National Medal of Arts

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National Medal of Arts
NationalMedalofArts.jpg
Classificação
País  Estados Unidos
Outorgante Congresso dos Estados Unidos
Criação 1984
Tipo classe única
Agraciamento Artistas e patronos das Artes
Histórico
Primeira concessão 1984

National Medal of Arts (pt: Medalha Nacional das Artes) é uma honraria e um título criado pelo Congresso dos Estados Unidos em 1984, com o propósito de premiar artistas e patronos das artes. É a maior comenda individual conferida a um artista em nome do povo norte-americano.

Anualmente, os premiados são selecionados pelo National Endowment for the Arts e entregues à apreciação do presidente. A medalha é entregue em cerimônia oficial pelo Presidente dos Estados Unidos, na Casa Branca, em Washington D.C., em nome do Congresso.[1]

A medalha de ouro, desenhada pelo escultor Robert Graham, é concedida por "especial reconhecimento pela extraordinária contribuição à excelência, crescimento, apoio e disponibilidade das artes nos Estados Unidos."[2]

Entre os agraciados de todas as áreas artísticas dos Estados Unidos desde 1984 estão Clint Eastwood, Jason Robards, Robert Redford, James Earl Jones, Meryl Streep, Helen Hayes, Olivia de Havilland, Frank Capra, Robert Wise, (atores e diretores), Bob Dylan, Ray Charles,Antoine "Fats" Domino, Aretha Franklin, Itzhak Perlman, Dolly Parton, Quincy Jones (cantores, músicos e compositores), Martha Graham e Twyla Tharp (coreógrafas e dançarinas), Saul Bellow, Ray Bradbury e John Updike (escritores), Georgia O'Keeffe e Willem de Kooning (pintores), Les Paul (guitarrista e inventor) e Jessye Norman (soprano), entre outros.[3]

Vencedores da Medalha nacional de Artes[editar | editar código-fonte]

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Ano Nome Área
1985 Elliott Carter, Jr. compositor
Ralph Ellison escritor
Jose Ferrer actor
Martha Graham dançarino, coreógrafo
Louise Nevelson escultor
Georgia O'Keeffe pintor
Leontyne Price soprano
Dorothy Buffum Chandler patrono de artes
Lincoln Kirstein patrono de artes
Paul Mellon patrono de artes
Alice Tully patrono de artes
Hallmark Cards, Inc. patrono corporativo de artes
1986 Marian Anderson cantora de ópera
Frank Capra realizador de cinema
Aaron Copland compositor
Willem de Kooning pintor
Agnes de Mille coreógrafo
Eva Le Gallienne atriz, realizadora, escritora
Alan Lomax folclorista, académico
Lewis Mumford filósofo, crítico literário
Eudora Welty escritor
Dominique de Menil patrono de artes
Exxon Corporation patrono corporativo de artes
Seymour H. Knox II patrono de artes
1987 Romare Bearden pintor
Ella Fitzgerald cantora
Howard Nemerov escritor, académico
Alwin Nikolais dançarino, coreógrafo
Isamu Noguchi escultor
William Schuman compositor
Robert Penn Warren escritor, poeta
J. W. Fisher patrono de artes
Armand Hammer patrono de artes
Sydney Lewis patrono de artes
1988 Saul Bellow escritor
Helen Hayes atriz
Gordon Parks fotógrafo, realizador de filmes
I.M. Pei arquitecto
Jerome Robbins dançarino, coreógrafo
Rudolf Serkin pianista
Virgil Thomson compositor, crítico musical
Sydney J. Freedberg historiador de arte, curador
Roger L. Stevens administrador de artes
Brooke Astor patrono de artes
Francis Goelet patrono de música
Obert Clark Tanner patrono de artes
1989 Leopold Adler preservacionista, líder civil
Katherine Dunham dançarino, coreógrafor
Alfred Eisenstaedt fotógrafo
Martin Friedman director de museu
Leigh Gerdine patrono de artes, líder civil
John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie trompetista de jazz
Walker Hancock escultor
Vladimir Horowitz pianista (póstumo)
Czesław Miłosz escritor
Robert Motherwell pintor
John Updike escritor
Dayton Hudson Corporation patrono corporativo de artes
1990 George Abbott produtor
Hume Cronyn actor
Jessica Tandy atriz
Merce Cunningham coreógrafo & diretcor de companhia de dança
Jasper Johns pintor & escultor
Jacob Lawrence pintor
Riley "B.B." King músico de blues
David Lloyd Kreeger arts patron
Harris & Carroll Sterling Masterson arts patrons
Ian McHarg landscape architect
Beverly Sills opera singer
Southeastern Bell Corporation corporate arts patron
1991 Maurice Abravanel music director & conductor
Roy Acuff country singer
Pietro Belluschi architect
J. Carter Brown museum director
Charles "Honi" Coles tap dancer
John O. Crosby opera director, conductor, administrator
Richard Diebenkorn painter
R. Philip Hanes arts patron
Kitty Carlisle Hart actress, singer & arts administrator
Pearl Primus choreographer & anthropologist
Isaac Stern violinist
Texaco Inc. corporate arts patron
1992 Marilyn Horne opera singer
James Earl Jones actor
Allan Houser sculptor
Minnie Pearl comedian
Robert Saudek television producer, Museum of Broadcasting founding director
Earl Scruggs banjo player
Robert Shaw orchestra conductor, choral director
Billy Taylor jazz pianist
Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown architects
Robert Wise director
AT&T Inc. corporate arts patron
Lila Wallace (Reader's Digest Fund) foundation arts patron
1993 Walter and Leonore Annenberg arts patrons
Cabell "Cab" Calloway singer & bandleader
Ray Charles singer & musician
Bess Lomax Hawes folklorist
Stanley Kunitz poet & educator
Robert Merrill baritone
Arthur Miller playwright
Robert Rauschenberg artist
Lloyd Richards theatrical director
William Styron writer
Paul Taylor dancer & choreographer
Billy Wilder director, writer & producer
1994 Harry Belafonte singer & actor
Dave Brubeck jazz musician
Celia Cruz singer
Dorothy DeLay violin teacher
Julie Harris actress
Erick Hawkins choreographer
Gene Kelly actor & dancer
Pete Seeger composer, lyricist, vocalist, banjo player
Catherine Filene Shouse arts patron
Wayne Thiebaud artist, teacher
Richard Wilbur poet, teacher, critic, literary translator
Young Audiences arts presenter
1995 Licia Albanese opera singer
Gwendolyn Brooks poet
B. Gerald and Iris Cantor arts patrons
Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee actors
David Diamond composer
James Ingo Freed architect
Bob Hope entertainer
Roy Lichtenstein painter, sculptor
Arthur Mitchell dancer, choreographer
Bill Monroe bluegrass musician
Urban Gateways arts education organization
1996 Edward Albee playwright
Sarah Caldwell opera conductor
Harry Callahan photographer
Zelda Fichandler theater director, producer, educator
Eduardo "Lalo" Guerrero composer, musician
Lionel Hampton musician, bandleader
Bella Lewitzky dancer, choreographer, teacher
Vera List arts patron
Robert Redford actor, director, producer
Maurice Sendak writer, illustrator, designer
Stephen Sondheim composer, lyricist
Boys Choir of Harlem performing arts youth group
1997 Louise Bourgeois sculptor
Betty Carter jazz vocalist
Agnes Gund arts patron
Daniel Urban Kiley landscape architect
Angela Lansbury actress
James Levine opera conductor, pianist
Tito Puente Latin percussionist, musician
Jason Robards actor
Edward Villella dancer, choreographer
Doc Watson bluegrass guitarist, vocalist
MacDowell Colony artist colony
1998 Jacques d'Amboise dancer, choreographer, educator
Antoine "Fats" Domino rock 'n' roll pianist, singer
Ramblin' Jack Elliott folk singer, songwriter
Frank Gehry architect
Barbara Handman arts advocate
Agnes Martin visual artist
Gregory Peck actor, producer
Roberta Peters opera singer
Philip Roth writer
Sara Lee Corporation corporate arts patron
Steppenwolf Theatre Company arts organization
Gwen Verdon actress, dancer
1999 Irene Diamond arts patron
Aretha Franklin singer
Michael Graves architect, designer
Odetta singer, music historian
The Juilliard School performing arts school
Norman Lear producer, writer, director, advocate
Rosetta LeNoire actress, producer
Harvey Lichtenstein arts administrator
Lydia Mendoza singer
George Segal sculptor
Maria Tallchief ballerina
2000 Maya Angelou poet, writer
Eddy Arnold country singer
Mikhail Baryshnikov dancer & director
Benny Carter jazz musician
Chuck Close painter
Horton Foote playwright, screenwriter
Lewis Manilow arts patron
National Public Radio, cultural programming division broadcaster
Claes Oldenburg sculptor
Itzhak Perlman violinist
Harold Prince theater director, producer
Barbra Streisand actress, singer & director
2001 Alvin Ailey Dance Foundation modern dance company and school
Rudolfo Anaya writer
Johnny Cash singer & songwriter
Kirk Douglas actor
Helen Frankenthaler painter
Judith Jamison artistic director, choreographer, dancer
Yo-Yo Ma cellist
Mike Nichols director, producer
2002 Florence Knoll Bassett architect
Trisha Brown artistic director, choreographer, dancer
Philippe de Montebello museum director
Uta Hagen actress, drama teacher
Lawrence Halprin landscape architect
Al Hirschfeld artist, illustrator
George Jones singer
Ming Cho Lee theater designer
William "Smokey" Robinson songwriter, musician
2003 Austin City Limits PBS television program
Beverly Cleary writer
Rafe Esquith arts educator
Suzanne Farrell dancer, choreographer, company director, educator
Buddy Guy blues musician
Ron Howard actor, director & producer
Mormon Tabernacle Choir choral group
Leonard Slatkin symphony orchestra conductor
George Strait country singer, songwriter
Tommy Tune dancer, actor, choreographer, director
2004 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation philanthropic foundation
Ray Bradbury author
Carlisle Floyd opera composer
Frederick Hart sculptor (posthumous)
Anthony Hecht poet
John Ruthven wildlife artist
Vincent Scully architectural historian & educator
Twyla Tharp contemporary dance choreographer
2005 Louis Auchincloss author
James DePreist symphony orchestra conductor
Paquito D'Rivera jazz musician
Robert Duvall actor
Leonard Garment arts advocate
Ollie Johnston pioneering film animator & artist
Wynton Marsalis jazz musician & educator
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts arts education
Tina Ramirez dancer & choreographer
Dolly Parton singer & songwriter
2006 William Bolcom composer
Cyd Charisse actress & dancer
Roy DeCarava photographer
Wilhelmina Holladay arts patron
Interlochen Center for the Arts summer arts camp and winter arts focused boarding high school
Erich Kunzel conductor
Preservation Hall Jazz Band jazz ensemble
Gregory Rabassa literary translator
Viktor Schreckengost industrial designer/sculptor
Ralph Stanley bluegrass musician
2007 Morten Lauridsen composer
N. Scott Momaday author
Craig Noel director
Roy Neuberger arts patron
Les Paul electric guitar pioneer
Henry Z. Steinway arts patron
George Tooker painter
Lionel Hampton Jazz Festival (University of Idaho) music festival
Andrew Wyeth painter
2008 Stan Lee writer, editor, and creator of many comic books
Richard M. Sherman songwriter
Robert B. Sherman songwriter
Olivia de Havilland actress
Hank Jones jazz pianist
Jesús Moroles sculptor
Ford's Theatre Society historic theatre organization
Fisk Jubilee Singers, (Fisk University) African American choral group
José Limón Dance Foundation dance troupe
The Presser Foundation music philanthropy organization
2009 Bob Dylan singer &songwriter
Clint Eastwood actor & director
Milton Glaser graphic designer
Maya Lin artist & architect
Rita Moreno actress
Jessye Norman soprano
Joseph P. Riley, Jr. mayor
Frank Stella artist
Michael Tilson Thomas conductor
John Williams composer, conductor & pianist
Oberlin Conservatory of Music
School of American Ballet
2010 Robert Brustein theater director & producer
Van Cliburn classical pianist
Mark di Suvero sculptor
Donald Hall poet
Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival
Quincy Jones composer & music producer
Harper Lee novelist
Sonny Rollins jazz musician
Meryl Streep actress
James Taylor singer & songwriter
2011 Will Barnet artist
Rita Dove poet
Al Pacino actor
Emily Rauh Pulitzer arts patron
Martin Puryear sculptor
Mel Tillis singer & songwriter
United Service Organization (USO) provides programs and entertainment to the U.S. military and their families
André Watts classical pianist
2012 Herb Alpert musician
Lin Arison arts education advocate
Joan Myers Brown dancer, choreographer and artistic director
Renée Fleming opera singer
Ernest Gaines author & teacher
Ellsworth Kelly artist
Tony Kushner playwright
George Lucas film director
Elaine May actress & director
Laurie Olin landscape architect
Allen Toussaint composer, producer and performer
Washington Performing Arts Society arts presenter
2013 Julia Alvarez novelist, poet & essayist
Brooklyn Academy of Music presenter
Joan Harris arts patron
Bill T. Jones dancer & choreographer
John Kander musical theater composer
Jeffrey Katzenberg director and CEO of DreamWorks
Maxine Hong Kingston writer
Albert Maysles documentary filmmaker
Linda Ronstadt musician
Billie Tsien & Tod Williams architects
James Turrell visual artist
2014 John Baldessari visual artist
Ping Chong theater director, choreographer, and video and installation artist
Miriam Colón actress
The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation supporting creative expression across the country
Sally Field actress and filmmaker
Ann Hamilton visual artist
Stephen King author
Meredith Monk composer, singer, and performer
George Shirley tenor
University Musical Society presenting the performing arts to communities in Michigan
Tobias Wolff author and educator


Ver também[editar | editar código-fonte]

Referências

  1. «Fact Sheet». National Medal of Arts. Consultado em 11/06/2011. 
  2. «National Medal of Arts». Consultado em 11/06/2011. 
  3. «list of winners». Consultado em 11/06/2011.