Elétricos de Coimbra

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Carro n.º 12 fazendo a carreira 13, em 1978.
Elétrico junto aos Arcos, em 1970.
Elétrico junto aos Arcos, em 1979.
Estampa publicitária da época da inauguração.
Eléctrico em Coimbra, em 1979.
Ferrovias e similares em Coimbra
SMTUC CP/Refer + MM (2006- ⚒)
BSicon uSTRq.svg elétrico (1911-1980)*
BSicon STRq.svg trólei (1947-)*
BSicon FUNI.svg elevador (2001-)
BSicon .svg (* fonte ~1971 =)
BSicon STRq black.svg L.ª Norte (1857-)
BSicon STRq black.svg R. Coimbra (1885-)
BSicon STRq grey.svg R. Lousã (1906-2006) MM
BSicon exSTRq grey.svg “L.ª Hospital” MM

Waterway turning from left Urban transverse track Unknown route-map component "uENDEeq" Unknown route-map component "CONTg grey"
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Unknown route-map component "uABZgl+l" + Unknown route-map component "ÜWc2"
Unknown route-map component "-STR3+l" + Unknown route-map component "uSHI1lq"
Unknown route-map component "uSTR2+r-" + Unknown route-map component "-STRq"
Unknown route-map component "-STRq" + Unknown route-map component "uÜWc3"
Unknown route-map component "-STR2+r" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3" Unknown route-map component "v-STR+l" Track turning from right Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Unknown route-map component "uSHI1r" + Unknown route-map component "v-STR+1"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc4" Unknown route-map component "uÜWc1" Unknown route-map component "uSTR2+4"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1" + Unknown route-map component "uÜWc3"
Unknown route-map component "STR2+4" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3"
Unknown route-map component "v-STR" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR+l-"
Track turning right Unknown route-map component "ÜWc2" Unknown route-map component "STR23"
Unknown route-map component "BHF grey" + Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3"
Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" Unknown route-map component "uÜWc1" Unknown route-map component "uSTR2+4"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1" + Unknown route-map component "uÜWc3"
Unknown route-map component "STR2+4" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR2+1" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1234"
Unknown route-map component "STR grey" + Unknown route-map component "STR3+4"
Unknown route-map component "uvSTR+lf-" + Unknown route-map component "uvSTRlf-" + Unknown route-map component "v-STRlg"
Unknown route-map component "STR-uSTR"
Unknown route-map component "uvSTR+rf-" + Unknown route-map component "v-STR+rg"
Unknown route-map component "uÜWc1"
Unknown route-map component "uSTR2+4" + Unknown route-map component "DNULg"
Unknown route-map component "uÜWc3" + Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1"
Unknown route-map component "STR+4" Unknown route-map component "vSTRl" Unknown route-map component "STRq-STR+r" Unknown route-map component "v-STR+rg" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1"
Unknown route-map component "vSTR+4-" + Unknown route-map component "v-STR+1"
Unknown route-map component "STR grey" + Unknown route-map component "ÜWc4"
Unknown route-map component "uvSHI2gl-" Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" Unknown route-map component "uÜWc1" Unknown route-map component "uSTR2+4"
Unknown route-map component "uÜWc3" + Unknown route-map component "STR2"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3" Straight track Unknown route-map component "v-STR" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Unknown route-map component "uSPLe"
Unknown route-map component "uvSHI2l-" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR+l-" + Unknown route-map component "v-STRl"
Unknown route-map component "STR2+r" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3" Unknown route-map component "uÜWc1"
Unknown route-map component "uSTR+4" + Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1"
Unknown route-map component "STR2+4"
Unknown route-map component "STR2" + Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3" + Unknown route-map component "v-STR" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR+l"
Unknown route-map component "vSTRq"
Unknown route-map component "vSTR" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR+r"
Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "vSTR-uSTR" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1" Unknown route-map component "ABZ4+2f" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3" Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1"
Unknown route-map component "STR+4" + Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1"
Unknown route-map component "vSTR" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR+4-"
Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Urban straight track
Unknown route-map component "vSTR-uSTR" + Unknown route-map component "vSTRlf-" + Unknown route-map component "uv-STRlg"
Unknown route-map component "uvSTR+lg-" + Unknown route-map component "uSTRq-STRq" + Unknown route-map component "v-STR+lf"
Unknown route-map component "uSHI2rq-" + Unknown route-map component "-STR2+r" + Unknown route-map component "-STRr" + Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3" + Unknown route-map component "u-STRq" + Unknown route-map component "STRl+4-"
Unknown route-map component "STRq-uSTRq"
Unknown route-map component "u-STRr" + Unknown route-map component "STR2+r-"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3" Straight track Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Unknown route-map component "uSTRg" Unknown route-map component "vSTR-uSTR" Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1" Unknown route-map component "STR2+4" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc23"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc12" + Unknown route-map component "-STR3+l" + Unknown route-map component "STR+3"
Unknown route-map component "STR3+l-" + Unknown route-map component "-STRq" + Unknown route-map component "STRl+4-"
Unknown route-map component "vSTRq" + Unknown route-map component "STRr-"
Unknown route-map component "vSTRr" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Urban straight track
Unknown route-map component "vSTR-uSTR" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR+l-"
Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" + Transverse track
Track turning from right Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1" Unknown route-map component "STR14"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc4" + Unknown route-map component "ABZg+1"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc4" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "vSTR-uSTR" Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" Straight track Straight track Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Urban straight track Unknown route-map component "vSTR-uSTR" Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" Straight track Unknown route-map component "ÜWc2" Unknown route-map component "STR3" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Urban straight track
Unknown route-map component "vSTR-uSTR" + Unknown route-map component "vSTRlf-"
Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" + Unknown route-map component "v-STRrf"
Track turning left Transverse track Unknown route-map component "STRr+1" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc4" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Urban straight track Waterway turning from left
Urban transverse track + Unknown route-map component "vSTR-uSTR"
Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" + Unknown route-map component "uvSTR+r-"
Funicular Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Waterway turning to left Waterway turning to right Unknown route-map component "vSTR-uSTR" Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Unknown route-map component "CONTg black"
Unknown route-map component "vSTR-" + Unknown route-map component "uv-SHI2g+l"
Unknown route-map component "v-STR" + Unknown route-map component "uvSHI2gr-"
Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Unknown route-map component "STR black" Unknown route-map component "uSTR+l-"
Unknown route-map component "uSTRq-" + Unknown route-map component "uvSTR+lg-" + Unknown route-map component "v-STR+lf"
Unknown route-map component "uv-STRrg" + Unknown route-map component "-STRq" + Unknown route-map component "vSTRrf-"
Unknown route-map component "uvSTRlf-" + Unknown route-map component "v-STRlg" + Unknown route-map component "-SHI2lq"
Unknown route-map component "STRq-uSTRq"
Unknown route-map component "uvSTR+rf-" + Unknown route-map component "v-STR+rg"
Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Unknown route-map component "STR black" Urban non-passenger end station Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" Unknown route-map component "uKDSTl" Urban track turning from right Non-passenger head station Unknown route-map component "vSTR" Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Unknown route-map component "STR black" Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc2"
Unknown route-map component "vuSTR-STR" + Unknown route-map component "-STR3+l" + Unknown route-map component "v-STRlg"
Unknown route-map component "vSTRq" Unknown route-map component "vSTRq"
Urban straight track + Unknown route-map component "vSTRq"
Unknown route-map component "vSTRq" + Unknown route-map component "STRr-"
Unknown route-map component "vSTRq" Unknown route-map component "vSTRq" Unknown route-map component "vSTRr" Unknown route-map component "eBHF grey"
Unknown route-map component "BHF black"
Unknown route-map component "uvSTRlf-" + Unknown route-map component "v-STRlg"
Unknown route-map component "STRq-uSTRq" Unknown route-map component "STRq-uSTRq"
Unknown route-map component "STRq-uSTRq" + Unknown route-map component "STRr+1-"
Unknown route-map component "uSHI1+rq" + Unknown route-map component "uvSTRrf-" + Unknown route-map component "v-STR" + Unknown route-map component "ÜWc4" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR+rg-"
Urban transverse track Urban transverse track Waterway turning to right Unknown route-map component "STR grey"
Unknown route-map component "ABZlf black" Unknown route-map component "STRq black" Unknown route-map component "SPLaq black"
Unknown route-map component "-STRq grey" + Unknown route-map component "vKBHFeq black"
Unknown route-map component "-STRq grey" Unknown route-map component "-STRq grey"
Unknown route-map component "-STRq grey" + Unknown route-map component "vSTR"
Unknown route-map component "-STRq grey" Unknown route-map component "SHI1+rq grey" Unknown route-map component "STRq grey" Unknown route-map component "STRq grey" Unknown route-map component "STRq grey" Unknown route-map component "STRq grey" Unknown route-map component "STRq grey" Unknown route-map component "STRrf grey"
Unknown route-map component "WBRÜCKE black" Transverse water Transverse water Transverse water Transverse water
Transverse water + Unknown route-map component "vhLGD-L"
Unknown route-map component "vSTR"
Transverse water + Unknown route-map component "vhLGD-R"
Transverse water Transverse water Transverse water Transverse water Transverse water Transverse water Transverse water
Unknown route-map component "STR black" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc2" Unknown route-map component "STR23"
Unknown route-map component "vSTRl" + Unknown route-map component "ÜWc3"
Unknown route-map component "vSTR+r"
Unknown route-map component "CONTf black" Unknown route-map component "STR2+1" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1234"
Unknown route-map component "STRl+4-" + Unknown route-map component "-STR3+l"
Unknown route-map component "vSTRr"
Unknown route-map component "ÜWc1" Unknown route-map component "STR14" Unknown route-map component "ÜWc4"

Os Elétricos de Coimbra foram um sistema de transporte público sobre carris, que circulou na cidade de Coimbra, em Portugal, entre 1911 e 1980.

História[editar | editar código-fonte]

Planeamento e inauguração[editar | editar código-fonte]

Em finais de 1901, foi proposta, à Câmara municipal de Coimbra, a implementação de um sistema de carros eléctricos, na altura denominados de tremvias eléctricos; a rede deveria unir as zonas alta e baixa da cidade, passando pelo Bairro de Santa Cruz, com ligações às povoações vizinhas.1 Este sistema entrou ao serviço no dia 1 de Janeiro de 1911, sendo a quarta localidade portuguesa a contar com este meio de transporte, a seguir ao Porto (1895), Lisboa (1901) e Sintra (1904). (Mais tarde, em 1914, Braga juntou-se ao grupo de cidades portuguesas com um sistema de eléctricos.)

Durante décadas, com mais ou menos linhas, o eléctrico foi um meio eficaz do cidadão se movimentar na sua cidade, e embora não houvesse nesse período uma consciência ambiental como existe nos moldes actuais, o que é um facto é que ele constituía um meio de transporte não poluente que permitia a Coimbra ter uma qualidade do ar que não tem paralelo nos dias de hoje.

Declínio[editar | editar código-fonte]

Ainda assim, era considerado nos finais da década de 1970 como antiquado, barulhento e desconfortável, e os políticos de então foram promovendo a sua rápida decadência com o encerramento das diferentes linhas. O último eléctrico circulou em Coimbra a 9 de Janeiro de 1980, já sob gestão dos Serviços Municipalizados de Transportes Urbanos de Coimbra (que também gere autocarros e tróleis).

Referências

  1. (1 de Janeiro de 1902) "Tracção Eléctrica". Gazeta dos Caminhos de Ferro 15 (337): 11.
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Bibliografia[editar | editar código-fonte]

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