Ela foi a primeira grande batalha da guerra travada na Geórgia, a derrota mais significativa da União no "Teatro Ocidental", e envolveu o segundo maior número de baixas depois da Batalha de Gettysburg.
↑The NPS battle descriptionArquivado em 11/01/2006, no Wayback Machine. by the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission and Kennedy, p. 227, cite September 18–20. However, fighting on September 18 was relatively minor in comparison to the following two days and only small portions of the armies were engaged. The Official Records of the war list September 18 activities as "Skirmishes at Pea Vine Ridge, Alexander's and Reed's Bridges, Dyer's Ford, Spring Creek, and near Stevens' Gap, Georgia." Chickamauga is almost universally referred to as a two-day battle, fought on September 19–20.