Cronologia das invenções

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Este artigo, resulta, no todo ou em parte, de uma tradução. Do artigo «Timeline of historic inventions» na Wikipédia em inglês , na versão original. Você pode incluir conceitos culturais lusófonos de fontes em português com referências e inseri-las corretamente no texto ou no rodapé. Também pode continuar traduzindo ou colaborar em outras traduções. (Data da tradução: 24 de outubro de 2016 à 28 de outubro de 2016) —Encontre fontes: Google (notícias, livros e acadêmico)

Esta é uma cronologia das invenções, de particular importância e significante tecnologia e de pessoas que as inventaram.

Nota: Algumas datas apresentadas aqui tem controvérsias de suas invenções. Pois algumas foram criadas ao mesmo tempo por inventores em diferentes partes do mundo ou eram invenções impraticáveis até que outro inventor as aperfeiçoou para uma forma mais funcional. Devido a esta ambiguidade as datas de algumas invenções apresentadas aqui são as da forma mais funcional da invenção.

Primeiras invenções[editar | editar código-fonte]

As datas apresentadas aqui são de evidências conhecidas das invenções, por tanto são datas aproximadas. Os locais apresentados são onde as evidencias das invenções foram encontradas, mas em muitos casos não há certeza de que a invenção tenha origem no local onde foi localizada.

Paleolítico[editar | editar código-fonte]

Uma flauta pré-histórica encontrada na Eslovênia.

Neolítico[editar | editar código-fonte]

Residência desterrada no sítio arqueológico de Tell es-Sultan em Jericó.
Tábua com Escrita Cuneiforme do Reino de Amar-Suena/Amar-Sin datado de 2041 ou 2040 a.C..

Nota: A seguir no texto foram substituídos as abreviaturas Ma (Milhões de anos) e Mil a.a. (Mil anos atrás) para a.C. (antes de Cristo) e d.C. (depois de Cristo) – sendo 8000 a.C. o mesmo que 10 Mil a.a..

Segundo milénio a.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

Espada do tipo Apa feita na Idade do Bronze, Século XVII a.C..

Primeiro milénio a.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século VIII a.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século VII a.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século VI a.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século V a.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

Reconstrução de uma Besta da Grécia Antiga chamada de Gastraphetes.

Século IV a.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século III a.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século II a.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Século II a.C.: Invenção do Papel durante a Dinastia Han na China: Invenção atribuída ao eunuco da corte Cai Lun (n. c. 50–121 d.C.), o mais antigo exemplar de polpa de fazer papel vem de um mapa do sítio arqueológico de Fangmatan em Gansu.[84]

Século I a.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

A mais antiga ponte em arco ainda em uso a Ponte de Arcádico datada de 1300–1190 a.C.

Primeiro milénio d.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século I[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século II[editar | editar código-fonte]

Uma réplica do Sismógrafo de Zhang Heng.

Século III[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século IV[editar | editar código-fonte]

Miniatura do século XV de um barco a velas com roda de pás romano com tração animal, visto por volta do século IV, reprodução de De Rebus Bellicis.

Século V[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século VI[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século VII[editar | editar código-fonte]

Uma Porcelana datada da metade do Século X da Dinastia Song na China.

Século VIII[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século IX[editar | editar código-fonte]

Jarro de Pólvora negra usada para carregamento de armas de fogo como os mosquetes, em Moscou Rússia.

Século X[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Século X: Invenção da Lança de fogo durante a Dinastia Song, no início era um tubo de bambu e mais tarde de metal que disparava uma bola de pólvora que produzia fogo e estilhaços, foi descrito pela primeira vez em uma pintura encontrada no sítio de Dunhuang[143] A lança é a primeira arma de fogo da história e também a primeira arma a usar pólvora.[144][145]
    • Invenção dos Fogos de artifício durante a Dinastia Song (960–1279) na China, no início da idade da pólvora. Eram vendidos em mercados, e feitos de varas de bambu com a pólvora inserida dentro.[146]
    • Invenção de Doca seca durante a Dinastia Song na China.[147]

Segundo milénio d.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século XI[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século XII[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século XIII[editar | editar código-fonte]

Um Canhão de mão sendo disparado em manuscrito de 1405.

Século XIV[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século XV[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século XVI[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século XVII[editar | editar código-fonte]

Século XVIII[editar | editar código-fonte]

Uma Lançadeira com bobina.
O veículo a vapor de Cugnot.
Uma debulhadora de 1881.

Século XIX[editar | editar código-fonte]

Primeiro automóvel com motor de combustão interna. c.1808

.

Funcionamento de um Motor Stirling.
Um ferrolho de uma carabina Mannlincher.
O Bate-estacas a vapor de James Nasmyth.
Diagrama do Fuzil de repetição criado por Walter Hunt.
Demonstração do freio de segurança de elevadores por Elisha Graves Otis.
Caixa de bananas de Dinamite Nobel-Bozel (1957-1984).
O Cinematógrafo dos Lumière de 1895.

Século XX[editar | editar código-fonte]

O Wright Flyer de 1903.
O 14-bis de 1906.
Propaganda de jornal do primeiro Barbeador elétrico o Schick 20.
O Míssil V-2 usado durante a segunda Guerra Mundial pela Alemanha Nazista para atacar o Reino Unido. É considerado o primeiro míssil balístico do mundo.
Turbina a vapor e gerador do BORAX III, reator nuclear do experimento para geração de energia nuclear em Idaho.
O Altair 8800 que popularizou o uso dos computadores pessoais.

Terceiro milénio d.C.[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • 2000 d.C.: Os computadores pessoais ultrapassam a velocidade de processamento de 1 Ghz.[219]
  • 2001 d.C.: Invenção do Segway PT um revolucionário transportador pessoal de duas rodas, por Dean Kamen.
    • Inventado o coração totalmente artificial AbioCor.[220]
    • Lançado o iPod tocador de música revolucionário que tinha capacidade de 1 Gigabyte de armazenamento de dados, criado pela Apple.[221]
A SpaceShipOne primeira aeronave a realizar o turismo espacial.

Ver também[editar | editar código-fonte]

O Commons possui uma categoria contendo imagens e outros ficheiros sobre Cronologia das invenções

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