Smoothened

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Smoothened é uma proteína do tipo receptor acoplado à proteína G[1] codificada pelo gene SMO da via de sinalização Hedgehog, conservadas de moscas a humanos. É o alvo molecular do teratógeno ciclopamina.[2]

Referências

  1. Ruiz-Gómez A, Molnar C, Holguín H, Mayor F, de Celis JF (2007). «The cell biology of Smo signalling and its relationships with GPCRs». Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1768 (4): 901–12. PMID 17094938. doi:10.1016/j.bbamem.2006.09.020 
  2. Taipale J, Chen JK, Cooper MK, Wang B, Mann RK, Milenkovic L, Scott MP, Beachy PA (2000). «Effects of oncogenic mutations in Smoothened and Patched can be reversed by cyclopamine». Nature. 406 (6799): 1005–9. PMID 10984056. doi:10.1038/35023008 

Leitura de apoio[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Chen Y, Struhl G (1996). «Dual roles for patched in sequestering and transducing Hedgehog.». Cell. 87 (3): 553–63. PMID 8898207. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81374-4 
  • Stone DM, Hynes M, Armanini M; et al. (1996). «The tumour-suppressor gene patched encodes a candidate receptor for Sonic hedgehog.». Nature. 384 (6605): 129–34. PMID 8906787. doi:10.1038/384129a0 
  • Xie J, Murone M, Luoh SM; et al. (1998). «Activating Smoothened mutations in sporadic basal-cell carcinoma.». Nature. 391 (6662): 90–2. PMID 9422511. doi:10.1038/34201 
  • Reifenberger J, Wolter M, Weber RG; et al. (1998). «Missense mutations in SMOH in sporadic basal cell carcinomas of the skin and primitive neuroectodermal tumors of the central nervous system.». Cancer Res. 58 (9): 1798–803. PMID 9581815 
  • Sublett JE, Entrekin RE, Look AT, Reardon DA (1999). «Chromosomal localization of the human smoothened gene (SMOH) to 7q32. 3 by fluorescence in situ hybridization and radiation hybrid mapping.». Genomics. 50 (1): 112–4. PMID 9628830. doi:10.1006/geno.1998.5227 
  • McGarvey TW, Maruta Y, Tomaszewski JE; et al. (1998). «PTCH gene mutations in invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder.». Oncogene. 17 (9): 1167–72. PMID 9764827. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1202045 
  • Chidambaram A, Gerrard B, Hanson M, Dean M (1998). «Chromosomal localization of the human and murine orthologues of the Drosophila smoothened gene.». Genomics. 53 (3): 416–7. PMID 9799615. doi:10.1006/geno.1998.5531 
  • Carpenter D, Stone DM, Brush J; et al. (1998). «Characterization of two patched receptors for the vertebrate hedgehog protein family.». Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 95 (23): 13630–4. PMC 24870Acessível livremente. PMID 9811851. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.23.13630 
  • Detmer K, Walker AN, Jenkins TM; et al. (2000). «Erythroid differentiation in vitro is blocked by cyclopamine, an inhibitor of hedgehog signaling.». Blood Cells Mol. Dis. 26 (4): 360–72. PMID 11042037. doi:10.1006/bcmd.2000.0318 
  • Long F, Zhang XM, Karp S; et al. (2002). «Genetic manipulation of hedgehog signaling in the endochondral skeleton reveals a direct role in the regulation of chondrocyte proliferation.». Development. 128 (24): 5099–108. PMID 11748145 
  • Incardona JP, Gruenberg J, Roelink H (2002). «Sonic hedgehog induces the segregation of patched and smoothened in endosomes.». Curr. Biol. 12 (12): 983–95. PMID 12123571. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(02)00895-3 
  • Lowrey JA, Stewart GA, Lindey S; et al. (2002). «Sonic hedgehog promotes cell cycle progression in activated peripheral CD4(+) T lymphocytes.». J. Immunol. 169 (4): 1869–75. PMID 12165511 
  • Taipale J, Cooper MK, Maiti T, Beachy PA (2002). «Patched acts catalytically to suppress the activity of Smoothened.». Nature. 418 (6900): 892–7. PMID 12192414. doi:10.1038/nature00989 
  • Katayam M, Yoshida K, Ishimori H; et al. (2003). «Patched and smoothened mRNA expression in human astrocytic tumors inversely correlates with histological malignancy.». J. Neurooncol. 59 (2): 107–15. PMID 12241103. doi:10.1023/A:1019660421216 
  • Strausberg RL, Feingold EA, Grouse LH; et al. (2003). «Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences.». Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 99 (26): 16899–903. PMC 139241Acessível livremente. PMID 12477932. doi:10.1073/pnas.242603899 
  • Couvé-Privat S, Bouadjar B, Avril MF; et al. (2003). «Significantly high levels of ultraviolet-specific mutations in the smoothened gene in basal cell carcinomas from DNA repair-deficient xeroderma pigmentosum patients.». Cancer Res. 62 (24): 7186–9. PMID 12499255 
  • Scherer SW, Cheung J, MacDonald JR; et al. (2003). «Human chromosome 7: DNA sequence and biology.». Science. 300 (5620): 767–72. PMC 2882961Acessível livremente. PMID 12690205. doi:10.1126/science.1083423 
  • Grachtchouk V, Grachtchouk M, Lowe L; et al. (2003). «The magnitude of hedgehog signaling activity defines skin tumor phenotype.». EMBO J. 22 (11): 2741–51. PMC 156767Acessível livremente. PMID 12773389. doi:10.1093/emboj/cdg271 
  • Gerhard DS, Wagner L, Feingold EA; et al. (2004). «The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC).». Genome Res. 14 (10B): 2121–7. PMC 528928Acessível livremente. PMID 15489334. doi:10.1101/gr.2596504 
  • Chen W, Ren XR, Nelson CD; et al. (2005). «Activity-dependent internalization of smoothened mediated by beta-arrestin 2 and GRK2.». Science. 306 (5705): 2257–60. PMID 15618519. doi:10.1126/science.1104135 
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