Anexo:Lista de satélites Kosmos (2251–2500)

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A designação Kosmos, em russo Ко́смос (Cosmos), é um nome genérico atribuído a um grande número de satélites da União Soviética (mais tarde Rússia). Satélites com esta nomenclatura, incluem os de uso militar, sondas para a Lua e Planetas que foram mal sucedidas, protótipos de espaçonaves e outros experimentos científicos.

Esta lista contempla os satélites com a designação Kosmos de 2251 a 2500.

Designação Tipo Lançamento (GMT) Foguete Função Queda/Destruição* Comentários[1] [2]
Kosmos 2251 Strela-2 16 June 1993
04:17
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Communication 10 February 2009* Collided with Iridium 33[3]
Kosmos 2252 Strela-3 24 June 1993
04:12
Tsyklon-3 11K68 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2253 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2254 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2255 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2256 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2257 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2258 US-PU 7 July 1993
07:15
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 8 June 1995
Kosmos 2259 Yantar-4K2 14 July 1993
16:40
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 25 July 1993
Kosmos 2260 Resurs-T 22 July 1993
08:45
Soyuz-U 11A511U Remote sensing 5 August 1993
Kosmos 2261 US-K 10 August 1993
14:53
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning 31 December 2012
Kosmos 2262 Orlets-1[4] 7 September 1993
13:25
Soyuz-U2 11A511U2 Reconnaissance 18 December 1993
Kosmos 2263 Tselina-2 16 September 1993
07:36
Zenit-2 11K77 ELINT in orbit
Kosmos 2264 US-PU 17 September 1993
00:43
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 7 August 1995
Kosmos 2265 Taifun-1B 26 October 1993
10:00
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Radar target 11 August 2003
Kosmos 2266 Parus 2 November 1993
12:10
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2267 Yantar-4KS1M 5 November 1993
08:25
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 28 December 1994
Kosmos 2268 Strela-3 12 February 1994
08:54
Tsyklon-3 11K68 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2269 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2270 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2271 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2272 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2273 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2274 Yantar-4K2 17 March 1994
16:30
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 21 May 1994
Kosmos 2275 Glonass 11 April 1994
07:49
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2276 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2277 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2278 Tselina-2 23 April 1994
08:01
Zenit-2 11K77 ELINT in orbit
Kosmos 2279 Parus 26 April 1994
02:14
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2280 Yantar-4KS1M 28 April 1994
17:14
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 10 March 1995
Kosmos 2281 Zenit-8 7 June 1994
07:20
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 29 June 1994
Kosmos 2282 US-KMO 6 July 1994
23:58
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2283 Yantar-4K2 20 July 1994
17:35
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 29 September 1994
Kosmos 2284 Yantar-1KFT 29 July 1994
09:30
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 11 September 1994
Kosmos 2285 Obzor 2 August 1994
20:00
Kosmos-3M 11K65M in orbit
Kosmos 2286 US-K 5 August 1994
01:12
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2287 Glonass 11 August 1994
15:27
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2288 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2289 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2290 Orlets-2[5] 26 August 1994
12:00
Zenit-2 11K77 Reconnaissance 4 April 1995
Kosmos 2291 Potok 21 September 1994
17:53
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2292 Taifun-1 27 September 1994
14:00
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Radar target in orbit
Kosmos 2293 US-PU 2 November 1994
01:04
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 13 May 1996
Kosmos 2294 Glonass 20 November 1994
00:39
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2295 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2296 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2297 Tselina-2 24 November 1994
09:15
Zenit-2 11K77 ELINT in orbit
Kosmos 2298 Strela-2 20 December 1994
05:11
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2299 Strela-3 26 December 1994
22:26
Tsyklon-3 11K68 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2300 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2301 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2302 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2303 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2304 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2305 Yantar-4KS1M 29 December 1994
11:30
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 18 December 1995
Kosmos 2306 Romb 2 March 1995
13:00
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Calibration 30 October 2000
Kosmos 2307 Glonass 7 March 1995
09:23
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2308 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2309 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2310 Parus 22 March 1995
04:09
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2311 Yantar-4K2 22 March 1995
16:44
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 31 May 1995
Kosmos 2312 US-K 24 May 1995
20:10
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2313 US-PU 8 June 1995
04:43
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 11 July 1997
Kosmos 2314 Yantar-4K2 28 June 1995
18:25
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 6 September 1995
Kosmos 2315 Nadezhda 5 July 1995
03:09
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Technology in orbit
Kosmos 2316 Glonass 24 July 1995
15:52
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2317 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2318 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2319 Potok 30 August 1995
19:33
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2320 Yantar-4KS1M 29 September 1995
04:25
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 28 September 1996
Kosmos 2321 Parus 6 October 1995
03:23
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication 21 August 1997
Kosmos 2322 Tselina-2 31 October 1995
20:19
Zenit-2 11K77 ELINT in orbit
Kosmos 2323 Glonass 14 December 1995
06:10
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2324 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2325 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2326 US-PU 20 December 1995
00:52
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 8 November 1997
Kosmos 2327 Parus 16 January 1996
15:33
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2328 Strela-3 19 February 1996
00:58
Tsyklon-3 11K68 Communication in orbit Launched with three Gonets satellites
Kosmos 2329 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2330 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2331 Yantar-4K2 14 March 1996
17:40
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 11 June 1996
Kosmos 2332 Taifun-1B 24 April 1996
13:00
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Radar target 28 January 2005
Kosmos 2333 Tselina-2 4 September 1996
09:01
Zenit-2 11K77 ELINT in orbit
Kosmos 2334 Parus 5 September 1996
12:47
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2335 US-PU 11 December 1996
12:00
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 1 January 1999
Kosmos 2336 Parus 20 December 1996
06:43
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2337 Strela-3 14 February 1997
03:47
Tsyklon-3 11K68 Communication in orbit Launched with three Gonets satellites
Kosmos 2338 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2339 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2340 US-K 9 April 1997
08:58
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2341 Parus 17 April 1997
13:03
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2342 US-K 14 May 1997
00:33
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2343 Orlets-1[4] 15 May 1997
12:10
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 18 September 1997
Kosmos 2344 Arkon-1 6 June 1997
16:56
Proton-K/DM-5 8K72K Reconnaissance in orbit
Kosmos 2345 US-KS 14 August 1997
20:49
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Early warning in orbit Final US-KS satellite
Kosmos 2346 Parus 23 September 1997
16:44
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2347 US-PU 9 December 1997
07:17
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 11 December 1999
Kosmos 2348 Yantar-4K2 15 December 1997
15:40
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 14 April 1998
Kosmos 2349 Yantar-1KFT 17 February 1998
10:35
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 2 April 1998
Kosmos 2350 US-KMO 29 April 1998
04:36
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2351 US-K 7 May 1998
08:53
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2352 Strela-3 15 June 1998
22:58
Tsyklon-3 11K68 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2353 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2354 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2355 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2356 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2357 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2358 Yantar-4K2 24 June 1998
18:29
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 22 October 1998
Kosmos 2359 Yantar-4KS1M 25 June 1998
14:00
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 12 July 1999
Kosmos 2360 Tselina-2 28 July 1998
09:15
Zenit-2 11K77 ELINT in orbit
Kosmos 2361 Parus 24 December 1998
20:02
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2362 Glonass 30 December 1998
18:35
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2363 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2364 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2365 Yantar-4K2 18 August 1999
18:00
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 15 December 1999
Kosmos 2366 Parus 26 August 1999
12:02
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2367 US-PU 26 December 1999
08:00
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 20 July 2002
Kosmos 2368 US-K 27 December 1999
19:12
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2369 Tselina-2 3 February 2000
09:26
Zenit-2 11K77 ELINT in orbit
Kosmos 2370 Yantar-4KS1M 3 May 2000
13:25
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 3 May 2001
Kosmos 2371 Potok 4 July 2000
23:44
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2372 Orlets-2[5] 25 September 2000
10:10
Zenit-2 11K77 Reconnaissance 20 April 2001
Kosmos 2373 Yantar-1KFT 29 September 2000
09:30
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 14 November 2000
Kosmos 2374 Glonass 13 October 2000
14:12
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2375 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2376 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2377 Yantar-4K2 29 May 2001
17:55
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 10 October 2001
Kosmos 2378 Parus 8 June 2001
15:08
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2379 US-K 24 August 2001
20:35
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2380 Glonass 1 December 2001
18:04
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2381 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2382 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2383 US-PU 21 December 2001
04:00
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 20 March 2004
Kosmos 2384 Strela-3 28 December 2001
03:24
Tsyklon-3 11K68 Communication in orbit Launched with three Gonets satellites
Kosmos 2385 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2386 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2387 Yantar-4K2 25 February 2002
17:26
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 27 June 2002
Kosmos 2388 US-K 1 April 2002
22:06
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning 14 September 2011
Kosmos 2389 Parus 28 May 2002
18:14
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2390 Strela-3 8 July 2002
06:35
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2391 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2392 Arkon-1 25 July 2002
15:13
Proton-K/DM-5 8K72K Reconnaissance in orbit
Kosmos 2393 US-K 24 December 2002
12:20
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2394 Glonass 25 December 2002
07:37
Proton-K/DM-2M 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2395 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2396 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2397 US-KMO 24 April 2003
04:23
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2398 Parus 4 June 2003
19:23
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2399 Orlets-1[4] 12 August 2003
14:20
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 9 December 2003
Kosmos 2400 Strela-3 19 August 2003
10:50
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2401 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2402 Glonass 10 December 2003
17:42
Proton-K/Briz-M 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2403 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2404 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2405 US-PU 28 May 2004
06:00
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 16 June 2006
Kosmos 2406 Tselina-2 10 June 2004
01:28
Zenit-2 11K77 ELINT in orbit
Kosmos 2407 Parus 22 July 2004
17:46
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2408 Strela-3 23 September 2004
15:07
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2409 Strela-3 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2410 Yantar-4K2M 24 September 2004
16:50
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 9 January 2005
Kosmos 2411 Glonass 26 December 2004
13:53
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2412 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2413 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2414 Parus 20 January 2005
03:00
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2415 Yantar-1KFT 2 September 2005
09:50
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 16 October 2005
Kosmos 2416 Rodnik 21 December 2005
19:34
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2417 Glonass-M 25 December 2005
05:07
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2418 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2419 Glonass Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2420 Yantar-4K2M 3 May 2006
17:38
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 19 July 2006
Kosmos 2421 US-PU 25 June 2006
04:00
Tsyklon-2 11K69 Reconnaissance 19 August 2010
Kosmos 2422 US-K 21 July 2006
04:20
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2423 Orlets-1[4] 14 September 2006
13:41
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 17 November 2006
Kosmos 2424 Glonass-M 25 December 2006
20:18
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2425 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2426 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2427 Yantar-4K2M 7 June 2007
18:00
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 22 August 2007
Kosmos 2428 Tselina-2 29 June 2007
10:00
Zenit-2M 11K77M ELINT in orbit
Kosmos 2429 Parus 11 September 2007
13:05
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2430 US-K 23 October 2007
04:39
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2431 Glonass-M 26 October 2007
07:35
Proton-K/DM-2 8K72K Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2432 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2433 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2434 Glonass-M 25 December 2007
19:32
Proton-M/DM-2 8K72M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2435 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2436 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2437 Rodnik[6] 23 May 2008
15:20
Rokot/Briz-KM 11A05 Communication in orbit Launched with Yubeleiny
Kosmos 2438 Rodnik[6] Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2439 Rodnik[6] Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2440 US-KMO 26 June 2008
23:59
Proton-K/DM-3 8K72K Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2441 Persona 26 July 2008
18:31
Soyuz-2.1b 11A14B Reconnaissance in orbit Spacecraft failure caused by electrical malfunction
Kosmos 2442 Glonass-M 25 September 2008
08:49
Proton-M/DM-2 8K72M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2443 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2444 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2445 Yantar-4K2M 14 November 2008
15:50
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 23 February 2009
Kosmos 2446 US-K 2 December 2008
05:00
Molniya-M 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2447 Glonass-M 25 December 2008
10:43
Proton-M/DM-2 8K72M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2448 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2449 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2450 Yantar-4K2M 29 April 2009
16:58
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance 27 July 2009
Kosmos 2451 Rodnik 6 July 2009
01:26
Rokot/Briz-KM 11A05[7] [8] Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2452 Rodnik Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2453 Rodnik Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2454 Parus[9] 21 July 2009
03:57
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation, Communication in orbit Launched with Sterkh-1[10]
Kosmos 2455 Lotos-S 20 November 2009
10:44
Soyuz-U 11A511U ELINT[11] in orbit
Kosmos 2456 Glonass-M 14 December 2009
10:38
Proton-M/DM-2 8K72M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2457 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2458 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2459 Glonass-M 1 March 2010
21:19
Proton-M/DM-2 8K72M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2460 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2461 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2462 Yantar-4K2M 16 April 2010
15:00
Soyuz-U 11A511U Reconnaissance in orbit
Kosmos 2463 Parus 27 April 2010
01:05
Kosmos-3M 11K65M Navigation/Communications in orbit
Kosmos 2464 Glonass-M 2 September 2010
00:53
Proton-M/DM-2 8K72M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2465 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2466 Glonass-M Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2467 Rodnik 8 September 2010
03:30
Rokot/Briz-KM 11A05 Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2468 Rodnik Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2469 US-K 30 September 2010
17:01
Molniya-M/2BL 8K78M Early warning in orbit
Kosmos 2470 Geo-IK 1 February 2011
14:00
Rokot/Briz-KM Geodesy in orbit
Kosmos 2471 GLONASS-K 26 February 2011
03:07
Soyuz-2.1b/Fregat Navigation in orbit
Kosmos 2472 Kobalt-M 27 June 2011
16:00
Soyuz-U optical surveillance 24 October 2011[12]
Kosmos 2473 Garpun 21 September 2011
02:47
Proton-M/Briz-M Communication in orbit
Kosmos 2474 Glonass-M 2 October 2011 Soyuz-2.1b/Fregat Navigation in orbit [13]
Kosmos 2475 Glonass-M 4 November 2011 Proton-M/Briz-M Navigation in orbit [13]
Kosmos 2476 Glonass-M 4 November 2011 Proton-M/Briz-M Navigation in orbit [13]
Kosmos 2477 Glonass-M 4 November 2011 Proton-M/Briz-M Navigation in orbit[13]
Kosmos 2478 Glonass-M 28 November 2011 Soyuz-2.1b/Fregat Navigation in orbit [13]
Kosmos 2479 US-KMO 30 March 2012
05:49
Proton-K/DM-2 Early Warning in orbit [14]
Kosmos 2480 Kobalt-M 17 May 2012
18:05
Soyuz-U Optical surveillance in orbit
Kosmos 2481 Strela-3 28 July 2012
01:35
Rokot Communications in orbit [15]
* — Quando o satélites é destruido em órbita ao invés de na reentrada da atmosfera terrestre

Ver também[editar | editar código-fonte]

Referências[editar | editar código-fonte]

  1. McDowell, Jonathan. Satellite Catalog. Jonathan's Space Page. Página visitada em 2009-12-21.
  2. McDowell, Jonathan. Launch Log. Jonathan's Space Page. Página visitada em 2009-12-21.
  3. Harwood, William (2009-02-11). U.S. and Russian satellites collide. CNET News. Página visitada em 2009-12-21.
  4. a b c d Orlets-1 (Don, 17F12). Gunter's Space Page.
  5. a b Orlets-2 (Yenisey). Gunter's Space Page.
  6. a b c Podvig, Pavel (2008-06-19). Cosmos-2437, -2438, and -2439 are not Gonets-M. Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Página visitada em 2008-09-27.
  7. Russia orbits three Cosmos-series military satellites. Spacefellowship.com (2009-07-06). Página visitada em 2009-07-09.
  8. Russian military launch deploys three satellites. spaceflightnow.com (2009-07-07). Página visitada em 2009-07-09.
  9. Cosmos-2454 - new Parus navigation satellite. russianforces.org (2009-07-21). Página visitada em 2009-07-21.
  10. A pair of Russian spacecraft launched by small rocket. spaceflightnow.com (2009-07-21). Página visitada em 2009-07-21.
  11. Soyuz rocket launches military payload to orbit. spaceflightnow.com (2009-11-20). Página visitada em 2009-11-20.
  12. COSMOS 2472
  13. a b c d e Zak, Anatoly (2011-10-28). GLONASS Network. Russian Space Web. Página visitada em 2012-04-17.
  14. Pavel, Podvig (2012-03-30). Cosmos-2479 - new geostationary early warning satellite. Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Página visitada em 2012-04-17.
  15. Pavel, Podvig (2012-07-28). Successful launch of Strela-3 and Gonets-M communication satellites. Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces. Página visitada em 2012-08-09.