República de Kruševo

Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre.
Saltar para a navegação Saltar para a pesquisa



Крушевска Република
República de Kruševo
Ottoman flag.svg
1903 Ottoman flag.svg

Bandeira de República de Kruševo

Bandeira

Continente Europa
Região Balcãs
Capital Kruševo
Governo República
Presidente
 • 1903 Nikola Karev
Governador
 • 1903 Vangel Dinu
Período histórico Revolta de Ilinden-Preobrazhenie
 • 3 de agosto de 1903 Fundação
 • 13 de agosto de 1903 Dissolução
Atualmente parte de  República da Macedónia

República de Kruševo foi uma entidade política de curta duração proclamada em 1903 pelos rebeldes da Organização Revolucionária Secreta Macedônia-Adrianópolis em Kruševo durante a Revolta de Ilinden-Preobrazhenie. [1] A criação dessa entidade de curta duração é vista atualmente na República da Macedônia como um prelúdio para a independência do moderno Estado macedônio. [2][3][4]

Em 3 de agosto de 1903, os rebeldes capturaram a cidade de Kruševo no Vilaiete de Manastir do Império Otomano (atual República da Macedônia) e estabeleceram um governo revolucionário, que de acordo com as subsequentes narrativas búlgaras e macedônias, foi uma das primeiras repúblicas modernas nos Bálcãs. No entanto, ninguém em 1903 realmente usou o termo república, dando-lhe o estatuto de jure. A entidade existiria apenas por 10 dias: de 3 de agosto a 13 de agosto, e seria liderada por Nikola Karev. [5] Ele esteve sob forte influência esquerdista, rejeitando o nacionalismo das minorias étnicas e favorecendo as alianças com os muçulmanos comuns contra o Sultanato, bem como a ideia de uma Federação Balcânica. [6]

Ver também[editar | editar código-fonte]

Referências

  1. There was even an attempt to form a kind of revolutionary government led by the socialist Nikola Karev. The Krushevo manifesto was declared, assuring the population that the uprising was against the Sultan and not against Muslims in general, and that all peoples would be included. As the population of Krushevo was two thirds hellenised Vlachs and Patriarchist Slavs, this was a wise move. Despite these promises the insurgent flew Bulgarian flags everywhere and in many places the uprising did entail attacks on Muslim Turks and Albanians who themselves organised for self defence.” Who are the Macedonians? Hugh Poulton, C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 1995, ISBN 1850652384, p. 57.
  2. In fact Macedonian historians as Blaze Ristovski have recognized, that the "government" of the "republic", nowadays a symbol of Macedonian statehood, was actually composed of people who identified themselves as "Greeks", "Vlachs" and "Bulgarians". "We, the People: Politics of National Peculiarity in Southeastern Europe" Diana Mishkova, Central European University Press, 2009, ISBN 9639776289, p. 124.
  3. "The IMARO activists saw the future autonomous Macedonia as a multinational polity, and did not pursue the self-determination of Macedonian Slavs as a separate ethnicity. Therefore, Macedonian was an umbrella term covering Bulgarians, Turks, Greeks, Vlachs, Albanians, Serbs, Jews, and so on." Historical Dictionary of Macedonia, Historical Dictionaries of Europe, Dimitar Bechev, Scarecrow Press, 2009, ISBN 0810862956, Introduction.
  4. The political and military leaders of the Slavs of Macedonia at the turn of the century seem not to have heard the call for a separate Macedonian national identity; they continued to identify themselves in a national sense as Bulgarians rather than Macedonians.[...] (They) never seem to have doubted “the predominantly Bulgarian character of the population of Macedonia". "The Macedonian conflict: ethnic nationalism in a transnational world", Princeton University Press, Danforth, Loring M. 1997, ISBN 0691043566, p. 64.
  5. Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Macedonia, Dimitar Bechev, Scarecrow Press, 2009, ISBN 0810862956, p. 114.
  6. "It would nevertheless be far-fetched to see in the Macedonian socialism an expression of national ideology... It is difficult to place the local socialist articulation of the national and social question of the late 19th and early 20th centuries entirely under the categories of today's Macedonian and Bulgarian nationalism. If Bulgarian historians today condemn the “national-nihilistic” positions of that group, their Macedonian colleagues seem frustrated by the fact that it was not "conscious" enough of Macedonians' distinct ethnic character." Entangled Histories of the Balkans - Volume Two, Roumen Daskalov, Diana Mishkova, BRILL, 2013, ISBN 9004261915, p. 503.