Saltar para o conteúdo

Estação Ferroviária do Pragal

Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre.
Pragal
Estação Ferroviária do Pragal
vista das plataformas
Identificação: 17087 PRG (Pragal)[1]
Denominação: Estação Satélite de Pragal
Administração: Infraestruturas de Portugal (sul)[2]
Classificação: ES (estação satélite)[1]
Linha(s): Linha do Sul (PK 7+300)
Altitude: 56 m (a.n.m)
Coordenadas: 38°39′57.7″N × 9°10′47.42″W

(=+38.66603;−9.17984)

Mapa

(mais mapas: 38° 39′ 57,7″ N, 9° 10′ 47,42″ O; IGeoE)
Município: border link=AlmadaAlmada
Serviços:
Estação anterior Comboios de Portugal Comboios de Portugal Estação seguinte
Pinhal Novo
Faro
  IC
Sul
  Sete Rios
Lisboa Oriente
Pinhal Novo
Évora
  IC
Évora
 
Fertagus Fertagus
Corroios
Coina
  1   Campolide
Roma-Areeiro
Corroios
Setúbal
  2  

Coroa: Navegante
Conexões:
Ligação a autocarros
Ligação a autocarros
3007 3009 3012 3014 3017 3022 3024 3027 3504 3507 3524 3601 3708
Ligação ao metro
Ligação ao metro
2 3
Serviço de táxis
Serviço de táxis
ALM
Equipamentos: Bilheteiras e/ou máquinas de venda de bilhetes Lavabos Caixas Multibanco Bar ou cafetaria Zona Comercial Lavabos adaptados Parque de estacionamento Elevadores Acesso para pessoas de mobilidade reduzida Informações - Gabinete de Apoio ao Cliente Restaurante Posto de perdidos e achados Acesso à Internet Sala de espera Escadas rolantes Telefones públicos Caixas de correio Estacionamento para bicicletas
Inauguração: 30 de julho de 1999 (há 24 anos)
Website:
Painel de azulejos polícromos.

A Estação Ferroviária do Pragal é uma interface da Linha do Sul, que serve a localidade do Pragal, no Município de Almada, em Portugal.

Metro Transportes do Sul
 
Unknown route-map component "dKBHFa-L lime" Unknown route-map component "dKBHFa-R cerulean"
 Cacilhas Terminal Rodoviário
Universidade 
Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "KBHFa lime" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L lime" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 25 de Abril
Monte de Caparica 
Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "BHF lime" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L lime" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 Gil Vicente
Fomega 
Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "BHF lime" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L lime" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 S. J. Batista
Boa Esperança 
Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "BHF lime" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L lime" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 Almada
Terminal Rodoviário Pragal 
Unknown route-map component "dKBHFa-L carrot" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R lime" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L lime" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 B. Gonçalves
Ramalha 
Unknown route-map component "v-STRlg lime" + Unknown route-map component "vSTRlf- carrot"
Unknown route-map component "mvBHFq_carrot+lime"
Unknown route-map component "vSTRrg- lime" + Unknown route-map component "v-STR cerulean" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR+rf- carrot"
 
 
Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L carrot" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 Cv. Piedade
 
Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L carrot" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 Pq. Paz
Legenda: 
Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L carrot" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 Ant.º Gedeão
Linha 1 
Unknown route-map component "BHFq cerulean" + Unknown route-map component "num1m"
Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L carrot" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 Laranjeiro
Linha 2 
Unknown route-map component "BHFq carrot" + Unknown route-map component "num2m"
Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L carrot" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 Santo Amaro
Linha 3 
Unknown route-map component "BHFq lime" + Unknown route-map component "num3m"
Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L carrot" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R cerulean"
 Casa do Povo
 
Unknown route-map component "dKBHFe-L carrot" Unknown route-map component "dKBHFe-R cerulean"
 Corroios Terminal Rodoviário
[]      fonte: diagrama oficial

Localização e acessos

[editar | editar código-fonte]

Esta interface desenvolve-se transversalmente às avenidas Jorge Peixinho, José Cardoso Pires, e Torrado da Silva, na localidade de Pragal.[3][4]

Esta interface é servida por duas das três linhas de Metro, sendo terminal de uma delas, com conexões a Cacilhas, a Corroios, e ao Monte da Caparica.[carece de fontes?] Além disso, a Carris Metropolitana opera, desde 2022, 17 carreiras de autocarro, ligando a estação a vários destinos na Península de Setúbal: Na Avenida José Cardoso Pires, situa-se o terminal rodoviário da estação, sendo usado pelas carreiras que terminam na estação; já na Avenida Torrado Silva, situa-se o terminal de transbordo da estação, sendo usado pelas carreiras que passam pela estação.[carece de fontes?]

Automotora Fertagus na estação do Pragal.

Infraestrutura

[editar | editar código-fonte]

Esta interface apresenta quatro vias de circulação, numeradas de I a IV, com comprimentos entre 323 e 460 m e acessíveis por plataformas com comprimentos entre 226 e 306 m de comprimento e 90 cm de altura; existe ainda uma vias secundária, identificada como G1, com comprimentos de 50 m; todas estas vias estão eletrificadas em toda a sua extensão.[5]

Esta estação é utilizada pelos serviços de passageiros da operadora Fertagus, suburbanos,[6] e de longo curso da C.P., de tipo intercidades.[7]

Ver artigo principal: Linha do Sul § História
Composição de mercadorias circulando pela estação.

Já em Março de 1953, o deputado Pinho Brandão, num discurso sobre as ligações ferroviárias entre as margens Norte e Sul do Tejo, ponderou se a planeada via férrea entre Lisboa e a Margem Sul poderia passar junto ao Pragal, atravessando o rio por uma ponte, e ligando-se à rede ferroviária já existente no Vale de Alcântara.[8]

CP-USGL + CP-Reg + Soflusa + Fertagus
 
Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "lxvCONTg@F ochre" Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "c"
 
(n) Azambuja 
Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "vKBHFa-L" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "c" Urban head station Unknown route-map component "c"
 Praias do Sado-A (u)
(n) Espadanal da Azambuja 
Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "vBHF" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "c" Urban station on track Unknown route-map component "c"
 Praça do Quebedo (u)
(n) Vila Nova da Rainha 
Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "vBHF" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "uvBHF-exKBHFa"
 Setúbal (u)
**(n) Carregado 
Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "cGRZq"
Unknown route-map component "vBHF" + Unknown route-map component "GRZq"
Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" + Unknown route-map component "GRZq"
Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "uvBHF-exBHF"
 Palmela (u)
(n) Castanheira do Ribatejo 
Unknown route-map component "vKBHFa-BHF-L" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "uvBHF-exBHF"
 Venda do Alcaide (u)
(n) Vila Franca de Xira 
Unknown route-map component "vBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-exBHF-R ochre"
Unknown route-map component "uSHI1+l" + Unknown route-map component "ulBHF-L"
Unknown route-map component "uexdBHF-R"
 Pinhal Novo (u)(a)
(n) Alhandra 
Unknown route-map component "vBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Urban station on track Unknown route-map component "uexdSTR"
 Penteado (a)
(n) Alverca 
Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "fdKBHFa-L" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Urban station on track Unknown route-map component "uexdSTR"
 Moita (a)
(n) Póvoa 
Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "dpBHF-R ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Urban station on track Unknown route-map component "uexdSTR"
 Alhos Vedros (a)
(n) Santa Iria 
Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Urban station on track Unknown route-map component "uexdSTR"
 Baixa da Banheira (a)
(n) Bobadela 
Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Urban station on track Unknown route-map component "uexdSTR"
 Lavradio (a)
(n) Sacavém 
Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Urban station on track Unknown route-map component "uexdSTR"
 Barreiro-A (a)
(n) Moscavide 
Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre" Urban station on track Unknown route-map component "uexdSTR"
 Barreiro (a)
(n) Oriente 
Unknown route-map component "fvKBHFa-BHF-L" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-exBHF-R ochre" Unknown route-map component "uTRAJEKT" Unknown route-map component "uexdSTR"
 (Soflusa)
(n)(z) Braço de Prata 
Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "exdSTR ochre"
Unknown route-map component "d" + Urban End station
Unknown route-map component "uexv-STR"
 Terreiro do Paço (a)
 
Unknown route-map component "kSTRc2.r ochre" + Unknown route-map component "fvSTR"
Unknown route-map component "kSTR3+l.r ochre" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR"
Unknown route-map component "STR2h+r ochre" + Unknown route-map component "SHI1+r" + Unknown route-map component "v-SHI1l ochre"
Unknown route-map component "SHI1c3 ochre" + Unknown route-map component "exSHI1+r ochre"
Unknown route-map component "c"
Unknown route-map component "cd" + Unknown route-map component "uexBHF"
 Penalva (u)
(n)(ẍ) Santa Apolónia 
Unknown route-map component "d" + Unknown route-map component "kSTR+1.r ochre" + Unknown route-map component "fvSHI2l"
Unknown route-map component "udSTRc4"
Unknown route-map component "fvSHI2+r-" + Unknown route-map component "vSHI2l"
Unknown route-map component "c" + Unknown route-map component "vSHI2+r-"
Unknown route-map component "dKBHFe-L" Unknown route-map component "vKBHFe-exKBHFe-R ochre" Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "uexvKBHFa-BHF"
 Coina (u)
(z) Marvila 
Unknown route-map component "vSTR- ochre" + Unknown route-map component "fv-STR"
Unknown route-map component "fdSTR" Unknown route-map component "vBHF" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "uexvBHF"
 Fogueteiro (u)
(z) Roma-Areeiro 
Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "uexdKBHFa-R" Unknown route-map component "uexvBHF"
 Foros de Amora (u)
(z) Entrecampos 
Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "uexdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "uexvBHF"
 Corroios (u)
(z)(7) Sete Rios 
Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "uexdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "uexvBHF"
 Pragal (u)
 
Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre"
Unknown route-map component "fvSHI2l" + Unknown route-map component "fvSTR+l-"
Unknown route-map component "d" + Unknown route-map component "vSTRl-" + Unknown route-map component "fvSHI2+r-" + Unknown route-map component "fv-STR+l" + Unknown route-map component "fSTRq"
Unknown route-map component "d" + Unknown route-map component "xmSPLel"
Unknown route-map component "d" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR+r-" + Unknown route-map component "v-STR+r" + Unknown route-map component "fSTRq" + Unknown route-map component "lvINT"
Unknown route-map component "d"
Unknown route-map component "uexdSTRq" + Unknown route-map component "fSPLa+r"
Unknown route-map component "uexSPLer"
 Campolide (z)(s)(u)*
(s) Benfica 
Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "fvKBHFe" Unknown route-map component "d"
 Rossio (s)
(s) Santa Cruz-Damaia 
Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "vKBHFa-L saffron" Unknown route-map component "dKBHFa-R saffron"
 Cais do Sodré (c)
(s) Reboleira 
Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron" Unknown route-map component "dSTR saffron"
 Santos (c)
(z) Alcântara-Terra 
Unknown route-map component "dSHI1l ochre"
Unknown route-map component "fvSHI1l" + Unknown route-map component "SHI1c3 ochre"
Unknown route-map component "fSHI1c3" + Unknown route-map component "fvSHI1l"
Unknown route-map component "vKBHFe" + Unknown route-map component "fSHI1c3"
Unknown route-map component "vBHF-L saffron" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R saffron"
 Alcântara-Mar (c)
(s) Amadora 
Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron" Unknown route-map component "dSTR saffron"
 Belém (c)
(s) Queluz-Belas 
Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-L saffron" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-R saffron"
 Algés (c)
(s) Monte Abraão 
Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron" Unknown route-map component "dSTR saffron"
 Cruz Quebrada (c)
(s) Massamá-Barcarena 
Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "dSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron" Unknown route-map component "dSTR saffron"
 Caxias (c)
(s)(o) Agualva-Cacém 
Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "dBHF-L ochre" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-M" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron" Unknown route-map component "dSTR saffron"
 Paço de Arcos (c)
 
Unknown route-map component "SHI1l ochre" + Unknown route-map component "fSHI1c1"
Unknown route-map component "c" + Unknown route-map component "fvSHI1+r-"
Unknown route-map component "fvSHI2l" Unknown route-map component "fvSHI2+r" Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron" Unknown route-map component "dSTR saffron"
 Santo Amaro (c)
(o) Mira Sintra-Meleças 
Unknown route-map component "vKBHFa-BHF-L ochre" Unknown route-map component "fdKBHFe-R" Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "vSTR saffron" Unknown route-map component "dSTR saffron"
 Rio de Mouro (s)
(s) Mercês 
Unknown route-map component "vSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "dKBHFe-L saffron" Unknown route-map component "vBHF-R saffron"
 Oeiras (c)
(s) Algueirão - Mem Martins 
Unknown route-map component "vSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron"
 Carcavelos (c)
(s) Portela de Sintra 
Unknown route-map component "vSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "fvBHF-L" Unknown route-map component "fdBHF-R" Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron"
 Parede (c)
(s) Sintra 
Unknown route-map component "vSTR ochre" Unknown route-map component "cd" Unknown route-map component "fvKBHFe-L" Unknown route-map component "fdKBHFe-R" Unknown route-map component "c" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron"
 São Pedro Estoril (c)
(o) Sabugo 
Unknown route-map component "vBHF ochre" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron"
 São João Estoril (c)
(o) Pedra Furada 
Unknown route-map component "vBHF ochre" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron"
 Estoril (c)
(o) Mafra 
Unknown route-map component "vBHF ochre" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "vBHF saffron"
 Monte Estoril (c)
(o) Malveira 
Unknown route-map component "vBHF ochre" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "d" Unknown route-map component "vKBHFe saffron"
 Cascais (c)
**(o) Jerumelo 
Unknown route-map component "vSTRl ochre"
Unknown route-map component "vBHFq ochre" + Unknown route-map component "GRZ"
Unknown route-map component "vCONTfq ochre"
 

2019-2021 []

Linhas: a L.ª Alentejoc L.ª Cascaiss L.ª Sintra C.ª X.
n L.ª Norteo L.ª Oestez L.ª Cinturau L.ª Sul7 C.ª 7 R.
(*) vd. Campolide-A   (**) continua além z. tarif. Lisboa

(***) Na Linha do Norte (n): há diariamente dois comboios regionais nocturnos que param excepcionalmente em todas as estações e apeadeiros.
Fonte: Página oficial, 2020.06

Na primeira metade da década de 1990, o Gabinete do Nó Ferroviário de Lisboa iniciou a fase de concurso de uma ligação ferroviária entre Lisboa e a rede ferroviária na Margem Sul do Tejo, no âmbito do Eixo Ferroviário Norte-Sul.[9] Na margem Sul, estava prevista a construção de duas interfaces ferroviárias, que serviriam o Fogueteiro e o Pragal.[9] Esta interface foi planeada e construída directamente pelo Gabinete do Nó Ferroviário de Lisboa, tendo sido concebida segundo os novos conceitos de gares ferroviárias, no sentido de se transformar num espaço de vivência e de interligação entre os vários meios de transporte.[10] A estação entrou ao serviço no dia 30 de Julho de 1999.[3]

Em Janeiro de 2011, contava com quatro vias de circulação, com 381, 323, 327 e 480 m de comprimento; as plataformas tinham 304 e 226 m de extensão, apresentando todas 90 cm de altura[11] — valores mais tarde[quando?] alterados para os atuais.[5]

Referências

  1. a b (I.E.T. 50/56) 56.º Aditamento à Instrução de Exploração Técnica N.º 50 : Rede Ferroviária Nacional. IMTT, 2011.10.20
  2. Diretório da Rede 2025. I.P.: 2023.11.29
  3. a b «Pragal - Linha do Sul». Infraestruturas de Portugal. Consultado em 20 de Julho de 2016 
  4. «Pragal». Comboios de Portugal. Consultado em 25 de Novembro de 2014 
  5. a b Diretório da Rede 2024. I.P.: 2022.12.09
  6. «Estação de Pragal». Fertagus. Consultado em 19 de Julho de 2019 
  7. Alfa Pendular : Intercidades : Lisboa ⇄ Norte («horário em vigor desde 28 maio 2023»)
  8. «A ponte sobre o Tejo entre Lisboa e a Outra Banda» (PDF). Gazeta dos Caminhos de Ferro. ANo 66 (1572). 16 de Junho de 1953. p. 158-159. Consultado em 20 de Julho de 2016 – via Hemeroteca Municipal de Lisboa 
  9. a b MARTINS et al, 1996:217
  10. REIS et al, 2006:227
  11. «Linhas de Circulação e Plataformas de Embarque». Directório da Rede 2012. Rede Ferroviária Nacional. 6 de Janeiro de 2011. p. 71-85 
  • MARTINS, João; BRION, Madalena; SOUSA, Miguel; et al. (1996). O Caminho de Ferro Revisitado. O Caminho de Ferro em Portugal de 1856 a 1996. Lisboa: Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses. 446 páginas 
  • REIS, Francisco; GOMES, Rosa; GOMES, Gilberto; et al. (2006). Os Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses 1856-2006. Lisboa: CP-Comboios de Portugal e Público-Comunicação Social S. A. 238 páginas. ISBN 989-619-078-X 

Ligações externas

[editar | editar código-fonte]
Ícone de esboço Este artigo sobre uma estação, apeadeiro ou paragem ferroviária é um esboço. Você pode ajudar a Wikipédia expandindo-o.