Medalha Buchanan

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A Medalha Buchanan é uma medalha de prata entregue bianualmente pela Real Sociedade de Londres, desde 1897, em reconhecimento de “contribuições extraordinárias no campo das ciências médicas em geral”. A medalha é acompanhada por um prémio monetário de mil libras.[1]

O prémio foi instituído em homenagem a George Buchanan (1831-1895), médico-chefe do Reino Unido, dois anos depois da sua morte.

O mais recente laureado (2008), Prof. Christopher Marshall, pelo seu estudo dos processos de desenvolvimento dos cancros e suas formas de tratamento, referiu-se a Buchanan como “um pioneiro da investigação médica no University College London”.

Ano Laureado Citação Referência
1897 Simon, JohnJohn Simon "for his distinguished services as an organizer of medical sanitary administration in this country, and as a promoter of scientific research relating to public health" [2]
1902 Copeman, SydneySydney Copeman "for his experimental investigations into the bacteriology and comparative pathology of vaccination" [3]
1907 Power, William HenryWilliam Henry Power "for his services to sanitary science"
1912 Craw, WilliamWilliam Craw "for his sanitary administration of the works of the Panama Canal"
1917 Wright, AlmrothAlmroth Wright "for his contributions to preventive medicine" [4]
1922 Bruce, DavidDavid Bruce "for his researches and discoveries in tropical medicine" [5]
1927 Greenwood, MajorMajor Greenwood "for his statistical researches and other work in relation to public health" [6]
1932 Madsen, ThorvaldThorvald Madsen "for his very important theoretical and practical work on immunity, especially in relation to diphtheria antitoxin"
1937 Russell, Frederick FullerFrederick Fuller Russell "for his work in relation to public health problems in many parts of the world on behalf of the International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation"
1942 Jameson, WilsonWilson Jameson "for his distinguished administrative service to hygienic science and practice" [7]
1947 Mellanby, EdwardEdward Mellanby "for his distinguished researches on the physiology of nutrition, especially in relation to the causation of deficiency diseases" [8]
1952 Christophers, RickardRickard Christophers "for his outstanding research on malaria and on the Anopheles mosquitos [sic] which transmit that disease" [9]
1957 Fairley, Neil HamiltonNeil Hamilton Fairley "for his distinguished contributions to the control of malaria" [10]
1962 Thomson, LandsboroughLandsborough Thomson "for his long and distinguished services to the support and administration of medical and biological research" [11]
1967 Wilson, GrahamGraham Wilson "for his distinguished work on the medical aspects of bacteriology and immunity, and for the public health laboratory service of England and Wales" [12]
1972 Doll, RichardRichard Doll "for his outstanding studies on the aetiology, prevention and treatment of disease, especially cancer" [13]
1977 Evans, DavidDavid Evans "for his leading role in the standardization and safety control of vaccines" [14]
1982 Warner, FrederickFrederick Warner "for his important role in reducing pollution of the River Thames and of his significant contributions to risk assessment" [15]
1987 Radda, Gyorgy KarolyGyorgy Karoly Radda "for his development of high resolution NMR spectroscopy for the study of cellular energetics and cellular enzymology, and for medical diagnosis, and of the insights and advances thereby gained"
1990 Clarke, CyrilCyril Clarke "for his innovative studies on haemolytic disease of the newborn which culminated in new therapies leading to the elimination of this major fetal disease" [16]
1992 Burkitt, Denis ParsonsDenis Parsons Burkitt "for his discovery of a lymphoma which bears his name" [17]
1994 No Award [18]
1996 Ashton, N.H.N.H. Ashton "for his contribution to vision research and his most important achievement in his discovery of the role of oxygen in the pathogenesis of retrolental fibroplasia now known as retinopathy of prematurity, together with his studies of the mechanism of hypertensive retinopathy, studies of the pathology of diabetic retinopathy and amoebic infection of the eye" [19]
1998 Marshall, Barry JamesBarry James Marshall "in recognition of his work on discovering the role of Helicobacter pylori as a cause of diseases such as duodenal ulcer, gastric ulcer, gastric cancer and gastritis-associated dyspepsia" [20]
2000 Peart, William StanleyWilliam Stanley Peart "for his contribution to the foundations of understanding of the renin angiotensin system in particular through his seminal work on the isolation and determination of the structure of angiotensin, purification of renin, and subsequent studies on the control of renin release"
2002 Waterfield, MichaelMichael Waterfield "Michael Waterfield for his exceptional skill in protein biochemistry which have transformed our understanding of signal transduction, and the subversion of cellular signalling pathways in cancer"
2004 Lane, David P.David P. Lane "in recognition of his discovery of the p53 protein and the subsequent research in which this basic discovery has been followed through to clinical application, exploiting the p53 pathway to find new treatments for cancer"
2006 MacIntyre, IainIain MacIntyre "for his many contributions to his field, ranging from the fundamental discoveries on the cellular origin and biochemical mode of the action of calcitonin to its application in clinical practice" [21]
2008 Marshall, ChristopherChristopher Marshall "for his outstanding contribution to understanding the process whereby cancers develop and in the identification of major targets for their therapeutic treatment" [22]

Referências

  1. Royal Society - The Buchanan Medal (em inglês). Página visitada em 19 de maio de 2009.
  2. Oxford DNB article: Simon, Sir John (subscription needed). Oxford University Press (2004). Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  3. Oxford DNB article: Copeman, Sydney Arthur Monkton (subscription needed). Oxford University Press (2004). Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  4. Oxford DNB article:Wright, Sir Almroth Edward (subscription needed). Oxford University Press (2004). Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  5. Oxford DNB article: Bruce, Sir David (subscription needed). Oxford University Press (2004). Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  6. Oxford DNB article:Greenwood, Major (subscription needed). Oxford DNB article (2004). Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  7. American Journal of Public Health Reprint (PDF). American Journal of Public Health. Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  8. Oxford DNB article: Mellanby, Sir Edward (subscription needed). Oxford University Press (2004). Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  9. Mosquito Systematics - Sir Rickard Christophers: a tribute (PDF). Mosquito Systematics. Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  10. Fairley, Sir Neil Hamilton (1891 - 1966) - Australian Dictionary of National Biography Online. Australian Dictionary of National Biography. Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  11. Oxford DNB article: Thompson, Sir (Arthur) Landsborough (subscription needed). Oxford University Press (2004). Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  12. AIM25 text-only browsing: Wellcome Library Wilson, Sir Graham Selby (1895-1987). AIM25. Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  13. Richard Doll Bio (PDF). University of Guelf. Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  14. Oxford DNB article: Evans, Sir David Gwynne (subscription needed). Oxford University Press (2004). Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  15. Papers and correspondence of Sir Frederick Warner. Mimas. Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  16. Oxford DNB article:Clarke, Sir Cyril (subscription needed). Oxford University Press (2004). Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  17. Oxford DNB article:Burkitt, Denis Parsons (subscription needed). Oxford University Press (2004). Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  18. An explanation as to why no award was given this year has not been disclosed by the Royal Society
  19. Norman Henry Ashton CBE, DSC (LOND), FRCP, FRCS, FRCPATH, FRCOPHTH, FRS, KSTJ, b 11 September 1913, d 4 January 2000. British Journal of Ophthalmology. Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  20. Barry Marshall Biography -- Academy of Achievement. Academy of Achievement. Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  21. ScienceDirect - Bone:In Memoriam. ScienceDirect. Página visitada em 2009-01-28.
  22. Institute Professor Wins Prestigious Science Award. Institute of Cancer Research. Página visitada em 2009-01-28.