Tribunal Permanente de Justiça Internacional

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O Tribunal Permanente de Justiça Internacional, ou Corte Permanente de Justiça Internacional, por vezes referido por Tribunal Mundial, foi um tribunal de jurisdição internacional criado em 1921 no seio da Liga das Nações, iniciando as suas deliberações em 1922. O Tribunal foi instalado no Palácio da Paz, em Haia, tendo cessado a sua actividade em 1940 em resultado da tomada daquela cidade pelas forças da Alemanha Nazi, mas foi apenas formalmente extinto em 1946. Entre 1922 e 1940 o Tribunal deliberou sobre 38 processos de contencioso entre Estados e emitiu 27 recomendações.[1] O Tribunal foi sucedido em 1946 pelo Tribunal Internacional de Justiça criado no contexto da Organização das Nações Unidas.

Lista de Presidentes do Tribunal (1921-1946)[editar | editar código-fonte]

Juízes brasileiros[editar | editar código-fonte]

Juízes portugueses[editar | editar código-fonte]

Processos julgados e recomendações emitidas[editar | editar código-fonte]

Entre 1922 e o seu encerramento em 1940, aquando da invasão dos Países Baixos, o Tribunal Permanente de Justiça Internacional (TPJI) produziu 29 sentenças referentes a disputas entre Estados (Série A) e emitiu 27 opiniões de carácter consultivo (Série B). A partir de 1931 todas decisões do TPJI, qualquer que fosse a sua natureza, foram incluídas numa série única (Série A/B), com numeração consecutiva.

Série A[editar | editar código-fonte]

Número Processo
A01 S.S. "Wimbledon"
A02 Mavrommatis Palestine Concessions
A03 Treaty of Neuilly‚ Article 179‚ Annex‚ Paragraph 4 (Interpretation)
A04 Interpretation of Judgment No.3
A05 Mavrommatis Jerusalem Concessions
A06 Certain German Interests in Polish Upper Silesia (Preliminary Objections)
A07 Certain German Interests in Polish Upper Silesia (Merits)
A08 Denunciation of the Treaty of 2 November 1865 between China and Belgium
A09 Factory at Chorzów (Jurisdiction)
A10 "Lotus"
A11 Readaptation of the Mavrommatis Jerusalem Concessions (Jurisdiction)
A12 Factory at Chorzów (Indemnities)
A13 Interpretation of Judgments Nos. 7 and 8 (Factory at Chorzów)
A14 Denunciation of the Treaty of 2 November 1865 between China and Belgium
A15 Rights of Minorities in Upper Silesia (Minority Schools)
A16 Denunciation of the Treaty of 2 November 1865 between China and Belgium
A17 Factory at Chorzów (Merits)
A18 Denunciation of the Treaty of 2 November 1865 between China and Belgium
A19 Factory at Chorzów
A20 Serbian Loans
A21 Brazilian Loans
A22 Free Zones of Upper Savoy and the District of Gex
A23 Territorial Jurisdiction of the International Commission of the River Oder
A24 Free Zones of Upper Savoy and the District of Gex (second phase)

Série B[editar | editar código-fonte]

Número Processo
B01 Designation of the Workers’ Delegate for the Netherlands at the Third Session of the International Labour Conference
B02 Competence of the ILO in regard to International Regulation of the Conditions of the Labour of Persons Employed in Agriculture
B03 Competence of the ILO to Examine Proposal for the Organization and Development of the Methods of Agricultural Production
B04 Nationality Decrees Issued in Tunis and Morocco
B05 Status of Eastern Carelia
B06 German Settlers in Poland
B07 Acquisition of Polish Nationality
B08 Jaworzina
B09 Monastery of Saint-Naoum
B10 Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations
B11 Polish Postal Service in Danzig
B12 Interpretation of Article 3‚ Paragraph 2‚ of the Treaty of Lausanne
B13 Competence of the ILO to Regulate Incidentally the Personal Work of the Employer
B14 Jurisdiction of the European Commission of the Danube
B15 Jurisdiction of the Courts of Danzig
B16 Interpretation of the Greco-Turkish Agreement of 1 December 1926 (Final Protocol‚ Article IV)
B17 Greco-Bulgarian "Communities"
B18 Free City of Danzig and ILO

Série A/B[editar | editar código-fonte]

Número Processo
A/B40 Access to German Minority Schools in Upper Silesia
A/B41 Customs Regime between Germany and Austria
A/B42 Railway Traffic between Lithuania and Poland
A/B43 Access to‚ or Anchorage in‚ the port of Danzig‚ of Polish War Vessels
A/B44 Treatment of Polish Nationals and Other Persons of Polish Origin or Speech in the Danzig Territory
A/B45 Interpretation of the Greco-Bulgarian Agreement of 9 December 1927
A/B46 Free Zones of Upper Savoy and the District of Gex
A/B47 Interpretation of the Statute of the Memel Territory
A/B48 Legal Status of the South-Eastern Territory of Greenland
A/B49 Interpretation of the Statute of the Memel Territory
A/B50 Interpretation of the Convention of 1919 concerning Employment of Women during the Night
A/B51 Delimitation of the Territorial Waters between the Island of Castellorizo and the Coasts of Anatolia
A/B52 Prince von Pless Administration
A/B53 Legal Status of Eastern Greenland
A/B54 Prince von Pless Administration
A/B55 Legal Status of the South-Eastern Territory of Greenland
A/B56 Appeals from Certain Judgments of the Hungaro/Czechoslovak Mixed Arbitral Tribunal
A/B57 Prince von Pless Administration
A/B58 Polish Agrarian Reform and German Minority
A/B59 Prince von Pless Administration
A/B60 Polish Agrarian Reform and German Minority
A/B61 Appeal from a Judgment of the Hungaro/Czecoslovak Mixed Arbitral Tribunal (The Peter Pázmány University)   
A/B62 Lighthouses case between France and Greece
A/B63 Oscar Chinn
A/B64 Minority Schools in Albania
A/B65 Consistency of Certain Danzig Legislative Decrees with the Constitution of the Free City
A/B66 Pajzs‚ Czáky‚ Esterházy
A/B67 Losinger
A/B68 Pajzs‚ Czáky‚ Esterházy
A/B69 Losinger
A/B70 Diversion of Water from the Meuse
A/B71 Lighthouses in Crete and Samos
A/B72 Borchgrave
A/B73 Borchgrave
A/B74 Phosphates in Morocco
A/B75 Panevezys-Saldutiskis Railway
A/B76 Panevezys-Saldutiskis Railway
A/B77 Electricity Company of Sofia and Bulgaria
A/B78 Société Commerciale de Belgique
A/B79 Electricity Company of Sofia and Bulgaria
A/B80 Electricity Company of Sofia and Bulgaria

Notas

  1. Maechling, Charles, Jr. (Winter 1978-1979). "The Hollow Chamber of the International Court", Foreign Policy 33: 101-120.

Ligações externas[editar | editar código-fonte]