William Baumol

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William Jack Baumol (Nova Iorque, 26 de fevereiro de 1922  – 4 de maio de 2017[1]) foi um economista americano. William J. Baumol, diretor acadêmico do Centro Berkley para o Empreendedorismo e Inovação da Universidade de Nova York, era professor emérito da Universidade de Princeton.

Foi professor de economia na Universidade de Nova Iorque, diretor acadêmico do Centro Berkley para o Empreendedorismo e Inovação da Universidade de Nova York, e professor emérito da Universidade de Princeton.[2]

Baumol é um autor prolífico de vários livros e centena de artigos. O foco principal de Baumol era o mercado de trabalho e outros fatores que afetam a economia. Fez significantes contribuições à teoria do empreendedorismo e a história do pensamento econômico. Foi indicado a candidato do Prêmio Nobel de Economia.[carece de fontes?]

Pesquisas[editar | editar código-fonte]

Precursors in mathematical economics, 1968

Entre suas mais famosas contribuições estão a Teoria do mercado disputado, o Modelo Baumol-Tobin de demanda transacional por dinheiro, a Doença dos custos, o Modelo de maximização de receita das vendas e o Imposto pigouviano. Suas pesquisas em economia ambiental.[3] reconheceu o papel fundamental de não-convexidades em causar falhas de mercado.[4]

Baumol também foi um dos principais contribuintes para a transformação do campo das finanças, e publicou as contribuições para as áreas da eficiência dos mercados de capitais, a teoria da carteira, e orçamento de capital. [5]

Principais Publicações[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • "Community Indifference", 1946, RES
  • "A Community Indifference Map: A construction", 1949, RES.
  • "A Formalization of Mr. Harrod's Model", 1949, EJ.
  • "The Analogy between Producer and Consumer Equilibrium Analysis", with Helen Makower, 1950, Economica.
  • Economic Dynamics, with R. Turvey, 1951.
  • "The Transaction Demand for Cash: An inventory-theoretic approach", 1952, QJE.
  • "The Classical Monetary Theory: The outcome of the discussion", with G.S. Becker, 1952, Economica.
  • Welfare Economics and the Theory of the State, 1952.
  • "Firms with Limited Money Capital", 1953, Kyklos.
  • Economic Processes and Policies, with L.V. Chandler, 1954.
  • "More on the Multiplier Effect of a Balanced Budget", with M.H. Peston, 1955, AER.
  • "Acceleration without Magnification", 1956, AER.
  • "Variety in Retailing", with E.A. Ide, 1956 Management Science.
  • "Speculation, Profitability and Stability", 1957, REStat.
  • "Activity Analysis in One Lesson", 1958, AER.
  • "On the Theory of Oligopoly", 1958, Economica.
  • "Topology of Second Order Linear Difference Equations with Constant Coefficients", 1958, Econometrica.
  • "The Cardinal Utility which is Ordinal", 1958, EJ.
  • Business Behavior, Value and Growth, 1959.
  • "Integer Programming and Pricing", with R.E. Gomory, 1960, Econometrica.
  • Economic Theory and Operations Analysis, 1961.
  • "What Can Economic Theory Contribute to Managerial Economics?", 1961, AER.
  • "Pitfalls in Contracyclical Policies: Some tools and results", 1961, REStat.
  • "The Theory of Expansion of the Firm", 1962, AER.
  • "Stocks, Flows and Monetary Theory", 1962, QJE.
  • "An Expected Gain-Confidence Limit Criterion for Portfolio Selection", 1963, Management Science.
  • "Rules of Thumb and Optimally Imperfect Decisions", with R. E. Quandt, 1964, American Economic Review, 54, p. 23-46
  • "Decomposition, Pricing for Decentralization and External Economics", with T.Fabian, 1964, Management Science.
  • "On the Performing Arts: the anatomy of their economic problems", with W.G. Bowen, 1965, AER.
  • "Investment and Discount Rates Under Capital Rationing", with R.E.Quandt, 1965, EJ.
  • "Informed Judgement, Rigorous Theory and Public Policy", 1965, Southern EJ.
  • The Stock Market and Economic Efficiency, 1965.
  • Performing Arts: the economic dilemma, 1966.
  • "The Ricardo Effect in Point-Input, Point-Output Case", 1966, Essays in Mathematical Economics in Honor of Oskar Morgenstern.
  • "Macroeconomics of Unbalanced Growth: The anatomy of urban crisis", 1967, AER.
  • "Calculation of Optimal Product and Retailer Characteristics", 1967, JPE.
  • "The Firm's Optimal Debt-Equity Combination and the Cost of Capital", with B.G. Malkiel, 1967, QJE.
  • "Error Produced by Linearization in Mathematical Programming", with R. Bushnell, 1967, Econometrica.
  • "The Dual of Nonlinear Programming and its Economic Interpretation", with M.L.Balinski, 1968, RES.
  • "Entrepreneurship in Economic Theory", 1968, May, American Economic Review
  • "On the Social Rate of Discount", 1968, AER.
  • "On the Discount Rate for Public Projects", 1969, Analysis and Evaluation of Public Expenditures.
  • "Input Choices and Rate-of-Return Regulation: An overview of the discussion", with A.K.Klevorick, 1970, Bell JE.
  • "Optimal Departures from Marginal Cost Pricing", with D.F. Bradford, 1970, AER.
  • "The Economics of Athenian Drama", 1971, QJE.
  • Environmental protection, International Spillovers and Trade, 1971.
  • "On the Economics of the Theatre in Renaissance London" with Mary Oates, 1972, Swedish JE.
  • "The Dynamics of Urban Problems and its Policy Implications", 1972, in Preston and Corry, editors, Essays in Honor of Lord Robbins.
  • "Taxation and the Control of Externalities", 1972, AER.
  • "Detrimental Externalities and Non-Convexity of the Production Set", with D.F. Bradford, 1972, Economica.
  • "The Transformation of Values: What Marx 'Really' Meant", 1974, JEL.
  • The Theory of Environmental Policy, with W.E.Oates, 1975.
  • Economics, Environmental Policy and Quality of Life, with W.E.Oates and S.A. Batey Blackman 1979.
  • Contestable Markets and the Theory of Industry Structure, with J.C. Panzar and R.D. Wilig, 1982
  • "Contestable Markets: An Uprising in the Theory of Industry Structure", 1982, "AER".
  • Microtheory: Applications and origins, 1986
  • Superfairness: Application and theory, with D. Fischer, 1986
  • "The Optimal Cash Balance Proposition: Maurice Allais' Priority", with J. Tobin, 1989, JEL
  • Productivity and American Leadership: The long view, with S.A. Batey Blackman and E.N. Wolff, 1989.
  • Entrepreneurship: Productive, Unproductive and Destructive, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 98(3), pp. 893–921, 1990
  • Perfect Markets and Easy Virtue: Business ethics and the invisible hand, with S.A. Batey Blackman, 1992
  • Entrepreneurship, Management and the Structure of Profit, 1993.
  • The Free Market Innovation Machine: Analyzing the Growth Miracle of Capitalism, 2002.
  • Good Capitalism, Bad Capitalism, and the Economics of Growth and Prosperity, co-authored with Robert Litan and Carl J. Schramm, 2007
  • The Cost Disease: Why Computers get Cheaper and Health Care Doesn't, 2012

Referências[editar | editar código-fonte]

  1. Timothy B. Lee (4 de maio de 2017). «William Baumol, whose famous economic theory explains the modern world, has died» (em inglês). Vox. Consultado em 4 de maio de 2017 
  2. http://www.getabstract.com/pt/resumo/economia-e-politica/a-doenca-dos-custos/20765
  3. Baumol, William J.; Oates, Wallace E.; com contribuições de V. S. Bawa e David F. Bradford (1988). «8 Detrimental externalities and nonconvexities in the production set». The Theory of environmental policy 2° ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. x+299. ISBN 978-0-521-31112-0. doi:10.2277/0521311128 
  4. Page 2: Guesnerie, Roger (1975). «Pareto optimality in non-convex economies». Econometrica. 43. pp. 1–29. JSTOR 1913410. MR 443877. doi:10.2307/1913410 
  5. Malkiel, Burton (1986). «11». Chapter 11, William Baumol and the Development of the Field of Finance, in Prices, Competition and Equilibrium: Essays in Honour of William J Baumol. [S.l.]: Oxford