Ron Wyatt

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.Ronald Eldon Wyatt (1933 - 4 de agosto de 1999) foi um arqueólogo contestado por suas supostas descobertas arqueológicas a respeito de localidades bíblicas. Ele afirmava ter encontrado a verdadeira Arca da Aliança, a Arca de Noé, a Rota do Êxodo e as cidades de Sodoma e Gomorra.

Expedições comprovaram algumas de suas descobertas, Dra. Viveka Pontén, Dr. Jonathan Gray e outros como Penny Caldwell, Bob Cornuke e Larry Williams. Apoiam também algumas de suas descobertas o arqueologista Dr. Ebba M. During e os egiptologistas Dr. Manfred Bietak e Prof. Ken Kitchen.

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Biography[edit] Wyatt was working as a nurse-anesthetist in a hospital in Madison, Tennessee,[1] when in 1960, at the age of 27, he saw a picture in Life Magazine of the Durupınar site, a boat-like shape on a mountain near Mount Ararat. The resulting widespread speculation in evangelical Christian circles that this might be Noah's Ark started Wyatt on his career as an amateur archaeologist. From 1977 until his death in 1999 he made over one hundred trips to the Middle East, his interests widening to take in a wide variety of references from the Old and New Testaments.

Claimed discoveries[edit] By the time of his death on August 4, 1999, his claimed discoveries included:

Noah's Ark (the Durupınar site, located approximately 18 miles (29 km) south of Mount Ararat)[2] Anchor stones (or drogue stones) used by Noah on the Ark[3] The post-flood house, grave markers and tombs of Noah and his wife[4] The location of Sodom and Gomorrah and the other Cities of the Plain: Zoar, Zeboim and Admah[5] Sulfur/brimstone balls from the ashen remains of Sodom and Gomorrah.[6] The area of Djoser's pyramid complex believed to be the remains of Joseph's grain distribution bins used during the 7 year famine.[7] The Tower of Babel site (in southern Turkey)[8] How the Egyptians may have built the pyramids.[9] The site of the Israelites' crossing of the Red Sea (located in the Gulf of Aqaba)[10] Chariot wheels and other relics of the army of Pharaoh at the bottom of the Red Sea The site of the biblical Mt. Sinai (in Saudi Arabia at Jabal al Lawz)[11] A chamber at the end of a maze of tunnels under Jerusalem containing artifacts from Solomon's Temple (including the Ark of the Covenant).[12] The site of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ's blood, dripped onto the Mercy seat of the Ark of the Covenant beneath the Crucifixion site. Burial pots off the coast of Ashkelon[13] Reception[edit] While Wyatt won a devoted following from some fundamentalist Christians, he was not considered credible by professional archaeologists and biblical scholars. The Garden Tomb Association of Jerusalem state in a letter they issue to visitors on request:

The Council of the Garden Tomb Association (London) totally refute the claim of Mr Wyatt to have discovered the original Ark of the Covenant or any other biblical artifacts within the boundaries of the area known as the Garden Tomb Jerusalem. Though Mr Wyatt was allowed to dig within this privately owned garden on a number of occasions (the last occasion being the summer of 1991) staff members of the Association observed his progress and entered his excavated shaft. As far as we are aware nothing was ever discovered to support his claims nor have we seen any evidence of biblical artifacts or temple treasures.

Archaeologist Joe Zias of Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) has stated that "Ron Wyatt is neither an archaeologist nor has he ever carried out a legally licensed excavation in Israel or Jerusalem. In order to excavate one must have at least a BA in archaeology which he does not possess despite his claims to the contrary. ... [His claims] fall into the category of trash which one finds in tabloids such as the National Enquirer, Sun etc."[14]

Wyatt's fellow evangelicals have also been critical: Answers in Genesis called Wyatt's claims "fraudulent,"[15] and one Seventh-day Adventist professor of archaeology sums up Wyatt's Noah's Ark and anchor stones claims in these words: "While the Durupinar site is about the right length for Noah's ark, [it is] ... too wide to be Noah's ark. Wyatt has claimed that the "boat-shapedness" of this formation can only be explained by its being Noah's ark, but both Shea and Morris have offered other plausible explanations. Likewise, Wyatt has argued that the standing stones he has found are anchors, while Terian is aware of similar stones outside the Durupinar site area that were pagan cultic stones later converted by Christians for Christian purposes."[16]

Dismissed by the mainstream as a pseudoarchaeologist, Wyatt's official organization Wyatt Archaeological Research (WAR), claims that the IAA have always been aware of the excavations and issued "verbal permits" for most of them and official permits to all WAR excavations since 2002.[citation needed] Nevertheless, the only evidence of WAR involvement in a legitimate excavation sanctioned by the IAA relates to WAR part-funding of a 2005 dig.[17]

Death[edit] Wyatt died on August 4, 1999, aged 66, in Baptist Central Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, after having suffered from a type of cancer. His interment was in Columbia's Polk Memorial Park Cemetery.[18]

Following Wyatt's death, a split developed between the official Wyatt Archaeological Research (WAR) organization which he founded, and the independent ministries and interested individuals which had previously cooperated with WAR. WAR currently claims to be the sole owner of all Wyatt's photographs, newsletters, and other intellectual property. Other individuals who had known and worked with Wyatt established independent ministries and websites with the purpose of promoting Wyatt's discoveries outside the framework set by WAR.[citation needed]

See also[edit] Searches for Noah's Ark David Fasold Mount Judi Mountains of Ararat References[edit] Jump up ^ Standish, Russell R. (1999). Historic Adventism: What are the Chief Beliefs of what Has Become Known as "Historic Adventism"?. Hartland Publications. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-923309-64-0. Jump up ^ "Wyatt Archaeological Research website". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ "Noah's Ark Search Website". 1982-01-06. Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ "Discovered: Noah's Ark". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ "Wyatt Archaeological Research website". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ "Wyatt Archaeological Research website". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ "Wyatt Archaeological Research website". Retrieved 2014-01-11. Jump up ^ "Ron Wyatt Q and A". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ ""How the Pyramids Were Built"". 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ "Wyatt Archaeological Research website". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ "Wyatt Archaeological Research website". 1984-01-24. Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ "Wyatt Archaeological Research website". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ "Danny and Ronnie Wyatt at Ashkelon". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ Letter from Joe Zias Joe Zias did not indicate where Ron Wyatt had ever claimed to have a BA in archaeology. Jump up ^ Wieland, Carl (2003-02-11). "AiG discussion of Wyatt and other claims with Kent Hovind, October/December 2002". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ ""Has Noah's Ark Been Found?" by David Merling". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ "Yehiel Zelinger, art. Jerusalem, The Garden Tomb, Hadashot Arkheologiyot, journal of IAA". Retrieved 2013-07-10. Jump up ^ Romano, Jack (October 2001). "Ron Wyatt: God's Archaeologist". Fortean Times. Retrieved 22 February 2014.