Prêmio Templeton

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O Prêmio Templeton (em inglês: Templeton Prize) é uma condecoração anual da Fundação John Templeton.

Estabelecido em 1972, ele é entregue a uma pessoa viva que, na opinião dos juízes, "fez uma contribuição excepcional para a afirmação da dimensão espiritual da vida, seja através de um insight, de uma descoberta ou de trabalhos práticos".[1] O prêmio é nomeado devido a Sir John Templeton, um empresário radicado no Reino Unido e nascido nos Estados Unidos, que foi consagrado cavaleiro pela Rainha Elizabeth II em 1987 devido aos seus esforços filantrópicos.[2] Até 2001, o nome do prêmio era Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion, e de 2002 a 2008 ele foi chamado de Templeton Prize for Progress Toward Research or Discoveries about Spiritual Realities.[3] [4] O prêmio tem sido tipicamente apresentado pelo Príncipe Felipe numa cerimônia no Palácio de Buckingham.[5] [6] [7]

O valor monetário do prêmio é ajustado de maneira que exceda o montante dado pelo Prêmio Nobel, uma vez que Templeton sentia que a "espiritualidade era ignorada" nos prêmios Nobel.[8]

Laureados[editar | editar código-fonte]

Ano Laureado(a) Observação Ref(s)
1973 Mother Teresa facing right Madre Teresa de Calcutá Fundadora das Missionaries of Charity, na Índia, ganhadora do Prêmio Nobel da Paz em 1979 [9]
1974 Frère Roger in a group of people. Roger Schütz Founder of the Taizé Community [10]
1975 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Former President of India, advocate of non-aggression with Pakistan [10]
1976 Leon Joseph Cardinal Suenens Pioneer in the Charismatic Renewal Movement [11]
1977 Chiara Lubich, smiling, surrounded by other smiling people. Chiara Lubich Founder of the Focolare Movement [12]
1978 Prof. Thomas Torrance Former Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland [11]
1979 100px Rev. Nikkyō Niwano Fundador da Risho_Kossei-kai [11]
1980 Ralph Wendell Burhoe Founder of Zygon: Journal of Religion & Science [13]
1981 Cicely Saunders Hospice and Palliative Care Movement founder [14]
1982 A black-and-white image of Billy Graham. Rev. Dr. Billy Graham Evangelist [15]
1983 A black-and-white image of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn outside a building. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Soviet dissident novelist [15]
1984 Rev. Michael Bourdeaux Founder of the Keston Institute [10]
1985 Alister Hardy Founder of the Religious Experience Research Centre [16]
1986 Rev. James I. McCord Former president of the Princeton Theological Seminary [17]
1987 Father Jaki June 2007.jpg Rev. Father Dr. Stanley Jaki Benedictine monk and professor of astrophysics at Seton Hall University [15]
1988 Dr. Inamullah Khan Former secretary-general of the Modern World Muslim Congress [18]
1989 Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker.jpg Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker Physicist and philosopher [11] [A]
1989 Lord MacLeod of Fuinary Founder of the Iona Community [19] [A]
1990 Baba Amte Developed modern communities for people suffering from leprosy [20] [B]
1990 Charles Birch Emeritus Professor at University of Sydney [21] [B]
1991 Chief Rabbi Immanuel Jakobovits Chief Rabbi of Great Britain and the Commonwealth from 1967 to 1991 [11]
1992 Kyung-Chik Han Evangelist and founder of Young Nak Presbyterian Church [22]
1993 Chuck Colson.jpg Charles Colson Founder of the Prison Fellowship [10]
1994 Michael Novak behind a lecturn, speaking at the Foreign Press Center in Washington. Michael Novak Philosopher and diplomat [10]
1995 Paul Davies.jpg Paul Davies Theoretical physicist [23]
1996 Dr. Bill Bright Founder of Campus Crusade for Christ [24]
1997 Pandurang Shastri Athavale Social reformer, philosopher, and founder of Swadhyay Movement [24]
1998 Sigmund Sternberg Philanthropist [10]
1999 Ian Barbour Professor Emeritus of Science, Technology and Society at Carleton College [25]
2000 Freeman Dyson.jpg Freeman Dyson Professor Emeritus at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton [25]
2001 Rev. Arthur Peacocke Former Dean of Clare College (Cambridge) [5]
2002 Johnpolkinghorne.jpg Rev. John Polkinghorne Physicist and theologian [10]
2003 Holmes Rolston III.jpg Holmes Rolston III Philosopher [26]
2004 GeorgeEllis-Walking.jpg George Ellis Cosmologist and philosopher [27]
2005 Charles Townes Nobel laureate and physicist [9]
2006 John David Barrow Cosmologist and theoretical physicist [28]
2007 Charles Taylor giving a lecture at the New School in 2007. Charles Taylor Philosopher [29]
2008 MKHeller.jpg Rev. Prof. Michał Heller Physicist and philosopher [6]
2009 Bernard d'Espagnat Physicist [7]
2010 Dr. Ayala.jpg Francisco José Ayala Biólogo e geneticista [30]
2011 Martin Rees at Jodrell Bank in 2007.jpg Martin Rees Astrofísico [31]
2012 Tenzin Gyatso Líder espiritual budista [32]

Notas[editar | editar código-fonte]

A. a Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and Lord MacLeod of Fuinary were jointly awarded the prize in 1989.
B. b Baba Amte and Charles Birch were jointly awarded the prize in 1990.

Referências[editar | editar código-fonte]

Gerais
Específicas
  1. Templeton Prize Templeton Foundation. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  2. Cuff, Daniel (July 19, 2002). Making a Difference; The Suitors Call in Earnest As an 80th Birthday Nears The New York Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  3. Enman, Charles (July 8, 2008). Templeton dies Ottawa Citizen Canada.com. Visitado em July 9, 2009.
  4. Crewe, Daniel (March 15, 2003). Just because science looks forward, religion isn't backward The Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  5. a b Niebuhr, Gustav (March 9, 2001). Religion Prize Won by Priest Much Involved With Science The New York Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  6. a b Hall, John (March 12, 2008). Cosmologist wins world's largest monetary award The Independent. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  7. a b Gledhill, Ruth (March 16, 2009). Bernard d'Espagnat wins £1m Templeton Prize The Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  8. Obituary - John Templeton The Economist (July 17, 2008). Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  9. a b US scientist wins religion prize BBC News (March 9, 2005). Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  10. a b c d e f g Akbar, Arifa (March 15, 2007). Philosopher wins £800,000 award for spiritual focus The Independent. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  11. a b c d e Templeton, John. The Humble Approach: Scientists Discover God. [S.l.]: Templeton Foundation Press. 170–172 pp. ISBN 1890151173.
  12. Lubich, Chiara - Italian Roman Catholic lay leader Encyclopædia Britannica. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  13. Saxon, Wolfgang (May 16, 1997). Ralph Wendell Burhoe, 85; Reconciled Science and Faith The New York Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  14. Clark, David. Cicely Saunders - Founder of the Hospice Movement: Selected Letters 1959-1999. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press. p. 131. ISBN 0198569696.
  15. a b c British physicist wins religious prize BBC News (March 14, 2002). Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  16. Hood Jr., Ralph. The Psychology of Religon. [S.l.]: The Guilford Press. p. 248. ISBN 1572301163.
  17. Berger, Joseph (February 27, 1986). Princeton theologian wins Templeton Prize of $250,000 The New York Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  18. Steinfels, Peter (October 30, 1988). Religion Notes; Prize Winner, Accused Of Bias, Collects Award The New York Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  19. MacLeod, George. Daily Readings with George Macleod. [S.l.]: Fount. p. 15. ISBN 0006275133.
  20. Pandya, Haresh (February 17, 2008). Baba Amte, 93, Dies; Advocate for Lepers The New York Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  21. Emeritus Professor Louis Charles Birch University of Sydney. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  22. Brozan, Nadine (March 12, 1992). Chronicle The New York Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  23. Niebuhr, Gustav (March 9, 1995). Scientist Wins Religion Prize Of $1 Million The New York Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  24. a b Niebuhr, Gustav (March 6, 1997). Leader of Spiritual Movement Wins $1.2 Million Religion Prize The New York Times. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  25. a b Connor, Steve (March 23, 2000). £600,000 prize for physicist who urges ethics in science The Independent. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  26. Sewell, Helen (March 19, 2003). Environmentalist wins $1m prize BBC News. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  27. Howse, Christopher (March 20, 2004). Sacred mysteries Daily Telegraph. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  28. British scientist wins $1m prize BBC News (March 15, 2006). Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  29. Jeffries, Stuart (December 8, 2007). Is that all there is? The Guardian. Visitado em July 2, 2009.
  30. Templeton Prize: Previous Prize Winners (11 de Abril, 2011). Visitado em 11 de Abril, 2011.
  31. Templeton Prize: Current Winner (11 de Abril, 2011). Visitado em 11 de Abril, 2011.
  32. "Dalai Lama Wins 2012 Templeton Prize", 30 March 2012. Página visitada em 30 March 2012.

Ligações externas[editar | editar código-fonte]