Terceiro Grande Despertamento

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Grande Despertamento
Primeiro (c. 1730–1755)
Segundo (c. 1790–1840)
Terceiro (c. 1850–1900)
Quarto (c. 1960–1980)

O Terceiro Grande Despertamento foi um período de atividade religiosa na história americana do final de 1850 até 1900. Ele influenciou denominações protestantes pietistas e teve um forte senso de ativismo social. Ele acumulou força da teologia pós-milenarista que a segunda volta de Cristo deve vir após a humanidade reformar toda a terra. O Movimento do Evangelho Social ganhou sua força do Despertamento, assim como o movimento missionário mundial. Novos grupos emergiram, como o Movimento de Santidade e movimentos do Nazareno, e Ciência Cristã.[1]

O Movimento Pentecostal[editar | editar código-fonte]

Seguinte o Avivamento de Gales, avivamentos ocorrem através dos Estados Unidos, em particular Avivamento da Rua Azusa em 1906 em Los Angeles, Califórnia.

Referências[editar | editar código-fonte]

Bibliografia[editar | editar código-fonte]

  • Abell, Aaron. The Urban Impact on American Protestantism, 1865-1900 Harvard University Press, 1943.
  • Ahlstrom, Sydney E. A Religious History of the American People. Yale University Press, 1972.
  • Bordin, Ruth. Woman and Temperance: The Quest for Power and Liberty, 1873-1900 Temple University Press, 1981.
  • Curtis, Susan. A Consuming Faith: The Social Gospel and Modern American Culture. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991.
  • Dieter, Melvin Easterday. The Holiness Revival of the Nineteenth Century Scarecrow Press, 1980.
  • Dorsett, Lyle W. Billy Sunday and the Redemption of Urban America Eerdmans, 1991.
  • Dorsett, Lyle W. A Passion for Souls: The Life of D. L. Moody. Moody Press, 1997.
  • Bruce J. Evensen; God's Man for the Gilded Age: D.L. Moody and the Rise of Modern Mass Evangelism Oxford University Press, 2003
  • Findlay, James F. Dwight L. Moody: American Evangelist, 1837-1899 University of Chicago Press, 1969.
  • Finke, Roger, and Rodney Stark. The Churching of America, 1776-1990: Winners and Losers in Our Religious Economy Rutgers University Press, 1992.
  • Fishwick, Marshall W. Great Awakenings: Popular Religion and Popular Culture (1995)
  • Hutchison William R. Errand to the World: American Protestant Thought and Foreign Missions. University of Chicago Press, 1987.
  • Richard Jensen. The Winning of the Midwest: Social and Political Conflict, 1888-1896 (1971)
  • Kathryn Teresa Long; The Revival of 1857-58: Interpreting an American Religious Awakening Oxford University Press, 1998
  • McLoughlin, William G. Revivals Awakenings and Reform 1980
  • Marsden, George M. Fundamentalism and American Culture: The Shaping of Twentieth-Century Evangelicalism, 1870-1925 Oxford University Press, 1980.
  • McLoughlin, William G. Modern Revivalism: Charles Grandison Finney to Billy Graham 1959.
  • McLoughlin, William G. Revivals, Awakenings, and Reform: An Essay on Religion and Social Change in America, 1607-1977. University of Chicago Press, 1978.
  • McLoughlin, William G. ed. The American Evangelicals, 1800-1900: An Anthology 1976.
  • Sizer, Sandra. Gospel Hymns and Social Religion: The Rhetoric of Nineteenth-Century Revivalism. Temple University Press, 1978.
  • Smith, Timothy L. Called Unto Holiness, the Story of the Nazarenes: The Formative Years. Kansas City: Nazarene Publishing House, 1962.
  • Smith, Timothy L. Revivalism and Social Reform: American Protestantism on the Eve of the Civil War Johns Hopkins Press, 1980.
  • Ward, W. R. The Protestant Evangelical Awakening Cambridge University Press, 1992.
  • Weisberger, Bernard A. They Gathered at the River: The Story of the Great Revivalists and Their Impact upon Religion in America 1958.

Notas e referências

  1. Robert William Fogel, The Fourth Great Awakening & the Future of Egalitarianism University of Chicago Press, 20000 ISBN 0-226-25662-6. excerpt