Prêmio Wolf de Física

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O Prêmio Wolf de Física é concedido anualmente pela Fundação Wolf em Israel. É um dos seis Prêmios Wolf estabelecidos pela fundação e concedido desde 1978; os outros são em Agronomia, Artes, Matemática, Medicina e Química.

Os Prêmios Wolf de Física e Química são frequentemente considerados como os mais prestigiosos prêmios nas áreas depois do Nobel de Física e Nobel de Química.[1][2][3] O prêmio de física ganhou reputação por identificar futuros laureados com o Prêmio Nobel – de 26 prêmios concedidos entre 1978 e 2010, quatorze ganhadores foram laureados com o Prêmio Nobel, dos quais cinco no ano seguinte ao Prêmio Wolf de Física.[2]

Laureados[4][editar | editar código-fonte]

Translation Latin Alphabet.svg
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Ano Nome Nacionalidade Citação
1978 Chien-Shiung Wu  Estados Unidos,
(Chinese American[5])
for her explorations of the weak interaction, helping establish the precise form and the non-conservation of parity for this natural force.
1979 George Eugene Uhlenbeck  Países Baixos /  Estados Unidos for his discovery, jointly with the late Samuel Abraham Goudsmit, of the electron spin.
Giuseppe Occhialini  Itália for his contributions to the discoveries of electron pair production and of the charged pion.
1980 Michael Fisher
Leo Kadanoff
Kenneth Wilson
 Reino Unido
 Estados Unidos
 Estados Unidos
for pathbreaking developments culminating in the general theory of the critical behavior at transitions between the different thermodynamic phases of matter.
1981 Freeman Dyson
Gerardus 't Hooft
Victor Weisskopf
 Reino Unido /  Estados Unidos;
 Países Baixos;
 Áustria /  Estados Unidos
for their outstanding contributions to theoretical physics, especially in the development and application of the quantum theory of fields.
1982 Leon Max Lederman
Martin Lewis Perl
 Estados Unidos
 Estados Unidos
for their experimental discovery of unexpected new particles establishing a third generation of quarks and leptons.
1983/84 Erwin Hahn  Estados Unidos for his discovery of nuclear spin echoes and for the phenomenon of self-induced transparency.
Peter Hirsch  Reino Unido for his development of the utilization of the transmission electron microscope as a universal instrument to study the structure of crystalline matter.
Theodore Harold Maiman  Estados Unidos for his realization of the first operating laser, the pulsed three level ruby laser.
1985 Conyers Herring
Philippe Nozières
 Estados Unidos
for their major contributions to the fundamental theory of solids, especially of the behaviour of electrons in metals.
1986 Mitchell Feigenbaum  Estados Unidos for his pioneering theoretical studies demonstrating the universal character of non-linear systems, which has made possible the systematic study of chaos.
Albert Libchaber  França /  Estados Unidos for his brilliant experimental demonstration of the transition to turbulence and chaos in dynamic systems.
1987 Herbert Friedman  Estados Unidos for pioneering investigations in solar X-rays.
Bruno Rossi
Riccardo Giacconi
 Itália /  Estados Unidos
 Itália /  Estados Unidos
for the discovery of extra-solar X-ray sources and the elucidation of their physical processes.
1988 Roger Penrose
Stephen Hawking
 Reino Unido
 Reino Unido
for their brilliant development of the theory of general relativity, in which they have shown the necessity for cosmological singularities and have elucidated the physics of black holes. In this work they have greatly enlarged our understanding of the origin and possible fate of the Universe.
1989 Não houve premiação
1990 Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
David Thouless
 Reino Unido /  Estados Unidos
for a wide variety of pioneering contributions to our understanding of the organization of complex condensed matter systems, de Gennes especially for his work on macromolecular matter and liquid crystals and Thouless for his on disordered and low-dimensional systems.
1991 Maurice Goldhaber
Valentine Telegdi
 Estados Unidos;
Suíça /  Estados Unidos
for their separate seminal contributions to nuclear and particle physics, particularly those concerning the weak interactions involving leptons.
1992 Joseph Hooton Taylor  Estados Unidos for his discovery of an orbiting radio pulsar and its exploitation to verify the general theory of relativity to high precision.
1993 Benoît Mandelbrot  França /  Estados Unidos by recognizing the widespread occurrence of fractals and developing mathematical tools for describing them, he has changed our view of nature.
1994/95 Vitaly Ginzburg  Rússia for his contributions to the theory of superconductivity and to the theory of high-energy processes in astrophysics.
Yoichiro Nambu  Japão /  Estados Unidos for his contribution to elementary particle theory, including recognition of the role played by spontaneous symmetry breaking in analogy with superconductivity theory, and the discovery of the color symmetry of the strong interactions.
1995/96 Não houve premiação
1996/97 John Archibald Wheeler  Estados Unidos for his seminal contributions to black holes physics, to quantum gravity, and to the theories of nuclear scattering and nuclear fission.
1998 Yakir Aharonov
Michael Berry
 Reino Unido
for the discovery of quantum topological and geometrical phases. specifically the Aharonov-Bohm effect, the Berry phase, and their incorporation into many fields of physics.
1999 Dan Shechtman  Israel for the experimental discovery of quasi-crystals, non-periodic solids having long-range order, which inspired the exploration of a new fundamental state of matter.
2000 Raymond Davis Jr.
Masatoshi Koshiba
 Estados Unidos
for their pioneering observations of astronomical phenomena by detection of neutrinos, thus creating the emerging field of neutrino astronomy.
2001 Não houve premiação
2002/03 Bertrand Halperin
Anthony Leggett
 Estados Unidos;
 Reino Unido /  Estados Unidos
for key insights into the broad range of condensed matter physics: Leggett on superfluidity of the light helium isotope and macroscopic quantum phenomena; and Halperin on two- dimensional melting, disordered systems and strongly interacting electrons.
2004 Robert Brout
François Englert
Peter Higgs
 Reino Unido
for pioneering work that has led to the insight of mass generation whenever a local gauge symmetry is realized asymmetrically in the world of sub-atomic particles.
2005 Daniel Kleppner  Estados Unidos for groundbreaking work in atomic physics of hydrogenic systems, including research on the hydrogen maser, Rydberg atoms and Bose-Einstein condensation.
2006/07 Albert Fert
Peter Grünberg
for their independent discovery of the giant magnetoresistance phenomenon (GMR), thereby launching a new field of research and applications known as spintronics, which utilizes the spin of the electron to store and transport information.
2008 Não houve premiação
2010 John Clauser
Alain Aspect
Anton Zeilinger
 Estados Unidos
for their fundamental conceptual and experimental contributions to the foundations of quantum physics, specifically an increasingly sophisticated series of tests of Bell’s inequalities, or extensions thereof, using entangled quantum states.
2011 Maximilian Haider
Harald Rose
Knut Urban
for their development of aberration-corrected electron microscopy, allowing the observation of individual atoms with picometer precision, thus revolutionizing materials science.
2012 Jacob David Bekenstein  Israel por seu trabalho sobre buracos negros.[6]
2013 Peter Zoller
Juan Ignacio Cirac Sasturain
Flag of Spain.svg Espanha
for groundbreaking theoretical contributions to quantum information processing, quantum optics and the physics of quantum gases.
2014 Não houve premiação
2015 James Bjorken  Estados Unidos for predicting scaling in deep inelastic scattering, leading to identification of nucleon’s pointlike constituents. He made a crucial contribution for elucidating the nature of the strong force.
Robert Kirshner for creating the group, environment and directions that allowed his graduate students and postdoctoral fellows to uncover the acceleration in the expansion of the universe.
2016 Yoseph Imry  Israel for his work in mesoscopic physics – a branch of physics that studies objects that are smaller than macroscopic (visible to the naked eye) objects but bigger than atoms.
2017 Michel Mayor
Didier Queloz
for the discovery of an extrasolar planet orbiting around a star similar to the sun.


  1. Wolf prize goes to particle theorists
  2. a b Harris, Margaret (novembro de 2010). «Gongs away». Bristol: Institute of Physics Publishing. Physics World. 23 (11): 46–47 
  3. Basolo, F: "From Coello to Inorganic Chemistry: A Lifetime of Reactions", page 65, Springer, 2002
  4. Wolf Prize Recipients in Physics
  5. The People's Republic of China does not recognise dual nationality. She was an American when she was awarded the prize.
  6. Institute for Advanced Study - Wolf Prize 2012