte]
|País / região||De jure||Notas|
|Áustria||16, 18 for distilled beverages in some areas.||Upper Austria, Salzburg and Tirol prohibit the consumption of distilled beverages below the age of 18, while Carinthia and Styria prohibit drinks containing more than 12% or 14% of alcohol respectively in this age bracket. Carinthia additionally requires adolescents to maintain a blood alcohol level below 0.05%, while Upper Austria prohibits "excessive consumption", and Salzburg prohibits consumption that would result in a state of intoxication. Prohibitions in Vienna, Burgenland, Lower Austria and Vorarlberg apply only to alcohol consumption in public. Vienna additionally prohibits the consumption of alcohol in schools under the age of 18.38|
|Bélgica||(Bars, etc.) 16/18 for distilled and strong spirits (>22%)||16/18 for distilled and strong spirits (>22%), Sem limite for Beer and Wine1||In Belgium, the purchase age and drinking age for distilled and strong spirits (greater than 22%) is 18 years. There is no drinking age for other alcoholic beverages; 16 year olds can buy these in stores but may not order or buy them in bars. However, it is legal for an older person to order those drinks and passes them to a person less than 16.39|
|Bósnia e Herzegovina||16[carece de fontes]||18[carece de fontes]|
|Bulgária||Sem limite||1814||Bulgaria's Health Act prohibits the sale of alcoholic beverages to persons under 18 years of age, but not their consumption.40|
|Dinamarca||16 for alcohol above 1,3% and bellow 16,5% and 18 for alcohol above 16,5%.
18 for all alcohol in bars, restaurants and discos.1
no limit for drinking at home.
|To buy alcohol(above 1.2% and bellow 16,5% ABV) in stores, one must be 16, but to be served alcohol at bars, restaurants and discos the limit is 18. For alcohol above 16,5% you must be 1842 .43 There is no drinking age, only a purchase age, and an adult may buy alcohol for a minor. By tradition, youths are privately allowed to drink alcohol after their confirmation.44 If a shop or bar fails to ask for an ID card and is identified having sold alcohol to an underage, it is subject to fine. A national ID card, obtained in the local town hall, can serve as age verification.45 This card is rarely used though since a passport or moped-licence can sometimes be used.46|
|Estónia||1814||Drinking in public is prohibited for everyone. Stores may sell alcohol only between 10 a.m. and 10 p.m.|
|Finlândia||18 (bars and restaurants), adult discretion in private47
18 (up to 22% ABV in stores and all alcohol in bars), 20 (all alcohol); alcohol may not be sold to intoxicated customers.
|Age limits apply to purchase and possession. Police may search minors in public places and confiscate or destroy alcoholic beverages. Adults are responsible for alcohol use by minors in private. Stores may sell alcohol only between 9 a.m. and 9 p.m.|
|França||Sem limite||18||Buying alcohol is illegal below the age of 1848 Selling alcohol to a minor can be fined 7500 euros.49 The law has been changed recently.50 Drinking alcohol is not forbidden to minors in private, but supplying them with alcohol that results in intoxication is forbidden.51|
|Alemanha||16 years for wine, beer, and cider; 18 for spirits and spirit-based beverages||16, 18 for distilled beverages52||Possession or consumption of alcohol by minors is allowed, but it is illegal to sell minors alcohol or to let them drink in public below the respective drinking age. Fermented alcoholic beverages may be consumed by minors in public when in presence of a legal guardian; drinking in private is not restricted. The restrictions on distilled beverages apply also to mixed drinks containing them.52|
|Islândia||2054||Possession or consumption of alcohol by minors is not an offence but supplying said with alcohol is. However, law allows alcohol possessed by a minor to be confiscated.|
|Irlanda||Sem limite, with permission from guardian in private residence||18||It is illegal for minors to buy alcohol, to attempt to buy it for minors, or for minors to consume alcohol in a public space in Ireland. Those under 18 may consume alcohol in a private residence when permission is given from a parent or guardian. It is illegal to purchase alcohol for anybody under the age of consent without permission from their guardians. One cannot purchase alcohol in a shop/off licence after 10 pm.55|
|Itália||Sem limite||16, 18||South Tyrol prohibits both serving and purchase for people under the age of 18 and to everybody in a state of inebriation.56 Milan has enforced a ban on those under 16 purchasing alcohol. Heavy fines are given to proprieters and parents if a transaction is completed.|
|Liechtenstein||16 for wine, beer and cider
18 for spirits and spirit-based beverages. e.g. alcopops
|Wine, beer and ciders as well as some other party drinks sometimes without spirits may be purchased by the age of 16. Spirits as well as alcopops may be sold only to people at least 18.57|
|Macedónia||18[carece de fontes]|
|Malta||1714||Must provide identification upon request.|
|Montenegro||Sem limite||18[carece de fontes]|
|Países Baixos||Currently Sem limite, but will become 16/18 when a new law, passed in the Dutch government on the 28th of June, becomes active.58||16 (under 15% ABV),
18 (15% ABV and over)
|If the person is under the age of 20, an identity card has to be shown before buying. Drinking in public is banned by local ordinance in most municipalities. Selling alcohol to underage customers carries a fine of €900–€3,600.|
|Noruega||18 (beer and wine)
20 (≥22% ABV)59
|Selling alcohol to minors or buying alcohol on behalf of minors is illegal. Minors are defined as under 18 for beer and wine, under 20 for drinks that contain 22% ABV or more. Minors who buy alcohol are not held criminally responsible; instead, the crime lies with those who sold it or obtained it for them.
Alcohol possessed by minors may be confiscated as evidence. Drinking in public is prohibited for everyone, even those over the legal age.
|Polónia||Sem limite||1860||§15.1 Clearly states that buyers must be at least 18 and prove it with ID if they look like they may not be at least that age. However, drinking alcohol under 18 is allowed.|
|Portugal||1661||Consumo de Cerveja e Vinho com idade mínima de 16 anos, 18 para todo o resto.|
|Roménia||Sem limite62||1863||According to law 61/1991 updated in 2008, paragraphs 21-25, it is illegal to serve or sell alcohol to minors. The law also imposes restrictions on serving or selling alcohol in some public locations (parks, hospitals, schools, stadiums, airports, public transport etc) or during certain events (strikes, public meetings, sport events etc)|
|Rússia||Sem limite||1864||There is no law or regulation in Russia, which prohibits drinking alcohol from persons not of legal age, but selling alcohol to the minors is prohibited by federal as well as additional regional laws.|
|Sérvia||18[carece de fontes]||Sale of alcoholic beverages to minors is prohibited.|
|Eslovênia||181||There is no law regulating the possession and consumption, but it is illegal to sell or offer alcohol of any kind to minors. Also, it is illegal to sell alcohol in stores from 9 p.m. to 7 a.m. and before 10 a.m. in bars and restaurants. The law also prohibits serving alcohol to obviously intoxicated customers as well as less than 1 h before and during sport events.[carece de fontes]|
|Espanha||1814||16 in Asturias.14 It is illegal to sell alcohol to people under 18, the fine being between €30,000 and €600,000.65 Stores are not allowed to sell alcohol between 10 p.m. and 9 a.m after a recent law was passed.66|
|Suécia||Sem limite (less than 2.25% ABV)
18 (bars and restaurants)14
18 (2.25%–3.5% ABV in normal shops),
20 (Systembolaget shops67 stores),
|See also alcohol in Sweden. Many clubs choose to have higher age limits than 18, commonly 20 or 23. It is legal to drink below 18, but it is illegal to sell, lend or give alcohol to someone under that age,68 and the police can seize alcohol from them. The reason for lower limit in bars than in Systembolaget shops is that bartenders have a legal responsibility for how drunk a guest gets.|
|Suíça||16/18 (for beer, wine and cider), 18 (for spirits, liquor and alcopops)1||Age for non-spirits varies by canton|
|Turquia||16 (restaurants and with meal), 18 (otherwise)14||The government has been steadily restricting alcohol in Turkey, with proposals to create alcohol-free zones,69 bars on alcohol sold in new packaging,70 bans on sports advertising, restricting sales, and making it harder to have alcohol at public events.71 Only those over 24 may participate in events which distribute alcohol.72|
5 (dentro de casa somente)
16 (em público junto com comida, necessita ser acompanhado pelos pais na Inglaterra e no País de Gales)
18 (em todos os casos)
|18||Children under 5 must not be given alcohol unless under medical supervision or in an emergency (Children and Young Persons Act 1933, Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act 1937).73 74
The minimum age for the purchase of alcohol is 18. People aged 16 or 17 may consume wine, beer or cider on licensed premises (pubs/bars/restaurants) with a table meal. In England and Wales, it must be an adult who orders,75 however an adult doesn't have to be present to order alcohol with a meal in Scotland. The legal age for the purchase of alcohol from an off-licence (store/supermarket) is 18. (The legal age to buy liqueur chocolates is 16, but this is rarely enforced.)
Under the BBPA's Challenge 21 scheme, customers attempting to buy alcoholic beverages are asked to prove their age if in the retailer's opinion they look under 21 even though the law states they must be a minimum of 18. Many supermarket and off-licence chains display Challenge 21 notices stating that they will not serve persons who look under 21 without ID.
Supermarkets or off-license chains which are found to have violated the law and have repeatedly sold alcohol to underage persons are then required to adopt the Challenge 25 scheme. Failing to adhere to this will result in revocation of the license to sell alcohol.
Oceania[editar | editar código-fonte]
|País / região||De jure||Notas|
|Drinking age||Purchase age|
|Samoa Americana||21[carece de fontes]|
|Austrália||1878||18||Menores podem consumir álcool em residências privadas com supervisão parental.79|
|Fiji||18||A idade era de 21 durante 2006-2009 mas baixou para 18 em 19 de maio de 2009. A lei é raramente aplicada.80|
|Guam||21||Aumentada para 21 em 8 de julho de 2010.81|
|Estados Federados da Micronésia||211|
|Nova Zelândia||18||18||Menores de 18 anos não podem beber fora de residências privadas ou em eventos privados a não ser que acompanhados pelos pais ou guardião legal, e apenas pode receber bebidas alcoólicas através de um dos pais ou guardião. Uma proposta de lei está actualmente no Parlamento propondo a subida da idade de compra para 20.82|
|Marianas Setentrionais||21[carece de fontes]|
|Ilhas Salomão||Sem limite14|
|Toquelau||16[carece de fontes]|
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<ref>inválida; não foi fornecido texto para as refs chamadas
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