Medalha Elliott Cresson

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Medalha Elliott Cresson
Medalha Elliott Cresson concedida a Emil Berliner em 1913
Apresentação Instituto Franklin
País Estados Unidos
Primeira cerimónia 1875
Última cerimónia 1997

A Medalha Elliott Cresson, também conhecida como Medalha de Ouro Elliott Cresson, foi a maior condecoração concedida pelo Instituto Franklin.


Ano Agraciado Categoria Justificativa
1875
Bonwill, William Gibson ArlingtonWilliam Gibson Arlington Bonwill[1] Biologia Electro Magnetic Dental Mallet
1875
Fiss, Banes, Erben & Co., Fiss, Banes, Erben & Co.[1] Engenharia Worsted Yarns
1875
Powers & Weightman, Powers & Weightman[1] Engenharia Drug Manufacturing
1875
Tatham, W.P.W.P. Tatham[1] Inventor Printing press
1875
Tilghman, Benjamin ChewBenjamin Chew Tilghman[1] Engenharia Jateamento abrasivo
1875
Zentmayer, JosephJoseph Zentmayer[1] Engenharia Microscopes and Objectives
1877
Charlton, JohnJohn Charlton[1] Engenharia Shaft Coupling
1877
Dudley, P. H.P. H. Dudley[1] Engenharia Dynomagraph
1878
Bower, HenryHenry Bower[1] Química Inodorous Glycerin
1878
Chambers, Jr., CyrusCyrus Chambers, Jr.[1] Engenharia Bolt and rivet clipper
1878
Goodwin, Williams FarrWilliams Farr Goodwin[1] Engenharia Competitive test of mowing machines
1879
Delandtsheer, NorbertNorbert Delandtsheer[1] Inventor Machine for Testing Flax
1880
Spellier, L. H.L. H. Spellier[1] Inventor Time Telegraph
1881
Griscom, William WoodnutWilliam Woodnut Griscom[1] Engenharia Electric Induction Motor and Battery
1885
Chabot, CyprienCyprien Chabot[1] Engenharia Shoe Sewing Machine
1885
Siemens, FrederickFrederick Siemens[1] Engenharia Regenerative Gas Burner
1886
Delany, Patrick BernardPatrick Bernard Delany[2] Engenharia Synchronous Telegraphy
1886
Lowe, Thaddeus S. C.Thaddeus S. C. Lowe[2] Engenharia Water Gas Process and Apparatus
1886
Ott & Brewer, Ott & Brewer[2] Engenharia China and Porcelain Wares
1886
Pratt & Whitney Co., Pratt & Whitney Co.[2] Engenharia System of Interchangeable Cut Gears
1886
Ramsay, R. H.R. H. Ramsay[1] Engenharia Railway Car Transfer Apparatus
1886
Walkup, LibertyLiberty Walkup[2] Inventor Airbrush
1887
Albert, Charles F.Charles F. Albert[2] Engenharia Violins and Bows
1887
Bilgram, HugoHugo Bilgram[2] Engenharia Bevel Gear Cutter
1887
Cowles, Alfred H.Alfred H. Cowles[2] Engenharia Electric Smelting Furnace
1887
Cowles, Eugene H.Eugene H. Cowles[2] Engenharia Electric Smelting Furnace
1887
Shaw, ThomasThomas Shaw[2] Engenharia Testing for Mine Gases and system of Mine Signaling
1889
Cowper, Edward AlfredEdward Alfred Cowper[2] Inventor Writing Telegraph
1889
Mergenthaler, OttmarOttmar Mergenthaler[2] Engenharia Linotipo
1889
Robertson, T. HartT. Hart Robertson[2] Inventor Writing Telegraph
1889
Simonds, George FrederickGeorge Frederick Simonds[2] Engenharia Universal Rolling Machine
1890
Hammond, J. B.J. B. Hammond[2] Engenharia Typewriter Improvements
1890
Hollerith, HermanHerman Hollerith[2] Computer and Cognitive Science Electric Tabulating Device
1890
Mayer Hayes & Co., Mayer Hayes & Co.[2] Engenharia Manufacture of files
1891
Bates, StocktonStockton Bates[3] Engenharia Spindle Support
1891
Bevington, James H.James H. Bevington[3] Engenharia Welding Metal and Spinning and Shaping Tube
1891
Fiske, Bradley AllenBradley Allen Fiske[3] Engenharia Rangefinder
1891
Olsen, TiniusTinius Olsen[2] Engenharia Testing Machine
1891
Shaw, Edwin F.Edwin F. Shaw[3] Engenharia Spindle Support
1891
Vauclain, Samuel M.Samuel M. Vauclain[3] Engenharia Compound Locomotive
1891
Von Culin, George M.George M. Von Culin[3] Engenharia Spindle Support
1892
Holmes, Philip H.Philip H. Holmes[3] Engenharia Composition for Journal Bearings
1892
Howe, Henry M.Henry M. Howe[3] Engenharia Metallurgy of Steel
1893
Batchellor, Clifford H.Clifford H. Batchellor[3] Engenharia Compound Locomotive
1893
Ives, Frederic EugeneFrederic Eugene Ives[3] Engenharia Color photography
1893
Marks, George E.George E. Marks[3] Biologia Improvements in Artificial Limbs
1893
von Jankó, PaulPaul von Jankó[3] Engenharia Jankó piano keyboard
1894
Tesla, NikolaNikola Tesla[3] Engenharia Alternating Electric Currents of High Frequency
1895
Howe, Henry M.Henry M. Howe[3] Engenharia Experimental Researches on Steel
1895
Peckover, JamesJames Peckover[3] Inventor Stone Sawing Machine
1895
Pelton, Lester AllanLester Allan Pelton[3] Engenharia Water Wheel
1896
Delany, Patrick BernardPatrick Bernard Delany[3] Engenharia Telegraphy, High speed system
1896
Lanston, TolbertTolbert Lanston[3] Inventor Monotype Machine
1897
Castner, HamiltonHamilton Castner[4] Engenharia Process of electrolytic decomposing of alkaline chlorides
1897
Gray, ElishaElisha Gray[4] Engenharia Telautograph
1897
Jenkins, Charles FrancisCharles Francis Jenkins[4] Inventor Phantoscope projector
1897
Rontgen, Wilhelm ConradWilhelm Conrad Rontgen[4] Física Discovery of X-rays
1897
Wilckes, JosephJoseph Wilckes[4] Inventor Econometer
1898
Atwater, Wilbur OlinWilbur Olin Atwater[4] Engenharia Respiration Calorimeter
1898
Corscaden, ThomasThomas Corscaden[4] Engenharia All-Wrought Steel Belt Pulley
1898
Hirschel, ClemensClemens Hirschel[4] Inventor Venturi Meter
1898
Moissan, HenriHenri Moissan[4] Engenharia Investigations with his electric furnace
1898
Rosa, Edward BennettEdward Bennett Rosa[4] Engenharia Respiration Calorimeter
1900
American Cotton Company, American Cotton Company[4] Engenharia Round Lap Bale System
1900
Levy, Louis EdwardLouis Edward Levy[4] Engenharia Method and apparatus for acid blast etching of metal plates
1900
Pencoyd Iron Works, Pencoyd Iron Works[4] Engenharia Bridge construction
1900
Serviço Geológico dos Estados Unidos, Serviço Geológico dos Estados Unidos[4] Earth Science Exhibit of the USGS
1900
von Welsbach, Carl AuerCarl Auer von Welsbach[4] Química Discoveries regarding metallic oxides
1901
Diesel, RudolfRudolf Diesel[5] Engenharia Motor a diesel
1901
Forbes, John S.John S. Forbes[4] Química Process of automatically heating and sterilizing fluids
1901
Haupt, L. M.L. M. Haupt[5] Engenharia Reaction Breakwater
1901
Mason & Hamlin Company, Mason & Hamlin Company[4] Engenharia Liszt Pipe Organ
1901
Waterhouse, A. G.A. G. Waterhouse[4] Engenharia Process of automatically heating and sterilizing fluids
1902
Acker, C. E.C. E. Acker[5] Engenharia Manufacturing Caustic Alkali and Halogen Gas
1902
Taylor, FrederickFrederick Taylor[5] Engenharia Process of Treating Tool Steel
1902
White, MaunselMaunsel White[5] Engenharia Process of Treating Tool Steel
1903
Clam, G. H.G. H. Clam[5] Engenharia Method of eliminating metals from mixtures of metals
1903
Ferrell, J. L.J. L. Ferrell[5] Engenharia Process of fire proofing wood
1903
Gill, Wilson LindsleyWilson Lindsley Gill[5] Engenharia; Computer and Cognitive Science School City Educational Plan
1903
Goldschmidt, Victor MoritzVictor Moritz Goldschmidt[5] Engenharia Theory of Musical Harmony
1903
Sprague, Frank JulianFrank Julian Sprague[5] Engenharia System of Electric Traction
1904
Dodge, James MapesJames Mapes Dodge[5] Engenharia System of Storing Coal
1904
Gill, Wilson LindsleyWilson Lindsley Gill[5] Engenharia; Computer and Cognitive Science School City
1904
Goldschmidt, HansHans Goldschmidt[5] Física Alumino-Thermics
1904
Levy, L. E.L. E. Levy[5] Engenharia Machine for preparation of plates for etching
1904
Lovekin, L. D.L. D. Lovekin[5] Engenharia Expanding and Flanging Machinery for Tubes
1904
Outerbridge, Jr., A. E.A. E. Outerbridge, Jr.[5] Engenharia Molecular Structure of Cast Iron
1904
Parker, J. C.J. C. Parker[5] Engenharia Steam Generator
1905
Gray National Telautograph Company, Gray National Telautograph Company[6] Engenharia Telautograph
1905
Pupin, M. I.M. I. Pupin[5] Física Reducing Attenuation of Electrical Waves
1906
American Paper Bottle Company, American Paper Bottle Company[6] Engenharia Paper Milk Bottles
1906
Hammer, William J.William J. Hammer[6] (unspecified) Historic Collection of Incandescent Electric Lamps
1907
Baldwin Locomotive Works, Baldwin Locomotive Works[6] Engenharia Contributions to Evolution of American Locomotive
1907
Borsch, J. L.J. L. Borsch[6] Física A new Bi-Focal Lens
1907
Heany, J. AllenJ. Allen Heany[6] Engenharia Fireproof Insulated Wire
1907
Philips, F.F. Philips[6] Engenharia Pressed Steel Pulley for Power Transmission
1907
Taylor, Edward R.Edward R. Taylor[6] Química Electric Furnace Manufacture of Carbon bisulfide
1908
Hough, Romeyn BeckRomeyn Beck Hough[6] Engenharia Uses of American Woods
1908
Mallet, AnatoleAnatole Mallet[6] Engenharia Improved Articulated Compound Locomotive
1909
Curie, MarieMarie Curie[7] Química The discovery of radium
1909
Curie, PierrePierre Curie[6] Química The discovery of radium
1909
Gaede, WolfgangWolfgang Gaede[6] Engenharia Molecular Air Pump
1909
Gayley, JamesJames Gayley[6] Engenharia Dry air blast in blast furnace operation
1909
Lumière, Auguste and LouisAuguste and Louis Lumière[6] Engenharia Color photography
1909
Squier, George OwenGeorge Owen Squier[6] Engenharia Multiplex Telephony
1909
Talbot, BenjaminBenjamin Talbot[7] Engenharia Open Hearth Steel Process
1909
Turner, W. V.W. V. Turner[6] Engenharia Air Brake Design and Application
1909
Underwood Typewriter Co., Underwood Typewriter Co.[6] Engenharia Underwood Typewriter
1909
Vernasz, AlexisAlexis Vernasz[7] Engenharia Milling files
1909
Wood, H. A. WiseH. A. Wise Wood[6] Engenharia The Autoplate Machine
1910
Automatic Electric Company, Automatic Electric Company[7] Engenharia Automatic System of Telephony
1910
Brashear, JohnJohn Brashear[7] Física Distinguished work in astronomical instruments
1910
Hewitt, Peter CooperPeter Cooper Hewitt[7] Inventor Mercury rectifier
1910
Fritz, JohnJohn Fritz[7] Engenharia Distinguished work in iron and steel industries
1910
Hadfield, Robert AbbottRobert Abbott Hadfield[7] Engenharia Distinguished work in metallurgical sciences
1910
Rutherford, ErnestErnest Rutherford[7] Engenharia Distinguished work in electrical theory
1910
Thomson, Joseph JohnJoseph John Thomson[7] Física For distinguished work in physical sciences
1910
Weston, EdwardEdward Weston[7] Engenharia Distinguished work in electrical discovery
1910
Wiley, Harvey W.Harvey W. Wiley[7] Biologia Distinguished work in agricultural chemistry
1912
Bell, Alexander GrahamAlexander Graham Bell[7] Engenharia Electrical Transmission of Articulate Speech
1912
Crookes, WilliamWilliam Crookes[7] Química Descobertas em química
1912
Noble, AlfredAlfred Noble[7] Engenharia Distinguished work in civil engineering
1912
Morley, Edward WilliamsEdward Williams Morley[8] Química Determinação de magnitude squímicas fundamentais
1912
Michelson, Albert A.Albert A. Michelson[7] Física Investigations in physical optics
1912
Roscoe, Henry EnfieldHenry Enfield Roscoe[7] Química Pesquisas fundamentais em química
1912
Stratton, Samuel WesleySamuel Wesley Stratton[8] Engenharia Distinguished work in metrology
1912
Thomson, ElihuElihu Thomson[7] Engenharia Industrial applications of electricity
1912
von Baeyer, AdolfAdolf von Baeyer[7] Química Extended research in organic chemistry
1913
Berliner, EmilEmil Berliner[8] Engenharia Contributions to telephony and science of sound reproduction
1913
Fischer, EmileEmile Fischer[8] Biologia Organic and biological chemistry
1913
Ramsay, WilliamWilliam Ramsay[8] Química Descobertas em química
1913
Randolph, IshamIsham Randolph[8] Engenharia Distinguished work in civil engineering
1913
Strutt, John WilliamJohn William Strutt[8] Física Pesquisas em ciências físicas
1913
Sauveur, AlbertAlbert Sauveur[8] Engenharia Metalografia do ferro e aço
1913
Steinmetz, Charles ProteusCharles Proteus Steinmetz[8] Engenharia Métodos analíticos em engenharia elétrica
1914
von Eder, J. M.J. M. von Eder[8] Química Original Researches in Photo-Chemistry
1914
von Linde, Carl Paul GottfriedCarl Paul Gottfried von Linde[8] Engenharia Liquefaction of gases and refrigeration
1914
Smith, Edgar FahsEdgar Fahs Smith[8] Química Leading work in electro-chemistry
1914
Wright, OrvilleOrville Wright[8] Engenharia The art and science of aviation
1915
Owens, Michael JosephMichael Joseph Owens[8] Engenharia Automatic Bottle Blowing Machine
1916
American Telephone & Telegraph, American Telephone & Telegraph[8] Engenharia Development of the Art of telephony
1916
Eldred, Byron E.Byron E. Eldred[8] Engenharia Low Expansion Wire for Incandescent Lamps
1916
Gans, RobertRobert Gans[8] Engenharia Permutit water softening process
1917
Northrup, Edwin FitchEdwin Fitch Northrup[9] Engenharia Investigation of Electric Furnaces and High Temperature
1918
Lewis, Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton Lewis[9] Engenharia Metralhadora Lewis
1920
Emmet, William Le RoyWilliam Le Roy Emmet[9] Engenharia Electrical Propulsion of Ships
1923
De Forest, LeeLee De Forest[9] Engenharia Audion
1923
Johnson, Raymond D.Raymond D. Johnson[9] Engenharia Hydraulic Valve
1923
Kingsbury, AlbertAlbert Kingsbury[9] Engenharia Thrust bearing
1925
Hodgkinson, FrancisFrancis Hodgkinson[9] Engenharia Turbo-Electric Appliances
1926
Hale, George ElleryGeorge Ellery Hale[9] Física Pesquisas astronômicas do sol, atmosfera solar e física solar
1926
Hastings, Charles S.Charles S. Hastings[9] Engenharia Design of Optical Systems
1927
Miller, DaytonDayton Miller[9] Física Researches in Sound
1927
Nichols, Edward LeamingtonEdward Leamington Nichols[9] Física Investigations in the Physical Sciences
1928
Elmen, Gustaf W.Gustaf W. Elmen[9] Engenharia Permalloy
1928
Ford, HenryHenry Ford[9] Engenharia Revolutionizing automobile industry, and industrial leadership
1928
Karapetoff, VladimirVladimir Karapetoff[9] Computer and Cognitive Science Kinematic Computing Devices
1928
Lawrance, Charles L.Charles L. Lawrance[9] Engenharia Wright Whirlwind Air-Cooled Engine, Model J-5
1929
Irvine, James ColquhounJames Colquhoun Irvine[9] Biologia Carbohydrate chemistry
1929
Jackson, ChevalierChevalier Jackson[10] Biologia Instruments for Removal of Foreign Bodies from Respiratory and food Passages
1929
Sperry, Elmer AmbroseElmer Ambrose Sperry[9] Engenharia Navigational and Recording Instruments (Gyroscopic)
1930
Gibson, Norman RothwellNorman Rothwell Gibson[10] Física Measurement of Liquid Flow in Closed Conduits
1930
Moultrop, Irving EdwinIrving Edwin Moultrop[10] Engenharia High Pressure Steam Boilers in Electric Generating Stations
1931
Davisson, ClintonClinton Davisson[10] Física Scattering and diffraction of electrons by crystals
1931
Germer, Lester HalbertLester Halbert Germer[10] Física Scattering and Diffraction of Electrons by Crystals
1931
Honda, KotaroKotaro Honda[10] Engenharia Contributions to magnetism and metallurgy
1931
Lyman, TheodoreTheodore Lyman[10] Física Work in Spectroscopy
1932
Bridgman, Percy WilliamsPercy Williams Bridgman[10] Física Work in high pressure
1932
Fortescue, Charles LeGeytCharles LeGeyt Fortescue[10] Engenharia Symmetrical Coordinates in Polyphase Networks
1932
Whitehead, John B.John B. Whitehead[10] (unspecified) Dielectric Behavior
1933
Bauersfeld, WaltherWalther Bauersfeld[10] Física Optical Planetarium
1933
de la Cierva, JuanJuan de la Cierva[10] Engenharia Autogiro-flying machine with freely rotating wings
1934
Ballantine, StuartStuart Ballantine[10] Engenharia Vertical Antenna for Radio Transmission
1934
Union Switch & Signal, Union Switch & Signal[10] Engenharia Continuous Cab Signal and Automatic Train Control Systems
1936
Curme, George OliverGeorge Oliver Curme[10] Química Development of synthetic aliphatic chemistry
1936
Van de Graaff, Robert J.Robert J. Van de Graaff[10] Engenharia High Voltage Electrostatic Generator
1937
Anderson, Carl DavidCarl David Anderson[10] Química Discovery of the positron
1937
Bowie, WilliamWilliam Bowie[11] Earth Science Contributions to the Science of Geodesy (Isostasy)
1937
Brandenberger, Jacques EdwinJacques Edwin Brandenberger[11] Engenharia Process for Manufacture of Cellophane
1937
Giauque, William F.William F. Giauque[10] Física Low temperature research
1937
Lawrence, Ernest O.Ernest O. Lawrence[11] Engenharia Development of the Cyclotron
1938
Land, Edwin H.Edwin H. Land[11] Engenharia Polaroid camera
1939
Boys, Charles VernonCharles Vernon Boys[11] Física Creation of new methods for measuring gravitation, sound, heat, radiation and current and static electricity
1939
Campbell, George AshleyGeorge Ashley Campbell[11] Engenharia Theory of electric circuits for improvements in telephony
1939
Carson, John R.John R. Carson[11] Engenharia Contributions to electric communications
1940
Backet, Frederick M.Frederick M. Backet[11] Engenharia Low carbon ferro-alloys and electro-metallurgy
1940
Williams, Robert RunnelsRobert Runnels Williams[11] Biologia Researches upon Vitamin B1 including its isolation in the pure state in quantities sufficient for further study
1941
United States Navy, United States Navy[11] Engenharia Submarine rescue devices, U.S. lung and rescue chamber
1942
Hudson, Claude SilbertClaude Silbert Hudson[11] Biologia Investigation in Carbohydrate chemistry
1942
Rabi, Isidor IsaacIsidor Isaac Rabi[11] Física Measurement of magnetic moments of atomic nuclei, and their radio frequency spectra
1943
Allen, Charles MetcalfCharles Metcalf Allen[11] Engenharia Salt velocity method for measuring the flow of water in conduits
1944
Adams, RogerRoger Adams[11] Química Contributions in organic chemistry
1945
Hooper, Stanford CaldwellStanford Caldwell Hooper[11] Engenharia Leadership in field of radio for U.S. Navy
1945
Moody, Lewis FerryLewis Ferry Moody[11] Engenharia Hydraulic turbines
1946
Barnes, Gladeon M.Gladeon M. Barnes[11] Engenharia Contributions to design and development of anti-aircraft guns, tanks, seacoast artillery and welded gun carriages
1948
Colpitts, Edwin H.Edwin H. Colpitts[11] Engenharia Practical systems of long distance communications
1950
Schonland, Basil Ferdinand JamiesonBasil Ferdinand Jamieson Schonland[12] Física Work in the field of atmospheric electricity and the mechanism of lightning discharge
1952
Molina, EdwardEdward Molina[12] Engenharia Contributions to improvement of telephonic communications by applying mathematical probability to the study of telephone traffic and by the invention of switching equipment
1952
Taylor, H. BirchardH. Birchard Taylor[12] Engenharia Development of the single runner vertical reaction turbine
1953
Blum, WilliamWilliam Blum[12] Física Scientific basis for the electro-deposition of metals
1953
Harrison, George RussellGeorge Russell Harrison[12] Física Precision measurement in Zeeman effect
1953
Meggers, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Meggers[12] Física Contributions to field of spectroscopy and to the knowledge of the electronic structure of many elements
1955
Bowden, F. PhilipF. Philip Bowden[12] Física For extensive investigations involving frictions between solid surfaces
1957
Libby, Willard F.Willard F. Libby[12] Física Technique of radio carbon dating
1957
Pigott, Reginold James SeymourReginold James Seymour Pigott[12] Engenharia Engineering accomplishments, inventions and leadership
1957
Watson-Watt, Robert AlexanderRobert Alexander Watson-Watt[12] Engenharia Pulsed radar, and development of radar systems
1958
Patrick, Joseph C.Joseph C. Patrick[12] Química Discoveries in polysulfide polymers and new processes of combining chemical compounds for the manufacture of synthetic rubber
1958
Timoshenko, StephenStephen Timoshenko[12] Engenharia Theory of elasticity and elastic stability
1959
Hammond, John HaysJohn Hays Hammond[12] Engenharia Developed remote radio control of moving vehicles
1959
Harrison, Henry CharlesHenry Charles Harrison[12] Engenharia Matched impedance principle in electro-mechanical devices
1959
Wolff, IrvingIrving Wolff[12] Engenharia Contributions to radio, radar and electronics
1960
Dryden, Hugh LatimerHugh Latimer Dryden[12] Engenharia Contributions to theory and application of aerodynamics which advanced the art of wind tunnel and aircraft design and for contributions to design and development of first automatic radar homing guided missile
1960
Nadai, ArpadArpad Nadai[12] Engenharia Trabalho pioneiro em elasticidade dos materiais
1960
Swann, William Francis GrayWilliam Francis Gray Swann[12] Física Significant studies in the field of cosmic radiation
1961
Glaser, Donald A.Donald A. Glaser[13] Física The bubble chamber for tracking and photographing tracks of high energy ionizing particles and the fragments of nuclear collisions
1961
Mossbauer, Rudolf L.Rudolf L. Mossbauer[13] Física Discovery of recoilless emission
1961
Rudenberg, ReinholdReinhold Rudenberg[13] Engenharia Performance of electric power systems
1961
Van Allen, James AlfredJames Alfred Van Allen[13] Física Pioneering achievements in space science, Van Allen Radiation Belts
1962
Baker, James G.James G. Baker[13] Física Innovations in the design of astronomical instruments and the mathematics of optical design
1962
von Braun, WernherWernher von Braun[13] Engenharia Liquid rocket motors and rocket development
1963
Christofilos, NicholasNicholas Christofilos[13] Física Contributions to applied electromagnetism and nuclear physics such as conception of strange-focusing principle in synchrotrons, the ARGUS experiment and principles in Astron development
1963
Reber, GroteGrote Reber[13] Física Radio astronomy, early radio telescopes, and the identification of the first radio star
1964
Semon, Waldo L.Waldo L. Semon[13] Engenharia Achievements in natural and synthetic rubber production
1964
Southwell, Richard V.Richard V. Southwell[13] Física Solução de problemas de flambagem em física e engenharia
1964
Wilson, Robert RathbunRobert Rathbun Wilson[13] Física Contributions to the control and direction of high-energy particle beams and as a designer of instrumentation for measurement of high-energy physical phenomena
1965
Van Slyke, DonaldDonald Van Slyke[13] Biologia Clinical chemistry procedures and apparatus
1966
Blizard, Everitt P.Everitt P. Blizard[13] Física Development of the theory of radiation shielding
1966
Mark, Herman FrancisHerman Francis Mark[13] Química Polymers
1968
Bartlett, NeilNeil Bartlett[13] Química Fluorine Compounds of Xenon and Radon
1969
Eyring, HenryHenry Eyring[13] Química Quantum mechanical calculations of activation energies
1969
Goldmark, Peter CarlPeter Carl Goldmark[13] Engenharia Contributions in the fields of electronics
1970
Zinn, Walter HenryWalter Henry Zinn[13] Engenharia Nuclear power reactors
1971
Flory, Paul JohnPaul John Flory[14] Química Polymer science
1971
Van Vleck, John HasbrouckJohn Hasbrouck Van Vleck[14] Física Theories of magnetism and dielectrics
1972
Josephson, Brian D.Brian D. Josephson[14] Física Josephson effect and theory of matter at low temperatures
1972
Lear, William PowellWilliam Powell Lear[14] Engenharia Development of full maneuvering automatic pilot and Lear jet
1973
Sandage, Allan R.Allan R. Sandage[14] Física Astronomy
1973
Stapp, John PaulJohn Paul Stapp[14] Biologia Crash Injury Research
1974
Cairns, Theodore L.Theodore L. Cairns[14] Química Percyano compounds, synthesis and exploration of chemical and physical properties
1974
Dicke, Robert HenryRobert Henry Dicke[14] Física Role in gravitational experiment and theory
1974
Haagen-Smit, Arie JanArie Jan Haagen-Smit[14] Earth Science Plant hormones and air pollution chemistry
1974
Rossi, Bruno B.Bruno B. Rossi[14] Física Cosmic rays, gamma-ray astronomy
1975
Cohn, MildredMildred Cohn[14] Biologia Nuclear magnetic resonance analysis of enzymatic complexes
1975
Lighthill, Michael JamesMichael James Lighthill[14] Física Acoustic quadrupole theory of aerodynamic noise generation
1976
Lederman, LeonLeon Lederman[14] Física Leadership in forefront of experimentation in study of high energy interactions, nuclear forces and particle physics
1978
Brown, Herbert C.Herbert C. Brown[14] Química Development of methods for synthesis of diborane and alkali metal hydrides
1978
Stillinger, Frank H.Frank H. Stillinger[14] Química Computer-generated model for water molecules
1979
Weinberg, StevenSteven Weinberg[14] Física Unified theory of weak and electromagnetic interactions
1980
Giacconi, RiccardoRiccardo Giacconi[14] Física Outstanding work in X-ray astronomy
1981
Hubbert, Marion KingMarion King Hubbert[14] Earth Science Application of quantitative methods to geological problems
1982
Eubank, Harold P.Harold P. Eubank[15] Física Plasma physics
1982
Wilson, Jr., Edgar BrightEdgar Bright Wilson, Jr.[15] Física Contributions to the understanding of molecular structure and dynamics
1984
Neufeld, ElizabethElizabeth Neufeld[15] Biologia For investigation of genetics of mucopolysaccharide storage disease
1985
Clayton, Robert N.Robert N. Clayton[15] Engenharia For the application of mass spectroscopy to geoscience research
1985
Sakharov, AndreiAndrei Sakharov[15] Física For contributions to controlled thermonuclear reactions, baryon synthesis and proton decay, induced gravity and the quark model
1986
Kadanoff, Leo P.Leo P. Kadanoff[15] Física For contributions to the current understanding of second order phase transition
1987
Binnig, GerdGerd Binnig[15] Física For development of the scanning tunneling microscope
1987
Rohrer, HeinrichHeinrich Rohrer[15] Física For the development of scanning tunneling microscope
1988
Drickamer, Harry GeorgeHarry George Drickamer[15] Engenharia For clarification of the role of pressure in producing paramagnetic-ferromagnetic and conductor-insulator transitions
1989
Lorenz, EdwardEdward Lorenz[15] Física For interpretation of dynamical chaos in physical systems
1990
Scully, MarlanMarlan Scully[15] Física For his discoveries in laser physics and quantum optics, atomic and statistical physics, and biological engineering
1991
Aharonov, YakirYakir Aharonov[15] Física For observations of electromagnetic potentials and insights into quantum mechanics
1991
Bohm, DavidDavid Bohm[15] Física For elevated electromagnetic potentials to status of physical observables
1992
Lap-Chee, TsuiTsui Lap-Chee[15] Biologia For the discovery of the cystic fibrosis gene
1994
Caruthers, Marvin HarryMarvin Harry Caruthers[15] Biologia For his contributions in automating the synthesis of DNA oligonucleotides
1995
Cho, Alfred YiAlfred Yi Cho[15] Física For development and refinement of techniques of molecular beam epitaxy for use in quantum physics
1997
Fridovich, IrwinIrwin Fridovich[15] Biologia For discovering the biology of free radical reactions in living organisms
1997
McCord, Joe MiltonJoe Milton McCord[15] Biologia For discovering the biology of free radical reactions in living organisms

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Referências

  1. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  2. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  3. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  4. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  5. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  6. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  7. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  8. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  9. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  10. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  11. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  12. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  13. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  14. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015 
  15. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r «Laureates» (pdf) (em inglês). The Franklin Institute. Consultado em 1 de julho de 2015. Cópia arquivada em 1 de julho de 2015