Rolfing

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Rolfing é uma forma de medicina alternativa criada por Ida Rolf (1896–1979) com a denominação Integração Estrutural.[1][2] Consiste geralmente numa série de dez sessões de manipulação física com as mãos denominada de "receita". Baseia-se nas ideias de Rolf sobre os benefícios do alinhamento do campo gravitacional da Terra com um suposto "campo de energia" do corpo humano.[3][4] Os praticantes combinam terapia manual superficial e profunda e estímulos de movimento.[5] O processo é por vezes doloroso.[6]

Os princípios do rolfing contrariam os fundamentos da medicina[7] e não existe qualquer evidência de que seja eficaz no tratamento de qualquer condição de saúde.[8] É considerado uma pseudociência[9] e tem sido caracterizado como charlatanismo.[10][11] Desconhece-se a sua segurança.[8][12]

Referências

  1. Myers TW (2004). «Structural integration—developments in Ida Rolf's 'Recipe'—I». Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 8 (2): 131–142. ISSN 1360-8592. doi:10.1016/S1360-8592(03)00088-3 
  2. Sherman KJ, Dixon MW, Thompson D, Cherkin DC (2006). «Development of a taxonomy to describe massage treatments for musculoskeletal pain». BMC Complement Altern Med (Review). 6. 24 páginas. PMC 1544351Acessível livremente. PMID 16796753. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-6-24. Some massage styles with different names may be essentially the same (e.g., Structural Integration and Rolfing®) 
  3. Ida P. Rolf, Ph.D. (1 de novembro de 1990) [1978]. Rolfing and Physical Reality. [S.l.]: Inner Traditions / Bear & Co. p. 31. ISBN 978-1-62055-338-1. This is the gospel of Rolfing: When the body gets working appropriately, the force of gravity can flow through. Then, spontaneously, the body heals itself. 
  4. Carroll, Robert Todd (22 de janeiro de 2014). «Rolfing». The Skeptic's Dictionary Online ed. [S.l.: s.n.] ISBN 9780471272427. Consultado em 3 de março de 2014 
  5. Deutsch, Judith E. (2008). «The Ida Rolf Method of Structural Integration». In: Deutsch, Judith E. Complementary Therapies for Physical Therapy: A Clinical Decision-Making Approach. [S.l.]: Saunders. pp. 266–7. ISBN 0721601111 
  6. Russell J, Rovere A, eds. (2009). «Bodywork». American Cancer Society Complete Guide to Complementary and Alternative Cancer Therapies 2nd ed. [S.l.]: American Cancer Society. p. 170. ISBN 9780944235713 
  7. Clow B (2001). Negotiating Disease: Power and Cancer Care, 1900-1950. [S.l.]: McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 63. Before we explore medical reactions to therapeutic innovations in this era, we must stop to consider the meaning of 'alternative medicine' in this context. Often scholars use the term to denote systems of healing that are philosophically as well as therapeutically distinct from regular medicine: homeopathy, reflexology, rolfing, macrobiotics, and spiritual healing, to name a few, embody interpretations of health, illness, and healing that are not only different from, but also at odds with conventional medical opinion. 
  8. a b Baggoley C (2015). «Review of the Australian Government Rebate on Natural Therapies for Private Health Insurance» (PDF). Australian Government – Department of Health. pp. 16, 19, 125–8. Resumo divulgativoGavura, S. Australian review finds no benefit to 17 natural therapies. Science-Based Medicine. (19 November 2015)  Verifique data em: |resumo-data= (ajuda)
  9. Cordón, LA (janeiro de 2005), «Rolfing», ISBN 978-0-313-32457-4, Greenwood Publishing Group, Popular Psychology: An Encyclopedia, pp. 217–218 : "The idea of vital energy... does not correspond to known facts of how the human body operates. Similarly, there is absolutely no support in psychological literature for the idea of traumatic experiences being repressed in the form of muscle memory, and so the basic ideas of Rolfing certainly fall into the category of pseudoscience."
  10. Dan Agin (27 de novembro de 2007). Junk Science: How Politicians, Corporations, and Other Hucksters Betray Us. [S.l.]: St. Martin's Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-1-4668-3853-6 
  11. Rose Shapiro (30 de setembro de 2010). Suckers: How Alternative Medicine Makes Fools of Us All. [S.l.]: Random House. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-4090-5916-5 
  12. Barden RC (2013). «Chapter 9: Protecting the Integrity of the Family Law System: Multidisciplinary Processes and Family Law Reform». In: Lorandos D, Bernet W, Sauber SR. Parental Alienation: The Handbook for Mental Health and Legal Professionals. [S.l.]: Charles C Thomas. p. 279. ISBN 978-0-398-08750-0