Prêmio Wolf de Matemática

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O Prêmio Wolf de Matemática é concedido quase anualmente[1] pela Fundação Wolf em Israel. É um dos seis Prêmios Wolf estabelecidos pela fundação e concedido desde 1978; os outros são em Agronomia, Artes, Física, Medicina e Química. Até o estabelecimento do Prêmio Abel, foi provavelmente o mais próximo equivalente a um "Nobel de Matemática", pois a mais prestigiosa Medalha Fields é concedida somente a cada quatro anos a matemáticos com menos de 40 anos de idade.

Laureados[editar | editar código-fonte]

Ano Nome Nacionalidade Citação
1978 Israel Gelfand  União Soviética pelo seu trabalho em análise funcional, representação de grupos, e por suas iniciativas que contribuíram para muitas áreas da matemática e suas aplicações.
Carl Ludwig Siegel  Alemanha por suas contribuições em teoria dos números, teoria das variáveis complexas múltiplas e mecânica celeste.
1979 Jean Leray  França por seu trabalho pioneiro no desenvolvimento e aplicações de métodos topológicos para o estudo de equações diferenciais.
André Weil  França por sua introdução inspirada em métodos da geometria algébrica para a teoria dos números.
1980 Henri Cartan  França pelo trabalho pioneiro em topologia algébrica, variáveis complexas, álgebra homológica e por ser um líder inspirador de uma geração de matemáticos.
Andrei Kolmogorov  União Soviética por suas descobertas profundas e originais em análise de Fourier, teoria da probabilidade, teoria ergódica e sistemas dinâmicos.
1981 Lars Valerian Ahlfors  Finlândia por descobertas seminais e a criação de novos métodos poderosos em teoria das funções geométricas.
Oscar Zariski  Bielorrússia
 Estados Unidos
criador da abordagem moderna da geometria algébrica, por sua fusão com álgebra comutativa.
1982 Hassler Whitney  Estados Unidos por sua obra fundamental em topologia algébrica, geometria diferencial e topologia diferencial.
Mark Krein  União Soviética por suas contribuições fundamentais à análise funcional e suas aplicações.
1983/4 Shiing-Shen Chern  Estados Unidos por contribuições de destaque à geometria diferencial global, que influenciaram profundamente toda a matemática.
Paul Erdős  Hungria por suas numerosas contribuições à teoria dos números, combinatória, probabilidade, teoria dos conjuntos e análise matemática, e por pessoalmente estimular matemáticos de todo o mundo.
1984/5 Kunihiko Kodaira  Japão for his outstanding contributions to the study of complex manifolds and algebraic varieties.
Hans Lewy  Alemanha
 Estados Unidos
for initiating many, now classic and essential, developments in partial differential equations.
1986 Samuel Eilenberg  Polónia,
 Estados Unidos
for his fundamental work in algebraic topology and homological algebra.
Atle Selberg  Noruega for his profound and original work on number theory and on discrete groups and automorphic forms.
1987 Kiyoshi Ito  Japão for his fundamental contributions to pure and applied probability theory, especially the creation of the stochastic differential and integral calculus.
Peter Lax  Hungria
 Estados Unidos
for his outstanding contributions to many areas of analysis and applied mathematics.
1988 Friedrich Hirzebruch  Alemanha for outstanding work combining topology, algebraic geometry and differential geometry, and algebraic number theory; and for his stimulation of mathematical cooperation and research.
Lars Hörmander  Suécia for fundamental work in modern analysis, in particular, the application of pseudo-differential operators and Fourier integral operators to linear partial differential equations.
1989 Alberto Calderón  Argentina for his groundbreaking work on singular integral operators and their application to important problems in partial differential equations.
John Milnor  Estados Unidos for ingenious and highly original discoveries in geometry, which have opened important new vistas in topology from the algebraic, combinatorial, and differentiable viewpoint.
1990 Ennio de Giorgi  Itália for his innovating ideas and fundamental achievements in partial differential equations and calculus of variations.
Ilja Pjatetskij-Shapiro  União Soviética
 Israel
 Estados Unidos
for his fundamental contributions in the fields of homogeneous complex domains, discrete groups, representation theory and automorphic forms.
1991 No award
1992 Lennart Carleson  Suécia for his fundamental contributions to Fourier analysis, complex analysis, quasi-conformal mappings and dynamical systems.
John Griggs Thompson  Estados Unidos for his profound contributions to all aspects of finite group theory and connections with other branches of mathematics.
1993 Mikhael Gromov  Rússia
 França
for his revolutionary contributions to global Riemannian and symplectic geometry, algebraic topology, geometric group theory and the theory of partial differential equations;
Jacques Tits  Bélgica
 França
for his pioneering and fundamental contributions to the theory of the structure of algebraic and other classes of groups and in particular for the theory of buildings.
1994/5 Jürgen Moser  Alemanha
 Estados Unidos
for his fundamental work on stability in Hamiltonian mechanics and his profound and influential contributions to nonlinear differential equations.
1995/6 Robert Langlands  Canadá for his path-blazing work and extraordinary insight in the fields of number theory, automorphic forms and group representation.
Andrew Wiles  Reino Unido for spectacular contributions to number theory and related fields, major advances on fundamental conjectures, and for settling Fermat's last theorem.
1996/7 Joseph Keller  Estados Unidos for his profound and innovative contributions, in particular to electromagnetic, optical, and acoustic wave propagation and to fluid, solid, quantum and statistical mechanics.
Yakov G. Sinai  União Soviética
 Rússia
 Estados Unidos
for his fundamental contributions to mathematically rigorous methods in statistical mechanics and the ergodic theory of dynamical systems and their applications in physics.
1998 No award
1999 László Lovász  Hungria
 Estados Unidos
for his outstanding contributions to combinatorics, theoretical computer science and combinatorial optimization.
Elias Stein  Estados Unidos for his contributions to classical and Euclidean Fourier analysis and for his exceptional impact on a new generation of analysts through his eloquent teaching and writing.
2000 Raoul Bott  Hungria
 Estados Unidos
for his deep discoveries in topology and differential geometry and their applications to Lie groups, differential operators and mathematical physics.
Jean-Pierre Serre  França for his many fundamental contributions to topology, algebraic geometry, algebra, and number theory and for his inspirational lectures and writing.
2001 Vladimir Arnold  União Soviética
 Rússia
for his deep and influential work in a multitude of areas of mathematics, including dynamical systems, differential equations, and singularity theory.
Saharon Shelah  Israel for his many fundamental contributions to mathematical logic and set theory, and their applications within other parts of mathematics.
2002/3 Mikio Satō  Japão for his creation of algebraic analysis, including hyperfunction theory and microfunction theory, holonomic quantum field theory, and a unified theory of soliton equations.
John Tate  Estados Unidos for his creation of fundamental concepts in algebraic number theory.
2004 No award
2005 Grigory Margulis  União Soviética
 Rússia
for his monumental contributions to algebra, in particular to the theory of lattices in semi-simple Lie groups, and striking applications of this to ergodic theory, representation theory, number theory, combinatorics, and measure theory.
Sergei Novikov  União Soviética
 Rússia
for his fundamental and pioneering contributions to algebraic and differential topology, and to mathematical physics, notably the introduction of algebraic-geometric methods.
2006/7 Stephen Smale  Estados Unidos for his groundbreaking contributions that have played a fundamental role in shaping differential topology, dynamical systems, mathematical economics, and other subjects in mathematics.
Hillel Fürstenberg  Estados Unidos
 Israel
for his profound contributions to ergodic theory, probability, topological dynamics, analysis on symmetric spaces and homogeneous flows.
2008 Pierre Deligne  Bélgica for his work on mixed Hodge theory; the Weil conjectures; the Riemann-Hilbert correspondence; and for his contributions to arithmetic.
Phillip Griffiths  Estados Unidos for his work on variations of Hodge structures; the theory of periods of abelian integrals; and for his contributions to complex differential geometry.
David Mumford  Estados Unidos for his work on algebraic surfaces; on geometric invariant theory; and for laying the foundations of the modern algebraic theory of moduli of curves and theta functions.
2009 No award
2010 Shing-Tung Yau  Estados Unidos
(Chinese American[2])
for his work in geometric analysis that has had a profound and dramatic impact on many areas of geometry and physics.
Dennis Sullivan  Estados Unidos for his innovative contributions to algebraic topology and conformal dynamics.
2011 No award
2012 Michael Aschbacher  Estados Unidos for his work on the theory of finite groups.
Luis Caffarelli  Argentina
 Estados Unidos
for his work on partial differential equations.
2013 George Mostow  Estados Unidos for his fundamental and pioneering contribution to geometry and Lie group theory.
Michael Artin  Estados Unidos for his fundamental contributions to algebraic geometry. His mathematical accomplishments are astonishing for their depth and their scope.
2014 Peter Sarnak África do Sul
 Estados Unidos
por suas profundas contribuições em análise, teoria dos números, geometria e combinatória.
2015 James Arthur  Canadá
2016 No award
2017 Richard Schoen  Estados Unidos for his contributions to geometric analysis and the understanding of the interconnectedness of partial differential equations and differential geometry.
Charles Fefferman  Estados Unidos for his contributions in a number of mathematical areas including complex multivariate analysis, partial differential equations and sub-elliptical problems.

Referências

  1. The Wolf Foundation website describes the prize as annual; however, some prizes are split across years, while in some years no prize is awarded.
  2. The People's Republic of China does not recognize dual nationality.

Ligações externas[editar | editar código-fonte]