Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan

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Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan (Somali: Maxamed Siciid Xirsi Moorgan;[1] árabe: وقال محمد هيرسي مورغان) foi genro de Siad Barre e ministro da Defesa da Somália.[2] Said Hersi Morgan é considerado responsável por muitas atrocidades cometidas contra a população somali durante o governo de Barre e durante a guerra civil da década de 1990 na região de Kismayo. Sua campanha militar no sul da Somália, em 1992, foi uma das principais causas da fome na Somália, no mesmo ano. Como consequência 300 000 somalis podem ter morrido.[3] Ele também é acusado de tráfico de drogas[4] e controle das rotas de abastecimento de khat.[5]


  1. Por vezes referido simplesmente como "General Morgan" ou "Coronel Morgan".
  2. In January 1990, Africa Watch published a 268-page report on the war in northern Somalia, which had broken out in May 1988. By the beginning of 1990, an estimated 50,000 to 60,000 had been killed and nearly half a million had fled the country, the majority for Ethiopia. Entitled A Government at War with Its Own People: Testimonies About the Killings and the Conflict in the North, the report was based on research and interviews with newly arrived refugees in August 1989 in Djibouti and from June to October 1989 in England and Wales, where a sizeable refugee community had also gathered. The report provided eyewitness accounts of the human rights abuses that preceded the outbreak of war, and examined the conduct of the war by government forces and SNM insurgents.
    • The estimate of 40,000 killed is given in SOMALIA ASSESSMENT, Version 4, September 1999, Country Information and Policy Unit of the Immigration & Nationality Directorate, Home Office of the United Kingdom Government, Section OGADEN WAR & OPPOSITION TO BARRE, paragraph 3.13. [1]
  3. Somalia: Fourteenth time lucky? by Richard Cornwell, Institute for Security Studies, Occasional Paper 87 (section the fall of Siyad Barre) April 2004]
  4. Letter from the committee of the Security Council, 2004 (see p. 27)
  5. Observatoire Géo-politique des drogues (GPD), Annual Report 1998/1999, Chapter The Geo-political Stakes of Khat in Kenya see p. 189 (in PDF)

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