Cronologia da descoberta de partículas

Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre.
Ir para: navegação, pesquisa

Esta é a cronologia da descoberta de partículas subatómicas e das partículas que até agora parecem ser partículas elementares. Ela também inclui a descoberta de partículas compostas e antipartículas que tiveram uma particular importância histórica.

Referência Geral



  1. W.C. Röntgen (1895). «Über ein neue Art von Strahlen. Vorlaufige Mitteilung». Sitzber. Physik. Med. Ges. 137: 1  as translated in A. Stanton (1896). «On a New Kind of Rays». Nature. 53: 274. doi:10.1038/053274b0 
  2. J.J. Thomson (1897). «Cathode Rays». Philosophical Magazine. 44: 293 
  3. E. Rutherford (1899). «Uranium Radiation and the Electrical Conduction Produced by it». Philosophical Magazine. 47: 109 
  4. P. Villard (1900). «Sur la Réflexion et la Réfraction des Rayons Cathodiques et des Rayons Déviables du Radium». Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences. 130: 1010 
  5. E. Rutherford (1911). «The Scattering of α- and β- Particles by Matter and the Structure of the Atom». Philosophical Magazine. 21: 669 
  6. E. Rutherford (1919). «Collision of α Particles with Light Atoms IV. An Anomalous Effect in Nitrogen». Philosophical Magazine. 37: 581 
  7. J. Chadwick (1932). «Possible Existence of a Neutron». Nature. 129: 312. doi:10.1038/129312a0 
  8. E. Rutherford (1920). «Nuclear Constitution of Atoms». Proceedings of the Royal Society A. 97: 324 
  9. C.D. Anderson (1932). «The Apparent Existence of Easily Deflectable Positives». Science. 76 (1967): 238. doi:10.1126/science.76.1967.238 
  10. S.H. Neddermeyer, C.D. Anderson (1937). «Note on the nature of Cosmic-Ray Particles». Physical Review. 51: 884. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.51.884 
  11. M. Conversi, E. Pancini, O. Piccioni (1947). «On the Disintegration of Negative Muons». Physical Review. 71: 209. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.71.209 
  12. C.D. Anderson (1935). «On the Interaction of Elementary Particles». Proceedings of the Physico-Mathematical Society of Japan. 17: 48 
  13. G.D. Rochester, C.C. Butler (1947). «Evidence for the Existence of New Unstable Elementary Particles». Nature. 160: 855. doi:10.1038/160855a0 
  14. O. Chamberlain, E. Segrè, C. Wiegand, T. Ypsilantis (1955). «Observation of Antiprotons». Physical Review. 100: 947. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.100.947 
  15. F. Reines, C.L. Cowan (1956). «The Neutrino». Nature. 178: 446. doi:10.1038/178446a0 
  16. G. Danby; et al. (1962). «Observation of High-Energy Neutrino Reactions and the Existence of Two Kinds of Neutrinos». Physical Review Letters. 9: 36. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.9.36 
  17. E.D. Bloom; et al. (1969). «High-Energy Inelastic ep Scattering at 6° and 10°». Physical Review Letters. 23: 930. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.23.930 
  18. M. Breidenbach; et al. (1969). «Observed Behavior of Highly Inelastic Electron-Proton Scattering». Physical Review Letters. 23: 935. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.23.935 
  19. J.J. Aubert; et al. (1974). «Experimental Observation of a Heavy Particle J». Physical Review Letters. 33: 1404. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.1404 
  20. J.-E. Augustin; et al. (1974). «Discovery of a Narrow Resonance in e+e Annihilation». Physical Review Letters. 33: 1406. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.33.1406 
  21. B.J. Bjørken, S.L. Glashow (1964). «Elementary Particles and SU(4)». Physics Letters. 11: 255. doi:10.1016/0031-9163(64)90433-0 
  22. M.L. Perl; et al. (1975). «Evidence for Anomalous Lepton Production in e+e Annihilation». Physical Review Letters. 35: 1489. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.35.1489 
  23. S.W. Herb; et al. (1977). «Observation of a Dimuon Resonance at 9.5 GeV in 400-GeV Proton-Nucleus Collisions». Physical Review Letters. 39: 252. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.39.252 
  24. D.P. Barber; et al. (1979). «Discovery of Three-Jet Events and a Test of Quantum Chromodynamics at PETRA». Physical Review Letters. 43: 830. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.43.830 
  25. J.J. Aubert et al. (European Muon Collaboration) (1983). «The ratio of the nucleon structure functions F2N for iron and deuterium». Physics Letters B. 123: 275. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(83)90437-9 
  26. G. Arnison et al. (UA1 collaboration) (1983). «Experimental observation of lepton pairs of invariant mass around 95 GeV/c2 at the CERN SPS collider». Physics Letters B. 126: 398. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(83)90188-0 
  27. F. Abe et al. (CDF collaboration) (1995). «Observation of Top quark production in Predefinição:Overline–p Collisions with the Collider Detector at Fermilab». Physical Review Letters. 74: 2626. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2626 
  28. S. Arabuchi et al. (D0 collaboration) (1995). «Observation of the Top Quark». Physical Review Letters. 74: 2632. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.74.2632 
  29. G. Baur; et al. (1996). «Production of Antihydrogen». Physics Letters B. 368: 251–258. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(96)00005-6 
  30. «Physicists Find First Direct Evidence for Tau Neutrino at Fermilab» (Nota de imprensa). Fermilab. 20 July 2000. Consultado em 20 de março de 2010  Verifique data em: |date= (ajuda)
  31. V.V. Ezhela; et al. (1996). Particle Physics: One Hundred Years of Discoveries: An Annotated Chronological Bibliography. Springer–Verlag. ISBN 1-56396-642-5