Thomas Middleton

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Thomas Middleton
Thomas Middleton
Nascimento 18 de abril de 1580
Morte 4 de julho de 1627
Cidadania Reino Unido, Inglaterra
Alma mater
  • Christ's Hospital
  • The Queen's College
Ocupação dramaturga, poeta, escritor, dramaturgo
Obras destacadas The Changeling, Women Beware Women

Thomas Middleton (Londres, 18 de abril de 1580 – Newington Butts, 4 de julho de 1627) foi um dramaturgo inglês do teatro isabelino.[1]

Reputação[editar | editar código-fonte]

O trabalho de Middleton tem sido elogiado por críticos literários, entre eles Algernon Charles Swinburne e T. S. Eliot.. Este último achava que Middleton perdia apenas para Shakespeare.[2]

As peças de Middleton foram encenadas ao longo do século XX e no século XXI, cada década oferecendo mais produções do que a anterior. Mesmo algumas obras menos familiares dele foram encenadas: A Fair Quarrel no National Theatre e The Old Law pela Royal Shakespeare Company. The Changeling foi adaptado para o cinema várias vezes. A tragédia Women Beware Women continua sendo uma das favoritas dos palcos. The Revenger's Tragedy foi adaptado para o filme de Alex Cox, Revengers Tragedy, cujos créditos iniciais atribuem a autoria da peça a Middleton.

Peças[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • The Phoenix (1603–1604)
  • The Honest Whore, Part 1, a city comedy (1604), Co-escrito com Thomas Dekker
  • Michaelmas Term, a city comedy, (1604)
  • All's Well That Ends Well (1604–5);
  • A Trick to Catch the Old One, (1605)
  • A Mad World, My Masters, (1605)
  • A Yorkshire Tragedy, (1605);
  • Timon of Athens a tragedy (1605–1606)
  • The Puritan (1606)
  • The Revenger's Tragedy (1606).
  • Your Five Gallants, (1607)
  • The Bloody Banquet (1608–1609); Co-escrito com Dekker
  • The Roaring Girl, (1611); Co-escrito com Dekker
  • No Wit, No Help Like a Woman's, (1611)
  • The Second Maiden's Tragedy, a tragedy (1611);
  • A Chaste Maid in Cheapside, (1613)
  • Wit at Several Weapons, (1613)
  • More Dissemblers Besides Women, (1614)
  • The Widow (1615–16)
  • The Witch, (1616)
  • A Fair Quarrel, (1616). Co-escrito com Rowley
  • The Old Law, (1618–19). Co-escrito com Rowley
  • Hengist, King of Kent, or The Mayor of Quinborough, (1620)
  • Women Beware Women, (1621)
  • Measure for Measure (1603–4)
  • Anything for a Quiet Life, (1621). Co-escrito com John Webster
  • The Changeling, (1622). Co-escrito com Rowley
  • The Nice Valour (1622).
  • The Spanish Gypsy,(1623).
  • A Game at Chess, (1624).

Outros trabalhos de palco[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • The Whole Royal and Magnificent Entertainment Given to King James Through the City of London (1603–4). Co-escrito com Dekker, Stephen Harrison e Ben Jonson
  • The Manner of his Lordship's Entertainment
  • Civitas Amor
  • The Triumphs of Truth (1613)
  • The Triumphs of Honour and Industry (1617)
  • The Masque of Heroes, or, The Inner Temple Masque (1619)
  • The Triumphs of Love and Antiquity (1619)
  • The World Tossed at Tennis (1620). Co-escrito com William Rowley.
  • Honourable Entertainments (1620–1)
  • An Invention (1622)
  • The Sun in Aries (1621)
  • The Triumphs of Honour and Virtue (1622)
  • The Triumphs of Integrity with The Triumphs of the Golden Fleece (1623)
  • The Triumphs of Health and Prosperity (1626)

Poesia[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • The Wisdom of Solomon Paraphrased (1597)
  • Microcynicon: Six Snarling Satires (1599)
  • The Ghost of Lucrece (1600)
  • Burbage epitaph (1619)
  • Bolles epitaph (1621)
  • Duchess of Malfi (1623)
  • St James (1623)
  • To the King (1624)

Prosa[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • The Penniless Parliament of Threadbare Poets (1601)
  • News from Gravesend, Co-escrito com Dekker (1603)
  • The Nightingale and the Ant (1604)
  • The Meeting of Gallants at an Ordinary (1604), Co-escrito com Dekker
  • Plato's Cap Cast at the Year 1604 (1604)
  • The Black Book (1604)
  • Sir Robert Sherley his Entertainment in Cracovia (1609)
  • The Two Gates of Salvation (1609), ou The Marriage of the Old and New Testament
  • The Owl's Almanac (1618)
  • The Peacemaker (1618)


  1. J. R. Mulryne, Thomas Middleton ISBN 0-582-01266-X
  2. "Thomas Middleton", The Times Literary Supplement, 30 June 1927, pp. 445–446 (unsigned).

Fontes[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Anthony Covatta, "Thomas Middleton's City Comedies." Lewisburg: Bucknell Univ. Press, 1973
  • Barbara Jo Baines, The Lust Motif in the Plays of Thomas Middleton. Salzburg, 1973
  • Eccles, Mark (1933). «Middleton's Birth and Education». Review of English Studies. 7: 431–41 
  • Pier Paolo Frassinelli, "Realism, Desire, and Reification: Thomas Middleton's A Chaste Maid in Cheapside." Early Modern Literary Studies 8 (2003)
  • Kenneth Friedenreich, ed., "Accompaninge the players": Essays Celebrating Thomas Middleton, 1580–1980 ISBN 0-404-62278-X
  • Margot Heinemann. Puritanism and Theatre: Thomas Middleton and Opposition Drama Under the Early Stuarts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980
  • Herbert Jack Heller. Penitent Brothellers: Grace, Sexuality, and Genre in Thomas Middleton's City Comedies. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Press, 2000
  • Ben Jonson. The Staple of News. Londres, 1692. Holloway e-text
  • Bryan Loughrey and Neil Taylor. "Introduction." In Thomas Middleton, Five Plays. Bryan Loughrey e Neil Taylor, eds. Penguin, 1988
  • Jane Milling and Peter Thomson, eds. The Cambridge History of British Theatre. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004
  • Mary Beth Rose. The Expense of Spirit: Love and Sexuality in English Renaissance Drama. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1988
  • Schoenbaum, Samuel (1956). «Middleton's Tragicomedies». Modern Philology. 54: 7–19. doi:10.1086/389120 
  • Algernon Charles Swinburne. The Age of Shakespeare. Nova York: Harpers, 1908. Gutenberg e-text
  • Ceri Sullivan, 'Thomas Middleton's View of Public Utility', Review of English Studies 58 (2007), pp. 160–74
  • Ceri Sullivan, The Rhetoric of Credit. Merchants in Early Modern Writing. Madison/Londres: Associated University Press, 2002
  • Gary Taylor. "Thomas Middleton." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004
  • Stanley Wells. Select Bibliographical Guides: English Drama, Excluding Shakespeare. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975
  • The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907–21). Volume VI. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1907–1921. Bartleby e-text
  • The Oxford Middleton Project Arquivado em 3 julho 2019 no Wayback Machine
  • The Plays of Thomas Middleton
  • Bilingual editions (English/French) of two Middleton plays by Antoine Ertlé: (A Game at Chess) Arquivado em 3 outubro 2011 no Wayback Machine; (The Old Law) Arquivado em 3 outubro 2011 no Wayback Machine

Ligações externas[editar | editar código-fonte]

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