Medalha Gabor

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A Medalha Gabor é uma medalha de prata entregue bianualmente (em anos ímpares) pela Real Sociedade de Londres, desde 1989.

No início, o prémio foi instituído para trabalho excecional em biologia, especialmente nos campos da engenharia genética e biologia molecular mas, de acordo com os desejos do seu patrono, o Prof. Dennis Gabor, poderá igualmente premiar outros campos em que Gabor tenha igualmente trabalhado. Atualmente, a medalha distingue o trabalho interdisciplinar entre a biologia e outros campos da ciência. A medalha é acompanhada por um prémio monetário de mil libras.[1]

Uma questão importante para a Sociedade é que, sempre que possível, os prémios sejam atribuídos a cientistas no início ou meados da sua carreira.

Ano Laureado Citação Referência
1989 Murray, NoreenNoreen Murray "in recognition of her pioneering work in the field of genetic engineering, in particular for her development of the bacteriophage lambda system as a cloning [vector?] into which could be incorporated DNA fragments of over 5 kilobases in length" [2]
1991 Fersht, AlanAlan Fersht "in recognition of his pioneering work in the use of protein engineering to study protein structure and enzyme function" [3]
1993 Weissmann, CharlesCharles Weissmann "in recognition of his many contributions to molecular biology, including his innovative analysis of coliphage Q-beta by the introduction of methods for making site-specific mutations, and the cloning and expression of alpha-interferon genes in bacteria"
1995 Hopwood, DavidDavid Hopwood "in recognition of his pioneering and leading the growing field of the genetics of Streptomyces, and for developing the programming of the pervasive process of polyketide synthesis" [4]
1997 Holmes, KennethKenneth Holmes "in recognition of his achievements in molecular biology, in particular his pioneering analyses of biological structures and viruses, and his development of the use of synchrotron radiation for X-ray diffraction experiments, now a widely used technique not only in molecular biology but in physics and materials science" [5]
1999 Bird, AdrianAdrian Bird "in recognition of his pioneering work in the study of global mechanisms by which transcription of the mammalian genome is regulated and for his exploration into the molecular basis of fundamental biological mechanisms, particularly his development of ways of analysing methylation patterns of eukaryotic DNA using endonucleases and the discovery of and continued research into a new class of DNA sequences found in all vertebrates"
2001 Surani, AzimAzim Surani "in recognition of his discovery of mammalian genomic imprinting, revealing the expression of certain autosomal genes according to the parent of origin. Genomic imprinting has major implications for human genetics and the inheritance patterns of human disease and its discovery has been a major fundamental breakthrough that has changed the way we think about genetics in mammals" [6]
2003 Beggs, JeanJean Beggs "for her contributions to the isolation and manipulation of recombinant DNA molecules in a eukaryotic organism, adding a new dimension to molecular and cellular biology" [7]
2005 Crawford, LionelLionel Crawford "in recognition for his work on the small DNA tumour viruses, specifically the papova virus group, papilloma, polyoma and SV40"
2007 Roberts, Richard J.Richard J. Roberts "for his internationally acclaimed contributions to the discovery of RNA splicing and his structural and genetic studies that have extended the range of sequence specificity of restriction and modification of enzymes"
2009 Gregory Challis
2010 Gideon Davies
2011 McLean, AngelaAngela McLean "for her pivotal work on the mathematical population biology of immunity."
2013 Toumazou, ChristoferChristofer Toumazou "for his success in applying semiconductor technology to biomedical and life-science applications, most recently to DNA analysis."
2015 Benjamin David Simons "for his work analysing stem cell lineages in development, tissue homeostasis and cancer"

Referências

  1. «Royal Society - The Gabor Medal» (em inglês). Consultado em 21 de maio de 2009 
  2. «Special Minute: Noreen E Murray F.R.S» (PDF). University of Edinburgh. Consultado em 5 de fevereiro de 2009. Arquivado do original (PDF) em 20 de março de 2009 
  3. «Trinity College Science Society - Prof Sir Alan Fersht FRS». Trinity College Science Society. Consultado em 5 de fevereiro de 2009. Arquivado do original em 29 de fevereiro de 2008 
  4. The International Who's Who 2004. [S.l.]: Routledge. Consultado em 5 de fevereiro de 2009 
  5. «Fascinating Research» (PDF). Max Planck Research. Consultado em 5 de fevereiro de 2009 
  6. «CSHL Stem Cells Symposium Chats». Cold Spring Harbour Laboratory. Consultado em 5 de fevereiro de 2009 
  7. «Jean Beggs (Manchester Interdisciplinary Biocenter - The University of Manchester)». The University of Manchester. Consultado em 5 de fevereiro de 2009. Arquivado do original em 12 de abril de 2008