Lista de não teístas

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Esta é uma lista de não teístas famosos, que inclui ateus, agnósticos e budistas.

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Adam Savage, idealizador e apresentador do programa Mythbusters, do Discovery Channel.
Albert Einstein, físico alemão.
Alexander Graham Bell, cientista, inventor e empresário escocês.
Alinne Moraes, atriz e modelo brasileira.
Antonio Banderas, ator, produtor, cantor e diretor espanhol de cinema.
Ayaan Hirsi Ali, política e ativista neerlandesa, defensora dos direitos humanos.

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Bill Gates, filantropo, autor e fundador da Microsoft.
Brad Pitt, ator norte-americano.
Bruce Willis, ator estadunidense.

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Caetano Veloso, compositor e cantor brasileiro
Charles Chaplin, ator, diretor, roteirista e comediante inglês.
Chico Buarque, compositor e cantor brasileiro

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Daniel Radcliffe, ator britânico.
Dercy Gonçalves, atriz brasileira.

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Eddie Vedder, cantor e guitarrista estadunidense.
Eliane Brum, jornalista e escritora brasileira.

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Fernando Alonso, bicampeão de fórmula 1.
Friedrich Nietzsche, filósofo alemão.

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Jimmy Wales, co-fundador da Wikipédia.
Jodie Foster, atriz, diretora e produtora estadunidense.
Julianne Moore, atriz estadunidense.

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Karl Marx, filósofo, escritor, economista, sociólogo, teórico político e jornalista alemão
Katharine Hepburn, atriz norte americana.

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Lima Duarte, ator, diretor e dublador brasileiro

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Madalyn Murray O'Hair, ativista ateísta.
Malu Mader, atriz brasileira.
Monica Bellucci, atriz e ex-modelo internacional italiana.
Monteiro Lobato, escritor brasileiro, pioneiro da literatura infanto-juvenil.

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Oscar Niemeyer, arquiteto brasileiro.

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Paulo Autran, ator brasileiro

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Raul Seixas, músico e compositor brasileiro
Richard Dawkins, escritor e cientista britânico, conhecido por defender e promover a Evolução e o Ateísmo.

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Steve Jobs, empresário de informática estadunidense.

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Tariq Ali, escritor e ativista paquistanês

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Woody Allen, ator, roteirista e diretor de cinema estadunidense.

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Zac Efron, ator estadunidense


  1. Dina Kraft (Mar.14, 2013). 'Repairing the world' was Aaron Swartz’s calling Haaretz. Visitado em 23 March 2013. "And although the young technologist and activist grew up to call himself an atheist, the values he grew up with appeared foundational."
  2. Abdul Rashid Dostum
  3. 'He brings a humanness to (science) that's very refreshing' Rediff On The News. Visitado em 31 October 2014. "Although he is an atheist, Dr Ashtekar says, his attitude toward work is from the Hindu religious text, the Bhagavad Gita."
  4. Celebrity Apprentice: why atheist Adam Carolla picked a Catholic charity
  5. {{|watch?v=1JUfWlf2xNY|title=AVTM shares Catholic-Atheist liberty hug with Tom Woods|publisher=Youtube|date=July 1, 2012|accessdate=May 26, 2013}}
  6. Food for The Eagle By Adam Savage
  7. Adrianne Curry - Celebrity Atheist List
  8. "However, while Buñuel’s attacks on religion are primarily confined to Catholicism, Jodorowsky not only violates but de-centres Western religious traditions by creating a hybrid amalgamation of Western, non-Western and occult beliefs. A self-described “atheist mystic”, he has claimed to hate religion (for it “is killing the planet”), but he loves mysticism and occult practices like alchemy." David Church, Senses of Cinema, February 13, 2007. [1]
  9. Atheist Alain de Botton challenges Hitchens’ assertion that ‘religion poisons everything’
  10. Alan Cumming - Celebrity Atheist List
  11. "The question of the origin of the matter in the universe is no longer thought to be beyond the range of science — everything can be created from is fair to say that the universe is the ultimate free lunch." Alan Guth, The Inflationary Universe: The Quest for a New Theory of Cosmic Origins (1998). q:Atheism
  12. [ Celebrity Atheist: Alan Turing
  13. a b c d e f The 50 Most Brilliant Atheists of All Time Visitado em 11 de fevereiro de 2011.
  14. Camus, Albert [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
  15. "The atheist existentialists, such as (...) Camus (...)" David Layton (2012). The Humanism of Doctor Who: A Critical Study in Science Fiction and Philosophy. McFarland, pg. 333
  16. Albert Einstein - Celebrity Atheist List
  17. Albert Ellis - Celebrity Atheist List
  18. Nielsen, Stevan Lars & Ellis, Albert. (1994). "A discussion with Albert Ellis: Reason, emotion and religion", Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 13(4), Win 1994. pp. 327-341
  19. Aldous Huxley - Celebrity Atheist List
  20. Alejandro Amenábar - Celebrity Atheist List
  21. Atheist Attacks Godless Constitution
  22. facts about Alexander Lukashenko - True Knowledge
  23. Theories of the Origin and Early Evolution of Life
  25. Neil Schlager. Science and its times: understanding the social significance of scientific discovery. illustrated ed. [S.l.]: Gale Group, 2000. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-7876-3939-6 Página visitada em 11 April 2012.
  26. In his introduction to the Sunshine screenplay (Faber and Faber 2007), Garland writes: "Aside from being a love letter to its antecedents, I wrote Sunshine as a film about atheism. A crew is en route to a God-like entity: the Sun. The Sun is larger and more powerful than we can imagine. The Sun gave us life, and can take it away. It is nurturing, in that it provides the means of our survival, but also terrifying and hostile [...] Ultimately, even the most rational crew member is overwhelmed by his sense of wonder and, as he falls into the star, he believes he is touching the face of God. But he isn't. The Sun is God-like, but not God. Not a conscious being. Not a divine architect. And the crew member is only doing what man has always done: making an awestruck category error when confronted with our small place within the vast and neutral scheme of things. The director, Danny Boyle, who is not atheistic in the way that I am, felt differently. He believed that the crew actually were meeting God. I didn't see this as a major problem, because the difference in our approach wasn't in conflict with the way in which the story would be told."
  27. David Burns. The Life and Death of the Radical Historical Jesus. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press, 2013. p. 97. ISBN 9780199929504 Página visitada em 14 December 2012.
  28. Paul Avrich, Karen Avrich. Sasha and Emma: The Anarchist Odyssey of Alexander Berkman and Emma Goldman. [S.l.]: Harvard University Press, 2012. ISBN 9780674067677 Página visitada em 14 December 2012.
  29. "Although Hurley's ecumenical links stopped short of the Communist Party, Alec Erwin, today's South African Minister of Trade and Industry, recalled their friendship in anti-apartheid days, though Erwin was an atheist and "he knew of my support for the Communist cause"." Randolph Vigne, 'Obituary: Archbishop Denis Hurley, Progressive South African Prelate', The Independent (London), February 25, 2004, Pg. 34.
  30. "He had remained steadfast in agnosticism and therefore, as Mabel took comfort in remarking, "he never denied God." Neither did he affirm God. He and Mabel occasionally attended Presbyterian services and sometimes Episcopalian, at which Mabel could follow the prayer book. Since otherwise she depended on Bell's interpreting, their church goings were rare; but their children attended Presbyterian services regularly. In 1901 Bell came across a Unitarian pamphlet and found its theology congenially undogmatic. "I have always considered myself as an Agnostic," he wrote Mabel, "but I have now discovered that I am a Unitarian Agnostic."" Bruce, Robert V (1973). Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and the Conquest of Solitude. Cornell University Press, pg. 490
  31. "Alec, a skeptical Scot whose family never attended church, gently informed her that he believed "[m]en should be judged not by their religious beliefs but by their lives." He respected Mabel's beliefs, but he himself couldn't accept the notion of life after death: "Concerning Death and Immortality, Salvation, Faith and all the other points of theoretical religion, I know absolutely nothing and can frame no beliefs whatsoever." Mabel quietly accepted Alec's agnosticism, although she firmly informed him, "It is so glorious and comforting to know there is something after this—that everything does not end with this world."" Gray, Charlotte (2006). Reluctant Genius: The Passionate Life and Inventive Mind of Alexander Graham Bell. Harper Collins Publishers Ltd., pg. 151
  32. Alex Kapranos - Celebrity Atheist List
  33. Alexander McQueen - Celebrity Atheist List
  34. Worse than Wilders. But No Death Threats
  35. 20th Century - Investigating Atheism
  36. An analysis of the atheists near-death experiences
  37. Alfred Kinsey - Celebrity Atheist List
  38. "Kinsey was also shown to be an atheist who loathed religion and its constraints on sex." 'Kinsey' critics ready, Cheryl Wetzstein, The Washington Times. Retrieved February 2, 2007.
  39. "Most of the Socialist Party members were also in favor of assimilation, and Tarski's political allegiance was socialist at the time. So, along with its being a practical move, becoming more Polish than Jewish was an ideological statement and was approved by many, though not all, of his colleagues. As to why Tarski, a professed atheist, converted, that just came with the territory and was part of the package: if you were going to be Polish then you had to say you were Catholic." Anita Burdman Feferman, Solomon Feferman, Alfred Tarski: Life and Logic (2004), page 39.
  40. Protagonista de nova série da Globo, Alinne Moraes fala sobre ateísmo.
  41. Álvares de Azevedo: O Homem do Desejo, por José Emílio Major Neto. Apresentação ao livro Lira dos vinte anos e poesias diversas. Atelie Editorial, 1999. Página 28.
  42. André Breton - Celebrity Atheist List
  43. Época (3 de Janeiro de 2007). A consolação da filosofia (em português). Visitado em 8 de Janeiro de 2011.
  44. Marie Claire (2 de Outubro de 2010). Andréa Beltrão tem 45 anos de vida, 30 de carreira, pouquíssimas rugas e uma grande família, dentro e fora de casa (em português). Visitado em 8 de Janeiro de 2011.
  45. "Of course, Markov, an atheist and eventual excommunicate of the Church quarreled endlessly with his equally outspoken counterpart Nekrasov. The disputes between Markov and Nekrasov were not limited to mathematics and religion, they quarreled over political and philosophical issues as well." Gely P. Basharin, Amy N. Langville, Valeriy A. Naumov, The Life and Work of A. A. Markov, page 6.
  46. Loren R. Graham, Jean-Michel Kantor. Naming Infinity: A True Story of Religious Mysticism and Mathematical Creativity. [S.l.]: Harvard University Press, 2009. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-674-03293-4 Página visitada em 22 April 2012.
  47. Gennady Gorelik, Antonina W. Bouis. The World of Andrei Sakharov: A Russian Physicist's Path to Freedom. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press, 2005. p. 356. ISBN 9780195156201 Página visitada em 14 August 2012.
  48. Gennadiĭ Efimovich Gorelik, Antonina W. Bouis. The World of Andrei Sakharov: A Russian Physicist's Path to Freedom. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press, 2005. p. 158. ISBN 9780195156201 Página visitada em 27 May 2012.
  49. In: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford. The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Perspectives on Violence, Homicide, and War. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press, 2012. p. 465. ISBN 9780199738403 Página visitada em 14 August 2012.
  50. Andy Partridge - Celebrity Atheist List
  51. On his website's FAQ section Andy said: "I guess because of my look in the November 2006 YouTube videos, many people came to assume that I am Muslim. Well, I am not Muslim. I am actually an atheist. As a side note, I believe in anyone's right to believe in what they want and kindly ask the same. So please don't message me trying to convert me to the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster or anything else"
  52. Andy Richter - Celebrity Atheist List
  53. Andy Rooney - Celebrity Atheist List
  54. Andy Serkis on Being an Atheist Parent
  55. Arch Enemy's Angela Gossow Talks Atheism, Veganism, And More In Interview With Maximum Rock
  56. Ani DiFranco - Celebrity Atheist List
  58. Celebrity Atheist: Anton Chekhov
  59. "Artaud’s theories are phrased in a strongly poetical language that betrays an acute awareness of modernity’s disenchanted life-world, but, at the same time, is obsessed with reviving the supernatural. His profoundly atheist religiosity (if we may call it so) obviously presents great problems to scholarship." Thomas Crombez: Dismemberment in Drama/Dismemberment of Drama - Chapter Two - The Dismembered Body in Antonin Artaud’s Surrealist Plays. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. [2][3]
  60. Antonio Banderas - Celebrity Atheist List
  61. Extra Online (11 de Dezembro de 2010). Antonio Fagundes: "Não há uma grande verdade sobre mim" (em português). Visitado em 8 de Janeiro de 2010.
  62. The Atheist Conservative: » Antonio Gramsci
  63. Hamalian, Leo (1980). As others see us: the Armenian image in literature. New York: Ararat Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0933706170. "Aram Khachaturian ... Besides his being an atheist, his Armenian descent..."
  64. Volkov, Solomon. "Они сократили целых 4 такта моей музыки!!!". Novoye Vremya (in Russian) (Yerevan). Archived from the original on 22 August 2014. По поводу поездки в Рим композитор отметил: "Я — атеист, но являюсь сыном народа, первым в истории официально принявшим христианство, и потому посещение Ватикана было моим долгом".
  65. Ariane Sherine (4 de setembro de 2009). The Atheist’s Guide To Christmas (AKA The Atheist Book Campaign). Visitado em 1 de outubro de 2011.
  66. Arnaldo Jabor, ateu famoso
  67. Eu não gostava do papa João Paulo II, por Arnaldo Jabor. Transcrito do jornal O Globo. Acesso em 21/08/2015.
  68. "Denjoy was an atheist, but tolerant of others' religious views; he was very interested in philosophical, psychological, and social issues." "Denjoy, Arnaud", Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol. 17, p.219. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008.
  69. Arthur C. Clarke - Celebrity Atheist List
  70. "They became correspondents and, surprisingly since Tansley was an avowed atheist, friends." - Peter G. Ayres, Shaping Ecology: The Life of Arthur Tansley, page 139.
  71. Arthur Miller - Celebrity Atheist List
  72. Arthur Schopenhauer - Celebrity Atheist List
  73. "Although Schopenhauer was an atheist, he realized that his philosophy of denial had been part of several great religions; for example, Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism." B. R. Hergenhahn (2009). An Introduction to the History of Psychology (6ª ed.). Cengage Learning, pg. 216
  74. "A more accurate statement might be that for a German – rather than a French or British writer of that time – Schopenhauer was an honest and open atheist." David A. Leeming, Kathryn Madden, Stanton Marlan, ed. (2009). Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion, Volume 2. Springer. p. 824
  75. "For Kant, the mathematical sublime, as seen for example in the starry heavens, suggests to imagination the infinite, which in turn leads by subtle turns of contemplation to the concept of God. Schopenhauer's atheism will have none of this, and he rightly observes that despite adopting Kant's distinction between the dynamical and mathematical sublime, his theory of the sublime, making reference to the struggles and sufferings of struggles and sufferings of Will, is unlike Kant's." Dale Jacquette, ed. (2007). Schopenhauer, Philosophy and the Arts. Cambridge University Press. p. 22
  76. Arundhati Roy - Celebrity Atheist List
  77. Asia Carrera - Celebrity Atheist List
  78. "(...) the only thing we have in common with those so designated is that we do not believe in God." John Stuart Mill, Auguste Comte. 'The Correspondence of John Stuart Mill and Auguste Comte', Transaction Publishers, p. 320.
  79. "Despite his atheism, Comte was concerned with moral regeneration and the establishment of a spiritual power." Mary Pickering, 'Auguste Comte and the Saint-Simonians', French Historical Studies Vol. 18, No. 1 (Spring 1993), pp. 211-236.
  80. "But tragically, Comte's "remarkable clearness and extent of vision as to natural things" was coupled with a "total blindness in regard to all that pertains to man's spiritual nature and relations." His "astonishing philosophic power" served only to increase the "plausibility" of a dangerous infidelity. Comte was, once unmasked, a "blank, avowed, unblushing Atheist." [...] Some of the Reformed writers were careful enough to note that technically Comte was not an atheist since he never denied the existence of God, merely his comprehensibility. Practically, however, this made little difference. It only pointed to the skepticism and nescience at the core of his positivism. The epistemological issues dominated the criticism of Comte. Quickly, his atheism was traced to his sensual psychology (or "sensualistic psychology", as Robert Dabney preferred to say)." Charles D. Cashdollar, 'Auguste Comte and the American Reformed Theologians', Journal of the History of Ideas Vol. 39, No. 1 (January–March 1978), pp. 61-79.
  81. Auguste Comte - University of Hawaii
  82. Ayaan Hirsi Ali | 2012 Global Atheist Convention
  83. Celebrity Atheist: Ayn Rand
  84. Vídeo "Ayn Rand - Faith vs Reason", disponível no YouTube.
  85. Obama, Barack. "My Spiritual Journey", TIME. Página visitada em 2008-09-26.
  87. Celebrity Atheist: Béla Bartók
  88. Bertolt Brecht's Communist Writings: The Poetry and Politics of Disillusion Acesso em 13 de agosto de 2015.
  89. Russell said: "As a philosopher, if I were speaking to a purely philosophic audience I should say that I ought to describe myself as an Agnostic, because I do not think that there is a conclusive argument by which one prove that there is not a God. On the other hand, if I am to convey the right impression to the ordinary man in the street I think I ought to say that I am an Atheist... None of us would seriously consider the possibility that all the gods of Homer really exist, and yet if you were to set to work to give a logical demonstration that Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, and the rest of them did not exist you would find it an awful job. You could not get such proof. Therefore, in regard to the Olympic gods, speaking to a purely philosophical audience, I would say that I am an Agnostic. But speaking popularly, I think that all of us would say in regard to those gods that we were Atheists. In regard to the Christian God, I should, I think, take exactly the same line." Am I an Agnostic or an Atheist?, from Last Philosophical Testament 1943–1968, (1997) Routledge ISBN 0-415-09409-7. Russell was chosen by LOOK magazine to speak for agnostics in their well-known series explaining the religions of the U.S., and authored the essay "What Is An Agnostic?" which appeared 3 November 1953 in that magazine
  90. Bertrand Russell Society Archives: Was Bertrand Russell An Atheist or Was He Really an Agnostic?
  91. Celebrity Atheist: Bertrand Russell
  92. NNDB (de de 2010). Bill Gates - Profile (em inglês). Visitado em 9 de Janeiro de 2011.
  93. Bjork profileGQ, "GQ&A: Björk""Irish atheists challenge new blasphemy laws" 1 January 2010 Guardian
  94. Doug Renselle. A Review of Amy Wallace's The Prodigy Quantonics, Inc.. Visitado em 20 June 2012. "Rabid atheist by age six. (His father, Boris, was too, but intensely studied great religious works.)"
  95. a b c d e f g h i j k l Yahoo! Notícias (de de 2010). Os famosos que não acreditam em Deus (em português). Visitado em 9 de Janeiro de 2011.
  96. '"We're dealing with religious zealots. I mean, they're so far behind the equal as it is and it's not like one's ever coming up to us, as individuals, and asking about our individual viewpoints, because in our band, believe it or not, though I am a staunch atheist, there are variation on that theme that go through our band" Bad Religion Talk 'True North' and Religious Views (Part 1 of 2)]
  97. Kendall, Paul. "Professor Brian Cox: bringing the solar system to your living room", The Daily Telegraph, March 14, 2010.
  98. Dr. Brian Cox (science consultant) - Sunshine - Interview (2007-08-27). Visitado em 2012-06-03.
  99. "It [her non-fiction book Black Ship to Hell (1962)] endeavoured to formulate a morality based on reason rather than religion—Brophy described herself as 'a natural, logical and happy atheist' (King of a Rainy Country, afterword, 276)." Peter Parker: 'Brophy, Brigid Antonia [married name Brigid Antonia Levey, Lady Levey] (1929–1995)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edition, May 2006 [4] (accessed April 29, 2008).
  100. Bruce Willis - Celebrity Atheist List (em inglês) Visitado em 19 de Julho de 2010.
  101. "Within a year I had gone to Miss Graves to tell her that I no longer believed in God. 'I know,' she said, 'I have been through that myself.' But her strategy misfired: I never went through it." B.F. Skinner, pp. 387-413, E.G. Boring and G. Lindzey's A History of Psychology in Autobiography (Vol. 5), New York: Appleton Century-Crofts, 1967.
  102. Vídeo "Caetano se declara ateu no Domingão do Faustão, 31-07-2011", disponível no YouTube.
  103. Não existem ateus na Bahia
  104. a b Vermelho - Os ateus põem a cabeça pra fora. Visitado em 09/06/2002.
  105. Caetano Veloso, ateu famoso
  106. Richard Benefield, ed. (2003). Motets for One Voice: The Organ-accompanied Solo Motet in Nineteenth-century France, Volume 36. A-R Editions, Inc. p. xx. ISBN 9780895795274. "An avowed atheist, Saint-Saëns's uncompromisingly rigid standards and austere musical tastes, as well as his outspoken views on church music, often placed him at odds with the clergy."
  107. Brian Rees (1999). Camille Saint-Saëns: a life. Chatto & Windus. p. 73. ISBN 9781856197731. "Baumann constantly emphasises the spiritual content of Saint-Saëns's music despite the composer's emphatic atheist views of later years."
  108. Classic Cat: Biography of Camille Saint-Saëns. Acesso em 26/08/15.
  109. "...he always remained true to his own concepts and ideals and did not dissimulate. His open designation of himself as "atheist" in "Who's Who in America" and his opposition to the invasion of the Soviet Union by the Allies..." H J Muller, 'Dr. Calvin B. Bridges', Nature 143, 191-192 (04 Feb 1939).
  110. Vídeo "O Deus de Carlos Drummond de Andrade", disponível no YouTube.
  111. Vídeo "O ateismo de Drummond", disponível no YouTube.
  112. [Guia dos Curiosos] Visitado em 11 de fevereiro de 2011.
  113. [carlos lyra o comeco e o fim da bossa. Visitado em 06 de Junho de 2010.
  114. Mário Magalhães fala sobre Carlos Marighella PCdoB (22 de novembro de 2012). Visitado em 28 de janeiro de 2013. "Mário Magalhães se lançou ao desafio de recontar a história de um filho de Oxóssi que se dizia ateu."
  115. Trip - Google Livros Visitado em 11 de fevereiro de 2011.
  116. Celeb Atheist: Charlie Chaplin
  117. Bradlaugh, Charles. Encyclopedia of World Biography. [S.l.: s.n.], 2004. Página visitada em March 28, 2015.
  118. "I am so sorry to hear of Asher's passing. I will miss his scientific insight and advice, but even more his humor and stuborn integrity. I remember when one of his colleagues complained about Asher's always rejecting his manuscript when they were sent to him to referee. Asher said in effect, "You should thank me. I am only trying to protect your reputation." He often pretended to consult me, a fellow atheist, on matters of religious protocol. As we waited in line to eat the hors d'oeuvres at a conference in Evanston, he said, "There is a prayer Jews traditionally say when they do something new that they have never done before. I am about to eat a new kind of non-Kosher food. Do you think I should say the prayer?" My wife and grown children, who are visiting us this new year, and remember Asher from when we all lived in Cambridge 20 years ago, join me in sending you our condolences for this sudden loss of an irrepressible and irreplaceable person. Please convey our feelings especially to your mother at this difficult time. " Charles H. Bennett's letter written to the family of Israeli physicist, Asher Peres, A selection of the many letters of condolence sent to the Peres family during January 2005 .
  119. "Chico Anysio se declara ateu e é ofendido por crentes."
  120. "Deus ? Que Deus ?"
  121. Atlantseglaren från Bromma vill tänja gränsen mot rymden, Dagens Nyheter, December 10, 2006.
  122. Tom Siegfried (June 28, 2013). When the atom went quantum - Bohr's revolutionary atomic theory turns 100 Society for Science & the Public 2000. Visitado em 1 July 2013. "As for standard religion, though, Bohr was unsympathetic. His mother was a nonpracticing Jew, his father an atheist Lutheran."
  123. Celebrity Atheist: Christopher Hitchens
  124. Preview: The Four Horsemen of New Atheism reunited
  125. That Old Time Religion: Was 16th-Century Writer Christopher Marlowe an Atheist — and Was He Murdered For It?
  126. Christopher Marlowe and the Golden Age of England. Michael J. Kelly. The Marlowe Society Research Journal - Volume 05 - 2008.
  127. Atheism in “Doctor Faustus” by Christopher Marlowe. Nicole Smith, 2011.
  128. NNDB: Christopher Marlowe
  129. New World Encyclopedia: Marlowe, the atheist
  130. "Considero a religião como um brinquedo infantil, e acho que o único pecado é a ignorância". Trecho de sua peça O Judeu de Malta, de 1589 ou 1590.
  131. "In college, after reading material from American Atheists, he became, in his words, 'a pretty hard core atheist.'" Clark Adams: 1969–2007, American Humanist Association News Flash, May 24, 2007 (Accessed April 14, 2008)
  132. a b "Napoleon replies: "How comes it, then, that Laplace was an atheist? At the Institute neither he nor Monge, nor Berthollet, nor Lagrange believed in God. But they did not like to say so." Baron Gaspard Gourgaud, Talks of Napoleon at St. Helena with General Baron Gourgaud (1904), page 274.
  133. ""Personally, I've never been confronted with the question of God," says one such politely indifferent atheist, Dr. Claude Lévi-Strauss, professor of social anthropology at the Collège de France." Theology: Toward a Hidden God,
  134. "Shannon described himself as an atheist and was outwardly apolitical." William Poundstone, Fortune's Formula, Hill and Wang: New York (2005), page 18.
  135. Steve Kroft asked Venter on CBS' Sixty Minutes, 21 November 2010: "Do you believe in God?" Venter replied, "No. The universe is far more wonderful."
  136. Minister Turned Atheist
  137. Celebrity Atheist: Daniel Dennett
  138. Preview: The Four Horsemen of New Atheism reunited
  139. Gazeta Online. Danton Mello: 'Sou ateu. Não preciso de nenhuma religião para praticar o bem' (em português).
  140. "Atheism and Religion"
  141. "First of all, I do not believe in the supernatural, so I take it for granted that consciousness has a material explanation. I also do not believe in insoluble problems, therefore I believe that this explanation is accessible in principle to reason, and that one day we will understand consciousness just as we today understand what life is, whereas once this was a deep mystery." David Deutsch in an interview with Philosophy Now magazine, Philosophy Now, December/January 2001 issue.
  142. Suzuki, David. Metamorphosis: States in a Life. [S.l.]: Stoddart, 1987. ISBN 978-0-7737-2139-5
  143. G1 (19 de Julho de 2008). Morre Dercy Gonçalves aos 101 anos (em português). Visitado em 9 de Janeiro de 2011.
  144. " father [Derek] was a British Atheist... from a rather well known Sephardic Jewish family..." de Solla Price, Mark (2007-12-09). Are you Jewish?. Visitado em 2008-08-01. Cópia arquivada em 2008-04-30.
  145. "[Religion] is not an easy subject to deal with, but as zoologists we must do our best to observe what actually happens rather than listen to what is supposed to be happening. If we do this, we are forced to the conclusion that, in a behavioural sense, religious activities consist of the coming together of large groups of people to perform repeated and prolonged submissive displays to appease a dominant individual. The dominant individual takes many forms in different cultures, but always has the common factor of immense power. [...] If these submissive actions are successful, the dominant individual is appeased. [...] The dominant individual is usually, but not always, referred to as a god. Since none of these gods exist in a tangible form, why have they been invented? To find the answer to this we have to go right back to our ancestral origins." Desmond Morris, The Naked Ape, p.178-179, Jonathan Cape, 1967.
  146. "Man's evolution as a neotenous ape has put him in a similar position to the dog's. He becomes sexually mature and yet he still needs a parent — a super-parent, one as impressive to him as a man must be to a dog. The answer was to invent a god — either a female super-parent in the shape of a Mother Goddess, or a male god in the shape of God the Father, or perhaps even a whole family of gods. Like real parents they would both protect, punish and be obeyed. [...] These — the houses of the gods — the temples, the churches and the cathedrals — are buildings apparently made for giants, and a space visitor would be surprised to find on closer examination that these giants are never at home. Their followers repeatedly visit them and bow down before them, but they themselves are invisible. Only their bell-like cries can be heard across the land. Man is indeed an imaginative species." Desmond Morris, The Pocket Guide to Manwatching, p.234-236 Triad Paperbacks, 1982.
  147. Vídeo "Dilma acredita em Deus? [2007] "Será que há?"", disponível no Youtube.
  148. "A presidente Dilma Rousseff, agnóstica, tem em sua sala de espera várias estátuas de santas." Ministro que condenou o ex-diretor do Banco do Brasil justifica fuga à Itália
  149. "I am a radical Atheist..." Adams in an interview by American Atheists [5].
  150. Intolerância religiosa
  151. a b c d e Isto é - Ateus, graças a Deus. Visitado em 12/06/2009.
  152. Celebrity Atheist: Dmitri Shostakovich
  153. Celebrity Atheist: Edgar Varèse. Acesso em 26/08/15.
  154. "It can hardly have been due to any reluctance on Newton's part to becoming too closely involved with Halley, the well-known atheist." Derek Gjertsen, The Newton Handbook (1986), page 250.
  155. "In religious matters he was an atheist." A.G. MacGregor: "Bailey, Edward Battersby", Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol. 1 p. 393. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008.
  156. Revista Época. A dura vida dos ateus em um Brasil cada vez mais evangélico (em português).
  157. Michel Meulders. In: Laurence Garey. Helmholtz: From Enlightenment to Neuroscience. [S.l.]: MIT Press, 2010. p. 74. ISBN 9780262014489 Página visitada em 5 May 2013.
  158. David Klinghoffer. 'Darwin Would Put God Out of Business' Beliefnet, Inc.. Visitado em 21 May 2013. "The author is Emile Zuckerkandl of Stanford University. Prof. Zuckerkandl ferociously attacks ID and any belief in a designer, God, or other "superghost"."
  159. Emma Goldman (February 1916). The Philosophy of Atheism Visitado em 2006-12-13.
  160. Revista Trip - Erasmo Carlos
  161. "Once, filming in Italy with the American director John Huston and a US army crew, Ambler and his colleagues were shelled so fiercely that his unconscious 'played a nasty trick on him' (Ambler, Here Lies, 208). A confirmed atheist, he heard himself saying, 'Into thy hands I commend my spirit.' " Michael Barber: 'Ambler, Eric Clifford (1909–1998)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edition, January 2007 [6] (accessed April 29, 2008).
  162. "About the same time he stopped observing Jewish religious rituals and rejected a cause he had once embraced, Zionism. He "just didn't want to participate in any division of the human race, whether religious or political," he explained decades later (Wershba, p. 12), by which time he was a confirmed atheist." Keay Davidson: "Fromm, Erich Pinchas", American National Biography Online, Feb. 2000 (accessed April 28, 2008) [7].
  163. Celebrity Atheist: Ernest Hemingway
  164. Hollowverse: The religion and political views of Ernest Hemingway
  165. R. S. Cohen. Ernst Mach, Physicist and Philosopher. [S.l.]: Springer, 1975. p. 158. ISBN 978-90-277-0016-2
  166. Gregory Scott Charak. Between Soul and Precision: Ernst Mach's Biological Empiricism and the Social Democratic Philosophy of Science. [S.l.]: ProQuest, 2007. p. 94. ISBN 9780549129738 Página visitada em 4 September 2012.
  167. Helge Kragh. Matter And Spirit In The Universe: Scientific And Religious Preludes To Modern Cosmology. [S.l.]: OECD Publishing, 2004. p. 55. ISBN 9781860944697 Página visitada em 4 September 2012.
  168. An appreciation of biologist Ernst Mayr (1904-2005) (2005-05-03). Visitado em 2012-06-03.
  169. Walter J. Moore. A Life of Erwin Schrödinger. [S.l.]: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 289–290 p. ISBN 9780521469340 Página visitada em 11 August 2012.
  170. Andrea Diem-Lane. Spooky Physics. [S.l.]: MSAC Philosophy Group. p. 42. ISBN 9781565430808 Página visitada em 11 August 2012.
  171. Moore, Walter. A Life of Erwin Schrödinger. [S.l.]: Cambridge University Press, 1994. ISBN 978-0-521-46934-0
  172. Moore, Walter. Schrödinger: Life and Thought. [S.l.: s.n.], 1989. ISBN 0-521-43767-9
  173. Walter J. Moore. Schrödinger: Life and Thought. [S.l.]: Cambridge University Press, 1992. p. 4. ISBN 9780521437677 Página visitada em 24 September 2012.
  174. Erwin Schrodinger. Visitado em 22 June 2012. "He claimed to be an atheist, but he used religious symbolism and believed that his scientific work was 'an approach to God'."
  175. Eugene Paul Wigner, Andrew Szanton. In: Andrew Szanton. The Recollections of Eugene P. Wigner As Told to Andrew Szanton. [S.l.]: Basic Books, 1992. 60–61 p. ISBN 9780306443268 Página visitada em 24 September 2012.
  176. Fernando Alonso Forum - Alonso-Planet - "Ferrari makes me turn into a child again" Visitado em 11 de fevereiro de 2011.
  177. FHC, que se dizia ateu, resolveu acreditar no Demônio, diz Tarso..
  178. Francis Crick, What Mad Pursuit: a Personal View of Scientific Discovery, Basic Books reprint edition, 1990, ISBN 0-465-09138-5, p. 145.
  179. How I Got Inclined Towards Atheism Visitado em 2012-06-03.
  180. Mark Steyn identify Crick as an atheist. See:The Twentieth-Century Darwin by Mark Steyn, published in The Atlantic Monthly, October 2004.
  181. "Francis Crick was an evangelical atheist."Francis Crick's Legacy for Neuroscience: Between the α and the Ω
  182. "Instead, it is interlaced with descriptions of Crick’s vacations, parties and assertions of atheism — occasionally colorful stuff that drains the intellectual drama from the codebreaking."Genome Human
  183. "There is Crick the mentor, Crick the atheist, Crick the free-thinker, and Crick the playful."Entertaining Dr Crick
  184. Crick, 86, said: "The god hypothesis is rather discredited." Do our genes reveal the hand of God?
  185. "After retirement, he remained politically active, defending Andrei Sakharov, and was President of the French Atheists' Union." D S Bell, 'Obituary: Francis Perrin', The Independent (London), July 18, 1992, Pg. 44.
  186. "The same Arago who spent his time criticizing unfounded myths now peddled them. Arago the atheist now spoke of souls." Theresa Levitt, The shadow of enlightenment: optical and political transparency in France, 1789-1848, page 105.
  187. Thomas Steven Molnar. Theists and Atheists: A Typology of Non-belief. [S.l.]: Walter de Gruyter, 1980. p. 59. ISBN 9789027977885
  188. When describing a total solar eclipse, Close wrote: "It was simultaneously ghastly, beautiful, supernatural. Even for a 21st century atheist, the vision was such that I thought, "If there is a heaven, this is what its entrance is like." The heavenly vision demanded music by Mozart; instead we had the crickets." Frank Close, 'Dark side of the moon', The Guardian, August 9, 2001, Guardian Online Pages, Pg. 8.
  189. K. C. Cole. Something Incredibly Wonderful Happens: Frank Oppenheimer and His Astonishing Exploratorium. [S.l.]: University of Chicago Press, 2012. 104–105 p. ISBN 9780226113470 Página visitada em 18 August 2012.
  190. "His tolerance and good humour enabled him to disagree strongly without giving or taking offence, for example with his brother Michael Ramsey whose ordination (he went on to become archbishop of Canterbury) Ramsey, as a militant atheist, naturally regretted." D. H. Mellor, 'Ramsey, Frank Plumpton (1903–1930)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edition, October 2005 (accessed May 2, 2008).
  191. John Golley. Jet: Frank Whittle and the Invention of the Jet Engine. [S.l.]: Eloy Gutierrez, 2010. p. 34. ISBN 9781907472008 Página visitada em 30 May 2012.
  192. Celebrity Atheist: Franz Kafka
  193. Jane Gregory. Fred Hoyle's Universe. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press, 2005. p. 143. ISBN 9780191578465 Página visitada em 11 April 2013.
  194. Irène Joliot-Curie Making the Modern World (1956-03-17). Visitado em 2012-06-03.
  195. "Raised in a completely nonreligious family, Joliot never attended any church and was a thoroughgoing atheist all his life." Perrin, Francis: "Joliot, Frédéric", Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol. 7 p. 151. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008.
  196. "In the Mass of Life (1904–05) Delius testified to his atheism. With Cassirer's assistance, he selected the words from Nietzsche's prose-poem Also sprach Zarathustra [...] In music that touches extreme poles of physical energy and rapt contemplation, Delius celebrates the human 'Will' and the 'Individual', and the 'Eternal Recurrence of Nature'." Diana McVeagh, 'Delius, Frederick Theodor Albert (1862–1934)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed 2 May 2008).
  197. Friedrich Engels - Freedom from Religion Foundation
  198. FRIEDRICH ENGELS - The European Graduate School
  199. Frederick Engels: life of a revolutionary
  200. A Gaia Ciência, aforismos 108, 125 e 343
  201. "The atheist existentialists, such as Nietzsche (...)" David Layton (2012). The Humanism of Doctor Who: A Critical Study in Science Fiction and Philosophy. McFarland, pg. 333
  202. "[Müller] was an atheist..." Review of Müller's biography, by James Mallet, Quarterly Review of Biology 79:196 (2004). Retrieved July 2, 2007.
  203. Oliver Knill (14 July 1998). Supernovae, an alpine climb and space travel.. Visitado em 21 June 2013. "Zwicky has dealt critically with religion during his whole life. (Source: "Everybody a genius"). In a diary entry of 1971, he writes "To base the unexplainabilty and the immense wonder of nature onto an other miracle God is unnecessary and not acceptable for any serious thinker"."
  204. Newsletter, Volumes 42-43. [S.l.]: The Society, 2006. p. 17.
  205. "Yet, sailing to Egypt, he had lain on deck, asking his scientists whether the planets were inhabited, how old the Earth was, and whether it would perish by fire or by flood. Many, like his friend Gaspard Monge, the first man to liquefy a gas, were atheists." Vincent Cronin, The View from Planet Earth: Man looks at the Cosmos, page 164.
  206. Laure Junot Abrantès. Memoirs of Napoleon, His Court and Family, Volume 2. [S.l.]: D. Appleton, 1881. p. 276.
  207. Archibald Henderson. George Bernard Shaw: His Life And Works, a Critical Biography. Kessinger Publishing, 2004. p. 135. ISBN 9781417961771. "It was at the Shelley Society's first large meeting that Shaw startled London by announcing himself as, " like Shelley, a Socialist, an atheist, and a vegetarian."
  208. Dayananda Pathak. George Bernard Shaw, His Religion & Values. Mittal Publications, 1985. p. 19. "Shaw explains what atheism really meant in his time. Belief in God in his time meant belief in the old tribal idol "I preferred to call myself an atheist", writes Shaw, "because belief in God then meant belief in the old tribal idol called Jehovah, and I would not, by calling myself an agnostic, pretend that I did not know whether it existed or not." He also adds: "I still, when I am dealing with old fashioned Fundamentalists, tell them that as I do not believe in this idol of theirs they may as well write me off as, for their purpose, I am an atheist."
  209. G. K. Chesterton. George Bernard Shaw. Echo Library, 2008. p. 21. ISBN 9781406890204. "I was," he writes, "wholly unmoved by their eloquence; and felt bound to inform the public that I was, on the whole, an atheist."
  210. ANDERSON: "What, uh, one thing I’m fascinated with is, of course, George Gamow left the university in ’59 [1956], and Edward Teller had left in 1946 [1945] and went to the University of Chicago. But do you have any recollections of maybe some of the, anything between Dr. Marvin and Dr. Gamow, as far as, just before he left and went to Colorado?" NAESER: "Ah, no, I don’t know of any. I know Gamow made no, never did hide the fact that he was an atheist, but whether that came into the picture, I don’t know. But the story around the university was that Gamow and Mrs. Gamow were divorced, but they were in the same social circles some of the time, he thought it was better to get out of Washington. That’s why he went to Ohio State." The George Washington University and Foggy Bottom Historical Encyclopedia, Gamow, George and Edward Teller, October 23, 1996.
  211. Grote Reber. The Big Bang Is Bunk 21st Century Science Associates.. Visitado em 28 May 2012. "After the initial mathematical work on relativity the ory had been done, the Big Bang theory itself was invented by a Belgian priest, Georges lemaitre, im proved upon by an avowed atheist, George Gamow, and is now all but universally accepted by those who hold advanced degrees in astronomy and the physical sciences, despite its obvious absurdity."
  212. Simon Singh. Big Bang. [S.l.]: HarperCollins UK, 2010. ISBN 9780007375509 Página visitada em 18 August 2012.
  213. Jane Gregory. Fred Hoyle's Universe. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press, 2005. p. 71. ISBN 9780191578465 Página visitada em 11 April 2013.
  214. * Life and letters of George Jacob Holyoake by Joseph McCabe, pp 201, 221* A history of atheism in Britain: from Hobbes to Russell, by David Berman, pp 212-213
  215. Holyoake was the last person in England to be imprisoned (in 1842) for being an atheist.Meek, James. "Free fall", Religion in the UK: special report, The Guardian, 2000-02-02. Página visitada em 2007-04-20.
  216. He coined the term "secularism" in 1846.Feldman, Noah (2005). Divided by God. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, pg. 113
  217. Celebrity Atheist: George Orwell
  218. William Shawcross (1º de setembro de 1997). Turning Dollars into Change (HTML) (em inglês). Visitado em 30 de abril de 2009.
  219. Austin Cline. George Soros' Atheism Fuels Conservative Rage (HTML) (em inglês). Visitado em 30 de abril de 2009.
  220. The Pearl Fishers - Georges Bizet Virginia Opera. Visitado em 19 April 2012. "At the end of the first year he was asked to submit a religious work as his required composition. As a self-described atheist, Bizet felt uneasy and hypocritical writing a religious piece. Instead, he submitted a comic opera. Publicly, the committee accepted, acknowledging his musical talent."
  221. Martin Cooper. Georges Bizet. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press, 1938. p. 48. ISBN 0781294908 Página visitada em 3 May 2013.
  222. Georges Charpak Visitado em 17 July 2012.
  223. "Deleuze's atheist philosophy of immanence is an artistic (or criative) power at work on theology" Deleuze and Religion. Mary Bryden (2002). Routledge, p. 157.
  224. "Deleuze's atheist critique is powerful (...)" Iconoclastic Theology: Gilles Deleuze and the Secretion of Atheism. F. LeRon Shults (2014). Edinburgh University Press, p. 103.
  225. "Some say God is living there [in space]. I was looking around very attentively, but I did not see anyone there. I did not detect either angels or gods. ... I don't believe in God. I believe in man-his strength, his possibilities, his reason." Gherman Titov, comments made at World Fair, Seattle, Washington, May 6, 1962, reported in The Seattle Daily Times, May 7, 1962, p. 2.
  226. "Hardy... was a stringent atheist..." Hit Play on Ramanujan, by Lisa Drostova, East Bay Express, April 30, 2003. Retrieved October 7, 2007.
  227. "The first Bombe to be delivered was named Agnus by Turing: a joke that atheist Hardy might have made..." Alan Turing — a Cambridge Scientific Mind, by Andrew Hodges, Cambridge Scientific Minds (Cambridge University Press, 2002) Retrieved July 2, 2007.
  228. Celebrity Atheist: Gore Vidal
  229. Vídeo "Gore Vidal - That's why I'm an atheist not an agnostic", disponível no YouTube.
  230. "Apesar de Greene depois opôs-se a ser chamado de "escritor católico", ele se tornou célebre por empregar temas religiosos em suas obras, elogiado pelos críticos católicos durante a sua vida pela forma poderosa em que seus romances exploração dos temas do pecado, a condenação, o mal, e o perdão divino. Mas o relacionamento de Greene com a igreja nunca foi fácil, e ele foi muitas vezes crítico da religião. Em seus últimos anos ele começou a se referir a si mesmo como um 'católico ateu' (Shelden, 6)." Michael Shelden: 'Greene, (Henry) Graham (1904–1991)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2004; online edition, January 2006 [8] (accessed May 1, 2008).
  231. "Eu não gosto de piedade religiosa convencional. Estou mais à vontade com o catolicismo de países católicos. Eu sempre achei difícil acreditar em Deus. Eu suponho que eu agora chamo a mim mesmo um ateu Católico." Graham Greene, interviewed by VS Pritchett, Saturday Review: Graham Greene into the light', The Times, March 18, 1978; pg. 6; Issue 60260; col A.
  232. Studies in Contemporary Jewry : Volume VII: Jews and Messianism in the Modern Era: Metaphor and Meaning: Volume VII: Jews and Messianism in the Modern Era: Metaphor and Meaning. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press, 1991. p. 353. ISBN 9780195361988 Página visitada em 8 May 2013.
  233. "The study of medicine also contributed to a loss of religious faith and to becoming atheist." Michael Heidelberger, Nature from within: Gustav Theodor Fechner and his psychophysical worldview, page 21.
  234. Denis Brian. The Voice Of Genius: Conversations With Nobel Scientists And Other Luminaries. [S.l.]: Basic Books, 2001. p. 117. ISBN 9780738204475 Página visitada em 22 September 2012.
  235. Michael Martin. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. [S.l.]: Cambridge University Press, 2007. p. 310. ISBN 9780521842709 Página visitada em 31 May 2012.
  236. R. L. Wysong. The Creation-evolution Controversy (implications, Methodology and Survey of Evidence): Toward a Rational Solution. [S.l.]: Wysong Institute, 1976. p. 75. ISBN 9780918112026 Página visitada em 18 July 2012.
  237. Harold C. Urey Visitado em 18 July 2012.
  238. Harold Kroto claims to have four "religions": humanism, atheism, amnesty-internationalism and humourism.[9]
  239. NNDB: Hector Berlioz
  240. Hector Berlioz - Freedom from Religion Foundation
  241. Kenneth McLeish, Stephen Mulrine (2005). Ibsen: Three Plays. Nick Hern Books. p. xxvi. ISBN 9781854598462. "Sternly atheist, unswervingly rationalist, he allows religion no part in the events of Hedda Gabler. When characters do invoke God (Tesman; Mrs Elvsted; Miss Tesman) it is a superficial, conventional way of talking, to add emphasis to otherwise bland remarks - and Ibsen the ironist takes it one step further when he makes Brack invoke, for the same purpose, not the deity but the devil."
  242. Folha Online - Pensata - Hélio Schwartsman - Enquadrando Deus - 23/07/2009 Visitado em 11 de fevereiro de 2011.
  243. "Outside the field of scientific research, he was known for his outspoken atheism: belief in God, he once declared, is not only incompatible with good science, but is "damaging to the wellbeing of the human race." " The Telegraph. [10]
  244. Kroemer, Herbert. Herbert Kroemer - Science Video Interview. "Interviewer: "You have no belief in a afterlife?" Kroemer: "That's correct." Interviewer: "...You don't see the evidence of a designer?" Kroemer: "No, I don't." Interviewer: "Could you say more about it?" Kroemer: "I think it's just wishful thinking.""
  245. Hunter Crowther-Heyck. Herbert A. Simon: The Bounds of Reason in Modern America. [S.l.]: JHU Press, 2005. p. 22. ISBN 9780801880254
  246. "Since his childhood in Vienna Bondi had been an atheist, developing from an early age a view on religion that associated it with repression and intolerance. This view, which he shared with Hoyle, never left him. On several occasions he spoke out on behalf of freethinking, so-called, and became early on active in British atheist or "humanist" circles. From 1982 to 1999, he was president of the British Humanist Association, and he also served as president of the Rationalist Press Association of United Kingdom." Helge Kragh: "Bondi, Hermann", Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol. 19 p. 343. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008. Accessed via Gale Virtual Reference Library April 29, 2008.
  247. In a letter to the Guardian, Jane Wynne Willson, Vice-President of the British Humanist Association, added to his obituary: "Also president of the Rationalist Press Association from 1982 until his death, and with a particular interest in Indian rationalism, Hermann was a strong supporter of the Atheist Centre in Andhra Pradesh. He and his wife Christine visited the centre a number of times, and the hall in the science museum there bears his name. When presented with a prestigious international award, he divided a large sum of money between the Atheist Centre and women's health projects in Mumbai." Obituary letter: Hermann Bondi, Guardian, September 23, 2005 (accessed April 29, 2008).
  248. "Muller, who through Unitarianism had become an enthusiastic pantheist, was converted both to atheism and to socialism." Hermann Joseph Muller. 1890–1967, G. Pontecorvo, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 14, Nov., 1968 (Nov., 1968), pp. 348-389 (Quote from p. 353) Retrieved July 14, 2007.
  249. Joseph McCabe. A rationalist encyclopaedia: a book of reference on religion, philosophy, ethics, and science. 2 ed. [S.l.]: Watts, 1950. p. 384. Página visitada em 20 May 2013.
  250. The Freethinker, Volume 92. [S.l.]: G.W. Foote, 1972. p. 45. Página visitada em 20 May 2013.
  251. H. P. Lovecraft Letter to Robert E. Howard (August 16, 1932), in Selected Letters 1932–1934 (Sauk City, Wisconsin: Arkham House, 1976), p.57. " All I say is that I think it is damned unlikely that anything like a central cosmic will, a spirit world, or an eternal survival of personality exist. They are the most preposterous and unjustified of all the guesses which can be made about the universe, and I am not enough of a hairsplitter to pretend that I don't regard them as arrant and negligible moonshine. In theory I am an agnostic, but pending the appearance of radical evidence I must be classed, practically and provisionally, as an atheist."
  252. "Everett was a life-long atheist, but he did not let that stand in his way as St. John's was well-regarded academically and socially." Peter Byrne, The Many Worlds of Hugh Everett III: Multiple Universes, Mutual Assured Destruction, and the Meltdown of a Nuclear Family (2010), page 29.
  253. Steven G. Krantz. Mathematical Apocrypha: Stories and Anecdotes of Mathematicians and the Mathematical. [S.l.]: Mathematical Association of America, 2002. p. 202. ISBN 9780883855393
  254. "I'm an evangelical atheist so I'm not into supernatural effects - I hated The Exorcist - but John Carpenter's remake of The Thing is different." 'I was a brain-eating zombie... As the scary season descends [...] famous horror experts choose their most terrifying screen experiences', Daily Telegraph, October 30, 2004, Arts Pg. 04.
  255. Gregory E. Pence. Who's Afraid of Human Cloning?. [S.l.]: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-8476-8782-4
  256. Vitaliĭ Lazarevich Ginzburg. About Science, Myself and Others. [S.l.]: CRC Press, 2005. p. 253. ISBN 9780750309929 Página visitada em 22 November 2012.
  257. Евгений Львович Фейнберг. Reminiscences about I.E. Tamm. [S.l.]: Nauka, 1987. p. 82. Página visitada em 5 May 2013.
  258. Evgeniĭ Lʹvovich Feĭnberg, A. V. Leonidov. Physicists: Epoch and Personalities. 2 ed. [S.l.]: World Scientific, 2011. p. 86. ISBN 9789812834164 Página visitada em 22 November 2012.
  259. "There is no clear record that he was professionally restricted in Russia because of his lineage, but he sympathized with the problem his Jewish colleagues suffered owing to Russian anti-Semitism; his personal religious commitment was to atheism, although he received strict Christian religious training at home." Alfred I. Tauber, Leon Chernyak, Metchnikoff and the origins of immunology: from metaphor to theory, page 5.
  260. "It was to her grandfather, a convinced freethinker, that Irène owed her atheism, later politically expressed as anticlericalism." Joliot-Curie, Irène. Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2008. 17 Mar. 2012.
  261. Denis Brian. The Curies: A Biography of the Most Controversial Family in Science. [S.l.]: Wiley. p. 389. ISBN 9780471273912
  262. Celebrity Atheist: Isaac Asimov
  263. "When asked if he was religious, Pavlov smiled and replied: 'Listen, good fellow, in regard to [claims of] my religiosity, my belief in God, my church attendance, there is no truth in it; it is sheer fantasy. I was a seminarian, and like the majority of seminarians, I became an unbeliever, an atheist in my school years.'" George Windholz, "Pavlov's Religious Orientation", Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, vol. 25, no. 3 (Sept. 1986), pp. 320–27.
  264. J. B. S. Haldane - New World Encyclopedia
  265. JBS Haldane - Dublin City University
  266. Haldane, J. B. S., Fact and Faith. London: London, Watts & Co., 1934.
  267. Welch, Frances. All Praise and Glory to the Mind of Man. "Ballard confesses to being an atheist, but adds: "that said, I'm extremely interested in religion... I see religion as a key to all sorts of mysteries that surround the human consciousness.""
  268. Stewart Gabel (2012). Jack London: a Man in Search of Meaning: A Jungian Perspective. AuthorHouse. p. 14. ISBN 9781477283332. When he was tramping, arrested and jailed for one month for vagrancy at about 19 years of age, he listed “atheist” as his religion on the necessary forms (Kershaw, 1997).
  269. Jack Nicholson Visitado em 11 de fevereiro de 2011.
  270. Istva ́n Hargittai, Magdolna Hargittai. Candid Science VI: More Conversations with Famous Scientists. [S.l.]: Imperial College Press, 2006. p. 749. ISBN 9781860948855 Página visitada em 13 July 2013.
  271. {{title=Jacob Appelbaum (Part 1/2) Digital Anti-Repression Workshop - April 26, 2012,;-" for me, as an atheist, bisexual, Jew, I'm gonna go on, uh - oh and Emma Goldman is one of my great heroes and I really think that anarchism is a fantastic principle by which to fashion a utopian society even if we can't get there."}}
  272. Chris Tinker. Georges Brassens And Jacques Brel: Personal And Social Narratives In Post-war Chanson. [S.l.]: Liverpool University Press, 2005. p. 36. ISBN 9780853237686 Página visitada em 14 May 2013.
  273. "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Jacques Derrida (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  274. Martin Hägglund (2008). Radical Atheism: Derrida and the Time of Life. Stanford University Press
  275. "So when I say “I rightly pass as an atheist” I know that because of everything that I’ve done so far, say in terms of deconstruction and so on and so forth, I’ve given a number of signs of my being a non-believer in God in a certain way, an atheist. And nevertheless, although I confirm that it is right to say “I’m an atheist”, I can’t say myself “I am an atheist” as a position, see “I am” or “I know what I am”: “I am this, and nothing else and I’m identifying myself as an atheist.” I would never say… this would sound obscene: “I am.” I wouldn’t say “I am an atheist” or I wouldn’t say “I am a believer” either." Jacques Derrida On ‘Atheism’ and ‘Belief’ (excerto de uma entrevista do filósofo em Toronto em 2002)
  276. Joseph Mazzini Wheeler. A biographical dictionary of freethinkers of all ages and nations. [S.l.]: Progressive publishing company, 1889. p. 232. Página visitada em 20 May 2013.
  277. Warren Allen Smith. Who's who in hell: a handbook and international directory for humanists, freethinkers, naturalists, rationalists, and non-theists. [S.l.]: Barricade Books, 2000. p. 762. ISBN 9781569801581 Página visitada em 20 May 2013.
  278. Shaposhnikova, T. O.. Jacques Hadamard: A Universal Mathematician. [S.l.]: American Mathematical Soc., 1999. 33–34 p. ISBN 978-0-8218-1923-4
  279. Michael Martin. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. [S.l.]: Cambridge University Press, 2007. p. 310. ISBN 9780521842709 Página visitada em 31/05/2012.
  280. "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Jacques Lacan (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  281. "In his final chapter de Duve turns to the meaning of life, and considers the ideas of two contrasting Frenchmen: a priest, Teilhard de Chardin, and an existentialist and atheist, Jacques Monod." Peaks, Dust, & Dappled Spots, by Richard Lubbock, Books in Canada: The Canadian Review of Books. Retrieved July 2, 2007.
  282. Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich. In: R.A. Sunyaev. Zeldovich: Reminiscences. [S.l.]: CRC Press, 2004. p. 69. ISBN 9780415287906 Página visitada em 14 August 2012.
  283. Andrei Sakharov: Facets of a Life. [S.l.]: Atlantica Séguier Frontières, 1991. p. 599. ISBN 9782863320969 Página visitada em 14 August 2012.
  284. "Rather than tackle Baldwin's atheist stance, Malcolm found a point of departure on the question of identity, stating that he was "proud to be a black man."" Herb Boyd, Baldwin's Harlem: a biography of James Baldwin (2008), page 75.
  285. Andrew Brown. The neutron and the bomb: a biography of Sir James Chadwick. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press, 1997. p. 362. ISBN 9780198539926 Página visitada em 28 May 2012.
  286. "James Franck was born in Hamburg, the son of a Jewish banker. ...As he said, science was his God and nature his religion. He did not insist that his daughters attend religious instruction classes (Religionsunterricht) in school. But he was very proud of his Jewish heritage..." David Nachmansohn, German-Jewish pioneers in science, 1900-1933: highlights in atomic physics, chemistry, and biochemistry, page 62.
  287. Randi wrote: "...I am a concerned, forthright, declared, atheist." Our Stance on Atheism, Swift: Online Newsletter of the JREF, August 5, 2005. (Accessed June 1, 2007)
  288. Watson is identified as an atheist by his acquaintance, Rabbi Marc Gellman. Trying to Understand Angry Atheists: Why do nonbelievers seem to be threatened by the idea of God?, by Rabbi Marc Gellman, Newsweek, April 28, 2006. Retrieved November 11, 2006.
  289. When asked by a student if he believed in God, Watson replied "Oh, no. Absolutely not... The biggest advantage to believing in God is you don't have to understand anything, no physics, no biology. I wanted to understand." JoAnne Viviano. "Nobel Prize-winning scientist wows some, worries others", The Vindicator, October 19, 2007. Página visitada em 2007-10-19. [ligação inativa]
  290. Sims, Chris (December 3, 2012). "War Rocket Ajax #138: Jason Aaron Talks 'Thor: God Of Thunder'". Comics Alliance.
  291. In: George William Foote. Progress: a monthly magazine of advanced thought, Volume 7. [S.l.]: Progressive Publishing Co., 1887. p. 127. Página visitada em 15 June 2012.
  292. Bernard Valeur, Jean-Claude Brochon. New Trends in Fluorescence Spectroscopy: Applications to Chemical and Life Sciences. [S.l.]: Springer, 2001. p. 17. ISBN 978-3-540-67779-6 Página visitada em 8 May 2012.
  293. "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as Jean Baudrillard (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  294. "As an atheist, Baudrillard took no interest in Kierkegaard's theological work (...)" Jon Bartley Stewart (2011). Kierkegaard's Influence on the Social Sciences. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., pg. 9
  295. "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Jean-François Lyotard." Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  296. Nick Land (2002). The Thirst for Annihilation: Georges Bataille and Virulent Nihilism. Routledge, pg. 12
  297. Jonathan Israel. Democratic Enlightenment: Philosophy, Revolution, and Human Rights 1750-1790. [S.l.]: Oxford University Press, 2011. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-19-954820-0 Página visitada em 11 April 2012.
  298. James E. Force, Richard Henry Popkin. In: James E. Force, Richard Henry Popkin. Essays on the Context, Nature, and Influence of Isaac Newton's Theology. [S.l.]: Springer, 1990. p. 167. ISBN 9780792305835 Página visitada em 10 July 2012.
  299. "It is a scene I won’t forget in a hurry: Jean-Marie Lehn, French winner of the Nobel prize in chemistry, defending his atheism at a packed public conference at the new Alexandria Library in Egypt." Ehsan Masood,, Islam’s reformers, 22nd July 2006.
  300. Buckingham, Will; at alli (diversos colaboradores) - O Livro da Filosofia - Editora Globo - São Paulo, SP - 2011 - ISBN 978-85-250-4986-5 : Jean-Paul Sartre
  301. "The atheist existentialists, such as (...) Sartre (...)" David Layton (2012). The Humanism of Doctor Who: A Critical Study in Science Fiction and Philosophy. McFarland, pg. 333
  302. James E. Crimmins (1986). Bentham on Religion: Atheism and the Secular Society. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 95. Retrieved 4 May 2013. Bentham was an atheist and in no sense of the word could he be described as a theologian.
  303. Ana Marta González, ed. (2012). Contemporary Perspectives on Natural Law: Natural Law As a Limiting Concept. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 81. ISBN 9781409485667. "In sum, with Hume's agnosticism and Bentham's atheism, the fundamental voluntarist thesis about the gulf between the divine and the human mind reaches new depths, and this serves to reinforce and radicalize the rejection, begun by Pufendorf, of Grotian rights-theory as the appropriate means of formulating the conventionalist theory of the moral life."
  304. James E. Crimmins (1990). Secular Utilitarianism: Social Science and the Critique of Religion in the Thought of Jeremy Bentham. Clarendon Press. p. 283. ISBN 9780198277415. "Making allowance for Adams's cautious phrasing, this is a concise statement of Bentham's secular positivism, but it is also important to note the conviction with which Bentham held his atheism."
  305. "He studied at the Jesuit College in Lyon and at this stage he nearly decided to join the Jesuit Order. In fact it was his parents who encouraged him to continue his education by going to Paris to study law, which he did. It is somewhat ironical that Lalande, who would later become renowned as an atheist, should have come so close to becoming a Jesuit." J J O'Connor and E F Robertson, Joseph-Jérôme Lefrançais de Lalande.
  306. Negócios e Carreira - NOTÍCIAS - Um guaraná cor-de-rosa do Maranhão conquista a maior premiação mundial de design Visitado em 11 de fevereiro de 2011.
  307. O Melhores da Ciência e Tecnologia
  308. Entrevista: Jimmy Wales - Edição 2143 - Revista VEJA Visitado em 11 de fevereiro de 2011.
  309. Gregory A. Kimble, Michael Wertheimer, Charlotte White. Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology. Psychology Press, 2013, p. 175. "Watson's outspoken atheism repelled many in Greensville."
  310. Michael Martin. The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge University Press, 2006, p. 310. "Among celebrity atheists with much biographical data, we find leading psychologists and psychoanalysts. We could provide a long list, including (...) John B. Watson (...)"
  311. ""Having a reasonable grounding in statistics and probability and no belief in luck, fate, karma, or god(s), the only casino game that interests me is blackjack," he wrote in a .plan file." - John D. Carmack, David Kushner, Masters of Doom: How two guys created an Empire and transformed Pop Culture (2003).
  312. "Conway propped up the pillow behind his head and grinned. "I like showing off. When I make a new discovery, and I really like telling people about it. I guess I'm not so much a mathematician as a teacher. In America, kids aren't supposed to like mathematics. It's so sad.' Conway sat up suddenly. 'Most people think that mathematics is cold. But it's not at all! For me, the whole damn thing is sensual and exciting. I like what it looks like, and I get a hell of a lot more pleasure out of math than most people do out of art!' He relaxed slightly, and he lowered his voice. 'I feel like an artist. I like beautiful things - they're there already; man doesn't have to create it. I don't believe in God, but I believe that nature is unbelievably subtle and clever. In physics, for instance, the real answer to a problem is usually so subtle and surprising that it wasn't even considered in the first place. That the speed of light is a constant - impossible! Nobody even thought about it. And quantum mechanics is even worse, but it's so beautiful, and it works!"", John Horton Conway in an interview with Charles Seife, The Sciences (1994).
  313. "The Bernals were originally Sephardic Jews who came to Ireland in 1840 from Spain via Amsterdam and London. They converted to Catholicism and John was Jesuit-educated. John enthusiastically supported the Easter Rising and, as a boy, he organised a Society for Perpetual Adoration. He moved away from religion as an adult, becoming an atheist." William Reville, John Desmond Bernal – The Sage.
  314. A. G. Rud, Jim Garrison, Lynda Stone, ed. (2009). Dewey at One Hundred Fifty. Purdue University Press. p. 22. ISBN 9781557535504. With respect to his personal beliefs, Dewey wrote to Max Otto that “I feel the gods are pretty dead, tho I suppose I ought to know that however, to be somewhat more philosophical in the matter, if atheism means simply not being a theist, then of course I'm an atheist. But the popular if not the etymological significance of the word is much wider. ...Although he described himself as an atheist in one sense of the term, it is also clear that Dewey was opposed to militant atheism for the same reason that he was opposed to supernaturalism: he thought both positions dogmatic.
  315. John Dewey's Dunces
  316. John Dewey redefines God for humanists and atheists
  317. Sylvia Nasar. A Beautiful Mind. [S.l.]: Simon and Schuster, 2011. p. 143. ISBN 9781439126493 Página visitada em 24 January 2013.
  318. Sylvia Nasar. A Beautiful Mind: A Biography of John Forbes Nash, Jr., Winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics, 1994. [S.l.]: Simon and Schuster, 1999. ISBN 9780684853703 Página visitada em 12 August 2012.
  319. "In these years Leslie was an unsuccessful candidate for the chairs of natural philosophy at the universities of St Andrews and Glasgow respectively. He failed at the former because he was then an extreme whig and an atheist who deplored the Erastianism of many of the Scottish clergy." Jack Morrell, 'Leslie, Sir John (1766–1832)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 (accessed May 2, 2008).
  320. From a Humanist News interview in Autumn 2001: Interviewer: What is your attitude to religion now? JMS: Ever since reading (J. B. S. Haldane's book) Possible Worlds I have been an atheist, and a semi-conscious atheist before that. I think there are two views you can have about religion. You can be tolerant of it and say, I don't believe in this but I don't mind if other people do, or you can say, I not only don't believe in it but I think it is dangerous and damaging for other people to believe in it and they should be persuaded that they are mistaken. I fluctuate between the two. I am tolerant because religious institutions facilitate some very important work that would not get done otherwise, but then I look around and see what an incredible amount of damage religion is doing. [11]
  321. "Responding to Richard Dawkins's pestering his fellow atheists to "come out", I mention that I am indeed an atheist. To count oneself as an atheist one need not claim to have a proof that no gods exist. One need merely think that the evidence on the god question is in about the same state as the evidence on the werewolf question." [12]
  322. Jackson J. Benson (1984). The true adventures of John Steinbeck, writer: a biography. Viking Press. p. 248. ISBN 9780670166855. "Ricketts did not convert his friend to a religious point of view — Steinbeck remained an agnostic and, essentially, a materialist — but Ricketts's religious acceptance did tend to work on his friend, ..."
  323. Biographile: 9 John Steinbeck Quotes for the Pure at Heart
  324. enotes: John Steinbeck Biography
  325. John Ellis, D. Amati. Quantum Reflections. [S.l.]: Cambridge University Press, 2000. p. xi. ISBN 9780521630085 Página visitada em 28 May 2012.
  326. "(...) the only thing we have in common with those so designated is that we do not believe in God." John Stuart Mill, Auguste Comte. 'The Correspondence of John Stuart Mill and Auguste Comte', Transaction Publishers, p. 320.
  327. Henry R. West (2004). An Introduction to Mill's Utilitarian Ethics. Cambridge University Press. p. 22. ISBN 9780521535410. Mill had no religious instruction as a child, growing up an atheist.
  328. Linda C. Raeder (2002). "Spirit of the Age". John Stuart Mill and the Religion of Humanity. University of Missouri Press. p. 65. ISBN 9780826263278. Comte welcomed the prospect of being attacked publicly for his irreligion, he said, as this would permit him to clarify the nonatheistic nature of his and Mill's “atheism”.
  329. Autobiografia de John Stuart Mill, 1873
  330. {{|last=Sulston|first=John|title=Another 50 Renowned Academics Speaking About God|accessdate=8 April 2012|quote=I believe atheism makes coherent sense.}}
  331. Larry King Special: Johnny Depp - Larry King Live - Transmitido em 16 de outube de 2011 às 20:00 ET; CNN. Transcrição disponível no endereço eletrônico: . Entrevista disponível na mais famosa videoteca da rede sob título: "Johnny Depp interview with Larry King". Excerto: "KING: Do you have faith? DEPP: I have faith in my kids. ... Faith in terms of religion, I don't -- religion is not my specialty, you know."
  332. "Religions are technologies that are evolved over millennia to do this and many religions are very effective in doing this. I'm an atheist, I don't believe that gods actually exist, but I part company with the New Atheists because I believe that religion is an adaptation that generally works quite well to suppress selfishness, to create moral communities, to help people work together, trust each other and collaborate towards common ends." Jonathan Haidt, Interview with Jonathan Haidt, Vox Popoli November 19, 2007 (accessed April 14, 2008).
  333. Amado is described as an "ateu convicto", or "convinced atheist". Cynara Menezes (August 8, 2001). Velório de Jorge Amado foi discreto (em portuguese) Folha de S. Paulo. Visitado em 2007-11-24.
  334. Carta Capital: Não existem ateus na Bahia
  335. Deus não existe fora da cabeça das pessoas
  336. Vídeo "Saramago é questionado se a doença havia mudado a sua percepção de Deus; veja sabatina da Folha", disponível no YouTube.
  337. Vídeo "Onde está Deus? - José Saramago", disponível no YouTube.
  338. Ator José Wilker (1947-2014) foi um ateu assumido.
  339. Fui educado por padres pedófilos.
  340. Joseph Mazzini Wheeler. A biographical dictionary of freethinkers of all ages and nations. [S.l.]: Progressive publishing company, 1889. p. 232. Página visitada em 20 May 2013.
  341. Warren Allen Smith. Who's who in hell: a handbook and international directory for humanists, freethinkers, naturalists, rationalists, and non-theists. [S.l.]: Barricade Books, 2000. p. 762. ISBN 9781569801581 Página visitada em 20 May 2013.
  342. “Deixem Jesus em paz”, pede Juca Kfouri
  343. Mathew Philips. Tragedy and Opportunity: The parents of slain journalist Danny Pearl have devoted their lives to improving Muslim-Jewish relations.. Visitado em 12 July 2013. "I turned secular at the age of 11, by divine revelation. [Laughs.] I was standing on the roof of the house my father built, looking down on the street and suddenly it became very clear to me that there is no God."
  344. "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Julia Kristeva (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  345. Philosopher and Atheist Julia Kristeva Addresses Assisi
  346. Religion, atheism, and the crisis of meaning in Julia Kristeva's critique of modernity
  347. 'Mystic Atheism': Julia Kristeva's Negative Theology
  348. Listed his religion as "Atheism" in his Ok Cupid profile. Julian Assange’s OK Cupid Profile,
  349. "Despite his atheism Huxley could appreciate Teilhard de Chardin's vision of evolution, and like his grandfather T. H. Huxley he believed progress could be described in biological terms." Robert Olby, 'Huxley, Sir Julian Sorell (1887–1975)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edition, May 2007 (accessed May 2, 2008).
  350. Referência retirada de artigo na Wikipédia anglófona: "Although he became an atheist early in life and resented the strict upbringing of his parents’ religion, he identified with Jewish culture and joined several international fights against anti-Semitism." Craver, Carl F: "Axelrod, Julius", Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography Vol. 19 p. 122. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008.
  351. In Europe, God Is (Not) Dead
  352. The Church Is Under Siege. But Habermas, the Atheist, Is Coming to its Defense
  353. "Jürgen Habermas, who as a prominent intellectual and theorist advocates a strict methodological atheism." Perez, Celestino Jr. (2008). </ Juergen Habermas and Pope John Paul II on Faith, Reason, and Politics in the Modern World. ProQuest, p. viii
  354. 'Tis the season tho reveal what atheists really want
  355. Crítica da Filosofia do Direito de Hegel, 1843
  356. Keanu Reeves - Celebrity Atheist List Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  357. "His son Martin, who led the ceremony, said: "His relationship with the Christian God was not entirely frictionless. In 1962 (the Russian poet) Yevtushenko asked him 'Are you an atheist?'. He replied: 'Well, yes - but it's more that I hate Him'." " John Ezard, 'Secular send-off for an 'old devil' who did not wans too much fuss over his funeral', The Guardian (London), October 23, 1996, p. 8.
  358. Kip Thorne: physicist studying time travel tapped for Hollywood film Guardian News and Media Limited (21 June 2013). Visitado em 30 October 2014. "Thorne grew up in an academic, Mormon family in Utah but is now an atheist. "There are large numbers of my finest colleagues who are quite devout and believe in God, ranging from an abstract humanist God to a very concrete Catholic or Mormon God. There is no fundamental incompatibility between science and religion. I happen to not believe in God.""
  359. Jane Smiley. The Man Who Invented the Computer: The Biography of John Atanasoff, Digital Pioneer. [S.l.]: Random House Digital, Inc., 2010. ISBN 9780385527132 Página visitada em 24 May 2012.
  360. Konrad Zuse. The Computer, My Life. [S.l.]: Springer, 1993. 12–13 p. ISBN 978-3-540-56453-9 Página visitada em 25 April 2012.
  361. "A reader who has suffered me so far will have realised how much of my mental energy had been hitherto absorbed in a fruitless search for an intellectually compelling rationale to rescue some fragments from the wreckage of my family faith. The mood of liberation I experienced when I finally discarded the last remnant of theism was no less exhilarating than that of Bunyan's Pilgrim when the burden of sin fell from his back. [...] In retrospect, the final steps seem as sudden as they were painless. [...] As I looked upward [at the night sky], I realised that the sole prospect was limitless expanse of unthreatening and impersonal emptiness — but for unapproachable galaxies — of a universe without purpose of punishment or reward for a lately arrived animal species, free to make or mar its own destiny without help or hindrance from above." Lancelot Hogben, Lancelot Hogben: Scientific Humanist: An Unauthorised Autobiography, edited by Adrian and Ann Hogben. Merlin Press, 1998.
  362. Ingrams, Richard. "Larry Adler: brilliant musician, formidable campaigner", 12 August 2001. “I was among friends and family who packed a chapel at Golders Green crematorium on Friday to hear more than two hours of tributes to Larry Adler. In accordance with Larry's wishes - he was an inveterate atheist who refused to recognise the supernatural in any shape or form - there were no religious observances.”
  363. Laurent Schwartz. A Mathematician Grappling With His Century. [S.l.]: Springer, 2001. p. 193. ISBN 9783764360528 Página visitada em 15 February 2013.
  364. "...I had the opportunity to participate in several exciting panel discussions at the World Science Festival in New York City. But the most dramatic encounter took place at the panel strangely titled 'Science, Faith and Religion.'... I ended up being one of two panelists labeled 'atheists.'..." God and Science Don't Mix: A scientist can be a believer. But professionally, at least, he can't act like one., Lawrence M. Krauss, The Wall Street Journal, page A15, 26 June 2009 (retrieved 22 May 2010). On the 21 June 2012 Colbert Report, the author of A Universe from Nothing: Why There is Something Rather than Nothing told Colbert: "There is no evidence for any deity.... You don't need him.... There's no need for God." The evolutions of the universe occur "without any supernatural shenanigans."
  365. "Another aspect of this is that a scientific cosmology can contain no residue of the idea that the world was constructed by some being who is not a part of it. As the creatures who makes things, it is our most natural impulse to ask: When we come upon something beautifully or intricately structured, who made it? We must learn to give up this impulse if we are to do scientific cosmology. As there can, by definition, be nothing outside the universe, a scientific cosmology must be based on a conception that the universe made itself." Lee Smolin, What is the Future of Cosmology?,
  366. "Festinger, a professed atheist, was an original thinker and a restless, highly motivated individual with (in his words) "little tolerance for boredom". " Franz Samelson: "Festinger, Leon", American National Biography Online, Feb. 2000 (accessed April 28, 2008) [13].
  367. Babu Gogineni (July 10, 2012). It’s the Atheist Particle, actually Postnoon News. Visitado em 10 July 2012. "Leon Lederman is himself an atheist and he regrets the term, and Peter Higgs who is an atheist too, has expressed his displeasure, but the damage has been done!"
  368. In a review of Susskind's book The Cosmic Landscape: String Theory and the Illusion of Intelligent Design, Michael Duff writes that Susskind is "a card-carrying atheist." Life in a landscape of possibilities, December 2005. Retrieved May 30, 2007.
  369. S. P. Rosenbaum, 'Woolf, Leonard Sidney (1880–1969)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 (acesso em 13 de agosto de 2015).
  370. "Mša glagolskaja". Acesso em 19/04/12. "During his adult life Janáček was an atheist and distanced himself from the church. Nevertheless religion features frequently in his work, not always in a positive light; as an emotional crutch (in the despairing pleas of the characters in Jenůfa or Kát’a Kabanová) or in a more humorous light (the alcoholic, lustful Priest in The Cunning Little Vixen). The composer once described organised religion as 'concentrated death[']."
  371. Chisholm, Erik (2014). The operas of Leos Janacek: The Commonwealth and International Library: Music Division. Elsevier, p. 51. "Janáček (...) was a militant atheist to the day of his death."
  372. The Telegraph: Ivan Hewett’s Classic 50 No 49: Janáček – The Barn Owl Has Not Yet Flown. Acesso em 26/08/15.
  373. Bachtrack: Slavonic, dramatic, overwhelming - Janáček's Glagolitic Mass at the Royal Festival Hall. Acesso em 26/08/15.
  374. British Choirs on the net: Glagolitic Mass - Leos Janáček (1854 - 1928). Acesso em 26/08/15.
  375. Henry F. Schaefer. Science and Christianity: Conflict Or Coherence?. [S.l.]: The Apollos Trust, 2003. p. 9. ISBN 9780974297507 Página visitada em 11 August 2012.
  376. "Listed as an atheist in" Lev Landau,
  377. "I grew up in a Jewish family but I gave it all up at 16 when I prayed to God for something I really wanted and it didn't happen. I have been an atheist ever since. I believe in proof and I know of no evidence for the existence of God, but I am in no way hostile to religion provided it does not interfere in the lives of others or come into conflict with science." Easter special: I believe..., Independent on Sunday, April 16, 2006 (accessed April 18, 2008).
  378. "Passionate and enthusiastic, Lily was converted to atheism, pacifism, and feminism by Georg von Gizycki, whom she married in 1893." 'Braun, Lily', Encyclopædia Britannica Online (accessed August 1, 2008).
  379. Folha Online - Livraria da Folha - Sou ateu, mas não preciso amar Deus pelo avesso como Saramago, diz Lima Duarte - 29/10/2009 Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  380. a b "... I [Pauling] am not, however, militant in my atheism. The great English theoretical physicist Paul Dirac is a militant atheist. I suppose he is interested in arguing about the existence of God. I am not. It was once quipped that there is no God and Dirac is his prophet." Linus Pauling & Daisaku Ikeda. A Lifeling Quest for Peace: A Dialogue. [S.l.]: Jones & Bartlett, 1992. p. page 22. ISBN 0-86720-277-7
  381. Interview: Linus Torvalds Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  382. Ramesh Chopra. Academic Dictionary Of Philosophy. [S.l.]: Gyan Books, 2005. p. 143. ISBN 9788182052246 Página visitada em 26 May 2012.
  383. Lubos Motl,
  384. Conrad F. Goeringer (June 2000). The Murray O’Hair Family American Atheists. Visitado em 2006-12-13.
  385. Manuel Bandeira: uma poesia da ausência. Visitado em 17/07/2015.
  386. A busca do inominável em A Morte Absoluta. Visitado em 17/07/2015.
  387. Celebrity Atheist: Marcel Proust
  388. Robert K. Wilcox. The Truth About the Shroud of Turin: Solving the Mystery. [S.l.]: Regnery Gateway, 2010. p. 23. ISBN 9781596986008 Página visitada em 1 July 2012.
  389. Thomas de Wesselow. The Sign: The Shroud of Turin and the Secret of the Resurrection. [S.l.]: Penguin, 2012. ISBN 9781101588550 Página visitada em 1 July 2012.
  390. "It was nice to be honoured but I like ‘Mark’ not ‘Sir Mark’. When one’s young, one’s brash and all-knowing; when one’s old, one realises how little one knows. You asked me earlier if I believed in God and the hereafter. I would tend to say no but when one dies one could well be surprised." Mark Oliphant from an interview in 1996., Sir Mark Oliphant - Reluctant Builder of the Atom Bomb.
  391. Haught, James A.. 2,000 Years of Disbelief: Famous People with the Courage to Doubt. [S.l.]: Prometheus Books, 1996. 261–262 p. ISBN 1-57392-067-3
  392. Celebrity Atheist: Marie Curie
  393. "Unusually at such an early age, she became what T.H. Huxley had just invented a word for: agnostic." Robert William Reid (1974). Marie Curie. New American Library, pg. 6
  394. "William Dean Howells and Mark Twain had much in common. They were agnostic but compassionate of the plight of man in an indifferent world..." Darrel Abel (2002), Classic Authors of the Gilded Age, iUniverse, ISBN 0-595-23497-6
  395. "At the most, Mark Twain was a mild agnostic, usually he seems to have been an amused Deist. Yet, at this late date his own daughter has refused to allow his comments on religion to be published." Kenneth Rexroth, "Humor in a Tough Age;" The Nation, 7 March 1959.
  396. I was Rosenbluth's last student, and collaborated with him on numerous research projects during and after my graduation. Near the end of his life, we more frequently discussed personal and political issues. On more than one occasion, he freely admitted to me that he was an atheist. Statement by J. Candy, 22 January 2009.
  397. Rod Dreher (April 20, 2011). Martin J. Rees Wins 2011 Templeton Prize Templeton Report. Visitado em 4 August 2013. "As it turns out, Lord Rees is an atheist, though one who said in a recent interview that he is “not allergic to religion,” and that he enjoys participating in aesthetic and cultural activities of the Anglican church, in which he was raised."
  398. Leon M. Lederman, Judith A. Scheppler. Portraits of Great American Scientists. [S.l.]: Prometheus Books, 2001. p. 74. ISBN 9781573929325 Página visitada em 26 March 2013.
  399. "When we reflect on anything for long enough, we're likely to end up with what we sometimes call "basic" questions -- ones we can see no way at all to answer. For we have no perfect way to answer even this question: How can one tell when a question has been properly answered? What caused the universe, and why? What is the purpose of life? How can you tell which beliefs are true? How can you tell what is good? These questions seem different on the surface, but all of them share one quality that makes them impossible to answer: all of them are circular! You can never find a final cause, since you must always ask one question more: "What caused that cause?" You can never find any ultimate goal, since you're always obliged to ask, "Then what purpose does that serve?" Whenever you find out why something is good-or is true-you still have to ask what makes that reason good and true. No matter what you discover, at every step, these kinds of questions will always remain, because you have to challenge every answer with, "Why should I accept that answer?" Such circularities can only waste our time by forcing us to repeat, over and over and over again, "What good is Good?" and, "What god made God?" " Marvin Minsky. The Society of Mind.
  400. Helen M. Buss, D. L. Macdonald, Anne McWhir (2001). Mary Wollstonecraft and Mary Shelley: Writing Lives. Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press. p. 141. ISBN 9780889209435. Its implicit antagonist-reader and protagonist-editor are his Roman Catholic wife Mary Jane, and his troubled agnostic daughter, Mary Shelley:...
  402. Lyz (February 22, 2010). Matt Dillahunty Secular Student Alliance. Visitado em February 3, 2012.
  403. He is also the founder and contributor of the counter-apologetics encyclopedia Iron Chariots and its subsidiary sites.Iron Chariots - the counter-apologetics wiki.
  404. Celebrity Atheist: Matt Groening
  405. Maurice Ravel: Religion
  406. "...I'm an atheist..." Enough blasting Dennett and Dawkins, all right?, from Rationally Speaking, the blog of Massimo Pigliucci, October 30, 2006 (Accessed April 15, 2008)
  407. "Dr Perutz, said: "It is one thing for scientists to oppose creationism which is demonstrably false but quite another to make pronouncements which offend people's religious faith -- that is a form of tactlessness which merely brings science into disrepute. My view of religion and ethics is simple: even if we do not believe in God, we should try to live as though we did."" Kam Patel, Perutz rubbishes Popper and Kuhn, 25 November 1994.
  408. Why I am an atheist Visitado em 26/07/2015
  409. Smith, Michael. Michael Smith: Autobiography. Nobel Retrieved February 3, 2007.
  410. "If I were not a total atheist, I would be a monk...a good monk." David Macey (2004). Michel Foucault. Reaktion Books, p. 130.
  411. "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Michel Foucault (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  412. "Foucault was an acknowledged atheist." Michel Foucault, Jeremy Carrette (2013). Religion and Culture. Routledge, pg. 15
  413. Scientist appointed to Vatican academy admits he is ‘pro-legalization of abortion’ Visitado em 10 de fevereiro de 2011.
  414. Reportagens Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  415. Monteiro Lobato é freguês de caderneta de censura. Visitado em 12/06/2009.
  416. Lobato era patriota que detestava o Brasil. Visitado em 19/07/2015.
  417. Nando Reis, o Ruivo Infernal « Copo Americano Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  418. Celebrity Atheist: Niels Bohr
  419. John Simmons. The Scientific 100: a rankings of the most influential scientists, past and present. [S.l.]: Carol Publishing Group, 1996. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-8065-1749-0
  420. Deirdre Barrett. Supernormal Stimuli: How Primal Urges Overran Their Evolutionary Purpose. [S.l.]: W. W. Norton & Company, 2010. 21–22 p. ISBN 978-0-393-06848-1 Página visitada em 25 April 2012.
  421. Venjamin Fedorovič Kagan. N. Lobachevsky and His Contribution to Science. [S.l.]: Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1957. p. 29. Página visitada em 29 June 2013.
  422. Bardi, Jason. The Fifth Postulate: How Unraveling a Two Thousand Year Old Mystery Unraveled the Universe. [S.l.]: John Wiley & Sons, 2008. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-470-46736-7
  423. Celebrity Atheist: Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov
  424. Abraham, Gerald, "Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolay Andreyevich". In The New Grove Russian Masters 2 (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1986). ISBN 0-393-30103-6. Página 27.
  425. Abraham, Gerald, Studies in Russian Music (London: William Reeves/The New Temple Press, 1936). Página 288.
  426. Morrison, Simon, Russian Opera and the Symbolist Movement (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2002). ISBN 0-520-22943-6. Páginas 116–117 e 168–169.
  427. Peter Pringle. The Murder of Nikolai Vavilov: The Story of Stalin's Persecution of One of the Great Scientists of the Twentieth Century. [S.l.]: Simon and Schuster, 2008. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-7432-6498-3 Página visitada em 9 May 2012.
  428. James F. Lea (1979). Kazantzakis: the politics of salvation. University of Alabama Press. p. 180. ISBN 9780817370022. H. Kazantzakis, Nikos Kazantzakis, p. 433, relates how their marriage ceremony was moving "even for atheists like ourselves."
  429. New World Encyclopedia: Nikos Kazantzakis
  430. Wise Geek: Who is Nikos Kazantzakis?
  431. Remarks on Religion: Noam Chomsky interviewed by various interviewers
  432. Celebrity Atheist: Noam Chomsky
  433. "During sixty years from 1937 he also wrote over forty articles on the origins, distribution, and nature of life, taking the stance of a 'dogmatic atheist'." David F. Smith, 'Pirie, Norman Wingate [Bill] (1907–1997)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edition, October 2005 (accessed May 2, 2008).
  434. "All of which makes the Wingate Prize a matter of bemusement. "Yes, tell me," he says, frowning. "What is it, and why are they giving it to an old Jewish atheist who has unkind things to say about Zionism?" " Oliver Burkeman interviewing Sacks, 'Inside Story: Sacks appeal', The Guardian, May 10, 2002, Features Pages, Pg. 4.
  435. Velório de Niemeyer teve hino comunista e menções ao ateísmo
  436. Ateu e com medo de avião, voou e teve missa
  437. Carol Parikh. The Unreal Life of Oscar Zariski. [S.l.]: Springer, 2008. p. 5. ISBN 9780387094298 Página visitada em 16 October 2012.
  438. Celebrity Atheist: Pablo Neruda
  439. "The grandson of a vicar on his father’s side, Blackett respected religious observances that were established social customs, but described himself as agnostic or atheist." Mary Jo Nye: "Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Vol. 19 p. 293. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2008.
  440. "Dr. Paul Bert, the atheist Minister of Public Instruction, in M. Gambetta's Cabinet, made the next greatest sensation of the Congress." The Phrenological journal and science of health: incorporated with the Phrenological magazine, Volume 76, page 42.
  441. Paul Broca (1824-80) Visitado em 12 April 2012. "He was a left-wing atheist who argued against African enslavement."
  442. Boyer, Paul. "A Path to Atheism". Freedom From Religion Foundation. Retrieved February 3, 2007.
  443. Werner Heisenberg recollects a friendly conversation among young participants at the 1927 Solvay Conference about Einstein's and Planck's views on religion. Wolfgang Pauli, Heisenberg and Dirac took part in it. Among other things, Dirac said: "I cannot understand why we idle discussing religion. If we are honest — and as scientists honesty is our precise duty — we cannot help but admit that any religion is a pack of false statements, deprived of any real foundation. The very idea of God is a product of human imagination.[...] I do not recognize any religious myth, at least because they contradict one another.[...]" Pauli jokingly said: "Well, I'd say that also our friend Dirac has got a religion and the first commandment of this religion is: God does not exist and Paul Dirac is his prophet." Physics and Beyond: Encounters and Conversations. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-131622-9
  444. Helge Kragh. Dirac: A Scientific Biography. [S.l.]: Cambridge University Press, 1990. 256–257 p. ISBN 9780521380898 Página visitada em 15 March 2013.
  445. Sara Lippincott (August 30, 2009). The Strangest Man: The Hidden Life of Paul Dirac, Mystic of the Atom' by Graham Farmelo Los Angeles Times. Visitado em 9 June 2012. "Dirac was contemptuous of philosophy and, as many scientists do, professed atheism. But it was a narrow sort, mainly dismissive of religious orthodoxy. In notes he wrote in 1933, he embraces another creed: "[T]his article of faith is that the human race will continue to live for ever and will develop and progress without limit . . . Living is worthwhile if one can contribute in some small way to this endless chain of progress.""
  446. Helen Brown. "The Strangest Man: the Hidden Life of Paul Dirac by Graham Farmelo", 23 Jan 2009. Página visitada em 9 June 2012. “Dirac’s story ends with a whimper. As a young man he had joked that physicists were all washed up by 30 and as he aged his powers waned. The Cambridge physics department took away his parking space and an outraged Manci insisted he take up a fellowship at Florida State University. He died in 1984, aged 82. An atheist, he was buried under a gravestone chosen by Manci. It read “because God said it should be so”.”
  447. H. B. G. Casimir. Haphazard Reality: Half a Century of Science. [S.l.]: Amsterdam University Press, 2010. p. 151. ISBN 9789089642004 Página visitada em 9 June 2012.
  448. Ronald Clark. Einstein: The Life and Times. [S.l.]: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2011. ISBN 9781448202706 Página visitada em 5 August 2012.
  449. Thomas Levenson. Einstein in Berlin. [S.l.]: Random House of Canada, 2004. p. 172. ISBN 9780553378443 Página visitada em 11 August 2012.
  450. Colm Mulcahy (2013-03-26). Centenary of Mathematician Paul Erdős -- Source of Bacon Number Concept Huffington Post. Visitado em 13 April 2013. "In his own words, "I'm not qualified to say whether or not God exists. I kind of doubt He does. Nevertheless, I'm always saying that the SF has this transfinite Book that contains the best proofs of all mathematical theorems, proofs that are elegant and perfect...You don't have to believe in God, but you should believe in the Book." (SF was his tongue- in-cheek reference to God as "the Supreme Fascist")."
  451. Jack Huberman. Quotable Atheist: Ammunition for Nonbelievers, Political Junkies, Gadflies, and Those Generally Hell-Bound. [S.l.]: Nation Books, 2008. p. 107. ISBN 9781568584195 Página visitada em 13 April 2013.
  452. "It's not that these atheists [Julia Sweeney, Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, Paul Boyer, Paul Kurtz] expect to rid America of religion." The New Atheists, Betty Rollin (reporting), Bob Abernethy (anchor), Religion and Ethics Newsweekly (, January 5, 2007 Episode no. 1019, (Accessed April 14, 2008)
  453. "Paul MacCready, the inventor, defines it thus: "A secular humanist does not believe in God, and doesn't steal."" Paul Kurtz, Is Secular Humanism a Religion?.
  454. "I gradually slipped away from religion over several years and became an atheist or to be more philosophically correct, a sceptical agnostic." Nurse's autobiography at
  455. ISTOÉ Gente Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  456. Steigerwald, Bill (May 24, 2003). Dear graduates: Work for freedom Pittsburgh Tribune Review. Visitado em March 27, 2007.
  457. Predefinição:Title=Penn's Blasphemy
  458. His cars' license plates read "atheist", "nogod", and "godless".Wang, K.S. (June 1, 2009). Celebrity Drive: Penn Jillette, Magician, Comedian, Host, Author Motor Trend. Visitado em July 1, 2009.
  459. a b Alexandre Mansur e Luciana Vicária com Mariana Sanches (13 de novembro de 2006). As questões dos ateus 3- Como seria o mundo sem religião? (em português) Época. Visitado em 20 de março de 2011. "Foi nos Estados Unidos que o grupo de militantes ateus ficou mais ruidoso. O fenômeno cultural já pode ser observado nas bancas de jornal e nas livrarias. De acordo com a Associação Americana dos Livreiros, em 2005 as obras que se enquadram na categoria "céticos e ateus" registraram o maior crescimento da História e o segundo maior entre os gêneros catalogados. A Sociedade dos Céticos edita uma revista mensal com a quinta maior tiragem entre as publicações especializadas do país. Na televisão, a dupla de mágicos Penn Jillette e Raymond Joseph Teller desmascara truques místicos e agora prega o ateísmo no programa Bullshit, no canal Fox News (exibido no Brasil pelo canal pago FX)."
  460. Celebrity Atheist: Percy Bysshe Shelley
  461. NNDB: Percy Bysshe Shelley
  462. Percy Williams Bridgman Visitado em 24 April 2012. "He was raised in the Congregational Church, but faith in God clashed with his well-known analytical nature and he told his family as a young man that he could not in good conscience become a church member."
  463. Maila L. Walter. Science and Cultural Crisis: An Intellectual Biography of Percy Williams Bridgman (1882-1961). [S.l.]: Stanford University Press, 1990. 14–15 p. ISBN 978-0-8047-1796-0 Página visitada em 24 April 2012.
  464. Ray Monk. Robert Oppenheimer: A Life Inside the Center. [S.l.]: Random House LLC, 2013. ISBN 9780385504133
  465. "... I believe that a reasonable case can be made for saying, not that we believe in God because He exists but rather that He exists because we believe in Him. [...] Considered as an element of the world, God has the same degree and kind of objective reality as do other products of mind. [...] I regret my disbelief in God and religious answers generally, for I believe it would give satisfaction and comfort to many in need of it if it possible to discover and propound good scientific and philosophic reasons to believe in God. [...] To abdicate from the rule of reason and substitute for it an authentication of belief by the intentness and degree of conviction with which we hold it can be perilous and destructive. [...] I am a rationalist—something of a period piece nowadays, I admit [...]" Peter Medawar, 'The Question of the Existence of God' in his book The Limits of Science (Harper and Row 1984).
  466. "Officially, the particle is called the Higgs boson, but its elusive nature and fundamental role in the creation of the universe led a prominent scientist to rename it the God particle. The name has stuck, but makes Higgs wince and raises the hackles of other theorists. "I wish he hadn't done it," he says. "I have to explain to people it was a joke. I'm an atheist, but I have an uneasy feeling that playing around with names like that could be unnecessarily offensive to people who are religious." Ian Sample, 'The God of Small Things', The Guardian, November 17, 2007, Weekend pages, Pg. 44.
  467. Nobel Biography [14].
  468. Revista Época. O universo não precisa de deus. (em português).
  469. When asked by Rod Liddle in the documentary The Trouble with Atheism "Give me your views on the existence, or otherwise, of God", Peter Atkins replied "Well it's fairly straightforward: there isn't one. And there's no evidence for one, no reason to believe that there is one, and so I don't believe that there is one. And I think that it is rather foolish that people do think that there is one."The Trouble with Atheism, UK Channel 4 TV. 2006-12-18.
  470. Philip W. Anderson. More and Different: Notes from a Thoughtful Curmudgeon. [S.l.]: World Scientific, 2011. p. 177. ISBN 9789814350129 Página visitada em 11 September 2012.
  471. Joan Peyser. Boulez: Composer, Conductor, Enigma. [S.l.]: Schirmer Books, 1976. p. 7. ISBN 9780028717005 Página visitada em 3 May 2013.
  472. Celebrity Atheist: Pierre Curie
  473. René Bösch. Labyrinth of Digressions: Tristram Shandy as Perceived and Influenced by Sterne's Early Imitators. [S.l.]: Rodopi, 2007. p. 265. ISBN 9789042022911 Página visitada em 1 July 2012.
  474. Vizetelly, Ernest Alfred (1911), Barcelona Outrages - The Empress Elizabeth and Luccheni, The Anarchists: Their Faith and Their Record, Turnbull and Spears Printers, Edinburgh. Retrieved March 19, 2007.
  475. "[T]he noblest man, the one really greatest of them all was Prince Peter Kropotkin, a self-professed atheist and a great man of science."—Ely, Robert Erskine (October 10, 1941), New York World-Telegram.
  476. Pol Pot (HTML) (em inglês). Visitado em 30 de abril de 2009.
  477. Raul Seixas: A verdade do Universo. Acesso em 17 de julho de 2015. "(...) eu sou cético, agnóstico..."
  478. Raul Seixas: Um Produtor de Mestiçagens Musicais e Midiáticas. Acesso em 17 de julho de 2015. "O repertório era complicado, minhas letras falavam de agnosticismo, essas coisas intelectuais."
  479. Ateismo presente em legado de Raul Seixas. Acesso em 17 de julho de 2015. "O que posso chegar mais perto enquanto classificação é o agnosticismo".
  480. Ray Romano - Celebrity Atheist List Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  481. "In his mythic book The Singularity Is Near, Ray Kurzweil, serial inventor, technology enthusiast, and unabashed atheist, announces: "Evolution moves toward greater complexity, greater elegance, greater knowledge, greater intelligence, greater beauty, greater creativity, and greater levels of subtle attributes such as love. In every monotheistic tradition God is likewise described as all of these qualities, only without any limitation.... So evolution moves inexorably toward this conception of God, although never quite reaching this ideal."" - Kevin Kelly, What Technology Wants (2010).
  482. Biography of Richard Carrier
  483. Ateu militante e criador de 'meme', Richard Dawkins abre evento em SP Folh de S. Paulo Grupo Folha (21 de maio de 2015). Visitado em 28 de junho de 2015.
  484. Denis Brian. The Voice of Genius: Conversations with Nobel Scientists and Other Luminaries. [S.l.]: Basic Books, 2008. p. 49. ISBN 9780465011391 Página visitada em 13 March 2013.
  485. Feynman was of Jewish birth, but described himself as "an avowed atheist" by his early youth in Freethought of the Day, Freedom From Religion Foundation, May 11, 2006.
  486. "Having abandoned the tenets of Judaism at 13, he never wavered in his gentle atheism, nor in his determination to stay away from matters about which he had opinions but no expertise." John Morrish reviewing the collection of Feynman's letters Don't You Have Time to Think?, "Particle Physics: The Route to Pop Stardom", Independent on Sunday (London), July 24, 2005, p. 21.
  487. Stallman's former personal ad Visitado em 2012-06-03.
  488. "The Nobel Laureate Dr Richard Roberts will give a public lecture entitled A Bright Journey from Science to Atheism..." A bright journey to atheism, or a road that ignores all the signs?, The Irish Times, April 20, 2006. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  489. "...Rich Roberts... delivered a public lecture on his Bright journey from Science to Atheism in April 2006." Events listing on the website of Humani, The Humanist Association of Northern Ireland, Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  490. Roberts versus God: No Contest, review of Roberts' talk A Bright Journey from Science to Atheism, written by Les Reid, and published on the Belfast Humanist Group website. Retrieved July 24, 2007.
  491. DiGaetani, John Louis (2013). Richard Wagner: New Light on a Musical Life. McFarland, p. 94 e 184. "The tomb contains only the bodies of Wagner and his wife Cosima and is not adorned with any religious symbols as all. Clearly, this is the grave of an atheist, a believer in secular democracy."; "He got this from Wagner because Wagner too was an atheist who sometimes used religious themes, but ultimately to attack religion."
  492. Glazer, Diana (2002). Richard Wagner - Wunderkind Or Monster?. "Nietzsche had known Wagner was a cynical atheist, and that what seemed like a conversion was due to Wagner's wife Cosima. Nietzsche also knew that among close friends Wagner was still cynical about his wife's beliefs."
  493. Freethought Almanac - Richard Wagner (1813). "Wagner subscribed to the Atheistic views of German philosopher Karl Feuerbach, but had sentimental regard for Christian mythology. (...) Wagner wrote his most powerful music in his Ring years, when he was an Atheist."
  494. Costantino Ceoldo (2012-12-31). Homage to Rita Levi Montalcini. Visitado em 20 July 2013. "Born and raised in a Sephardic Jewish family in which culture and love of learning were categorical imperatives, she abandoned religion and embraced atheism."
  495. Liberato Cardellini: "A final and more personal question: You defined yourself as “an atheist who is moved by religion”. Looking at the tenor of your life and the many goals you have achieved, one wonders where your inner force comes from." Roald Hoffmann: "The atheism and the respect for religion come form the same source. I observe that in every culture on Earth, absolutely every one, human beings have constructed religious systems. There is a need in us to try to understand,to see that there is something that unites us spiritually. So scientists who do not respect religion fail in their most basic task—observation. Human beings need the spiritual. The same observation reveals to me a multitude of religious constructions—gods of nature, spirits, the great monotheistic religions. It seems to me there can’t be a God or gods; there are just manifestations of a human-constructed spirituality." Liberato Cardellini, Looking for Connections: An Interview with Roald Hoffmann, page 1634.
  496. "As Richard Dawkins points out, I have no obligation to explain why I am an atheist, it's for those who believe in a god to supply evidence." - Robert Cailliau. [15]
  497. O Gênesis de Robert Crumb - Portal Literal Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  498. Robert Patrick Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  499. Dan Barker: "When we invited Robert Sapolsky to speak at one of out national conventions to receive our 'Emperor Has No Clothes Award', Robert wrote to me, 'Sure! Get the local Holiday Inn to put up a sign that says Welcome, Hell-bound Atheists!' [...] So, welcome you hell-bound atheist to Freethought Radio, Robert." Sapolsky: "Well, delighted to be among my kindred souls." [...] Annie Laurie Gaylor: So how long have you been a kindred non-soul, what made you an atheist Robert?" Sapolsky: "Oh, I was about fourteen or so... I was brought up very very religiously, orthodox Jewish background and major-league rituals and that sort of thing [...] and something happened when I was fourteen, and no doubt what it was really about was my gonads or who knows what, but over the course of a couple of weeks there was some sort of introspective whatever, where I suddenly decided this was all gibberish. And, among other things, also deciding there's no free will, but not in a remotely religious context, and deciding all of this was nonsense, and within a two week period all of that belief stuff simply evaporated." Freethought Radio podcast (mp3), February 3, 2007 (accessed April 22, 2008).
  500. Kristi Coale. "Seeding Intelligence", 1997-07-25. Página visitada em 17 July 2012. “"I've been an atheist - I had found it difficult to have religious beliefs and scientific ones," Brooks explained. "But I've accepted that I have a duality - there's a human way of interacting with people but also a mechanistic explanation of what people are and how they work."”
  501. Harris, Sam. Letter to A Christian Nation SamHarrisOrg. Visitado em 5 June 2010. Quoting Penrose's blurb for Harris's book Letter to a Christian Nation. and refers to himself as an atheist.
  502. "Big Bang follows Big Bang follows Big Bang", BBC News, 25 September 2010. Página visitada em 1 Dec 2010.
  503. "(...) the writings of such atheistic post-modernists as (...) Roland Barthes (...)" Michael D. Waggoner (2011). Sacred and Secular Tensions in Higher Education: Connecting Parallel Universities. Taylor & Francis, pg. 88
  504. "The basis of Barthes' thought, although not expressly stated, appears to be a thorough-going atheism". New World Encyclopedia. Acesso em 28/08/15.
  505. :: O Batizado :: Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  506. W. M. Goss, W. William Miller Goss, Richard X. McGee. Under the Radar: The First Woman in Radio Astronomy: Ruby Payne-Scott. [S.l.]: Springer, 2009. p. 253. ISBN 9783642031410
  507. Russell A. Hulse Visitado em 17 July 2012. "I consider myself a very moral person but I do not need a religion for that."
  508. Celebrity Atheist: Sam Harris
  509. Preview: The Four Horsemen of New Atheism reunited
  510. Gal Beckerman (January 26, 2011). Creator of Neutron Bomb Leaves an Explosive Legacy Forward Association, Inc.. "As for his own Jewish identity, Cohen was an avowed atheist who was cremated after he died, against Jewish tradition. But still he was proud of being Jewish, his daughter said, and even had a kind of “arrogant attitude” about Jewish intelligence."
  511. Sam Karlin, mathematician who improved DNA analysis, dies Stanford Report (January 16, 2008). Visitado em 21 April 2012. "Karlin was born in Yonova, Poland, in 1924. His family immigrated to Chicago when he was a small child and struggled financially through the Great Depression. He was raised in a strict Orthodox Jewish household but broke with religion in his early teens and remained an atheist for the rest of his life."
  512. On March 3, 2008, Edamaruku challenged a tantrik on TV to kill him using only magic. After two hours of failure, "[t]he tantrik, unwilling to admit defeat, tried the excuse that a very strong god whom Sanal might be worshipping obviously protected him. "No, I am an atheist", said Sanal Edamaruku." The Great Tantra Challenge, Rationalist International article (Accessed March 31, 2008)
  513. " An atheist, Faber speaks like an evangelist as she weaves quantum physics and astronomy to describe the dawn of time. "I think that the story of the creation of the universe is the most inspiring and exciting story science can tell. I mean, who would have thought I could be telling you about events 10 to the minus 35 seconds after the big bang?" she said, seated in her cluttered, sunny UC Santa Cruz office amid photos of her two daughters and her husband. "It's just totally inspiring." " Mike Swift interviewing Faber, 'Last outer space repair of Hubble telescope pairs genius of two South Bay women', Contra Costa Times (California), May 9, 2009.
  514. Harlow Robinson (2002). Sergei Prokofiev: a biography. Northeastern University Press. p. 425. ISBN 978-1-55553-517-9. "Prokofiev had always been a stubborn atheist; his first marriage to Lina was not performed in a church."
  515. Izrailʹ Vladimirovič Nestʹev (1960). Prokofiev. Stanford University Press. p. 2. ISBN 9780804705851. "However, until the end of his life he remained a confirmed atheist, with a hatred for the gentry and the arrogance of the nobility, and a respect for the peasantry."
  516. Sergei Prokofiev - Freedom from Religion Foundation. Acesso em 26/08/15.
  517. "Some Things I Do Not Believe In: Angels, Astrology,... Devils, Elves, Faeries, Faith, Gods, "Intelligent Design", Leprechauns, ...Magic..."[16]
  518. '90210's' Shenae Grimes sometimes begs for spare change on the street - Zap2it (2011-04-02). Visitado em 2013-06-16.
  519. Celebrity Atheist: Sigmund Freud
  520. "[Freud and Jung] were close for several years, but Jung's ambition, and his growing commitment to religion and mysticism — most unwelcome to Freud, an aggressive atheist — finally drove them apart." Sigmund Freud, by Peter Gay, The TIME 100: The Most Important People of the Century.
  521. Celebrity Atheist: Simone de Beauvoir
  522. Introduction to Simone de Beauvoir’s ‘The Second Sex’
  524. Simone de Beauvoir - Freedom from Religion Foundation
  525. Socrates foi executado sob a acusação de ser um ateu e que sua filosofia levava ao ateísmo
  526. Ministério CACP (20 de Setembro de 2007). Ateísmo (em português). Visitado em 9 de Janeiro de 2011.
  527. "The whole idea of god is absurd. If anything, 2001 shows that what some people call "god" is simply an acceptable term for their ignorance. What they don't understand, they call "god"... Everything we know about the universe reveals that there is no god. I chose to do Dr. [Arthur C.] Clarke's story as a film because it highlights a critical factor necessary for human evolution; that is, beyond our present condition. This film is a rejection of the notion that there is a god; isn't that obvious?" Smith, Warren (2010). Celebrities in Hell. ChelCbooks, pg. 68
  528. 'I'm an Atheist': Stephen Hawking on God and Space Travel. Visitado em 17 de julho de 2015.
  529. Stephen Hawking makes it clear: There is no God. Visitado em 17 de julho de 2015.
  530. Celeb Atheist: Stephen Hawking. Visitado em 17 de julho de 2015.
  531. Boyett, Jason. "Stephen Hawking says there's no creator God; the twitterverse reacts", The Washington Post, September 3, 2010, Retrieved April 25, 2011.
  532. Steve Batterson. Steven Smale: The Mathematician Who Broke the Dimension Barrier. [S.l.]: American Mathematical Soc., 2007. p. 11. ISBN 9780821826966 Página visitada em 9 July 2012.
  533. Ryan Kohls: "I was wondering, is there a spiritual or religious side to Steve Albini?" Steve Albini: "No, not at all. I’m an atheist. You could say that I’m agnostic, but that’s just a certain kind of atheist (laughs). An atheist is someone who lacks a belief in a supernatural, and that’s me. I can’t say with absolute certainty that there is nothing beyond the material world, but there’s no reason for me to think there is. If I were a gambling man I would put all my money on there not being anything other than this universe." Ryan Kohls, Steve Albini, Jun 3, 2011.
  534. Steve Jobs Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  535. Celebrity Atheist: Steve Jobs
  536. "Scientists in Britain, where the film will premiere at next month's London Film Festival, with general release in December, dismissed the intelligent design lobby's expropriation of the film. Steve Jones, professor of genetics at University College London and an atheist, said: 'I find it sad that people with intrinsically foolish viewpoints don't recognise this as a naturally beautiful film, but have to attach their absurd social agendas to it.' " David Smith, 'How the penguin's life story inspired the US religious right: Antarctic family values', The Observer, September 18, 2005, News Pages, Pg. 3.
  537. On the side of the atheists were Steve Jones, professor of genetics at University College London, [...] Jones, meanwhile, revealed that he would "love to believe in God", because it would offer some degree of comfort. But he said he stopped believing in God as a child as soon as he discovered that what he was learning in school biology classes conflicted with the kind of things he had been taught in Sunday school - like dinosaurs and humans walking the earth at the same time." If Darwin has really killed God, when was the funeral?', Guardian Unlimited, 13 May 2009 (accessed 26 May 2009).
  538. Wozniak, Steven. Letters – General Questions Answered Visitado em 2007-09-26. "... I am also atheist or agnostic (I don't even know the difference). I've never been to church and prefer to think for myself. I do believe that religions stand for good things, and that if you make irrational sacrifices for a religion, then everyone can tell that your religion is important to you and can trust that your most important inner faiths are strong."
  539. "I never outgrew my conversion to atheism at 13, but at various times was a serious cultural Jew." The Guardian Profile. "Steven Pinker: the mind reader", Guardian News and Media Limited, November 6, 1999. Página visitada em 2006-12-10.
  540. Azpurua: "Would it be accurate to say that you are an atheist?" Weinberg: "Yes. I don't believe in God, but I don't make a religion out of not believing in God. I don't organize my life around that." In Search of the God Particle, by Ana Elena Azpurua, Newsweek Web Exclusive, March 24, 2008, p. 3 (Accessed March 25, 2008)
  541. In a review of Susskind's book The Cosmic Landscape: String Theory and the Illusion of Intelligent Design, string theorist Michael Duff identifies Steven Weinberg as an "arch-atheist".[17]
  542. In the book The God Delusion, Richard Dawkins identifies Steven Weinberg as an
  543. Celebrity Atheist: Steven Weinberg
  544. TSN: Stuart Kauffman Visitado em 2012-06-03.
  545. "In his later years, Chandra had openly admitted to being an atheist which also meant that he subscribed to no religion in the customary sense of the word." Vishveshwara, S. 2000. Leaves from an unwritten diary: S. Chandrasekhar, Reminiscences and Reflections, Current Science, 78(8):1025-1033.
  546. In a Point of Inquiry podcast interview, Blackmore described religion as a collection of "really pernicious memes", "I think religious memeplexes are really amongst the nastiest viruses we have on the planet". Blackmore also practices Zen Buddhist meditation; later, when she was asked: "And you find this practice of Zen, the meditative practice, completely compatible with your lack of theism, your atheism...?" she replied: "Oh yes, I mean, there is no god in Buddhism...". Susan Blackmore - In Search of the Light, Point of Inquiry, December 15, 2006 (accessed April 1, 2008).
  547. What I don't like about Richard [Dawkins] is not so much what he knows or doesn't know as the dogmatic way in which he says things. I think that is a poor advertisement for science, because the whole thing about being a scientist is that you shouldn't be prejudiced, you should have an open mind. So, I don't believe in God but that is a belief, not some thing I know. I believe I love my husband, but I couldn't prove it to you one way or the other. How could I? I just know I do. My particular belief is that there is no Deity out there, but I can't prove it and therefore I would not have the temerity to tell other people they're wrong. The coinage of proof is not appropriate for belief and Dawkins thinks it is. But if you keep an open mind, that doesn't mean you swallow anything whole. As someone has said, 'Believing in anything is as bad as believing in nothing.' 'Brain Teaser: Susan Greenfield talks to Peter McCarthy', Third Way, November 2000.
  548. A neurocientista de plantão - Lista completa de posts Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  549. Árabe e ateu - Portal Literal Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  550. "I was born in a Muslim family, but I became an atheist." For freedom of expression, Taslima Nasreen, November 12, 1999 - Taslima Nasreen took the floor during Commission V of UNESCO's General Conference, as a delegate of the NGO International Humanist and Ethical Union (Accessed December 23, 2006).
  551. George Pendle. Strange Angel: The Otherworldly Life of Rocket Scientist John Whiteside Parsons. [S.l.]: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2006. p. 69. ISBN 9780156031790 Página visitada em 18 August 2012.
  552. "Morgan's passion for experimentation was symptomatic of his general scepticism and his distaste for speculation. He believed only what could be proven. He was said to be an atheist, and I have always believed that he was. Everything I knew about him—his scepticism, his honesty—was consistent with disbelief in the supernatural." Norman H. Horowitz, T. H. Morgan at Caltech: A Reminiscence, Genetics, Vol. 149, 1629-1632, August 1998, Copyright © 1998.
  553. O evangelho segundo Tim Maia. Revista Trip, Outubro de 2001. Acesso em 21/08/2015.
  554. Talento musical salvou Tim Maia do fanatismo e dos “discos voadores” da Cultura “Racional”
  556. "Eu acho que qualquer experiência religiosa é prejudicial ao ser humano". Vídeo "Tim Maia e a Religião - Trecho Por Toda Minha Vida", disponível no YouTube.
  557. Once Forbidden, Now Championed; Toni Bentley, a former ballerina, is the author of The Surrender by CHARLES McGRATH October 15, 2004 New York Times
  558. Toni Bentley Biography webpage
  559. Impasses de um ateu « Cenas Urbanas – Tony Bellotto – Visitado em 12 de fevereiro de 2011.
  560. "A Resounding Eco", Time, 13 June 2005,,9171,1069054-2,00.html, "His new book touches on politics, but also on faith. Raised Catholic, Eco has long since left the church. ‘Even though I'm still in love with that world, I stopped believing in God in my 20s after my doctoral studies on St. Thomas Aquinas. You could say he miraculously cured me of my faith,…’" 
  561. Liukkonen, Petri. Umberto Eco Kuusankoski Public Library. Cópia arquivada em 10 February 2015.
  562. Assédio
  563. "...Victor Weisskopf, who describes himself as an atheist Viennese Jew...." Quoting from page 14 of The Prism of Science, by Edna Ullmann-Margalit, Springer, 1986.
  564. "The Rediff Interview: Bipan Chandra", Rediff India Abroad, 2003-03-03. Página visitada em 2006-12-13. “Savarkar was an atheist. When he was the Hindu Mahasabha president he used to give lectures on why there is no god.”
  565. Celebrity Atheist: Virginia Woolf
  566. "I am an atheist, that is, I think nothing exists except and beyond nature."Ginzburg's autobiography at
  567. Discurso de Maiakóvski no 2º Congresso da Liga dos Ateus (Militantes), Moscou, 10-15 de Junho de 1929 (transcrito em inglês)
  568. Dossiê Moscou: um repórter brasileiro acompanha, em Moscou, o desfecho da mais fascinante reviravolta política do século XX : o dia em que começou a busca por uma nova utopia. Geneton Moraes Neto. Geração Editorial, 2004. Página 45. "Maiakóvski era uma figura contraditória sob todos os aspectos. Rejeitava o amor burguês, mas amou uma mulher de origem burguesa. (...) Maiakóvski era ateu, mas se voltou para a idéia de Deus. Rejeitava Estado, mas serviu ao Estado."
  569. The Futurist Syndrome. David Ohana. Sussex Academic Press, 2010. Página 111. "Mayakovsky's revolutionary atheism is expressed in religious terms (...)"
  570. Lynn Margulis. What Is Life?. [S.l.]: University of California Press, 2000. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-520-22021-8
  571. [18]
  572. {{cite web|title=Wallace Sargent|url= July 2012}
  573. Block, Walter. "Open Letter to Ron Paul by Walter Block." 28 December 2007. [19]
  574. Jürgen Kocka. In: Jürgen Kocka. Work in a Modern Society: The German Historical Experience in Comparative Perspective. [S.l.]: Berghahn Books, 2010. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-84545-575-0
  575. "When Wright was nine his father died of leukaemia and he moved with his mother and younger sister to Baton Rouge, Louisiana. There he enrolled in the Episcopal High School and duly became an atheist." Ajesh Partalay interviewing Wright, 'Master of the Universe', The Observer, 14 September 2008 (accessed 15 September 2008).
  576. "William Bateson was a very militant atheist and a very bitter man, I fancy. Knowing that I was interested in biology, they invited me when I was still a school girl to go down and see the experimental garden. I remarked to him what I thought then, and still think, that doing research must be the most wonderful thing in the world and he snapped at me that it wasn’t wonderful at all, it was tedious, disheartening, annoying and anyhow you didn’t need an experimental garden to do research." Interview with Dr. Cecilia Gaposchkin by Owen Gingerich, March 5, 1968.
  577. " "What song would you like played at your funeral?" "We'll Meet Again. I'd like the congregation to join in. As a devout atheist, I should make it clear there are no religious connotations." " Rosanna Greenstreet, 'Q&A: William Boyd', The Guardian, February 3, 2007, Weekend Pages, Pg. 8.
  578. "A firm atheist, he was interested in, though unconvinced by, the paranormal, and also did research on hypnosis." Ray Cooper, 'Walter, (William) Grey (1910–1977)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edition, May 2007 (accessed May 2, 2008).
  579. Doug Renselle. A Review of Amy Wallace's The Prodigy Quantonics, Inc.. Visitado em 20 June 2012. "Rabid atheist by age six. (His father, Boris, was too, but intensely studied great religious works.)"
  580. Joel N. Shurkin. Broken Genius: The Rise and Fall of William Shockley, Creator of the Electronic Age. [S.l.]: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. p. 133. ISBN 9780230551923 Página visitada em 22 May 2012.
  581. "I already had certain agnostic tendencies—which would later develop into outright atheistic convictions— so it was not that I believed in any kind of divine protection." Wole Soyinka, Climate Of Fear: The Quest For Dignity In A Dehumanized World, page 119.
  582. Yuval Ne'eman. Studies in memory of Issai Schur. [S.l.]: Springer, 2003. p. xxi. ISBN 9780817642082 Página visitada em 10 April 2013.
  583. Michael P. Prior. The Bible and Colonialism: A Moral Critique. [S.l.]: Continuum International Publishing Group, 1997. p. 164. ISBN 978-1-85075-815-0 Página visitada em 21 April 2012.
  584. Joanna Paraszczuk (04/28/2011). A revisionist's history The Jerusalem Post. Visitado em 25 February 2013. "Even religious Zionist settlers in the West Bank have adopted Jabotinsky as a symbol – although he was an atheist who believed that the Arab minority would share equal rights with Jews in a future Jewish state, famously declaring: “In every cabinet where the prime minister is a Jew, the vice-premiership shall be offered to an Arab, and vice versa.”"
  585. Michael Stanislawski. Zionism and the Fin de Siècle: Cosmopolitanism and Nationalism from Nordau to Jabotinsky. [S.l.]: University of California Press, 2001. p. 158. ISBN 9780520935754 Página visitada em 25 February 2013.
  586. Prominent Russians: Zhores Alferov Visitado em 21 April 2012. "In public life the scientist is a strong supporter of communism, an atheist strongly objecting to advancement of religious education in Russia, and proponent of science and knowledge as the means to see a better future."
  587. Zhores I. Alferov Visitado em 21 April 2012.
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