Apelidos honorários na música popular são usados ou como uma forma de expressão na mídia, ou para homenagear a contribuição musical, ou identificar a importância de um artista para seus fãs.
Esses apelidos são geralmente nomes religiosos, familiares ou (mais frequentemente) reais e aristocráticos em natureza. Foram usados na música erudita do início do século XIX, no período clássico europeu, com figuras como Mozart sendo chamado de "O pai da música moderna" e Bach "O pai da música moderna do piano". Também foram proeminentes na cultura afro-americana na era pós-Guerra civil, talvez como um meio de conferir status que fora negado com a escravidão nos Estados Unidos, e em conseqüência incorporou a música do jazz e do blues, incluindo figuras como Duke Ellington e Count Basie.
Na cultura americana, apesar de sua constituição e ideologia republicana, honoríficos têm sido usados para descrever figuras líderes em várias áreas de atividade, como indústria, comércio, esporte e mídia; "pai" ou "mãe" foram usados para inovadores, e títulos reais como "rei" e "rainha" para figuras dominantes em um campo. Nas décadas de 1930 e 1940, enquanto o jazz e a música swing ganhavam popularidade, eram os artistas brancos mais bem-sucedidos comercialmente, Paul Whiteman e Benny Goodman que se tornaram conhecidos como "O Rei do Jazz" e "O Rei do Swing ", respectivamente, apesar de tais gêneros de música originária da cultura afro-americana.
Estes padrões de nomeação foram transferidos para o rock and roll quando surgiu na década de 1950. Houve uma série de tentativas de encontrar (e um número de pretendentes a ser) o "Rei do Rock and Roll", um título que se tornou mais associado com Elvis Presley. Isso tem sido visto como parte de um processo de apropriação de crédito pela inovação da então nova música por um estabelecimento branco. Diferentes honoríficos foram tomados ou dados para outras figuras importantes do gênero, como "O Arquiteto do Rock and Roll", de Little Richard, da década de 1990, Mas este termo, como muitos, também é usado para outras figuras importantes, neste caso, incluindo o guitarrista pioneiro Les Paul.
↑Known as the king of rap throughout North America and southern 50 Cent
↑Toombs, Mikel (22 de maio de 2012). Adele Earns Title Of Soul Queen. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. [S.l.: s.n.] p. C.3. ISSN0745-970X. The reigning queen of soul owned the stage at the packed Royal Albert Hall, highlighting her elegant artistry and dynamic personality in a 93-minute set
↑ ab"Just as journalists had crowned white bandleaders Paul Whiteman and Benny Goodman as the kings of jazz and swing, in the 1950s they enthroned Presley, Haley, and Freed as the kings of rock 'n' roll" in Coleman, Rick (2007). Blue Monday: Fats Domino and the Lost Dawn of Rock 'n' Roll. [S.l.]: Da Capo Press. p. xvii. ISBN9780306815317
↑"The reigning 'queen of R&B,' as decreed by her backing vocalist (and opening act) Jermaine Paul and countless others, Keys owned the stage at a packed WaMu Theater, highlighting her elegant artistry and dynamic personality in a 90-minute set." in Toombs, Mikel (22 de setembro de 2008), «Superwoman Keys Earns Title Of R&B Queen», Seattle Post-Intelligencer, ISSN0745-970X: C.3
↑On Friday, the queen of R&B, Alicia Keys, took over RodeoHouston. Clark, Michael (7 de março de 2005), «Duff makes rodeo a pop event», Houston Chronicle, ISSN1074-7109: 5
↑ abc"Rising above it all was Monica, the headline female act, who's currently sharing the title of 'R&B Princess' with young singer Brandy" in Townsend, Audarshia (31 de outubro de 1998). No Real Treat Monica Highlights Otherwise Dreary Halloween Bash. Chicago Tribune. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 25. ISSN1085-6706
↑ abcdefg"Some women have even been given titles. Tina Turner who is The Queen of Rock and Aretha Franklin, dubbed the Queen of Soul. Donna Summer is the Queen of Disco and Mary J. Blige is the Queen of Hip-Hop, Gloria Estefan is the Queen of Latin Pop, Madonna is the Queen of Pop, while Britney Spears and Christina Aguilera are the Princesses of Pop." in L. Bollinger and C. O'Neill, Women in Media Careers: Success Despite the Odds (University Press of America, 2008), p. 147.
↑"She is also known as 'Sister Ree,' 'Lady Soul' 'La Diva Franklin,' and 'The Queen of Soul.'" in Bego, Mark (2001). Aretha Franklin: The Queen of Soul. [S.l.]: Da Capo Press. p. 6. ISBN9780306809354
↑Takeuchi Cullen, Lisa (25 de março de 2002). «Empress of Pop». Time. pp. Splash. Consultado em 24 de janeiro de 2008.
↑"Much later, as the reigning King of the Blues, BB would explain that the "blues isn't just some sad music about a broken heart, a busted dream, or a painful love affair. Blues is much more than any of these things. If I could pick three descriptions of it, I'd say it ain't nothing but living, laughing and loving." in Nazel, Joe (1998). B.B. King: King of the Blues. [S.l.]: Holloway House Publishing. p. 60. ISBN9780870677922
↑"Inevitably called 'King of the Blues', BB King is today probably the most commercially successful blues singer with black audiences." in Oakley, Giles (1997). The Devil's Music: A History of the Blues. [S.l.]: Da Capo Press. p. 228. ISBN9780306807435
↑"For many people the name Benny Goodman is synonymous with swing. His record sales and performances helped usher in the swing craze of the 1930s; for more than a decade, the 'king of swing' enjoyed incredible heights of popularity." Martin, Henry; Keith Waters (2006). Jazz: The First 100 Years. [S.l.]: Thomson Wadsworth. p. 138. ISBN9780534628048A referência emprega parâmetros obsoletos |coautor= (ajuda)
↑ ab"Bessie Smith became the 'Empress of the Blues' based on her strong vocal abilities...When Nina Simone 'the High Priestess of Soul' performed at the Academy" in M. E. Bratcher, Words and songs of Bessie Smith, Billie Holiday, and Nina Simone: sound motion, blues spirit, and African memory: Studies in African American history and culture (Routledge, 2007), p. 2.
↑"Calling her a mere R&B diva is, at this point, almost an insult: With grace and grit, Beyoncé has become the reigning queen of pop, a one-woman Hitsville U.S.A." in Beyoncé in Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone. dezembro de 2009-Janeiro de 2010. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 41
↑Affirming her role as one of the reigning queens of pop music, Beyonce was the top winner at the 52nd annual Grammy Awards on Sunday night, taking six prizes, including song of the year for her inescapable hit "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)." Sisario, Ben (1 de fevereiro de 2010). Biggest Haul at Grammys Goes to Beyonce. The New York Times. [S.l.: s.n.] p. C.1. ISSN0362-4331
↑"It is three years since she dissolved Destiny's Child after three albums and a run of award-winning hymns to womanly empowerment such as Survivor and Independent Woman; six since her duet with the Brooklyn rap demigod Jay-Z served notice to the world that America's foremost hip-hop star and its emerging queen of R&B were an item." in Paphides, Pete (14 de novembro de 2008). Shy big sister by day ... wild girl by night. The Times. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 2. ISSN0140-0460
↑With four Mobo nominations, Beyonce is the undisputed queen of R&B. Simpson, Eva; Hedley, Caroline (16 de agosto de 2006). 3AM: Mo contest for Beyonce. The Daily Mirror. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 16
↑"The queen of K-Pop made her highly, highly anticipated comeback to Korea for the first time in five years with her 9th studio album, Hurricane Venus." BoA - "Game". [S.l.]: MTV. 3 de setembro de 2010. Consultado em 18 de abril de 2011.
↑Often referred to in interviews, cover stories and promotional material as the new 'princess of pop' Susan Hopkins (2002). Girl Heroes: The New Force In Popular Culture. [S.l.]: University of Michigan Press. p. 60
↑the queen of pop, Britney Spears awarded the king of pop, Michael Jackson the "Artist of the Millennium" award. «Eminem wins best music video award». CBBC Newsround. BBC. 30 de agosto de 2002. Consultado em 12 de janeiro de 2010.
↑Spears proved to audiences universally that she was, like Madonna in her heyday, the new publicly-appointed "Queen of Pop". Martin Charles Strong; John Peel (2004). The Great Rock Discography. [S.l.]: Canongate Books. p. 1,423. ISBN9781841956152A referência emprega parâmetros obsoletos |coautor= (ajuda)
↑"... the queen of pop, Britney Spears awarded the king of pop, Michael Jackson the 'Artist of the Millennium' award, in «Eminem wins best music video award». CBBC Newsround. BBC. 30 de agosto de 2002. Consultado em 12 de janeiro de 2010.
↑"Initially a cult figure, by 1985, 'The Boss', as he became known to his fans, was the world's most successful white rock star since Elvis." in Shuker, Roy (2001). Understanding Popular Music. [S.l.]: Routledge. p. 123. ISBN9780415235099
↑Perkins, Carl; David McGee (1996). Go, Cat, Go!: The Life and Times of Carl Perkins, the King of Rockabilly. [S.l.]: Hyperion Press. pp. 11, 12. ISBN0786860731A referência emprega parâmetros obsoletos |coautor= (ajuda)
↑ abc"If Ella Fitzgerald is the queen of jazz, Billie Holiday first lady of the blues, and Aretha Franklin the queen of soul, then who is the queen of pop? In the 1990s, it would seem to be a three-way tie between Whitney Houston, Mariah Carey, and Celine Dion. Certainly all three have their devotees and detractors, but their presence has been inescapable." in Lister, Linda (2001). Divafication:The Deification of Modern Female Pop Stars. Popular Music and Society. 25. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 1. ISSN0300-7766
↑Celine alert! Celine alert! Quebec's favourite daughter, Celine Dion, will be fited in a special show on July 10. After the phenomenal success of last year's tribute to the late King of Pop, Michael Jackson, a special show combining the talents of two of the superstars in the fireworks business will showcase the music of our Queen of Pop. Anne Sutherland (28 de maio de 2010). Fireworks; Celine Dion Joins Countries Lighting Up the Sky. The Gazette. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 14. ISSN0384-1294
↑She doesn't need to turn back time: After a successful 45-year career, the Goddess of Pop is still going strong. She plays a veteran performer alongside Christina Aguilera in her new flick, "Burlesque," hitting theaters on Wednesday. And she continues to sing in Las Vegas. Amanda Sidman (21 de novembro de 2010). Cher. New York Daily News. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 5
↑"Cher - singer, Oscar-winning actress and campaigner -is the original queen of reinvention, an expert at re-creating herself." in Lee, Vinny (2 de setembro de 2006). Turning back time. The Times. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 73. ISSN0140-0460
↑Bowing out, if not exactly gracefully, Cher, that surgically enhanced queen of reinvention, last week brought her farewell tour to Glasgow. Sweet, Lucy (16 de maio de 2004). Cher's so long farewell. Sunday Times. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 11
↑"With his debut single "Run It," 16-year-old Chris Brown back-flipped his way into becoming the first male solo artist to release a song that went straight to No. 1. He was later crowned the Prince of R&B." in Celebrity Central: Chris Brown. [S.l.]: People
↑"His noncommittal response was perhaps not the teary confessional that was expected after the Grammy-night altercation which changed everything for the then crown prince of R&B." in Elan, Priya (7 de novembro de 2009). Will Chris Brown's assault on Rihanna harm his record sales?. London: The Guardian. Consultado em 22 de novembro de 2009.
↑"Christina Aguilera has been the queen of reinvention throughout her decade in the music industry" in Kovacevic, Keely. Christina Aguilera biography. [S.l.]: MTV
↑"It probably makes sense to call him - as several people do in the movie [Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll (1987)] - as the 'King of rock 'n' roll'", in D. Denby, "What's in a game", New York Magazine, Oct 19, 1987, p. 102.
↑"Others will point to the likes of the 'crown prince of reggae' Dennis Brown, for his contribution to roots reggae and his influence on a generation of reggae artistes." in The reggae debate: still unresolved. [S.l.: s.n.] 17 de outubro de 2008. Consultado em 25 de outubro de 2008.
↑"With the success of "Let's Go Trippin', Dale was immediately billed as the 'King of the Surf Guitar', in M. Warshaw, The Encyclopedia of Surfing (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2005), p. 585.
↑"Dinah Washington was 'the Queen of the Blues,' and often identified as 'the Queen'." in Holsey, Steve (setembro de 2008). Celebrity nicknames and titles. Michigan Chronicle. 72. [S.l.: s.n.] p. D.1
↑Haskins, James (1987). Queen of the Blues: A Biography of Dinah Washington. [S.l.]: W. Morrow. ISBN9780688048464
↑"Dionne Warwick, sometimes called the Princess of Pop, routinely topped both the pop and R&B charts" in 50 years of Blacks in entertainment. Jet. 100. [S.l.: s.n.] 26 de novembro de 2001. p. 46. ISSN0021-5996
↑ abc"Queen of Country. The title has been bestowed on Dolly Parton, Reba McEntire, Loretta Lynn and a few other female country stars." in Proskocil, Niz (7 de agosto de 2008). Who is the queen of country?. Omaha World - Herald. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 11
↑"Following her frequent trips to the US, she took to the black American music of Motown and was dubbed the White Queen of Soul." at Obituary: Cancer claims 'White Queen of Soul'. [S.l.]: BBC News. 3 de março de 1999. Consultado em 10 de fevereiro de 2009.
↑"Dubbed 'The First Lady of Song,' Ella Fitzgerald was the most popular female jazz singer in the United States for more than half a century. In her lifetime, she won 13 Grammy awards and sold over 40 million albums."«The Official Web Site of Ella Fitzgerald - Biography». www.ellafitzgerald.com. Consultado em 15 de maio de 2009.
↑"The singer who was affectionately known as 'The First Lady of Song' died peacefully at home surrounded by family and friends, said spokeswoman Andrea Hecht" at «Ella Fitzgerald, first lady of song, dies at 78». findarticles.com. 1 de julho de 1996. Consultado em 15 de maio de 2009.
↑"His original status as the King of Rock and Roll has never been seriously challenged, and he's remained a bottomless source of inspiration for the generations of rock and rollers who've taken up the cause in the decades since that July night in Memphis". Schinder, Scott (2008). Icons of Rock: An Encyclopedia of the Legends who Changed Music Forever. [S.l.]: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 2. ISBN9780313338465
↑"'He is the most imitated, most listened to, most recognized, voice of the second half of the twentieth century,' the New York disk jockey William B. Williams said in the fifties, tagging him forever with the epithet Chairman of the Board." in J. Lahr, Show and Tell: New Yorker Profiles (University of California Press, 2002), p. 52.
↑"Rudy Ray Moore has been called the Godfather of Rap (a title that has also been used to describe sociopolitical soulster Gil Scott-Heron)." in Bogdanov, Vladimir; Chris Woodstra, John Bush, Stephen Thomas Erlewine (2003). All Music Guide to Soul: The Definitive Guide to R&B and Soul. [S.l.]: Backbeat Books. p. 482. ISBN9780879307448A referência emprega parâmetros obsoletos |coautor= (ajuda)
↑"This record was a collaboration between Philip Oakey, the big-voiced lead singer of the techno-pop band the Human League, and Giorgio Moroder, the Italian-born father of disco who spent the '80s writing synth-based pop and film music." Evan Cater. «Philip Oakey & Giorgio Moroder: Overview». allmusic. Consultado em 21 de dezembro de 2009.
↑Her string of hits since the early '60s as the Empress of Soul are known in the streets of Johannesburg and around the world. They include those she recorded with and without the Pips - such as "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" and "Neither One of Us." Phil Roura (26 de setembro de 2010). Knight on a Mission: Georgia's Soul Superstar Has New Orleans on Her Mind. New York Daily News. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 20
↑At 65, the Empress of Soul is leaving on the Midnight Train to Georgia for the last time. Gladys Knight's "farewell tour" winds down a six-decade-long career that began with a talent contest at the age of seven. You can't blame her for wanting a rest, although, as one of the greats, she isn't bowing out quietly. For almost two hours, she conducts a "musical journey" that is both an emotional rollercoaster and a social history lesson. Dave Simpson (9 de outubro de 2009). Review: Pop: Gladys Knight Manchester Arena 4/5. The Guardian. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 44. ISSN0261-3077
↑"Known far and wide as the 'Queen of Latin Pop,' Gloria Estefan is one of the most recognized artists in the world." in Gloria Estefan to Write Her First Book, a Children's Story Starring Her Bulldog Noelle; Published in English and Spanish Editions by Rayo, an Imprint of HarperCollins, in November 2005. Business Wire. [S.l.: s.n.] 6 de dezembro de 2004. p. 1
↑"Although Gaynor was crowned the 'Queen of Disco' after dance floor favourites like "Honey Bee," "Never Can Say Goodbye" and "Casanova Brown" ..." in P. Shapiro, Turn the Beat Around: The Secret History of Disco (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2006), p. 213.
↑"Since her debut at age nine, she was the queen of Japanese pop music." at The East. East Publications. 25-25. [S.l.]: University of Virginia. 1989. p. 57
↑Known as the queen of
Japanese pop music... The Japan Foundation newsletter. The Japan Foundation. 17-21. [S.l.]: University of Michigan. 1989. p. 6
↑Newman-Bremang, Kathleen (31 de março de 2009). «Is America Ready For Utada, The 'Japanese Britney Spears'?». MTV Online. 1 páginas. Consultado em 11 de julho de 2011.. (...) a Japanese pop sensation that has been labeled the "Asian Britney Spears" since her 1999 debut LP, First Love, became Japan's biggest-selling album ever. She's conquered the international market and sold over 52 million records. .
↑John Farley, Christopher (15 de setembro de 2001). «Diva on Campus». Time. pp. Splash. Consultado em 11 de julho de 2011.. She's virtually unknown in the U.S., but Hikaru, 18, is Japan's biggest pop star. The Japanese media sing her praises: (...) THE DIVA OF THE HEISEI PERIOD! The Japanese public devours her music: her debut CD, First Love (1999), sold more than 9.5 million copies, making it the best-selling album in Japanese history.
↑Brasor, Philip (18 de dezembro de 2009). «The noughties played it nice». The Japan Times. 1 páginas. Consultado em 11 de julho de 2011.. Utada's role as the most influential artist of the decade had something to do with her aura of authenticity.
↑"But somewhere between his last album, "Naughty Little Doggie," and his latest one, "Avenue B," the godfather of punk turned 50, a change that apparently has provided him with plenty of food for thought, judging by the song subjects on the record, scheduled for release September 14 on Virgin." in Christman, Ed (7 de agosto de 1999). Iggy Pop opens a 'window into the soul' on Virgin's contemplative 'Avenue B'. Billboard. 111. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 14. ISSN0006-2510
↑"Looking remarkably healthy for a man who nurtured a world-class drug habit for many years, the "Godfather of Punk" Iggy Pop is set to close the Other Stage on Saturday night." in Godfather of punk still has lust for life. Western Daily Press. [S.l.: s.n.] 5 de junho de 2007. p. 30
↑ ab"What happens when the 'God of Song' descends on Genting Highlands during a cold and wet weekend? He warms and melts the hearts of both young and old with his charm and huge repertoire of hits, that's what! And that was precisely what Hong Kong superstar Jacky Cheung - arguably the most popular and enduring of the four Heavenly Kings - did at his two sold-out concerts last Friday and Saturday at the Arena of Stars. (For the uninitiated, Cheung, Andy Lau, Aaron Kwok and Leon Lai are the four "Heavenly Kings" of Chinese pop, the over-the-top title probably bestowed by the imaginative Hong Kong media because of the singers' immense popularity. Cheung, of course, has been elevated even higher on the celestial plane!)" Ming, Fong (9 de novembro de 2002). Jacky, oh!. New Straits Times. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 3
Janet Jackson, music's princess of pop, is at a crossroads of her life and career: She is pursuing acting roles and she has parted ways with her longtime partner, Rene Elizondo...Having established herself as the world-renowned princess of pop music, in addition to making strides as an actress, one would think there is not much left on her to-do list. But the possibilities are endless. Norment, Lynn (novembro de 2000). Janet: At the crossroads. Ebony. 56. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 180. ISSN0012-9011
Janet Jackson is a big deal these days, the Queen of Pop, though we can still call her by her first name. So little is she trading off the fame of her brother, so completely has she become her own thing, she has all but abandoned the family name. Tour posters, tickets and recent album - all say, quite simply "Janet", and leave it at that. Smith, Giles (21 de abril de 1996). Slow riffs, fast riffs, midriffs. The Independent. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 26. ISSN0951-9467
"Janet Jackson hasn't skipped a beat. She is still the Queen of Pop." in Esparza, Rafael; Massey, David; Scalese, Rudy (6 de outubro de 2001). Let Jackson's Energetic Beat Go On. Los Angeles Times. [S.l.: s.n.] p. F-4
There are several reasons why Janet Jackson's Cape Town performance on her Velvet Rope Tour was the massive success it was. It's been close on a decade since she emerged from brother Michael's shadow and the Nineties has seen her constantly re(de)fining her musical and stage personae. In its staggering professionalism, the Velvet Rope tour bears witness to the success of such artistic endeavour as well as her status as the undoubted queen of R&B. Miles Keylock (20 de novembro de 1998). Dammit Janet!. Mail & Guardian. [S.l.: s.n.] Consultado em 19 de abril de 2011.
↑«Dancers with all the right moves». Daily Record. MacCaskill, Julie. 13 de janeiro de 2001|acessodata= requer |url= (ajuda)
↑Norment, Lynn (novembro de 2000). Janet: At the crossroads. Ebony. 56. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 180. ISSN0012-9011. Janet Jackson, music's princess of pop, is at a crossroads of her life and career: She is pursuing acting roles and she has parted ways with her longtime partner, Rene Elizondo ... Having established herself as the world-renowned princess of pop music, in addition to making strides as an actress, one would think there is not much left on her to-do list. But the possibilities are endless
"Janis Joplin found hers in Texas and left for the West Coast, there to become queen of rock and roll." in McNally, Dennis (2003). Desolate Angel: Jack Kerouac, the Beat Generation, and America. [S.l.]: Da Capo Press. p. 316. ISBN9780306812224
...Janis Joplin, the nation's reigning queen of rock 'n' roll. Jackson, Buzzy (2005). A bad woman feeling good. [S.l.]: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 81. ISBN9780393059366
↑"Dubbed the 'king of Chinese pop' by local media, Jay Chou has released eight studio albums, spawning several hits." in Song, Berwin (9 de agosto de 2008). 5 Chinese Acts Using The Games To Boost Their Profile. Billboard. 120. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 28. ISSN0006-2510
↑"One other artist, John Lee Hooker is by most standards the undisputed 'king of the blues'." in Wald, Elijah (2004). Escaping the Delta: Robert Johnson and the Invention of the Blues. [S.l.]: HarperCollins. p. 208. ISBN9780060524234
↑"Known as the king of Latin pop, Gabriel also has sold more than 35 million albums worldwide." in Ryon, Ruth (26 de março de 2000). Latin Pop King Quitting Castle. [S.l.]: Los Angeles Times. p. 1. ISSN0458-3035
↑"Jully Black has been called a lot of things. But she gets a good laugh at those who have called her the 'new queen of Canadian R&B'." in O'Brian, Amy (22 de novembro de 2007). Black paves a new path for women in rhythm & blues; Canadá's new queen of R&B? Who's the old one, asks trendsetter Jully Black. The Vancouver Sun. [S.l.: s.n.] p. D.11
"In the past five years, Western music critics have reached into their grab bag to label him the 'Algerian Elvis' and the 'poster boy for the modern form of Algerian desert blues.' In the decade before that, he was known as Cheb Khaled (cheb means "young man" in Algeria's Arabic dialect) or, more simply, the 'King of Rai.'" in Curiel, Jonathan (10 de julho de 2005). The 'King of Rai' Seeks a New Name. [S.l.]: San Francisco Chronicle
↑"Koko Taylor is Chicago's reigning 'Queen of the Blues.' in Hine, Darlene; Elsa Barkley Brown, Rosalyn Terborg-Penn (1993). Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia. [S.l.]: Carlson Publishing. p. 1143. ISBN9780926019614A referência emprega parâmetros obsoletos |coautor= (ajuda)
↑"Considered by some the 'King of Rap,' Kurtis Blow is at the very least one of the genre's leading pioneers." in Henderson, Ashyia N. (2002). Contemporary Black Biography: Profiles from the International Black Community. [S.l.]: Gale Research International. p. 7. ISBN9780787652821
"Once upon a time, long before anybody had even heard of Britney, Christina, Jessica or Mandy, Australian singer Kylie Minogue ruled the charts as princess of pop. Back in 1988 her first single, I Should Be So Lucky, spent five weeks at number one, making her the most successful female artist in the UK charts with 13 successive Top 10 entries. To date, Kylie has spent 217 weeks on the singles charts, notching up 25 Top 20 hits including four number ones. No mean feat in the fickle world of pop where you can be yesterday's news in a matter of months." in Kylie's back on royal form. Birmingham Post. [S.l.: s.n.] 8 de julho de 2000. p. 5
Britain's tradition of music hall might have gone out with Maypole dancing and unicycle racing, but the variety bill still gets the royal seal of approval, in the form of this annual celebration of entertainment, now in its 82nd year... The queen of pop, Kylie Minogue, lines up alongside the Chelsea Pensioners and note-smashing Russell Watson to press the royal flesh, while others singing for their supper include a completed Take That and the cast of Les Miserables. And after taking in 'The Glums', comedians John Bishop and Micky Flanagan do their best to tickle the royal funny bone.Pick of the Day. The Mail on Sunday. London: [s.n.] 12 de dezembro de 2010. p. 55
"The queen of pop, Kylie Minogue, lines up alongside the Chelsea Pensioners and note-smashing Russell Watson to press the royal flesh ..." in Pick of the Day. The Mail on Sunday. London: [s.n.] 12 de dezembro de 2010. p. 55
↑"Recall that throughout most of the eighties and even into the nineties, Aaron was known as the queen of heavy-metal rock, the loudest, brashest and sexiest female rock belter this side of Janis Joplin." in Niester, Alan (22 de setembro de 2000). Metal queen slips into something jazzy. The Globe and Mail. [S.l.: s.n.] p. R.6. ISSN0319-0714
↑Harrington, Richard (6 de maio de 2005). The Princess of Rock Makes a Name |for Herself. The Washington Post. [S.l.: s.n.] p. T.06. 091908286
↑"It was only a matter of time before |the Princess of Rock 'n' Roll decided to rely on her royal bloodline and make a music career." in Gumbrecht, Jamie (24 de julho de 2003). 5 |Questions For... Lisa Marie Presley. The Atlanta Journal- Constitution. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 35. ISSN1539-7459
↑"Called the 'Architect of Rock and Roll,' the flamboyant piano virtuoso is known for the classic hits Tutti Frutti, Long Tall Sally, Good Golly Miss Molly and Lucille." in Little Richard, Gladys Knight & The Pips Inducted Into Apollo Theater Legends Hall Of Fame; Ella Fitzgerald... Jet. 110. [S.l.: s.n.] 10 de julho de 2006. p. 59. ISSN0021-5996
↑Carpenter, Bil (2005). Uncloudy days: the gospel music encyclopedia. [S.l.]: Hal Leonard. p. 253. ISBN9780879308414
↑If any long-running singer deserves to wear the crown, or at least the tiara, of Queen of Country, then surely it's the Coal Miner's Daughter herself, Loretta Lynn, right? Right. (Sorry, Dolly). Queen for a day. Pantagraph. [S.l.: s.n.] 13 de março de 2008. p. D.5
↑"He was known as 'King of the Jukebox' and was one of the first black artists to have both white and black supporters following his jazz, blues, and boogie-woogie tunes." in Brewer Jr., John M. (2007). Pittsburgh Jazz. [S.l.]: Arcadia Publishing. p. 95. ISBN9780738549804
↑"Madonna, called the Princess of Pop, told Cosmopolitan magazine: 'I don't remember if there was music playing when I lost my virginity, but the best music to make love to nowadays is anything funky or soulful, like the Gab Band, Prince or the Isley Brothers.'" in Celebrity Beat. Jet. 69. [S.l.: s.n.] 21 de outubro de 1985. p. 53. ISSN0021-5996
↑"...the so-called Queen of Pop eludes both followers and critics by shifting her image..." in R. Gairola, "Re-worldling the Oriental: Critical Perspectives on Madonna as Geisha" in S. Fouz-Hernández and F. Jarman-Ivens, eds, Madonna's drowned worlds: new approaches to her cultural transformations, 1983-2003(Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2004), p. 104.
↑"The queen of reinvention, Madonna, even named her 2004 world tour Reinvention." in Gallo, Carmine (2006). 10 Simple Secrets of the World's Greatest Business Communicators. [S.l.]: Sourcebooks. p. 204. ISBN9781402206962
↑The queen of reinvention has achieved the seemingly impossible yet again. Spotlights: Singles. Billboard. 117. [S.l.: s.n.] 29 de outubro de 2005. p. 69. ISSN0006-2510
↑"He was the 'Prince of Motown,' strong, silent and majestic" in R. Gulla, Icons of R&B and soul: an encyclopedia of the artists who revolutionized rhythm vol. 2 (Greenwood, 2008), p. 338.
↑"Dubbed "the Prince of Soul," Marvin Gaye endured lifelong turmoil, never
grasping the genius of his own talent..." in N. Talevski, The unofficial encyclopedia of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Edition illustrated (Greenwood Press, 1998), p. 402.
↑The nine-time Grammy Award-winning singer/songwriter - who has earned such sobriquets along the way as "the Queen of Hip-Hop Soul" and "the Empress of Soul" - returns Dec. 21 with her ninth studio album, "Stronger" Gail Mitchell (12 de dezembro de 2009). Strength of Character. Billboard. 121. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 17. ISSN0006-2510
↑When it comes to the empresses of soul, Mary J. Blige is the strongest. So Mary, who can blow away just about anyone, titled her new album Stronger; it includes the song of the same name from the LeBron James documentary (More than a Game), as well as a duet with hip-hop phenomenon Drake. Lisa Robinson. Hot Tracks. Vanity Fair. 51. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 128. ISSN0733-8899
↑ abReeves, Marcus (2009). Somebody Scream!: Rap Music's Rise to Prominence in the Aftershock of Black Power. [S.l.]: Macmillan. pp. 143, 185. ISBN9780865479975
↑"Universally known as the 'Queen of Hip Hop Soul' because of her frequent collaborations with rap artists and Hip Hop producers..." in" Bynoe, Yvonne (2006). Encyclopedia of rap and hip-hop culture. [S.l.]: Greenwood Press. p. 32. ISBN9780313330582
↑"Once again The Candy Store and Fresh City Promotions have pulled a major rabbit out of the hat with the launch party for the new album by Mary J Blige, the undisputed Queen of R&B, Growing Pains." in Fresh party for Mary j's new album. The Plymouth Evening Herald. [S.l.: s.n.] 15 de fevereiro de 2008. p. 2
↑In the wake of her 'Breakthrough' success, the reigning queen of R&B tries to please her many followers—but, most of all, herself. Vozick-Levinson, Simon (21 de dezembro de 2007). Mary J. Blige. Entertainment Weekly. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 22. ISSN1049-0434
↑«Michael Jackson's Black or White Blues». Entertainment Weekly. 29 de novembro de 1991. Consultado em 3 de julho de 2009.. [A] highly placed source at MTV says the network was obligated to refer to Jackson on air as the King of Pop in order to be allowed to show "Black or White." An MTV spokeswoman denies that, but the phrase was part of MTV's ads for the video and was repeatedly used by its VJs. A source at Fox confirms that Jackson's people did request that Bart use the phrase "King of Pop" in the video and that the phrase also be used in the network's press releases; "King of Pop" also crops up in Fox's print ads for the video and in press releases by Jackson's publicists, Solters/Roskin/Friedman.
↑He wears the crown as the King Of Pop because no artist has broken his record of selling nearly 60 million copies of a single Album (Thriller). Lewis Jones, Jel D. (2005). Michael Jackson, the King of Pop: The Big Picture: the Music! the Man! the Legend! the Interviews: an Anthology. [S.l.]: Amber Books Publishing. p. 3. ISBN9780974977904
↑バラードの女王、MISIAの歌声をいち早くフルで楽しみたい人は、さっそくダウンロードしておこう。 (Ubiquity translation: Those who want to quickly listen to the Queen of Ballads Misia's singing voice can immediately download the song.)«MISIA、ドラマ「JIN-仁-」で話題の新曲着うたフル配信 - livedoor ニュース». Livedoor. 9 de novembro de 2009. pp. Splash. Consultado em 2 de maio de 2010.
↑"Beyond being the best-selling female hip hop artist to date, and often referred to as the queen of hip hop, what separates Missy Elliott is her ability to allow her aesthetic to speak for itself. She uses her artistry to transcend cultural norms in hip hop and in the music industry." in Hess, Mikey (2007). Icons of Hip Hop: An Encyclopedia of the Movement, Music, and Culture. [S.l.]: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 503. ISBN9780313339042
↑"It had already been noted that Neil Young was an important influence on grunge musicians, and in the mid-1990s it became common to see Neil Young described as 'the godfather of grunge'." in Echard, William (2005). Neil Young and the Poetics of Energy. [S.l.]: Indiana University Press. p. 43. ISBN9780253217684
↑"New fledging female rapper Nicki Minaj is being called the new ‘Queen of Hip Hop’ after her short time as a rapper in the eyes of the world. It’s possibly certain that Nicki Minaj has filled a void in the rap scene as there hasn’t been many female rappers to make such a big presence and impact in some time, but is she deserving already of the ‘Queen Of Hip Hop?’" Denise (2010). Rolling Stone Crowns Nicki Minaj ‘Queen Of Hip Hop,’ Are They Right?. [S.l.]: Brash Publisher Network. p. 1
↑"But it also reminds us that Brown, despite his lack of a good singing voice, could still provide tough competition to Noel Gallagher in the fight for the title "King of Britpop" in Ian Brown - Golden Greats Reviews. 110. [S.l.]: MTV Asia. 10 de julho de 2006. p. 59. ISSN0021-5996
↑"Odetta, who has died of kidney failure aged 77, received many honours during her life, most notably from Martin Luther King, who called her 'the queen of American folk music', and the then US president Bill Clinton, who in 1999 awarded her the National Medal of the Arts and Humanities. She had been due to sing at Barack Obama's inauguration in January." in Queen of folk led way for female solo singers. Irish Times. [S.l.: s.n.] 6 de dezembro de 2008. p. 14
↑"Three weeks after the press conference, with almost no advance notice, a new album by His Purple Majesty suddenly arrived in stores" in Carcieri, Matthew (2004). Prince: A Life in Music. [S.l.]: iUniverse. p. 15. ISBN9780595320127
↑"The highlight of the evening was an impromptu performance by his 'Purple Majesty'." in Prince Throws Lavish Bash to Mark His 27th Birthday. Jet. 68. [S.l.: s.n.] 24 de junho de 1985. p. 6. ISSN0021-5996
↑"This is the year of His Royal Badness! Prince was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, he just dropped a new cd Musicology, and he is currently on a tour that is selling out multiple dates in major cities" in Prince: Royal Rocker Still Reigns After 25 Years Of Music. 105. [S.l.]: Jet. 26 de abril de 2004. p. 58. ISSN0021-5996
↑"Depending on whom you speak with, especially former employees who have dealt with Prince's madness on various levels, 'His Royal Badness' can either be especially charming or the most bugged bastard since batman took residence inside a cave." in McKeen, William (2000). Rock and Roll is Here to Stay: An Anthology. [S.l.]: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 554. ISBN9780393047004
↑"She is after all, the Queen of Reinvention." in Hess, Mikey (2007). Icons of hip hop: an encyclopedia of the movement, music, and culture, Volume 1. [S.l.]: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 239. ISBN9780313339035
↑"Through massive record sales and live shows that take on a Bruce Springsteen-like endurance, McEntire has earned her unofficial moniker as 'The Queen of Country'." in Schaults, Janine (20 de maio de 2009). It's Reba, for a good cause. Chicago Tribune. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 4. ISSN1085-6706
↑«Tour-Worthy Milestone for Brazil's Pop King». New York Times. 15 de abril de 2010. Consultado em 11 de julho de 2011.. ROBERTO CARLOS has been so large a pop music presence for so long that when he first emerged he was nicknamed 'the Elvis Presley of Brazil' (...). But 50 years, 120 million records and various stylistic shifts later, he is more often described as 'the Frank Sinatra of Latin America.'
↑«ProFicheiro: Roberto Carlos». allmusic. Consultado em 11 de julho de 2011.. (...) the mid-'90s witnessed a resurgence of Jovem Guarda talents through tributes of new rockers and Carlos reached the 21st century uncontestedly enjoying his absolute title: the King.
↑Appiah, Kwame Anthony; Gates, Henry Louis; Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. (2004). Africana: An A-to-Z Reference of Writers, Musicians, and Artists of the African American Experience. [S.l.]: Running Press. p. 146. ISBN0-762-42042-1A referência emprega parâmetros obsoletos |coautor= (ajuda)
↑DeCurtis, Anthony; Henke, James (1992). The Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock & Roll:The Definitive History of the Most Important Artists and their Music. George-Warren, Holly. [S.l.]: Random House. p. 135. ISBN0-679-73728-6A referência emprega parâmetros obsoletos |coautor= (ajuda)
↑"Recently, the girls proved their credibility as live performers, appearing as guests to Hong Kong's legendary "God of Songs" Sam Hui during his two live dates in Malaysia for the 50,000-strong crowds at Bukit Jalil National Stadium in Kuala Lumpur." in Sounds of the East. The Bangkok Post. [S.l.: s.n.] 15 de março de 2005. p. 1
↑"...Britney Spears e a boyband N'Sync até que se esforçaram, mas quem realmente brilhou na noite 'pop' da terceira edição do Rock In Rio foram os brasileiros Sandy & Junior. Ao contrário da norte-americana, Sandy, que vendeu 2 milhões de cópias com o álbum As Quatro Estações e é considerada a 'princesinha da música pop nacional', não recorreu ao playback e continuou executando coreografias mirabolantes enquanto cantava ao vivo". A noite do pop - Renato Essinger, Folha de S. Paulo, 19 de janeiro de 2001 p. 23 Entretenimento.
↑"Burke, long ago dubbed the King of Rock 'n' Soul, was worth the wait." in M. Newman, "Soul man Solomon Burke: Live on Film; Capricorn's Smoking New Companion" in Billboard Jul 8, 1995, Vol. 107 (27), p. 10.
↑"...with Rolling Stone magazine dubbing Nicks, 'The Reigning Queen of Rock and Roll'." in Brackett, Donald (2007). Fleetwood Mac: 40 Years of Creative Chaos. [S.l.]: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 159. ISBN9780275993382
↑«Plucking the Same Old Strings». The Hindustan Times. 6 de fevereiro de 2009. Take Edge of Seventeen, the elegy for John Lennon which launched the solo career of Stevie Nicks, queen of rock and roll and former better half of Fleetwood Mac.
↑"In what was called 'the biggest media event since the inauguration of Nelson Mandela,' the singer performed for more than 70,000 South Africans at her concert for Johannesburg's Ellis Park Stadium, "billed as "Whitney—The Concert for a New South Africa.... There was also a private visit to Swaziland, where the 'Queen of Pop Music' visited King Mswati III." in Whitney in South Africa. Ebony. 50. [S.l.: s.n.] Fevereiro de 1995. p. 116. ISSN0012-9011
↑"...signature rifts, and it becomes clear why Aerosmith has been tagged 'America's Greatest Rock and Roll Band.' Few bands on the globe—forget just the United States—have accomplished what Aerosmith have. The band has sold more than 70 million albums worldwide and has won countless awards, including three Grammys. And, with a few exceptions, Aerosmith has delivered on its promise: to make music that strikes the listener in the heart, feet, soul and groin." in Walker, Don (15 de agosto de 1998). Rock This Way: A Brief History of Roads Taken. Billbaord. 110. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 20. ISSN0006-2510
↑Whatever there is to say now about Aerosmith, the long-lasting, hard-rocking quintet that has often been billed or hyped as America's greatest rock and roll band, it could've been said two decades ago. Mieses, Stanley (9 de agosto de 1997). «Still Walking the Walk, Leading the Way». Newsday. p. B.05Em falta ou vazio |url= (ajuda)
↑"The Beach Boys have often been called 'America's Band', and Allmusic.com has stated that 'the band's unerring ability... made them America's first, best rock band.'"«BBC Music - The Beach Boys». BBC. Consultado em 1 de novembro de 2009.
↑"Touted as 'America’s band', they also benefited from all the media attention surrounding the rescue and recovery of their erstwhile leader Brian from a series of lost years spent in druggy, bed-ridden exile."«Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame - The Beach Boys». Consultado em 1 de novembro de 2009.
↑"In a linoleum hallway in the Seoul stadium, stacks of rice bags festooned with ribbons and signs boasting how many kilograms each club purchased (100 kg, 500 kg, 1,000 kg) were lined up like shrines to the K-pop gods that were about to go on stage: T.O.P., G-Dragon, etc. Big Bang is one of the biggest acts on the K-pop roster. For their first show in months, 12.7 tons of rice were donated from 50 fan clubs around the world." Mahr, Krista (7 de março de 2012). «South Korea's Greatest Export: How K-Pop's Rocking the World». The TimesEm falta ou vazio |url= (ajuda); |acessodata= requer |url= (ajuda)
↑"Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers are widely considered to be America's Greatest Rock and Roll Band. Over the course of three decades they have built a reputation among their peers as the gold standard for what a rock-and-roll band can be" (foreword, Bogdanovich) in Petty, Tom; Bogdanovich, Peter (2007). Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers: Runnin' Down a Dream. [S.l.]: Chronicle Books. p. foreword. ISBN9780811862011
↑"The Five Stairsteps were 'The First Family of Soul.' A title bestowed upon the Chicago-based teenaged group in part because of their astounding five-year run of hits, which included the 1970 million-selling single "O-o-h Child." 'The First Family...' title was later adapted by the Jackson 5. Hogan, Ed. «The Five Stairsteps». AllmusicEm falta ou vazio |url= (ajuda); |acessodata= requer |url= (ajuda)
↑"The Stairsteps were tremendous R&B stars and were critically acclaimed as the 'First Family of Soul'." Calloway, Earl (22 de agosto de 1998). Five Stairsteps remembered on ultimate Regal stage revue. Chicago Defender. XCVI. [S.l.: s.n.] p. 15. ISSN0745-7014
↑Berelian, Essi. «The Rough Guide to Heavy Metal». Rough Guides. p. 172. ISBN1-84353-415-0Em falta ou vazio |url= (ajuda)
↑"The godfathers of rave are enjoying a career renaissance and playing to even bigger crowds" in Prodigy still on fire, The Telegraph, 30 May 2011, retrieved 30 May 2011.
↑"For one quick breath, the old R.E.M. extended family came together in a show of support. It is fitting that this update edition ends with the departure of Holt and Barry. It's the end of the world as we know it, and the end of an era for the band who in its lifespan has come to be known as America's Greatest Rock and Roll Band." in Sullivan, Denise (1998). R.E.M.: Talk About the Passion : An Oral History. [S.l.]: Da Capo Press. p. xxiii. ISBN9780306808579
↑"The Stones figured out early on that you can rock, and also understand the value of branding. 'The World's Greatest Rock & Roll Band' was a title the Stones bequeathed to themselves, and soon enough, neither media nor fans could think of the name of the band without its slogan."Popkin, Helen A.S. The Stones may be old, but they can still rock. [S.l.]: MSNBC. Consultado em 19 de abril de 2009.