Prêmio Wolf de Agronomia

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O Prêmio Wolf de Agronomia é concedido anualmente pela Fundação Wolf em Israel. É um dos seis Prêmios Wolf estabelecidos pela fundação e concedido desde 1978; os outros são em Artes, Física, Matemática, Medicina e Química. O prêmio é algumas vezes considerado equivalente a um "Prêmio Nobel de Agronomia",[1] embora a mesma descrição seja também dada ao Prêmio Mundial de Alimentação.[2]

Laureados[3] [editar | editar código-fonte]

Translation Latin Alphabet.svg
Este artigo ou secção está a ser traduzido de en:Wolf Prize in Agriculture. Ajude e colabore com a tradução.
Ano Nome Nationalidade Citação
1978 George F. Sprague  Estados Unidos for his outstanding research on the genetic amelioration of maize for human welfare.
John Charles Walker  Estados Unidos for his research in plant pathology, developing of disease-resistant varieties of major food plants.
1979 Jay Laurence Lush  Estados Unidos for his outstanding and pioneering contributions to the application of genetics to livestock improvement;
Kenneth Blaxter  Reino Unido for his fundamental contributions to the science and practice of ruminant nutrition and livestock production.
1980 Karl Maramorosch  Polónia /  Estados Unidos for his pioneering and wide-ranging studies on interactions between insects and disease agents in plants.
1981 John O. Almquist  Estados Unidos for his significant contributions to the application of artificial insemination to livestock improvement.
Henry A. Lardy  Estados Unidos for his pioneering research on storage and preservation of spermatozoa thus enabling artificial insemination to become a universal practice.
Glenn W. Salisbury  Estados Unidos for his outstanding achievements in basic and applied research on artificial insemination.
1982 Wendell L. Roelofs  Estados Unidos for his fundamental chemical and biological research on pheromones and their practical use in insect control.
1983/4 Don Kirkham
Cornelis T. de Wit
 Estados Unidos
 Países Baixos
for their innovative contributions to the quantitative understanding of soil-water and other environmental interactions influencing crop growth and yield.
1984/5 Robert H. Burris  Estados Unidos for his pioneering fundamental research on the mechanisms of biological nitrogen fixation and its application in crop production.
1986 Ralph Riley
Ernest R. Sears
 Reino Unido
 Estados Unidos
for their fundamental research in cytogenetics of wheat, providing the basis for genetic improvement of cereal grains.
1987 Theodor Otto Diener  Estados Unidos for his discovery and pioneering fundamental research on viroids and his applied work on viroid detection in crops.
1988 Charles Thibault
Ernest John Christopher Polge
 França;
 Reino Unido
for pioneering work in reproductive physiology including cell preservation, fertilization processes, egg biology and embryo manipulations for domestic animal improvement.
1989 Peter M. Biggs
Michael Elliott
 Reino Unido
 Reino Unido
for distinguished contributions to basic science and its successful translation into practice in the fields of animal health and crop protection.
1990 Jozef Stefaan Schell  Bélgica for his pioneering work in genetic transformation of plants, thereby opening up new horizons in basic plant science and breeding.
1991 Shang Fa Yang Flag of República da China Taiwan

/ Estados Unidos

for his remarkable contributions to the understanding of the mechanism of biosynthesis, mode of action and applications of the plant hormone, Ethylene.
1992 No award
1993 John E. Casida  Estados Unidos for his pioneering studies on the mode of action of insecticides, design of safer pesticides and contributions to the understanding of nerve and muscle function in insects.
1994/5 Carl Barton Huffaker
Perry L. Adkisson
 Estados Unidos
 Estados Unidos
for their contributions to the development and implementation of environmentally beneficial integrated pest management systems for the protection of agricultural crops.
1995/6 Morris Schnitzer
Frank J. Stevenson
 Canadá
 Estados Unidos
for their pioneering contributions to our understanding of the chemistry of soil organic matter and its application to agriculture.
1996/7 Neal L. First  Estados Unidos for his pioneering research in the reproductive biology of livestock.
1998 Ilan Chet
Baldur Rosmund Stefansson
 Israel
 Canadá
for their contributions to the environmentally safe development of world agriculture through innovative approaches in breeding and bio-control.
1999 No award
2000 Gurdev Khush  Índia for his extraordinary contribution to theoretical research in plant genetics, evolution and breeding especially of rice, with regard to food production and alleviation of hunger.
2001 Roger Neil Beachy
James E. Womack
 Estados Unidos
 Estados Unidos
for the use of recombinant DNA technology, to revolutionize plant and animal sciences, paving the way for applications to neighboring fields.
2002/3 R. Michael Roberts
Fuller W. Bazer
 Reino Unido /  Estados Unidos;
 Estados Unidos
for discoveries of Interferon tau and other pregnancy-associated proteins, which clarified the biological mystery of signaling between embryo and mother to maintain pregnancy, with profound effects on the efficiency of animal production systems, as well as human health and well-being.
2004 Yuan Longping
Steven Dale Tanksley
 China
 Estados Unidos
for innovative development of hybrid rice and discovery of the genetic basis of heterosis in this important food staple.
2005 No award
2006/7 Ronald L. Phillips
Michel A. J. Georges
 Estados Unidos
 Bélgica
for groundbreaking discoveries in genetics and genomics, laying the foundations for improvements in crop and livestock breeding, and sparking important advances in plant and animal sciences.
2008 John Anthony Pickett
James H. Tumlinson
W. Joe Lewis
 Reino Unido
 Estados Unidos
 Estados Unidos
for their remarkable discoveries of mechanisms governing plant-insect and plant-plant interactions. Their scientific contributions on chemical ecology have fostered the development of integrated pest management and significantly advanced agricultural sustainability.
2009 No award
2010 David Baulcombe  Reino Unido for his pioneering discovery of gene regulation by small inhibitory RNA molecules in plants, which is of profound importance not only for agriculture, but also for biology as a whole, including the field of medicine.
2011 Harris A. Lewin  Estados Unidos for highly significant discoveries, that contribute to both fundamental and practical aspects of animal agriculture.
James R. Cook  Estados Unidos for seminal discoveries in plant pathology and soil microbiology that impact crop productivity and disease management.
2012 No award
2013 Joachim Messing  Estados Unidos for innovations in recombinant DNA cloning, which revolutionized agriculture, and for deciphering the genetic codes of crop plants.
Jared Diamond  Estados Unidos for pioneering theories of crop domestication, the rise of agriculture and its influences on the development and demise of human societies, and its impact on the ecology of the environment.

Referências

  1. National Research Council: "National Research Initiative: A Vital Competitive Grants Program in Food, Fiber and Natural-resources Research", page 155, National Academies Press, 2000
  2. U.N. Panel Chief Receives World Food Prize For Soil Work
  3. Wolf Prize Recipients in Agriculture