Esporte nacional

Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre.
Ir para: navegação, pesquisa
O futebol é considerado o esporte mais popular do mundo.

O esporte (português brasileiro) ou desporto (português europeu) nacional é o esporte considerado mais popular ou parte de uma cultura de um determinado país. Considera-se em geral um esporte nacional aquele que foi criado no país ou o(s) que tem a maior popularidade no país, ou seja, o(s) que tem o maior número de adeptos.

Esporte nacional de jure[editar | editar código-fonte]

O desporto nacional de jure refere-se àquele que é estabelecido por lei.

País Esporte Ano em que foi definido como tal
 Argentina Jogo do pato 1953[1]
 Bahamas Navegação em chalupas 1993[2]
 Bangladesh Kabaddi ("jogo nacional") 1972[3]
 Brasil Capoeira 1972[4]
 Canadá Lacrosse (verão), hóquei no gelo (inverno) 1994[5]
 Chile Rodeio chileno 1962[6]
 Colômbia Tejo 2000[7]
Filipinas Esgrima 2009[8]
 Irão Varzesh-e Bastani, wrestling 1976[9]
 México Charreada 1933[10]
Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal Dandi Biyo 1973[11]
 Porto Rico Paso Fino ("esporte autóctone") 1966[12]
Sri Lanka Voleibol 1991[13]
Uruguai Destrezas criollas
(Destrezas crioulas [i.e. gaucho][14])
2006[15]

Esporte nacional de facto[editar | editar código-fonte]

O desporto nacional de facto é aquele que é na prática o mais popular, apesar de não estar estabelecido por lei.

País Esporte
 Afeganistão Buzkashi[16]
 Anguilla Corrida de iates[17]
 Antígua e Barbuda Críquete[18]
 Barbados Críquete[19]
 Bermudas Críquete[20]
 Butão Arquearia[21]
Cabo Verde Cabo Verde Futebol, windsurf, kitesurf
 Cuba Beisebol[22][23][24]
Escócia Golfe[25]
 Eslovênia Esqui alpino[26][26]
 Estados Unidos Beisebol[27][28], futebol americano[29]
 Finlândia Pesäpallo[30]
Granada Críquete[31]
Guiana Críquete[32]
 Índia Hóquei em campo[33][34][35]
 Irlanda Jogos gaélicos[36][37][38]
 Israel Futebol[39]
 Jamaica Críquete[40]
 Japão Sumo[41]
 Letônia Basquetebol (verão), hóquei no gelo (inverno)[42]
 Lituânia Basquetebol[43][44]
 Madagáscar Rugby de quinze[45][46]
 Noruega Esqui de fundo[47][48]
 Nova Zelândia Rugby de quinze[49]
 País de Gales Rugby de quinze[50]
Papua-Nova Guiné Rugby de treze[51][52]
Paquistão Hóquei em campo[53]
 Peru Paleta Frontón[54]
República Dominicana Beisebol[55]
 Romênia Oină[56]
 Rússia Bandy[57]
 Tailândia Muay thai
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg Turks e Caicos Críquete[58]
 Turquia Wrestling[59] & Cirit[60]

Ver também[editar | editar código-fonte]

Referências

  1. «Argentina Decreto N.º 17468 de 16 de setembro de 1953». Federación Argentina de Pato. Consultado em 16 de outubro de 2012  Ligação externa em |publicado= (ajuda)
  2. Craton, Michael; Gail Saunders (1998). Islanders in the Stream: A History of the Bahamian People. University of Georgia Press. p. 471. ISBN 0-8203-2284-9 
  3. «Banglapedia: Kabadi». Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Consultado em 21 July 2008. Ha-du-du was given the name kabadi and the status of National Game in 1972.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda) [ligação inativa]
  4. Lowell, John. Ring of Liberation: Deceptive Discourse in Brazilian Capoeira. [S.l.: s.n.], 1992. p. 61. ISBN 0-226-47683-9
  5. National Sports of Canada Act S.C. 1994, c. 16, Justice Laws Website, National Government of Canada
  6. Moreira Recchione, Alberto (2007). «La Medialuna: un edificio para Chile». Revista de urbanismo (em Spanish). (17). Universidade do Chile. ISSN 0717-5051. Consultado em 14 July 2008. A reconocerse, en 1962, el rodeo como deporte nacional y oficial [10 de enero de 1962, oficio N°269 del Consejo Nacional de Deportes y Comité Olímpico de Chile]  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  7. «Colombia Law 613 of 4 September 2000». Global Legal Information Network. Consultado em 14 July 2008  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  8. «Republic Act No. 9850: An Act declaring Arnis as the national martial art and sport of the Philippines». Consultado em 26 June 2010  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  9. [1]
  10. «La Charrería "Nuestro Deporte Nacional"» (em Spanish). Mexican Department of Tourism. Consultado em 14 July 2008. El año de 1933 fue muy importante, ya que el general Abelardo L. Rodríguez, emite un decreto presidencial, dando a la Charrería el título de único Deporte Nacional.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  11. Fernando, Leslie (3 June 2005). «Sponsors President's Gold Cup tourney: Dialog assures future of VB». Daily News (Nepal). Consultado em 14 July 2008. Way back in 1973 Dandi Biyo was declared as the national sport of Nepal but it was only name sake.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  12. «Puerto Rico Act 64 of 2000, S.B. 1856» (PDF). Office of Legislative Services of Puerto Rico. 11 April 2000. p. 1. Consultado em 14 July 2008. In 1966, the Public Parks and Recreation Administration and the Puerto Rico Olympic Committee awarded official recognition of the “paso fino” horse riding sport as the autochthonous sport of Puerto Rico.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  13. Fernando, Leslie (3 June 2005). «Sponsors President's Gold Cup tourney: Dialog assures future of VB». Daily News (Sri Lanka). Consultado em 14 July 2008. Way back in 1991 volleyball was declared as the national sport of Sri Lanka but it was only name sake.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  14. Danny Aeberhard; Andrew Benson, Lucy Phillips, et al.. The Rough Guide to Argentina. [S.l.: s.n.], 2001. p. 198. ISBN 1-85828-569-0
  15. «Uruguay Law 17958 of 21 April 2006». Global Legal Information Network. Consultado em 14 July 2008  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  16. «Buzkashi: The National Game of Afghanis». Embassy of Afghanistan, Canberra. Consultado em 21 July 2008  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  17. «Boat Racing Season Officially Opens». The Anguillian. 3 March 2007. Consultado em 21 July 2008. Director of Sports, Alkins Rogers, [...] reported that the Government recognizes boat racing as the national sport of Anguilla and was giving financial resources for its development.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  18. «Antiguans and Barbudans». everyculture.com. Consultado em 10 July 2008. Cricket, a left-over from the British rule, is the national sport of Antigua and Barbuda.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  19. «Barbados: Sports». Government of Barbados. Consultado em 21 July 2008. The national sport of Barbados is cricket  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  20. Luke, Will (2007). «Cricket by association». The Wisden Cricketer. Consultado em 21 July 2008. Bermuda are one of the few sides who count cricket as a national sport.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  21. «National Symbols». Bhutan Portal. Government of Bhutan. Consultado em 21 July 2008. National Game: The national sport of Bhutan is archery.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  22. Gonzalez Echevarria, Roberto (1999). «A Cuban Belle Époque». The Pride of Havana: A History of Cuban Baseball. Oxford University Press. p. 76. ISBN 0-19-514605-0. Baseball is so ingrained in Cuba that it has thrived as the "national sport" through forty years of a bitterly anti-American revolution. 
  23. Mckinley, James C., Jr (26 March 1999). «Baseball; Clash of Cultures, Pride and Passion». The New York Times. Consultado em 24 July 2008. Most Cubans, after all, consider baseball to be their national sport, a game entwined in history with their struggle for independence from Spain and the birth of their nation.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  24. Castro, Fidel (13 August 1999). «Speech at a meeting with Pan American Games delegation members». cuba.cu. Consultado em 24 July 2008. the game that [...] is [...] our national sport [...] I am talking of baseball  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  25. «Alex Salmond quote». Sport Scotland. 31 August 2009. Consultado em 25 October 2010  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  26. a b http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1754-9469.2007.tb00118.x/abstract
  27. Duquette, Jerold J. (1999). Regulating the National Pastime: Baseball and Antitrust. Greenwood. p. 104. ISBN 0-275-96535-X. Consultado em 21 July 2008. Baseball justified its privileged legal status by citing the special nature and cultural significance of America's national pastime.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  28. Schrag, Myles (2003). «Baseball as National Pastime Revisted: And a Little Town Shall Lead Them». In: Peter Carino. Baseball/literature/culture: Essays, 1995-2001. McFarland. p. Chp.13 p.140. ISBN 0-7864-1643-2. Consultado em 21 July 2008. Tradition – that quality so instrumental in elevating baseball to its century-old status as national pastime— has become less important  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  29. http://publicreligion.org/2013/04/the-slow-decline-of-americas-pastime/
  30. «About Finland: General information: Sports». Embassy of Finland, Washington. 11 June 2007. Consultado em 21 July 2008. the national sport, “pesäpallo”  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda) [ligação inativa]
  31. «Batting For Grenada». Grenada Life. Grenada Board of Tourism. 2007. p. 38. Consultado em 21 July 2008. in the first Grenada Cricket Classics [, h]eroes such as Sir Viv Richards, Joel Garner and Curtley Ambrose came together to promote what is considered by many to be the national sport in Grenada.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  32. «Games». Guyana Tourism Authority. Cópia arquivada desde o original em 6 June 2008. Consultado em 21 July 2008. Cricket lovely Cricket! One cannot miss out on Guyana’s national sport without participating in a game of cricket while in Guyana.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |archive-date= (ajuda)
  33. Basra, Sukhwant (11 March 2008). «No National status, except in NCERT textbooks». dnaindia. Consultado em 15 July 2008. The status of hockey as the national sport is not enshrined in any official proclamation by the Government of India. The NCERT textbook for Class XI does [...] state that India’s national game is hockey and that, in a way, does make for an official take on the issue.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  34. «Citizens: Sports: Hockey». National Portrait of India. Government of India. Consultado em 22 July 2008. Hockey, the National Sport of the Country is one of the most religiously followed games in India.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda) [ligação inativa]
  35. A 2012 article in the India Times argued that hockey is no longer the national sport: Mahanta, Bhaskar (28 September 2012). «What is the National Game of India?». India Times. Consultado em 7 May 2013  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  36. «RTÉ Secures Comprehensive GAA Championship Coverage Until 2010». RTÉ Online. 19 February 2008. Consultado em 29 April 2009. Today's announcement ensures that the public will enjoy quality coverage of our national games across all of RTÉ's media platforms.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  37. «Adjournment Matters. - Eurathlon Programme.». Seanad Éireann. 22 November 1995. pp. Volume 145. Consultado em 29 April 2009  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  38. Farrelly, Hugh (15 September 2009). «The most progressive team in Ireland». Scrum.com. Consultado em 17 September 2009. It's [the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final] a big deal in Ireland, where Gaelic games are the national sport, but the problem for the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is that no-one outside the country, save for committed expatriates, gives a fig.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  39. «Football in Israel». AsiaRooms. 21 February 2011. Consultado em 24 February 2012. The popularity of Football in Israel is sky-high and is the most popular sport of the nation by a distance. Football in Israel is the unofficial national sport of the nation and developed as an organized sport in the country during the period when the British controlled the administration or was the days of the British Mandate.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  40. «History of Jamaica». Jamaican Embassy, Washington. Consultado em 21 July 2008. The legacy of Britain also lives on in Jamaica in many ways [...] the game of cricket is the national sport.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  41. «What Is Sumo?». Kids Web Japan sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Consultado em 30 April 2012  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  42. Predefinição:Lv icon «Nacionālie sporta veidi...». Consultado em 15 November 2009  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  43. Adamkus, Valdas (28 July 2005). «Address at Charles University, Prague». President of Lithuania official website. Consultado em 24 July 2008. Lithuania is a country that loves basketball. It is our national sport and we are proud to be reigning European Champions.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)[ligação inativa]
  44. Winn, Luke (15 August 2011). «Lithuania Calling». Sports Illustrated. Consultado em 24 August 2011. Basketball is the only sport the 3.2 million Lithuanians truly care about—it's their second religion, after Catholicism—and their success is proportionately stunning.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  45. «Madagascar take Sevens honours». Consultado em 24 July 2012  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  46. «14-place jump for Madagascar». Consultado em 24 July 2012  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  47. Mølster, Odd (1996). «Skiing and the Creation of a Norwegian Identity - part 2». News of Norway, issue 2. Norwegian Embassy, Washington. Consultado em 21 July 2008. the national sport could become a fine weapon in time of war. In 1943, Norway's resistance movement won an epochal victory – on skis, of course  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  48. Berglund, Nina (20 February 2006). «Few cheers for Norway». Aftenposten. Consultado em 21 July 2008. The scoreboard shows how the Norwegians placed, a performance considered much too poor in a country where cross-country skiing is a national sport.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  49. «Sport, Fitness and Leisure». New Zealand Official Yearbook. Statistics New Zealand. 2000. Consultado em 21 July 2008. Traditionally New Zealanders have excelled in rugby union, which is regarded as the national sport, and track and field athletics.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  50. Harris, John (Summer 2006). «(Re)Presenting Wales: National Identity and Celebrity in the Postmodern Rugby World» (PDF). North American Journal of Welsh Studies. 6 (2). North American Association for the Study of Welsh Culture and History. Consultado em 14 July 2008. rugby used to be the undisputed national sport of Wales [...] Rugby Union’s assumed position as ”the national game” has often been questioned on the basis that it is predominantly a game played and followed in South Wales.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  51. «PNG vow to upset World Cup odds». Rugby League. Federación Peruana de Frontón. 15 October 2008. Consultado em 3 July 2009. But it would still be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if Papua New Guinea - the only country to have rugby league as its national sport - were to qualify for the last four.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  52. «PNG seal 2010 Four Nations place». BBC. 1 November 2009  Verifique data em: |date= (ajuda)
  53. «Sport in Pakistan». Consultado em 6 October 2012  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  54. «Paleta-Frontón». Club Regatas Lima. Club Regatas Lima. 31 August 2009. Consultado em 31 August 2009  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  55. «Some facts about the Dominican Republic». Embassy of the Dominican Republic, Washington. Consultado em 22 July 2008. Baseball is the Dominican Republic’s national sport.  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  56. «Oina - sportul naţional uitat» (em Romanian). Adevărul Holding. 18 September 2010. Consultado em 21 November 2012. Dar nici deciziile luate de autorităţile comuniste nu au salvat sportul naţional românesc de la uitare.  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  57. «Russian bandy players blessed for victory at world championship in Kazan». Tatar-Inform. 21 January 2011. Consultado em 31 August 2009  Verifique data em: |access-date=, |date= (ajuda)
  58. «ICC Members: Turks and Caicos Islands». International Cricket Council. Consultado em 7 October 2012  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)
  59. «Ata Sporu - Güreş». Alaturka.info. Consultado em 31 December 2009  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda) [ligação inativa]
  60. «Ata Sporu - Cirit». Kalem.biz. Consultado em 31 December 2009  Verifique data em: |access-date= (ajuda)