Prêmio Shaw

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Prêmio Shaw
Descrição Contribuições destacadas em astronomia, biologia e medicina, e matemática
Apresentação Fundação Prêmio Shaw
País  Hong Kong
Primeira cerimónia 2004
Página oficial
Geoffrey Marcy, um dos ganhadores do prêmio de astronomia de 2005
Saul Perlmutter, Adam Riess e Brian Schmidt (da esquerda para a direita) ganharam conjuntamente o prêmio de astronomia de 2006
Richard Doll, um dos ganhadores do prêmio de biologia e medicina de 2004
Shiing-Shen Chern, ganhador do prêmio de matemática de 2004
Andrew John Wiles, ganhador do prêmio de matemática de 2005
Vladimir Arnold, um dos ganhadores do prêmio de matemática de 2008

O Prêmio Shaw é uma condecoração da Fundação Prêmio Shaw, concedido pela primeira vez em 2004. Foi estabelecido em 2002, em Hong Kong.


Agraciados[editar | editar código-fonte]

Astronomia[editar | editar código-fonte]

Ano Laureado[a] Nacionalidade[b] Fundamentação[c] Refs.
2004 Peebles, JamesJames Peebles  Canadá por suas contribuições à cosmologia [1] [2]
2005 Marcy, GeoffreyGeoffrey Marcy  Estados Unidos for his contributions that led to the discovery of planetary systems [3] [4]
Mayor, MichelMichel Mayor Suíça
2006 Perlmutter, SaulSaul Perlmutter  Estados Unidos for finding the expansion rate of the accelerating universe and the energy density of space [5] [6]
Riess, AdamAdam Riess
Schmidt, BrianBrian Schmidt  Austrália
2007 Goldreich, PeterPeter Goldreich  Estados Unidos for his achievements in theoretical astrophysics and planetary sciences [7] [8]
2008 Genzel, ReinhardReinhard Genzel  Alemanha for demonstrating that the Milky Way's centre contains a supermassive black hole [9] [10]
2009 Shu, FrankFrank Shu (徐遐生)  Estados Unidos for his life-long contributions to theoretical astronomy [11] [12]
2010 Bennett, Charles L.Charles L. Bennett for their contributions to the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe experiment, which helps to determine the geometry, age and composition of the universe [13]
Page Jr., Lyman A.Lyman A. Page Jr.
Spergel, David N.David N. Spergel
2011 Costa, EnricoEnrico Costa  Itália for their leadership of space missions that enabled the demonstration of the cosmological origin of gamma ray bursts, the brightest sources known in the universe. [14]
Fishman, Gerald J.Gerald J. Fishman  Estados Unidos
2012 Jewitt, DavidDavid Jewitt for their discovery and characterization of trans-Neptunian bodies, an archeological treasure dating back to the formation of the solar system and the long-sought source of short period comets. [15]
Luu, JaneJane Luu
2013 Balbus, StevenSteven Balbus for their discovery and study of the magnetorotational instability, and for demonstrating that this instability leads to turbulence and is a viable mechanism for angular momentum transport in astrophysical accretion disks. [16]
Hawley, JohnJohn Hawley

Biologia e Medicina[editar | editar código-fonte]

Ano Laureado[a] Nacionalidade[b] Fundamentação[c] Refs.
2004[d] Cohen, Stanley N.Stanley N. Cohen  Estados Unidos for their contributions to DNA cloning and genetic engineering [2] [17]
Boyer, Herbert W.Herbert W. Boyer
Kan, Yuet-WaiYuet-Wai Kan for his works on DNA polymorphism [2] [18]
2004[d] Doll, RichardRichard Doll  Reino Unido for his contributions to the epidemiology of cancer [2] [19]
2005 Berridge, MichaelMichael Berridge for his works on calcium signalling, a process that regulate the activity of cells [20] [21]
2006 Wang, XiaodongXiaodong Wang  Estados Unidos for his works on programmed cell death [22] [23]
2007 Lefkowitz, RobertRobert Lefkowitz for his works on G protein-coupled receptor [24] [25]
2008[e] Campbell, Keith H. S.Keith H. S. Campbell  Reino Unido for their works on the cell differentiation in mammals, a process that advances our knowledge of developmental biology [10] [26]
Wilmut, IanIan Wilmut
Yamanaka, ShinyaShinya Yamanaka  Japão
2009 Coleman, Douglas L.Douglas L. Coleman  Estados Unidos for their discovery of leptin [12] [27]
Friedman, Jeffrey M.Jeffrey M. Friedman
2010 Julius, DavidDavid Julius for his discovery of molecular mechanisms by which the skin senses painful stimuli [13]
2011 Hoffmann, JulesJules Hoffmann  França for their discovery of the molecular mechanism of innate immunity, the first line of defense against pathogens. [28]
Medzhitov, RuslanRuslan Medzhitov  Estados Unidos
Beutler, BruceBruce Beutler
2012 Hartl, Franz-UlrichFranz-Ulrich Hartl  Alemanha for their contributions to the understanding of the molecular mechanism of protein folding. Proper protein folding is essential for many cellular functions. [29]
Horwich, ArthurArthur Horwich  Estados Unidos
2013 Hall, Jeffrey C.Jeffrey C. Hall for their discovery of molecular mechanisms underlying circadian rhythms. [30]
Rosbash, MichaelMichael Rosbash
Young, Michael W.Michael W. Young

Matemática[editar | editar código-fonte]

Ano Laureado[a] Nacionalidade[b] Fundamentação[c] Refs.
2004 Chern, Shiing-ShenShiing-Shen Chern  China pelo seu início e pioneirismo da geometria diferencial global [31] [32]
2005 Wiles, Andrew JohnAndrew John Wiles  Estados Unidos por sua prova do último teorema de Fermat [33] [34]
2006 Mumford, DavidDavid Mumford por suas contribuições à teoria dos padrões e pesquisas sobre a visão computacional [35] [36]
Wu, WentsunWentsun Wu  China por suas contribuições à mecanização matemática [35] [36]
2007 Langlands, RobertRobert Langlands  Canadá pelo desenvolvimento do programa Langlands, que conecta números primos com simetria [37] [38]
Taylor, RichardRichard Taylor  Reino Unido
2008 Arnold, VladimirVladimir Arnold  Rússia por suas contribuções à física matemática [10] [39]
Faddeev, LudvigLudvig Faddeev
2009 Donaldson, SimonSimon Donaldson  Reino Unido por suas contribuições para a geometria de 3 e 4 dimensões [12] [40]
Taubes, CliffordClifford Taubes  Estados Unidos
2010 Bourgain, JeanJean Bourgain  Bélgica por seu trabalho em análise matemática e sua aplicação a campos abrangendo desde equações diferenciais parciaia até ciência da computação teórica [13]
2011 Christodoulou, DemetriosDemetrios Christodoulou  Grécia for their highly innovative works on nonlinear partial differential equations in Lorentzian and Riemannian geometry and their applications to general relativity and topology. [41]
Hamilton, RichardRichard Hamilton  Estados Unidos
2012 Kontsevich, MaximMaxim Kontsevich  Rússia for his pioneering works in algebra, geometry and mathematical physics and in particular deformation quantization, motivic integration and mirror symmetry. [42]
2013 Donoho, DavidDavid Donoho  Estados Unidos for his profound contributions to modern mathematical statistics and in particular the development of optimal algorithms for statistical estimation in the presence of noise and of efficient techniques for sparse representation and recovery in large data-sets. [43]

Notas[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • a The form and spelling of the names in the name column is according to shawprize.org, the official website of the Shaw Prize Foundation. Alternative spellings and name forms, where they exist, are given at the articles linked from this column.
  • b The information in the country column is according to shawprize.org, the official website of the Shaw Prize Foundation. This information may not necessarily reflect the recipient's birthplace or citizenship.
  • c The rationale for each award is quoted (not always in full) from shawprize.org, the official website of the Shaw Prize Foundation.
  • d Two prizes were awarded for the life science and medicine category in 2004: Stanley N. Cohen, Herbert W. Boyer and Yuet-Wai Kan jointly received one of the prizes (half went to Cohen and Boyer; the other half went to Kan). Richard Doll received the other prize.[44] [45]
  • e Half of the 2008 life science and medicine prize went to Keith H. S. Campbell and Ian Wilmut; the other half went to Shinya Yamanaka.

Referências[editar | editar código-fonte]

Geral
Específica
  1. P. James E. Peebles. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  2. a b c d Shaw Prize awarded to six scientists. Government of Hong Kong (September 7, 2004). Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  3. Geoffrey Marcy and Michel Mayor. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  4. Sanders, Robert (September 1, 2005). Planet hunter Geoffrey Marcy shares $1 million Shaw Prize in astronomy. UC Berkeley. Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  5. Saul Perlmutter, Adam Riess and Brian Schmidt. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  6. Berkeley physicist Perlmutter wins Shaw Prize for work on expansion of universe. UC Berkeley (June 22, 2006). Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  7. Peter Goldreich. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  8. Caltech Astrophysicist Peter Goldreich Wins $1 Million International Shaw Prize. California Institue of Technology (June 12, 2007). Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  9. Reinhard Genzel. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  10. a b c Viñas, Maria José (June 10, 2008). 6 Professors to Share $1-Million Shaw Prizes. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  11. Frank H Shu. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  12. a b c Beja, Marc (June 16, 2009). $1-Million Shaw Prizes Go to 5 Researchers. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  13. a b c Shaw Prize Announcement 2010. shawprize.org. Página visitada em May 27, 2010.
  14. Announcement and Citation - Astronomy - 2011 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize. shawprize.org. Página visitada em June 07, 2011.
  15. Announcement and Citation - Astronomy - 2012 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize. Página visitada em May 29, 2012.
  16. Shaw Prizes 2013
  17. Stanley N. Cohen and Herbert W. Boyer. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  18. Yuet-Wai Kan. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  19. Sir Richard Doll. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  20. Sir Michael Berridge. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  21. $1 million ‘Nobel of the East’ awarded to Sir Michael Berridge, Emeritus Fellow at the Babraham Institute. Babraham Institute (July 18, 2005). Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  22. Xiaodong Wang. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  23. Xiaodong Wang Wins $1 Million Shaw Prize. Howard Hughes Medical Institute (June 22, 2006). Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  24. Robert Lefkowitz. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  25. Robert J. Lefkowitz Wins $1 Million Shaw Prize. Howard Hughes Medical Institute (June 12, 2007). Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  26. Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell and Shinya Yamanaka. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  27. Douglas L Coleman and Jeffrey M Friedman. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  28. Announcement and Citation - Life Science and Medicine - 2011 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize. shawprize.org. Página visitada em June 07, 2011.
  29. Announcement and Citation - Life Science and Medicine - 2012 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize. Página visitada em May 29, 2012.
  30. Shaw Prizes 2013
  31. Shiing-Shen Chern. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  32. Sanders, Robert (December 6, 2004). Renowned mathematician Shiing-Shen Chern, who revitalized the study of geometry, has died at 93 in Tianjin, China. UC Berkeley. Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  33. Andrew John Wiles. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  34. Institute For Advanced Study Congratulates 2005 Shaw Prize Laureate Andrew Wiles. Institute for Advanced Study (June 7, 2005). Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  35. a b David Mumford and Wu Wentsun. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  36. a b UT Southwestern biochemist wins $1 million research prize for cell death, cancer insights. UT Southwestern Medical Center (June 21, 2006). Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  37. Robert Langlands and Richard Taylor. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  38. Two Faculty Members Named 2007 Shaw Prize Laureates. Institute for Advanced Study (June 13, 2007). Página visitada em October 31, 2009.
  39. Vladimir Arnold and Ludwig Faddeev. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  40. Simon K Donaldson and Clifford H Taubes. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 27, 2009.
  41. Announcement and Citation - Mathematical Sciences - 2011 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize. shawprize.org. Página visitada em June 07, 2011.
  42. Announcement and Citation - Mathematics - 2012 - Shaw Laureates - The Shaw Prize. Página visitada em May 29, 2012.
  43. Shaw Prizes 2013
  44. The Shaw Laureates (2004 – 2009) (PDF). shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 29, 2009.
  45. Press release of the 2004 Shaw Prize announcement. shawprize.org. Página visitada em October 29, 2009.