Medalha Davy

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A Medalha Davy é uma medalha de bronze concedida anualmente pela Real Sociedade de Londres, desde 1877, para premiar “descobertas recentes em qualquer ramo da química”. A medalha é acompanhada por um prémio monetário de mil libras.[1]

O prémio foi instituído em homenagem a Humphry Davy (1778 - 1829), o inventor da lanterna Davy, que permitia o uso de uma luz produzida por uma chama em minas de carvão com gases inflamáveis, e descobridor de vários elementos químicos. [2]

Ano Laureado Citação Referência
1877 Bunsen, RobertRobert Bunsen e , Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff "For their researches & discoveries in spectrum analysis" [3]
1878 Cailletet, Louis PaulLouis Paul Cailletet e , Raoul PictetRaoul Pictet "For their researches, conducted independently, but contemporaneously, on the condensation of the so-called permanent gases" [4]
1879 Boisbaudran, Paul-Émile Lecoq dePaul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran "For his discovery of gallium" [5]
1880 Friedel, CharlesCharles Friedel "For his researches on the organic compounds of silicon, and other investigations" [6]
1881 Baeyer, Adolf vonAdolf von Baeyer "For his synthesis of indigo" [7]
1882 Mendeleev, DmitriDmitri Mendeleev e , Lothar MeyerLothar Meyer "For their discovery of the periodic relations of the atomic weights" [8]
1883 Berthelot, MarcellinMarcellin Berthelot e , Julius ThomsenJulius Thomsen "For their researches in thermo-chemistry" [9]
1884 Kolbe, Adolph Wilhelm HermannAdolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe "For his researches in the isomerism of alcohols" [10]
1885 Stas, Jean ServaisJean Servais Stas "For his researches on the atomic weights" [11]
1886 Marignac, Jean Charles Galissard deJean Charles Galissard de Marignac "For his researches on atomic weights" [12]
1887 Newlands, John Alexander ReinaJohn Alexander Reina Newlands "For his discovery of the periodic law of the chemical elements" [13] [14]
1888 Crookes, Sir WilliamSir William Crookes "For his investigations on the behaviour of substances under the influences of the electric discharge in a high vacuum" [15]
1889 Perkin, WilliamWilliam Perkin "For his researches on magnetic rotation in relation to chemical constitution" [16]
1890 Fischer, EmilEmil Fischer "For his discoveries in organic chemistry and especially for his researches on the carbo-hydrates" [17]
1891 Meyer, VictorVictor Meyer "For his researches on the determination of vapour densities at high temperatures" [13]
1892 Raoult, Francois MarieFrancois Marie Raoult "For his researches on the freezing points of solutions, and on the vapour pressures of solutions" [18]
1893 Hoff, Jacobus Henricus van 'tJacobus Henricus van 't Hoff e Bel, Joseph LeJoseph Le Bel "In recognition of their introduction of the theory of asymmetric carbon, and its use in explaining the constitution of optically active carbon compounds" [19]
1894 Cleve, Per TheodorPer Theodor Cleve "For his researches on the chemistry of the rare earths" [20]
1895 Ramsay, Sir WilliamSir William Ramsay "For his share in the discovery of argon, and for his discoveries regarding gaseous constituents of terrestrial minerals" [21]
1896 Moissan, HenriHenri Moissan "For the isolation of fluorine, and the use of the electric furnace in the preparation of refractory metals and their compounds" [22]
1897 Gladstone, John HallJohn Hall Gladstone "For his numerous contributions to chemical science, and especially for his important work in the application of optical methods to chemistry" [23]
1898 Wislicenus, JohannesJohannes Wislicenus "For his contributions to organic chemistry especially in the domain of stereochemical isomerism" [24]
1899 Schunck, EdwardEdward Schunck "For his researches on madder, indigo, and chlorophyll" [25]
1900 Koerner, GuglielmoGuglielmo Koerner "For his brilliant investigations on the position theory of the aromatic compounds" [26]
1901 Living, George DowningGeorge Downing Living "For his contributions to spectroscopy" [27]
1902 Arrhenius, SvanteSvante Arrhenius "For the application of the theory of dissociation to the explanation of chemical change" [28]
1903 Curie, PierrePierre Curie e , Marie CurieMarie Curie "For their researches on radium" [29]
1904 Perkin, Jr., William HenryWilliam Henry Perkin, Jr. "For his notable discoveries in organic chemistry" [16]
1905 Ladenburg, AlbertAlbert Ladenburg "For his researches in organic chemistry, especially in connection with the synthesis of natural alkaloids" [30]
1906 Rudolph Fittig, WilhelmWilhelm Rudolph Fittig "For his investigations in chemistry especially his work on lactones and acids" [31]
1907 Morley, EdwardEdward Morley "On the ground of his contributions to physics and chemistry, and especially for his determinations of the relative atomic weights of hydrogen & oxygen" [32]
1908 Tilden, William AugustusWilliam Augustus Tilden "On the ground of his discoveries in chemistry, especially on the terpenes and on atomic heats" [33]
1909 Dewar, JamesJames Dewar "On the ground of his researches at low temperatures" [34]
1910 Richards, Theodore W.Theodore W. Richards "On the ground of his researches on the detrmination [sic] of atomic weights" [35]
1911 Armstrong, Henry EdwardHenry Edward Armstrong "On the ground of his researches in organic and general chemistry" [16]
1912 Wallach, OttoOtto Wallach "On the ground of his researches on the chemistry of the essential oils, and the cyclo-olefines" [36]
1913 Meldola, RaphaelRaphael Meldola "On the ground of work in synthetic chemistry" [16]
1914 Pope, William JacksonWilliam Jackson Pope "On the ground of his important contributions to structural & organic chemistry" [37]
1915 Sabatier, PaulPaul Sabatier "For his researches on contact action, and the application of finely divided metals as catalytic agents" [38]
1916 Le Chatelier, Henry LouisHenry Louis Le Chatelier "On the ground of his eminence as a chemist" [39]
1917 Haller, AlbinAlbin Haller "On the ground of his important researches in the domain of organic chemistry" [40]
1918 Kipping, F. StanleyF. Stanley Kipping "On the ground of his studies in the camphor group and among the organic derivatives of nitrogen and silicon" [41]
1919 Frankland, Percy F.Percy F. Frankland "On the ground of his distinguished work in chemistry, especially that on optical activity, and on fermentation" [42]
1920 Heycock, Charles T.Charles T. Heycock "On the ground of his work in physical chemistry and more especially on the composition & constitution of alloys" [43] [44]
1921 Guye, Philippe A.Philippe A. Guye "For his researches in physical chemistry" [45]
1922 Thorpe, Jocelyn FieldJocelyn Field Thorpe "For his researches in synthetic organic chemistry" [46]
1923 Baker, Herbert BreretonHerbert Brereton Baker "For his researches on the complete drying of gases and liquids" [47]
1924 Perkin, Arthur GeorgeArthur George Perkin "For his researches on the structure of natural colouring matters" [16]
1925 Irvine, JamesJames Irvine "For his work on the constitution of the sugars" [48]
1926 Walker, JamesJames Walker "For his work on the theory of ionisation" [49]
1927 Noyes, Arthur AmosArthur Amos Noyes "For his work in physical chemistry, especially on the subject of electrolytic solutions" [50]
1928 Donnan, Frederick GeorgeFrederick George Donnan "For his contributions to physical chemistry and particularly for his theory of membrane equilibrium" [51]
1929 Lewis, Gilbert NewtonGilbert Newton Lewis "For his contributions to classical thermodynamics and the theory of valency" [52]
1930 Robinson, RobertRobert Robinson "For his work on the constitution and synthesis of natural products; also for his contributions to the theory of organic reactions" [53]
1931 Lapworth, ArthurArthur Lapworth "For his researches in organic chemistry, particularly those connected with tautomerism and the mechanism of organic reactions" [54]
1932 Willstätter, RichardRichard Willstätter "For his distinguished researches in organic chemistry" [55]
1933 Hobson Mills, WilliamWilliam Hobson Mills "For his researches in organic chemistry, and for his work on the synthesis and properties of the cyanine dyes, and more especially for his investigation of novel types of asymmetric molecules" [56]
1934 Haworth, NormanNorman Haworth "For his researches on the molecular structure of carbohydrates" [57]
1935 Harden, ArthurArthur Harden "For his distinguished work in biochemistry and especially for his fundamental discoveries in the chemistry of alcoholic fermentation" [58]
1936 Bone, William ArthurWilliam Arthur Bone "For his pioneer work on contact catalysis and his researches on the mechanism of combustion of hydrocarbons and on the nature of flames and on gaseous explosions" [59]
1937 Fischer, HansHans Fischer "In recognition of his work on the chemistry of the porphyrins, particularly his determination of their detailed structure by degradation and his syntheses of porphyrins of biological importance" [60]
1938 Barger, GeorgeGeorge Barger "In recognition of his distinguished researches on alkaloids and other natural products" [61]
1939 McBain, James WilliamJames William McBain "For having opened up the study of colloidal electrolytes, provided the elements of the guiding theory, and developed the subject" [62]
1940 Urey, Harold ClaytonHarold Clayton Urey "For his isolation of deuterium, the heavy hydrogen isotope, and for his work on this and other isotopes in following the detailed course of chemical reactions" [63]
1941 Dakin, Henry DrysdaleHenry Drysdale Dakin "For having opened up the study of colloidal electrolytes, provided the elements of the guiding theory, and developed the subject" [64]
1942 Hinshelwood, Sir CyrilSir Cyril Hinshelwood "For his isolation of deuterium, the heavy hydrogen isotope, and for his work on this and other isotopes in following the detailed course of chemical reactions" [65]
1943 Heilbron, IanIan Heilbron "In recognition of his many notable contributions to organic chemistry, especially to the chemistry of natural products of physiological importance" [66]
1944 Robertson, RobertRobert Robertson "In recognition of his researches on explosives, analytical methods, the internal structure of diamond, and infra-red absorption spectra" [67]
1945 Adams, RobertRobert Adams "In recognition of his extensive researches in the field of organic chemistry and of his recent work in the alkaloid field" [68]
1946 Ingold, Christopher KelkChristopher Kelk Ingold "In recognition of his distinguished work in applying physical methods to problems in organic chemistry" [69]
1947 Pauling, LinusLinus Pauling "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the theory of valency and for theor [sic] application to systems of biological importance" [70]
1948 Hirst, Edmund LangleyEdmund Langley Hirst "In recognition of his outstanding work in the determination of the structure of sugars, starches, plant gums and especially of vitamin C" [71]
1949 Todd, Alexander R.Alexander R. Todd "For his structural synthetic studies and achievements in organic and bio-chemistry, with special reference to vitamins B1 and E and the naturally occurring nucleosides" [72]
1950 Simonsen, JohnJohn Simonsen "For his distinguished researches on the constitution of natural products, especially the plant hydro-carbons and their derivatives" [73]
1951 Rideal, EricEric Rideal "For his distinguished contributions to the subject of surface chemistry" [74]
1952 Robertson, AlexanderAlexander Robertson "In recognition of his researches into the chemistry of natural products, particularly the wide range of glycosides, bitter principles and colouring matters containing heterocyclic oxygen atoms" [75]
1953 Lennard-Jones, JohnJohn Lennard-Jones "For his distinguished work on the applications of quantum mechanics to the theory of valency and to the analysis of the intimate structure of decimal compounds" [76]
1954 Cook, James WilfredJames Wilfred Cook "For his distinguished fundamental investigations in organic chemistry" [77]
1955 Melville, Harry WorkHarry Work Melville "In recognition of his distinguished work in physical chemistry and in polymer reactions" [78]
1956 Haworth, Robert DownsRobert Downs Haworth "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the chemistry of natural products particularly those containing heterocyclic systems" [79]
1957 Lonsdale, KathleenKathleen Lonsdale "In recognition of her distinguished studies in the structure and growth of crystals" [80] [81] [82] [83]
1958 Norrish, RonaldRonald Norrish "In recognition of his distinguished work in chemical kinetics, especially in photochemistry" [84]
1959 Woodward, Robert B.Robert B. Woodward "In recognition of his distinguished researches in organic chemistry and particularly for his contributions to the structure and synthesis of natural products" [85]
1960 Robertson, John MonteathJohn Monteath Robertson "In recognition of his distinguished pioneering work on the analysis of crystal structure, especially of organic compounds" [86]
1961 Barton, DerekDerek Barton "In recognition of his distinguished researches in organic chemistry, particularly on the structure and stereochemistry of natural products of the terpene and steroid series; and the analysis of the conformation of cyclic structures" [87]
1962 Emeleus, Harry JuliusHarry Julius Emeleus "In recognition of his distinguished researches in inorganic chemistry and the discovery and examination of a wide range of new compounds" [88]
1963 Bowen, Edmund JohnEdmund John Bowen "In recognition of his distinguished work on the elucidation of photochemical reactions, and for his study of fluorescence and phosphorescence in relation to the molecular processes concerned" [89]
1964 Calvin, MelvinMelvin Calvin "In recognition of his pioneering work in chemistry and biology, particularly his elucidation of the photosynthetic pathway for the incorporation of carbon dioxide by plants" [90]
1965 Thompson, Harold WarrisHarold Warris Thompson "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to infra-red spectroscopy and its application to chemical problems" [91]
1966 Jones, EwartEwart Jones "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to synthetic organic chemistry and to the elucidation of the structures of natural products" [92]
1967 Prelog, VladimirVladimir Prelog "In recognition of his distinguished work in the development of stereochemical concepts and on the structure of alkaloids and antibiotics" [93]
1968 Cornforth, JohnJohn Cornforth e , George Joseph PopjakGeorge Joseph Popjak "In recognition of their distinguished joint work on the elucidation of the biosynthetic pathway to polyisoprenoids and steroids" [94]
1969 Dainton, Frederick SydneyFrederick Sydney Dainton "In recognition of his distinguished work on the mechanisms of chemical reactions" [95]
1970 Coulson, CharlesCharles Coulson "In recognition of his distinguished work in theoretical chemistry" [96]
1971 Porter, GeorgeGeorge Porter "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to our understanding of chemical reactions" [97]
1972 Birch, Arthur JohnArthur John Birch "In recognition of his distinguished biosynthetic studies of organic natural products and his development of new reagents for reduction processes" [98]
1973 Anderson, John StuartJohn Stuart Anderson "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to chemistry especially on the structural investigation of imperfect surfaces and non-stoichiometric materials" [99]
1974 Baddiley, JamesJames Baddiley "In recognition of his distinguished researches on coenzyme A and studies of the constituents of bacterial cell walls" [100]
1975 Sugden, Theodore MorrisTheodore Morris Sugden "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to physical chemistry including particularly the reactions occurring in flames" [101]
1976 Richards, Rex EdwardRex Edward Richards "In recognition of his outstanding contributions to nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and its application to chemical and biological problems" [102]
1977 Battersby, AlanAlan Battersby "In recognition of his outstanding and internationally recognized contributions to biosynthesis – his meticulous and logical unravelling of the complex pathways by which alkaloids and porphyrins are elaborated in vivo" [103]
1978 Eschenmoser, AlbertAlbert Eschenmoser "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to modern synthetic organic chemistry, well illustrated by his impressive total synthesis of vitamin B12" [104]
1979 Chatt, JosephJoseph Chatt "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to transition metal chemistry and the understanding of catalysis involving ligating molecules such as olefins or dinitrogen" [105]
1980 Johnson, Alan WoodworthAlan Woodworth Johnson "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the chemistry of natural products including vitamin B12 porphyrins, plant germination factors and insect hormones and pheromones" [106]
1981 Raphael, Ralph AlexanderRalph Alexander Raphael "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to organic synthesis and in particular his ingenious applications of acetylenic intermediates" [107]
1982 Dewar, Michael James SteuartMichael James Steuart Dewar "In recognition of his distinguished studies of the mechanisms of a wide range of chemical reactions based on semi-empirical wave mechanical calculations" [108]
1983 Arigoni, DuilioDuilio Arigoni "In recognition of his distinguished creativity in the fields of biosynthesis and bioorganic stereochemistry" [109]
1984 Edwards, SamuelSamuel Edwards "In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the theoretical basis of thermodynamic aspects of polymer chemistry" [110]
1985 Lewis, JackJack Lewis "For his outstanding work on the structure and reactivity of metal cluster compounds, including pioneering work on carbido and hydrido derivatives, and pi-donor organic molecules" [111]
1986 Ogston, Alexander GeorgeAlexander George Ogston "In recognition of his early seminal proposal of the ways enzymes deal asymmetrically with symmetrical substrates and his later quantitative analysis of macromolecule interactions which elucidated polymer exclusion effects" [112]
1987 Jeffreys, Alec JohnAlec John Jeffreys "In recognition of his contributions to the chemistry of human DNA — in particular the discovery and exploitation of hypervariable satellites in the human genome" [113]
1988 Pople, JohnJohn Pople "In recognition of his wide-ranging contributions to theoretical chemistry, especially his development and application of techniques for the computation of molecular wave-functions and properties" [114]
1989 Stone, Francis Gordon AlbertFrancis Gordon Albert Stone "In recognition of his many distinguished contributions to organometallic chemistry, including the discovery that species containing carbon-metal of metal-metal multiple bonds are versatile reagents for synthesis of cluster compounds with bonds between different transition elements" [115]
1990 Ingold, Keith UsherwoodKeith Usherwood Ingold "For pioneering the quantitative study of free radical reactions in solution, in glasses and in living organisms, particularly using electron magnetic resonance" [116]
1991 Knowles, Jeremy R.Jeremy R. Knowles "In recognition of his contributions to mechanistic chemistry integrated with enzymology, particularly the application of chemical methods to solve fundamental biological problems of recognition and catalysis" [117]
1992 Carrington, A.A. Carrington "Distinguished for the determination and characterization of the molecular spectra of transient species" [116]
1993 Baldwin, Jack E.Jack E. Baldwin "Distinguished for his contributions to bio-organic chemistry, in particular to an understanding of the biosynthesis of beta-lactam antibodies" [118]
1994 Thomas, John MeurigJohn Meurig Thomas "For his pioneering studies of solid-state chemistry, and for the major advances he has made in the design of new materials for heterogeneous catalysis" [119]
1995 Green, MalcolmMalcolm Green "In recognition of his contribution to organometallic chemistry with particular application to catalytic reactions"
1996 Wilkinson, GeoffreyGeoffrey Wilkinson "In recognition of his contribution to organotransition metal chemistry and the development of homogeneous catalysis and his work on hydroformylation" [120]
1997 Lehn, Jean-MarieJean-Marie Lehn "In recognition of his work on supramolecular chemistry, on self-assembling molecules and on chemical devices"
1998 Fersht, AlanAlan Fersht "In recognition for his pioneering work on the analysis of proteins by combining the methods and ideas of physical-organic chemistry with those of protein engineering thus illuminating such processes as enzymatic catalysis, protein folding, protein-protein interactions and those macromolecule interactions in general that are dominated by the chemistry of the noncovalent bond" [121]
1999 Chisholm, Malcolm HaroldMalcolm Harold Chisholm "In recognition of his leading work in inorganic chemistry, particularly his major impact on the chemistry of transition metals and his pioneering research on the unique triply metal-metal bonded dimolybdenum and ditungsten dialkylamides, alkoxides and alkyls, and for the use of these compounds in further important syntheses" [122]
2000 Ley, StevenSteven Ley "In recognition of his invention of new synthetic methods applied to the synthesis of complex natural products including those from insects, micro-organisms and plants. Among his most outstanding successes have been the synthesis of avermectin B1a, tetronasin, the milbemycins and indanomycin as well as his important development of short, practical syntheses of oligosaccharides" [123]
2001 Scott, Alastair IanAlastair Ian Scott "For his pioneering contributions to the understanding of biosynthetic pathways, and in particular for his work on vitamin B12. He is a world leader in his area and the impact of his discoveries are likely to have a significant effect on the way natural product chemistry progresses into the future"
2002 Bartlett, NeilNeil Bartlett "For his research exploring the highest oxidation limits of the less oxidizable elements, primarily using elemental flourine. [sic] He has exposed the new chemistry of the noble gases and new procedures for attaining high oxidation state limits across the elements of the periodic table" [124]
2003 Parsons, RogerRoger Parsons "For his distinguished career in electochemistry. [sic] He developed the method of preparing, for the first time, clean and well-defined metal surfaces and putting them into contact with the electrolyte without contamination" [125]
2004 Oka, TakeshiTakeshi Oka "For his many and varied contributions to molecular spectroscopy and its applications, particularly to astronomy" [126]
2005 Dobson, ChrisChris Dobson "For his work on the application of NMR and other structural methods for studying protein folding and misfolding, especially the formation of amyloid fibrils, leading to novel insights on protein structure and folding" [127]
2006 Pope, MartinMartin Pope "For his pioneering work in the field of molecular semiconductors which has now become a large and important area of semiconductor science and technology" [128]
2007 Simons, JohnJohn Simons "For his many innovative experimental contributions to a broad area of chemical physics, including molecular reaction dynamics, molecular spectroscopy and most recently, biophysical chemistry"
2008 Stoddart, James FraserJames Fraser Stoddart "For his contributions in molecular technology"
2009 Sanders, JeremyJeremy Sanders "For his pioneering contributions to several fields, most recently to the field of dynamic combinatorial chemistry at the forefront of supramolecular chemistry" -
2010 Carol Robinson "For her ground-breaking and novel use of mass spectrometry for the characterisation of large protein complexes." [129]
2011 Ahmed Zewail "For his seminal contributions to the study of ultrafast reactions and the understanding of transition states in chemistry, and to dynamic electron microscopy." [130]
2012 Fraser Armstrong "For his pioneering protein film electrochemistry allowing exquisite thermodynamic and kinetic control of redox enzymes, exemplified by hydrogenases, key in energy technology." [131]
2013 Graham Hutchings "for the discovery of catalysis by gold and for his seminal contributions to this new field of chemistry" [132]

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