Patella

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Como ler uma caixa taxonómicaPatella
Espécimes de Patella vulgata numa rocha em Gales

Espécimes de Patella vulgata numa rocha em Gales
Classificação científica
Reino: Animalia
Clado: Patellogastropoda
Filo: Mollusca
Classe: Gastropoda
Família: Patellidae
Género: Patella
Linnaeus, 1758
Sinónimos
  • Ansates G.B. Sowerby II, 1839
  • Costatopatella Pallary, 1913
  • Helcion (Ansates) Sowerby, 1839
  • Patellastra Monterosato, 1884
  • Patellus Montfort, 1810 (emenda injustificada de Patella)
  • Patina Gray, 1847 (
Concha de uma lapa da espécie Patella gomesii.

Patella é um género de gastrópodes marinhos da família Patellidae ao qual pertencem as espécies vulgarmente conhecidas por lapas. O género está centrado no nordeste do Oceano Atlântico (Macaronésia, costa ocidental europeia e costa magrebina) e no Mar Mediterrâneo. Algumas das espécies do género (as lapas) são um marisco muito apreciado nos Açores, Madeira e Canárias, onde é consumido em cru, grelhado nas respectivas conchas (as lapas grelhadas) ou em diversos tipos de confecções culinárias (como o afonso de lapas).

Espécies[editar | editar código-fonte]

O género Patella constitui um complexo específico, variando por isso o número de espécies considerado por diferentes autores. Uma das possíveis arrumações taxonómicas inclui as seguintes espécies:

Sinonímia

Tendo em conta que grande parte das espécies inicialmente incluídas no género Patella foram incluídas em outros géneros, gerou-se uma complexa sinonímia. A lista que se segue inclui apenas as espécies mais conhecidas que foram transferidas para diferentes géneros:

Notas

  1. WoRMS (2010). Patella aspera Röding, 1798. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=456570 on 2010-08-03
  2. "Patella (Patella ) baudonii Drouet, 1858". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010.]
  3. Gofas, S. (2009). Patella caerulea Linnaeus, 1758. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140677 on 2010-08-03
  4. Gofas, S. (2010). Patella candei d'Orbigny, 1839. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140678 on 2010-08-03
  5. "Patella (Patella) gomesii". OBIS. accessed 3 August 2010.
  6. "Patella (Patella) moreleti Drouet, 1858". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010.
  7. Christiaens (1973, 1983.
  8. Graham, 1988.
  9. a b WoRMS (2010). Patella depressa Pennant, 1777. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=151374 on 2010-08-03
  10. Gofas, S. (2009). Patella ferruginea Gmelin, 1791. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140679 on 2010-08-03
  11. "Patella (Patella) lowei d'Orbigny, 1839". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010.
  12. Gofas, S. (2009). Patella piperata Gould, 1846. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140682 on 2010-08-03
  13. Gofas, S. (2009). Patella rustica Linnaeus, 1758. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140683 on 2010-08-03
  14. Gofas, S. (2009). Patella vulgata Linnaeus, 1758. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2009) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140685 on 2010-08-03
  15. "Patella (Patellona) Thiele in Troschel & Thiele, 1891". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010.
  16. "Patella (Patellona) canescens Gmelin, 1791". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010.
  17. WoRMS (2010). Patella lugubris Gmelin, 1791. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=456664 on 2010-08-03
  18. "Patella (Patellona) plumbea Lamarck, 1819". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010.
  19. "Patella (Patellona) adansonii Dunker, 1853". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010.
  20. "Patella citrullus Gould, 1846". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010.
  21. "Patella depsta Reeve, 1855". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010.
  22. "Patella electrina Reeve, 1854". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010
  23. WoRMS (2010). Patella natalensis Krauss, 1848. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=224231 on 2010-08-03
  24. "Patella rangiana Rochebrune, 1882". OBIS, accessed 3 August 2010.
  25. WoRMS (2010). Patella skelettensis Massier, 2009. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=457874 on 2010-08-03
  26. WoRMS (2010). Patella swakopmundensis Massier, 2009. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=457875 on 2010-08-03
  27. Gofas, S. (2009). Patella ulyssiponensis Gmelin, 1791. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2009) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140684 on 2010-08-03
  28. WoRMS (2009). Patella variabilis Krauss, 1848. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=216274 on 2010-08-03
  29. WoRMS (2010). Propilidium exiguum (W. Thompson, 1844). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140188 on 2010-08-03
  30. WoRMS (2010). Cymbula compressa (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=456659 on 2010-08-03
  31. WoRMS (2010). Scutellastra exusta (Reeve, 1854). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=456670 on 2010-08-03
  32. WoRMS (2010). Scutellastra flexuosa (Quoy & Gaimard, 1834). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=456685 on 2010-08-03
  33. WoRMS (2010). Cymbula granatina (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=456688 on 2010-08-03
  34. WoRMS (2010). Cymbula miniata (Born, 1778). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=456660 on 2010-08-03
  35. Gofas, S. (2009). Cymbula nigra (da Costa, 1771). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=345355 on 2010-08-03
  36. WoRMS (2010). Cymbula oculus (Born, 1778). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=456661 on 2010-08-03
  37. Gofas, S. (2010). Tectura virginea (O.F. Müller, 1776). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2010) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=153552 on 2010-08-03
  38. Gofas, S. (2009). Siphonaria pectinata (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2009) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=141470 on 2010-08-03

Ligações externas[editar | editar código-fonte]

O Commons possui uma categoria contendo imagens e outros ficheiros sobre Patella